Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II


  • Author : Mark Barnett
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-12-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN 10 : 0080556566

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II Excerpt :

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II serves as a needed resource for this topic which has received much attention during the past 25 years. The book provides an in-depth review of the field, followed by numerous chapters that document the current status of adsorption research for a variety of metals by geomedia ranging from individual minerals to sediments and soils. Adsorption mechanisms are detailed and precipitation is presented as a distinct sorption process. Virtually all factors affecting the extent of metal adsorption are examined, including the effects of selected anions, competition among metals, pH, metal concentration, loading, variable metal adsorption capacity, ionic strength, hydrogen exchange and stoichiometry, and solids concentration. A variety of adsorption models are briefly presented and some are used to extend laboratory studies to field sites. This is a compilation of 25 peer reviewed papers from among the 60+ platform and poster presentations of the symposium "Adsorption of Metals to Geomedia II" at the American Chemical Society (ACS) Meeting, March 27-29, 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. This symposium is a follow-up to the original held in 1996. * Learn the tools and techniques from leading academics and industry experts * One stop practical resource and guide for those in the field * Keep informed and up to date on all the latest advancements in technology

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia Book

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia


  • Author : Everett Jenne
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1998-04-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 583
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080498683

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia Excerpt :

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia, serves as a needed resource for this topic which has received much attention during the past 15 years. The book provides an in-depth review of the field, followed by numerouschapters that document the current status of adsorption research for a variety of metals by geomedia ranging from individual minerals to sediments and soils. Adsorption mechanisms are detailed and precipitation is presented as a distinct sorption process.Virtually all factors affecting the extent of metal adsorption are examined, including the effects of selected anions, competition among metals, pH, metal concentration, loading, variable metal adsorption capacity, ionic strength, hydrogen exchange and stoichiometry, and solids concentration. A variety of adsorption models are briefly presented and some are used to extend laboratory studies to field sites. The book is comprised of a collection of papers contributed by leading investigators from Canada, France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the US. Includes a wide-ranging review of the status of adsorption research and a prospectus on future research Details all known factors affecting the extent of adsorption Covers basic adsorption equations and interrelationships Clearly documents experimental procedures Presents adsorption data for eleven metals and three other elements Uses normalization to greatly reduce apparent variability among absorbents Provides extensive literature citations and a comprehensive index

Surface and Interface Chemistry of Clay Minerals Book

Surface and Interface Chemistry of Clay Minerals


  • Author : Robert Schoonheydt
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-11-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081024331

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Surface and Interface Chemistry of Clay Minerals Excerpt :

Surface and Interface Chemistry of Clay Minerals, Volume 9, delivers a fundamental understanding of the surface and interface chemistry of clay minerals, thus serving as a valuable resource for researchers active in the fields of materials chemistry and sustainable chemistry. Clay minerals, with surfaces ranging from hydrophilic, to hydrophobic, are widely studied and used as adsorbents. Adsorption can occur at the edges and surfaces of clay mineral layers and particles, and in the interlayer region. This diversity in properties and the possibility to tune the surface properties of clay minerals to match the properties of adsorbed molecules is the basis for study. This book requires a fundamental understanding of the surface and interface chemistry of clay minerals, and of the interaction between adsorbate and adsorbent. It is an essential resource for clay scientists, geologists, chemists, physicists, material scientists, researchers, and students. Presents scientists and engineers with a resource they can rely on for their own research and work involving clay minerals Includes an in-depth look at ion exchange, adsorption of inorganic and organic molecules, including polymers and proteins, and catalysis occurring at the surfaces of clay minerals Includes materials chemistry of clay minerals with chiral clay minerals, optical materials and functional films

Handbook of Soil Sciences Book

Handbook of Soil Sciences


  • Author : Pan Ming Huang
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2011-11-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 833
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439803073

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Handbook of Soil Sciences Excerpt :

An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Resource Management and Environmental Impacts, Second Edition is the second of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers interfacial interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological regimes within the soil; the factors that control the availability of plant nutrients and microelements; interdisciplinary aspects of soil science, including salinity, sodicity, and soil erosion; and soil databases for assessing worldwide soil resources. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

Natural Microporous Materials in Environmental Technology Book

Natural Microporous Materials in Environmental Technology


  • Author : P. Misaelides
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401144995

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Natural Microporous Materials in Environmental Technology Excerpt :

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the Application of Natural Microporous Materials for Environmental Technology, Smolenice Castle, Slovakia, 26-30 October 1998

Synchrotron Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments Book

Synchrotron Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments


  • Author : Balwant Singh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-02-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 0080932843

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Synchrotron Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments Excerpt :

Over the past 20 years, synchrotron-based research applications have provided important insight into the geochemical cycling of ions and the chemical and crystallographic properties of minerals in soils and sediments. Of particular significance is the understanding of local coordination environments with the use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The high flux and brightness of the X-ray beams have allowed researchers to work at environmentally relevant concentrations. The use of focusing mirrors and apertures which allow for mapping and trace particle surfaces, microbes, roots, channels and elements at the micron and at a nano-meter scale in 2 and 3D have also been a great enhancement to science. This book provides the most up-to-date information on synchrotron-based research applications in the field of soil, sediment and earth sciences. Invited authors provide chapters on a wide range of research topics including multiphase flow and transport processes (physical aspects), rhizosphere and microbial life (biological aspects), and dynamics of C, N, S, P and heavy metals and metalloids (chemical aspects). In addition, perspectives on the impact of synchrotron based applications, particularly X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and the role of synchrotron applications in remediation, regulatory, and decision making processes are considered. Up-to-date, with the latest research results and techniques in synchrotron-based techniques Information on specific techniques, elements and minerals, regulatory and remediation decision making, contaminants and the impact of X-ray absorption spectroscopy on soil science Internationally recognized leaders in their fields of expertise from Europe, North America, Asia and Australia

Biophysico Chemical Processes of Heavy Metals and Metalloids in Soil Environments Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Biophysico Chemical Processes of Heavy Metals and Metalloids in Soil Environments


  • Author : Antonio Violante
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2007-11-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 0470175478

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Biophysico Chemical Processes of Heavy Metals and Metalloids in Soil Environments Excerpt :

Written by a multidisciplinary group of soil and environmental scientists, Biophysico-Chemical Processes of Heavy Metals and Metalloids in Soil Environments provides the scientific community with a critical qualitative and quantitative review of the fundamentals of the processes of pollutants in soil environments. The book covers pollutants' speciation, mobility, bioavailability and toxicity, and impacts on development of innovative restoration strategies. In addition, the development of innovative remediation strategies for polluted soils is covered.

Environmental Soil Chemistry Book

Environmental Soil Chemistry


  • Author : Donald L. Sparks
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-12-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 465
  • ISBN 10 : 9780443140358

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Environmental Soil Chemistry Excerpt :

Environmental Soil Chemistry, Third Edition provides an up-to-date overview of the interdisciplinary field of environmental soil chemistry. This classic text covers the fundamental principles of soil chemistry, including the inorganic and organic components of soil, soil porewater chemistry, interfacial chemical reactions between solids and dissolved ions/molecules, ion exchange, and the kinetics of the soil chemical process, such as sorption and redox. Soil acidity and salinity are also discussed. This fully updated third edition places particular emphasis on environmental reactions between clay minerals, metal oxides, and soil organic matter with heavy metals, pesticides, and industrial contaminants. This text provides the latest technological advances representing the cutting edge of the science. Completely updated throughout with new content and updated full color figures, the third edition contains expanded information on soil minerals and an increased emphasis on the coupling between chemical and biological reactions, mechanisms, and processes. This third edition provides upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in soil science with sound contemporary training in the basics of soil chemistry and applications to real-world environmental concerns. The book offers a competitive advantage for those students looking to incorporate novel, advanced tools into their research. Includes problem sets in each chapter for enhanced learning and comprehension Emphasizes soil organic carbon reactions with clay minerals and metal oxides, including examples from advanced spectromicroscopic techniques Features revised content highlighting the role of soils in environmental and ecosystem services Presents new material on advances in surface complexation modeling Delivers concise summaries of research using state-of-the art techniques Highlights advances in understanding reactions at mineral-water interfaces, including adsorption, dissolution, and surface precipitation Offe

Heavy Metals Release in Soils Book

Heavy Metals Release in Soils


  • Author : H. Magdi Selim
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2001-06-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 1420032615

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Heavy Metals Release in Soils Excerpt :

Understanding the mechanisms associated with metal complexes and the sequestering metal contaminants in the environment is essential for effective remediation. Heavy Metal Release in Soils describes and quantifies desorption/release kinetics and dissolution reactions in the release of heavy metals from soil. The book focuses on: New techniques - microscopic surface techniques, NMR and electrophoresis, XAFS, SFM, and time-resolved ATR-FTIR Theoretical analysis and kinetic approaches - adsorption/desorption hysteresis, competitive sorption and transport, multi-component models, speciation kinetics, isotherms and soil and metal parameters, and the role of soil properties on transport Applications - arsenic speciation and mobility in contaminated soils, modeling activity of CD, Zn, and Cu in contaminated soils, and in situ chemical immobilization A timely addition to the literature, this book highlights the desorption/release mechanisms for the purpose of resolving remediation dilemmas in contaminated environments. It gives you the added advantage of case studies at both the microscopic and macroscopic scales, and provides both experimental and numerical investigations. With contributions from an international panel of authors, Heavy Metals Release in Soils fills a gap in the current literature concerned with subsurface contaminant fate and transport processes.

Handbook of Soil Sciences  Two Volume Set  Book

Handbook of Soil Sciences Two Volume Set


  • Author : Pan Ming Huang
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 2272
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439803042

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Handbook of Soil Sciences Two Volume Set Excerpt :

An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for co

The Taiwan Crisis  a showcase of the global arsenic problem Book

The Taiwan Crisis a showcase of the global arsenic problem


  • Author : Jiin-Shuh Jean
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2011-03-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439859483

DOWNLOAD BOOK
The Taiwan Crisis a showcase of the global arsenic problem Excerpt :

In the 1950s, the residents of the southwestern coastal areas of Taiwan suffered greatly from Blackfoot disease (BFD) due to the consumption of arsenic-contaminated groundwater. Groundwater with high levels of arsenic in southwestern and northeastern Taiwan received much attention. After arsenic-safe tap water was utilized for drinking instead of groundwater in the 1970s, BFD cases decreased greatly. After 1990, no new BFD cases were reported, and as a consequence, BFD problems disregarded. However, arsenic is still present in the groundwater. This book will improve the knowledge and understanding of the occurrence and genesis of arsenic-rich groundwaters in Taiwan. It deals with constraints on the mobility of arsenic in groundwater, its uptake from soil and water by plants, arsenic-propagation through the food chain, human health impacts, and arsenic-removal technologies. Taiwan case experiences are described in this book and can be applied worldwide. This book is a state-of-the-art overview of research on arsenic in Taiwan and is designed to: create interest in regions within Taiwan that are affected by the presence of arseniferous aquifers; draw attention from the international scientific community; increase awareness among researchers, administrators, policy makers, and company executives; improve the international cooperation on arsenic problems worldwide.

Phosphorus Recovery and Recycling Book

Phosphorus Recovery and Recycling


  • Author : Hisao Ohtake
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-05-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811080319

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Phosphorus Recovery and Recycling Excerpt :

This book focuses on the engineering aspects of phosphorus (P) recovery and recycling, presenting recent research advances and applications of technologies in this important and challenging area of engineering. It highlights full-scale applications to illustrate the performance and effectiveness of the new technologies. As an essential element for all living organisms, P cannot be replaced by any other element in biochemical processes, humans ultimately rely its availability. Today, P is mostly obtained from mined rock phosphate (Pi). However, natural reserves of high-grade rock Pi are limited and dwindling on a global scale. As such, there have been increased efforts to recycle P from secondary sources, including sewage sludge, animal manure, food waste, and steelmaking slag, and so close the anthropogenic P cycle. In addition to various aspects of phosphorus covered by other literature, including chemistry, biochemistry, ecology, soil-plant systems and sustainable management, this book is a valuable and comprehensive source of information on the rapidly evolving field of P recovery and recycling engineering for students, researchers, and professionals responsible for sustainable use of phosphorus.

Competitive Sorption and Transport of Heavy Metals in Soils and Geological Media Book

Competitive Sorption and Transport of Heavy Metals in Soils and Geological Media


  • Author : H. Magdi Selim
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439880159

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Competitive Sorption and Transport of Heavy Metals in Soils and Geological Media Excerpt :

Most reported incidents of soil contamination include an array of heavy metals species rather than a single ion. The various interactions in these multicomponent or multiple-ion systems significantly impact the fate and transport of heavy metals, and competition for sorption sites on soil matrix surfaces is a common phenomenon. Because of this, considering competitive sorption is an important part of predicting contaminant transport. Competitive Sorption and Transport of Heavy Metals in Soils and Geological Media gives you the information needed to understand heavy metals’ sorption and transport in the vadose zone and aquifers. The book brings together state-of-the art research on the competitive sorption and mobility of single versus multiple heavy metal species. It also relates the transport mechanisms to the processes that govern sorption mechanisms. The work offers new experimental evidence on the fate of multiple heavy metals in soil columns and new field results on how multiple ions influence the mobility of metals in the soil profile under water-unsaturated flow. Emphasizing modeling approaches, the book begins with an overview of the competitive behavior of heavy metals. It then takes a closer look at various heavy metals, discussing their behavior in tropical soils, speciation and fractionation, accumulation, migration, competitive retention, and the contamination of water resources at the watershed scale. The book also presents extensive data on phosphate, a commonly used fertilizer, and its role in facilitating the release of trace elements. The final chapter looks at the effect of waterlogged conditions on arsenic and cadmium solubilization. Edited by an internationally recognized researcher and featuring expert contributors, this comprehensive work addresses the complex physical and chemical phenomena of sorption mechanisms. Presenting the latest research, it helps you to better predict the potential mobility of multiple heavy metals in soils.

Handbook of Clay Science Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Handbook of Clay Science


  • Author : Faïza Bergaya
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-09-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1246
  • ISBN 10 : 0080457630

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Handbook of Clay Science Excerpt :

The first general texts on clay mineralogy and the practical applications of clay, written by R.E. Grim, were published some 40-50 years ago. Since then, a vast literature has accumulated but this information is scattered and not always accessible. The Handbook of Clay Science aims at assembling the scattered literature on the varied and diverse aspects that make up the discipline of clay science. The topics covered range from the fundamental structures (including textures) and properties of clays and clay minerals, through their environmental, health and industrial applications, to their analysis and characterization by modern instrumental techniques. Also included are the clay-microbe interaction, layered double hydroxides, zeolites, cement hydrates, genesis of clay minerals as well as the history and teaching of clay science. No modern book in the English language is available that is as comprehensive and wide-ranging in coverage as the Handbook of Clay Science. In providing a critical and up-to-date assessment of the accumulated information, this will serve as the first point of entry into the literature for both newcomers and graduate students, while for research scientists, university teachers, industrial chemists, and environmental engineers the book will become a standard reference text. * Presents contributions from 66 authors from 18 different countries who have come together to produce the most comprehensive modern handbook on clay science * Provides up-to-date concepts, properties, and reactivity of clays and clay minerals in a one-stop source of information * Covers classical and new environmental, industrial, and health applications of clays, as well as the instrumental techniques for clay mineral analysis * Combines geology, mineralogy, crystallography with physics, geotechnology, and soil mechanics together with inorganic, organic, physical, and colloid chemistry for a truly multidisciplinary approach