A Review  Ultrahigh Vacuum Technology for Electron Microscopes Book

A Review Ultrahigh Vacuum Technology for Electron Microscopes


  • Author : Nagamitsu Yoshimura
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-02-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128197035

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A Review Ultrahigh Vacuum Technology for Electron Microscopes Excerpt :

A Review: Ultrahigh-Vacuum Technology for Electron Microscopes provides information on the fundamentals of ultra-high vacuum systems. It covers the very subtle process that can help increase pressure inside the microscope (or inside any other ultra-high vacuum system) and the different behavior of the molecules contributing to this kind of process. Prof Yoshimura’s book offers detailed information on electron microscope components, as well as UHV technology. This book is an ideal resource for industrial microscopists, engineers and scientists responsible for the design, operation and maintenance of electron microscopes. In addition, engineering students or engineers working with electron microscopes will find it useful. Teaches how to incorporate diffusion pumps for UHV electron microscopy Presents the work of an author who brings a lifetime of experience working on vacuum technology and electron microscopes

Foundations of Molecular Flow Networks for Vacuum System Analysis Book

Foundations of Molecular Flow Networks for Vacuum System Analysis


  • Author : Nagamitsu Yoshimura
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128186886

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Foundations of Molecular Flow Networks for Vacuum System Analysis Excerpt :

Foundations of Molecular-Flow Networks for Vacuum System Analysis is the only book that covers desorption, adsorption and outgassing in relation to molecular-flow networks. It will be beneficial for academics, students and industry personnel working in the field of ultra-high vacuums for designing the equipment/set-up and as a guide to understand the processes relating to vacuums. The book is fully supported with equations and case studies from industry. Vacuum technology is extensively used in large synchrotrons and other large accelerators, as well as in many other smaller industrial and scientific facilities. Hence, this book is a welcome addition to the literature. Explains how to design, model and simulate vacuum systems to obtain satisfactory pressure distributions Offers a practical description of molecular flow, providing techniques to design molecular flow networks of vacuum systems and processes Explores equivalence with electrical components to help readers with simulation using free software such as LTSPICE

Vacuum Technology Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Vacuum Technology


  • Author : Nagamitsu Yoshimura
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-12-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 353
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540744337

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Vacuum Technology Excerpt :

In this book, Yoshimura provides a review of the UHV related development during the last decades. His very broad experience in the design enables him to present us this detailed reference. After a general description how to design UHV systems, he covers all important issue in detail, like pumps, outgasing, Gauges, and Electrodes for high voltages. Thus, this book serves as reference for everybody using UVH in scientific equipment.

Structure and Dynamics of Surfaces I Book

Structure and Dynamics of Surfaces I


  • Author : W. Schommers
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642465741

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Structure and Dynamics of Surfaces I Excerpt :

During the last decade, surface research has clearly shifted its interest from the macroscopic to the microscopic scale; a wealth of novel experimental techniques and theoretical methods have been applied and developed successfully. The Topics volume at hand gives an account of this tendency. For the understanding of surface phenomena and their exploitation in tech nical applications, the theoretical and experimental analysis at the microscopic level is of particular interest. In heterogeneous catalysis, for example, a chemical reaction takes place at the interface of two phases, and the process occurring at the surface is composed of a sequence of individual microscopic steps. These individual steps include adsorption, desorption, surface diffusion, and reaction on the surface. These elementary steps are greatly influenced by the structure and the dynamics of the surface region. Especially the catalytic activity may strongly depend on the structure of the catalyst's surface. The necessity of per forming surface investigations on a microscopic scale is also reflected clearly in research work relating to metal-semiconductor interfaces which determine es sentially the properties of electronic device materials. The experimental probe on the atomic scale, coupled with parallel theoretical calculations, showed that the electronic properties of a metal-semiconductor interface strongly depend on the crystallographic structure of the semiconductor; in particular, it is im portant to know in this context the modification of the atomic arrangement in the surface region caused by the termination of the crystal by the surface.

Nanofabrication Handbook Book

Nanofabrication Handbook


  • Author : Stefano Cabrini
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2012-02-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 546
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420090529

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Nanofabrication Handbook Excerpt :

While many books are dedicated to individual aspects of nanofabrication, there is no single source that defines and explains the total vision of the field. Filling this gap, Nanofabrication Handbook presents a unique collection of new and the most important established approaches to nanofabrication. Contributors from leading research facilities and academic institutions around the world define subfields, offer practical instructions and examples, and pave the way for future research. Helping readers to select the proper fabricating technique for their experiments, the book provides a broad vision of the most critical problems and explains how to solve them. It includes basic definitions and introduces the main underlying concepts of nanofabrication. The book also discusses the major advantages and disadvantages of each approach and offers a wide variety of examples of cutting-edge applications. Each chapter focuses on a particular method or aspect of study. For every method, the contributors describe the underlying theoretical basis, resolution, patterns and substrates used, and applications. They show how applications at the nanoscale require a different process and understanding than those at the microscale. For each experiment, they elucidate key solutions to problems relating to materials, methods, and surface considerations. A complete resource for this rapidly emerging interdisciplinary field, this handbook provides practical information for planning the experiments of any project that employs nanofabrication techniques. It gives readers a foundation to enter the complex world of nanofabrication and inspires the scientific community at large to push the limits of nanometer resolution.

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology Book

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology


  • Author : Herbert Herman
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-01-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483218137

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Treatise on Materials Science and Technology Excerpt :

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Volume 4 covers the fundamental properties and characterization of materials, ranging from simple solids to complex heterophase systems. The book covers articles on advanced techniques by which thin films may be characterized; on diffusion in substitutional alloys; and on solid solution strengthening in face-centered cubic alloys. The text also includes articles on the thermodynamics of binary ordered intermetallic phases; and the major aspects of metal powder processing. Professional scientists and engineers, as well as graduate students in materials science and associated fields will find the book invaluable.

Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy


  • Author : Stephen J. Pennycook
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-03-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 762
  • ISBN 10 : 9781441972002

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Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Excerpt :

Scanning transmission electron microscopy has become a mainstream technique for imaging and analysis at atomic resolution and sensitivity, and the authors of this book are widely credited with bringing the field to its present popularity. Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy(STEM): Imaging and Analysis will provide a comprehensive explanation of the theory and practice of STEM from introductory to advanced levels, covering the instrument, image formation and scattering theory, and definition and measurement of resolution for both imaging and analysis. The authors will present examples of the use of combined imaging and spectroscopy for solving materials problems in a variety of fields, including condensed matter physics, materials science, catalysis, biology, and nanoscience. Therefore this will be a comprehensive reference for those working in applied fields wishing to use the technique, for graduate students learning microscopy for the first time, and for specialists in other fields of microscopy.

Nanofabrication Using Focused Ion and Electron Beams Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Nanofabrication Using Focused Ion and Electron Beams


  • Author : Ivo Utke
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-03-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199920990

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Nanofabrication Using Focused Ion and Electron Beams Excerpt :

Nanofabrication Using Focused Ion and Electron Beams presents fundamentals of the interaction of focused ion and electron beams (FIB/FEB) with surfaces, as well as numerous applications of these techniques for nanofabrication involving different materials and devices. The book begins by describing the historical evolution of FIB and FEB systems, applied first for micro- and more recently for nanofabrication and prototyping, practical solutions available in the market for different applications, and current trends in development of tools and their integration in a fast growing field of nanofabrication and nanocharacterization. Limitations of the FIB/FEB techniques, especially important when nanoscale resolution is considered, as well as possible ways to overcome the experimental difficulties in creating new nanodevices and improving resolution of processing, are outlined. Chapters include tutorials describing fundamental aspects of the interaction of beams (FIB/FEB) with surfaces, nanostructures and adsorbed molecules; electron and ion beam chemistries; basic theory, design and configuration of equipment; simulations of processes; basic solutions for nanoprototyping. Emerging technologies as processing by cluster beams are also discussed. In addition, the book considers numerous applications of these techniques (milling, etching, deposition) for nanolithography, nanofabrication and characterization, involving different nanostructured materials and devices. Its main focus is on practical details of using focused ion and electron beams with gas assistance (deposition and etching) and without gas assistance (milling/cutting) for fabrication of devices from the fields of nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, nanomagnetics, functionalized scanning probe tips, nanosensors and other types of NEMS (nanoelectromechanical systems). Special attention is given to strategies designed to overcome limitations of the techniques (e.g., due to damaging produced by energetic ions interacting

Handbook of Materials Characterization Book

Handbook of Materials Characterization


  • Author : Surender Kumar Sharma
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-09-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 613
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319929552

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Handbook of Materials Characterization Excerpt :

This book focuses on the widely used experimental techniques available for the structural, morphological, and spectroscopic characterization of materials. Recent developments in a wide range of experimental techniques and their application to the quantification of materials properties are an essential side of this book. Moreover, it provides concise but thorough coverage of the practical and theoretical aspects of the analytical techniques used to characterize a wide variety of functional nanomaterials. The book provides an overview of widely used characterization techniques for a broad audience: from beginners and graduate students, to advanced specialists in both academia and industry.

Biological Low Voltage Scanning Electron Microscopy Book

Biological Low Voltage Scanning Electron Microscopy


  • Author : James Pawley
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-12-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387729725

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Biological Low Voltage Scanning Electron Microscopy Excerpt :

Major improvements in instrumentation and specimen preparation have brought SEM to the fore as a biological imaging technique. Although this imaging technique has undergone tremendous developments, it is still poorly represented in the literature, limited to journal articles and chapters in books. This comprehensive volume is dedicated to the theory and practical applications of FESEM in biological samples. It provides a comprehensive explanation of instrumentation, applications, and protocols, and is intended to teach the reader how to operate such microscopes to obtain the best quality images.

Auger Electron Spectroscopy Book

Auger Electron Spectroscopy


  • Author : Donald T. Hawkins
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : 9781468413878

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Auger Electron Spectroscopy Excerpt :

Auger electron spectroscopy is rapidly developing into the single most powerful analytical technique in basic and applied science.for investigating the chemical and structural properties of solids. Its ex plosive growth beginning in 1967 was triggered by the development of Auger analyzers capable of de tecting one atom layer of material in a fraction of a second. Continued growth was guaranteed firstly by the commercial availability of apparatus which combined the capabilities of scanning electron mi croscopy and ion-mill depth profiling with Auger analysis, and secondly by the increasing need to know the atomistics of many processes in fundamental research and engineering applications. The expanding use of Auger analysis was accompanied by an increase in the number of publications dealing with it. Because of the developing nature of Auger spectroscopy, the articles have appeared in many different sources covering diverse disciplines, so that it is extremely difficult to discover just what has or has not been subjected to Auger analysis. In this situation, a comprehensive bibliography is obviou-sly useful to those both inside and outside the field. For those in the field, this bibliography should be a wonderful time saver for locating certain references, in researching a particular topic, or when considering various aspects of instrumentation or data analysis. This bibliography not only provides the most complete listing of references pertinent to surface Auger analysis available today, but it is also a basis for extrapolating from past trends to future expectations.

Physics  Uspekhi Book

Physics Uspekhi


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Physics
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : CHI:58245508

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Physics Uspekhi Excerpt :

Review Book

Review


  • Author : Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1983
  • Genre: Nuclear energy
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : OSU:32435067594309

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Review Excerpt :