Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells Book

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells


  • Author : Daniel Abou-Ras
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-10-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 760
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527339921

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Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells Excerpt :

The book focuses on advanced characterization methods for thin-film solar cells that have proven their relevance both for academic and corporate photovoltaic research and development. After an introduction to thin-film photovoltaics, highly experienced experts report on device and materials characterization methods such as electroluminescence analysis, capacitance spectroscopy, and various microscopy methods. In the final part of the book simulation techniques are presented which are used for ab-initio calculations of relevant semiconductors and for device simulations in 1D, 2D and 3D. Building on a proven concept, this new edition also covers thermography, transient optoelectronic methods, and absorption and photocurrent spectroscopy.

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells Book

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells


  • Author : Daniel Abou-Ras
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-07-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 760
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527699018

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Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells Excerpt :

The book focuses on advanced characterization methods for thin-film solar cells that have proven their relevance both for academic and corporate photovoltaic research and development. After an introduction to thin-film photovoltaics, highly experienced experts report on device and materials characterization methods such as electroluminescence analysis, capacitance spectroscopy, and various microscopy methods. In the final part of the book simulation techniques are presented which are used for ab-initio calculations of relevant semiconductors and for device simulations in 1D, 2D and 3D. Building on a proven concept, this new edition also covers thermography, transient optoelectronic methods, and absorption and photocurrent spectroscopy.

Advanced Characterization of Thin Film Solar Cells Book

Advanced Characterization of Thin Film Solar Cells


  • Author : Mowafak Al-Jassim
  • Publisher : Institution of Engineering and Technology
  • Release Date : 2020-09-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839530234

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Advanced Characterization of Thin Film Solar Cells Excerpt :

Polycrystalline thin-film solar cells have reached a levelized cost of energy that is competitive with all other sources of electricity. The technology has significantly improved in recent years, with laboratory cell efficiencies for cadmium telluride (CdTe), perovskites, and copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) each exceeding 22 percent. Both CdTe and CIGS solar panels are now produced at the gigawatt scale. However, there are ongoing challenges, including the continued need to improve performance and stability while reducing cost. Advancing polycrystalline solar cell technology demands an in-depth understanding of efficiency, scaling, and degradation mechanisms, which requires sophisticated characterization methods. These methods will enable researchers and manufacturers to improve future solar modules and systems.

Spatially Resolved Characterization in Thin Film Photovoltaics Book

Spatially Resolved Characterization in Thin Film Photovoltaics


  • Author : Matevž Bokalič
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-01-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 99
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319146515

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Spatially Resolved Characterization in Thin Film Photovoltaics Excerpt :

The book is devoted to the spatial characterization of solar cells and PV modules. It is written both as a monograph as well as a succinct guide for the state-of-the-art spatial characterization techniques and approaches. Amongst the approaches discussed are visual imaging, electro- and photo-luminescence imaging, thermography, and light beam induced mapping techniques. Emphasis is given on the luminescence image acquisition and interpretation due to its great potential. Characterization techniques are accompanied by simulation tools. The contents are aimed at a readership of students and senior researchers in R&D as well as engineers in industry who are newcomers to the spatial characterization of either solar cells or PV modules. The concepts and approaches presented herein are based on but not limited to case studies of real thin-film PV devices. Key features:  Review of spatially resolved characterization techniques and accompanying SPICE simulations in photovoltaics  Use of spatially resolved characterization techniques and their combinations for the identification of inhomogeneities in small area CdTe and dye-sensitized solar cells  Case studies of electroluminescence imaging of commercial PV modules (c-Si, CIGS, CdTe, a-Si, tandem and triple junction thin-film-Si) The contents are aimed at a readership of students and senior researchers in R&D as well as engineers in industry who are newcomers to the spatial characterization of either solar cells or PV modules. The concepts and approaches presented herein are based on but not limited to case studies of real thin-film PV devices. Key features:  Review of spatially resolved characterization techniques and accompanying SPICE simulations in photovoltaics  Use of spatially resolved characterization techniques and their combinations for the identification of inhomogeneities in small area CdTe and dye-sensitized solar cells  Case studies of electroluminescence imaging of commercial PV modules (c-Si

Electronic Characterisation of Earth   Abundant Sulphides for Solar Photovoltaics Book

Electronic Characterisation of Earth Abundant Sulphides for Solar Photovoltaics


  • Author : Thomas James Whittles
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-07-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319916651

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Electronic Characterisation of Earth Abundant Sulphides for Solar Photovoltaics Excerpt :

This book examines the electronic structure of earth-abundant and environmentally friendly materials for use as absorber layers within photovoltaic cells. The corroboration between high-quality photoemission measurements and density of states calculations yields valuable insights into why these materials have demonstrated poor device efficiencies in the vast literature cited. The book shows how the materials’ underlying electronic structures affect their properties, and how the band positions make them unsuitable for use with established solar cell technologies. After explaining these poor efficiencies, the book offers alternative window layer materials to improve the use of these absorbers. The power of photoemission and interpretation of the data in terms of factors generally overlooked in the literature, such as the materials’ oxidation and phase impurity, is demonstrated. Representing a unique reference guide, the book will be of considerable interest and value to members of the photoemission community engaged in solar cell research, and to a wider materials science audience as well.

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide Based Thin Film Solar Cells Book

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide Based Thin Film Solar Cells


  • Author : Kentaro Ito
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-02-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118437872

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Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide Based Thin Film Solar Cells Excerpt :

Beginning with an overview and historical background of Copper Zinc Tin Sulphide (CZTS) technology, subsequent chapters cover properties of CZTS thin films, different preparation methods of CZTS thin films, a comparative study of CZTS and CIGS solar cell, computational approach, and future applications of CZTS thin film solar modules to both ground–mount and rooftop installation. The semiconducting compound (CZTS) is made up earth–abundant, low–cost and non–toxic elements, which make it an ideal candidate to replace Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) and CdTe solar cells which face material scarcity and toxicity issues. The device performance of CZTS–based thin film solar cells has been steadily improving over the past 20 years, and they have now reached near commercial efficiency levels (10%). These achievements prove that CZTS–based solar cells have the potential to be used for large–scale deployment of photovoltaics. With contributions from leading researchers from academia and industry, many of these authors have contributed to the improvement of its efficiency, and have rich experience in preparing a variety of semiconducting thin films for solar cells.

Silicon Based Thin Film Solar Cells Book

Silicon Based Thin Film Solar Cells


  • Author : Roberto Murri
  • Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
  • Release Date : 2013-03-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 489
  • ISBN 10 : 9781608054565

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Silicon Based Thin Film Solar Cells Excerpt :

Silicon Based Thin Film Solar Cells explains concepts related to technologies for silicon (Si) based photovoltaic applications. Topics in this book focus on ‘new concept’ solar cells. These kinds of cells can make photovoltaic power production an economically viable option in comparison to the bulk crystalline semiconductor technology industry. A transition from bulk crystalline Si solar cells toward thin-film technologies reduces usage of active material and introduces new concepts based on nanotechnologies. Despite its importance, the scientific development and understanding of new solar cells is not very advanced, and educational resources for specialized engineers and scientists are required. This textbook presents the fundamental scientific aspects of Si thin films growth technology, together with a clear understanding of the properties of the material and how this is employed in new generation photovoltaic solar cells. The textbook is a valuable resource for graduate students working on their theses, young researchers and all people approaching problems and fundamental aspects of advanced photovoltaic conversion.

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design Book

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design


  • Author : Inamuddin
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-07-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119725046

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Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design Excerpt :

Solar cells are semiconductor devices that convert light photons into electricity in photovoltaic energy conversion and can help to overcome the global energy crisis. Solar cells have many applications including remote area power systems, earth-orbiting satellites, wristwatches, water pumping, photodetectors and remote radiotelephones. Solar cell technology is economically feasible for commercial-scale power generation. While commercial solar cells exhibit good performance and stability, still researchers are looking at many ways to improve the performance and cost of solar cells via modulating the fundamental properties of semiconductors. Solar cell technology is the key to a clean energy future. Solar cells directly harvest energy from the sun’s light radiation into electricity are in an ever-growing demand for future global energy production. Solar cell-based energy harvesting has attracted worldwide attention for their notable features, such as cheap renewable technology, scalable, lightweight, flexibility, versatility, no greenhouse gas emission, environment, and economy friendly and operational costs are quite low compared to other forms of power generation. Thus, solar cell technology is at the forefront of renewable energy technologies which are used in telecommunications, power plants, small devices to satellites. Aiming at large-scale implementation can be manipulated by various types used in solar cell design and exploration of new materials towards improving performance and reducing cost. Therefore, in-depth knowledge about solar cell design is fundamental for those who wish to apply this knowledge and understanding in industries and academics. This book provides a comprehensive overview on solar cells and explores the history to evolution and present scenarios of solar cell design, classification, properties, various semiconductor materials, thin films, wafer-scale, transparent solar cells, and so on. It also includes solar cells’ characterization a

Physics of Thin Film Photovoltaics Book

Physics of Thin Film Photovoltaics


  • Author : Victor G. Karpov
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-12-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 257
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119651000

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Physics of Thin Film Photovoltaics Excerpt :

It appears rather paradoxical that thin-film photovoltaics (PVs) are made of materials that seem unacceptable from the classical PV perspective, and yet they often outperform classical PV. This exciting new volume solves that paradox by switching to a new physics paradigm. Many concepts here fall beyond the classical PV scope. The differences lie in device thinness (microns instead of millimeters) and morphology (non-crystalline instead of crystalline). In such structures, the charge carriers can reach electrodes without recombination. On the other hand, thin disordered structures render a possibility of detrimental lateral nonuniformities (“recombination highways”), and their energy spectra give rise to new recombination modes. The mechanisms of thermal exchange and device degradation are correspondingly unique. The overall objective of this book is to give a self-contained in-depth discussion of the physics of thin-film systems in a manner accessible to both researchers and students. It covers most aspects of the physics of thin-film PV, including device operations, material structure and parameters, thin-film junction formation, analytical and numerical modeling, concepts of large area effects and lateral non-uniformities, physics of shunting (both shunt growth and effects), and device degradation. Also, it reviews a variety of physical diagnostic techniques proven with thin-film PV. Whether for the veteran engineer or the student, this is a must-have for any library.

Solar Cell Materials Book

Solar Cell Materials


  • Author : Arthur Willoughby
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-03-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470065518

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Solar Cell Materials Excerpt :

This book presents a comparison of solar cell materials, including both new materials based on organics, nanostructures and novel inorganics and developments in more traditional photovoltaic materials. It surveys the materials and materials trends in the field including third generation solar cells (multiple energy level cells, thermal approaches and the modification of the solar spectrum) with an eye firmly on low costs, energy efficiency and the use of abundant non-toxic materials.

Comprehensive Energy Systems Book

Comprehensive Energy Systems


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-02-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 5540
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128149256

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Comprehensive Energy Systems Excerpt :

Comprehensive Energy Systems provides a unified source of information covering the entire spectrum of energy, one of the most significant issues humanity has to face. This comprehensive book describes traditional and novel energy systems, from single generation to multi-generation, also covering theory and applications. In addition, it also presents high-level coverage on energy policies, strategies, environmental impacts and sustainable development. No other published work covers such breadth of topics in similar depth. High-level sections include Energy Fundamentals, Energy Materials, Energy Production, Energy Conversion, and Energy Management. Offers the most comprehensive resource available on the topic of energy systems Presents an authoritative resource authored and edited by leading experts in the field Consolidates information currently scattered in publications from different research fields (engineering as well as physics, chemistry, environmental sciences and economics), thus ensuring a common standard and language

High Efficiency Solar Cells Book

High Efficiency Solar Cells


  • Author : Xiaodong Wang
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319019888

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High Efficiency Solar Cells Excerpt :

As part of the effort to increase the contribution of solar cells (photovoltaics) to our energy mix, this book addresses three main areas: making existing technology cheaper, promoting advanced technologies based on new architectural designs, and developing new materials to serve as light absorbers. Leading scientists throughout the world create a fundamental platform for knowledge sharing that combines the physics, materials, and device architectures of high-efficiency solar cells. While providing a comprehensive introduction to the field, the book highlights directions for further research, and is intended to stimulate readers’ interest in the development of novel materials and technologies for solar energy applications.

Capacitance Spectroscopy of Semiconductors Book

Capacitance Spectroscopy of Semiconductors


  • Author : Jian V. Li
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-07-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351368445

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Capacitance Spectroscopy of Semiconductors Excerpt :

Capacitance spectroscopy refers to techniques for characterizing the electrical properties of semiconductor materials, junctions, and interfaces, all from the dependence of device capacitance on frequency, time, temperature, and electric potential. This book includes 15 chapters written by world-recognized, leading experts in the field, academia, national institutions, and industry, divided into four sections: Physics, Instrumentation, Applications, and Emerging Techniques. The first section establishes the fundamental framework relating capacitance and its allied concepts of conductance, admittance, and impedance to the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors. The second section reviews the electronic principles of capacitance measurements used by commercial products, as well as custom apparatus. The third section details the implementation in various scientific fields and industries, such as photovoltaics and electronic and optoelectronic devices. The last section presents the latest advances in capacitance-based electrical characterization aimed at reaching nanometer-scale resolution.

The Physics of Solar Cells Book

The Physics of Solar Cells


  • Author : Juan Bisquert
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-11-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351395588

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The Physics of Solar Cells Excerpt :

The book provides an explanation of the operation of photovoltaic devices from a broad perspective that embraces a variety of materials concepts, from nanostructured and highly disordered organic materials, to highly efficient devices such as the lead halide perovskite solar cells. The book establishes from the beginning a simple but very rich model of a solar cell, in order to develop and understand step by step the photovoltaic operation according to fundamental physical properties and constraints. It emphasizes the aspects pertaining to the functioning of a solar cell and the determination of limiting efficiencies of energy conversion. The final chapters of the book establish a more refined and realistic treatment of the many factors that determine the actual performance of experimental devices: transport gradients, interfacial recombination, optical losses and so forth. The book finishes with a short review of additional important aspects of solar energy conversion, such as the photonic aspects of spectral modification, and the direct conversion of solar photons to chemical fuel via electrochemical reactions.