Advanced Mechanical Models of DNA Elasticity Book

Advanced Mechanical Models of DNA Elasticity

  • Author : Yakov M Tseytlin
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-07-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128020364

Advanced Mechanical Models of DNA Elasticity Excerpt :

Advanced Mechanical Models of DNA Elasticity includes coverage on 17 different DNA models and the role of elasticity in biological functions with extensive references. The novel advanced helicoidal model described reflects the direct connection between the molecule helix structure and its specific properties, including nonlinear features and transitions. It provides an introduction to the state of the field of DNA mechanics, known and widely used models with their short analysis, as well as coverage on experimental methods and data, the influence of electrical, magnetic, ionic conditions on the persistence length, and dynamics with viscosity influence. It then addresses the need to understand the nature of the non-linear overstretching transition of DNA under force and why DNA has a negative twist-stretch coupling. Includes coverage of 17 contemporary models of DNA mechanics with analysis Provides comparison of DNA and RNA mechanical features Covers advances in experimental techniques including AFM, X-ray, and optical tweezers Contains extensive references for further reading

Mechanics of Elastic Biomolecules Book

Mechanics of Elastic Biomolecules

  • Author : W.A. Linke
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401001472

Mechanics of Elastic Biomolecules Excerpt :

A representative cross-section of elastic biomolecules is covered in this volume, which combines seventeen contributions from leading research groups. State-of-the-art molecular mechanics experiments are described dealing with the elasticity of DNA and nucleoprotein complexes, titin and titin-like proteins in muscle, as well as proteins of the cytoskeleton and the extracellular matrix. The book speaks particularly to cell biologists, biophysicists, or bioengineers, and to senior researchers and graduate students alike, who are interested in recent advances in single-molecule technology (optical tweezers technique, atomic force microscopy), EM imaging, and computer simulation approaches to study nanobiomechanics. The findings discussed here have redefined our view of the role mechanical signals play in cellular functions and have greatly helped improve our understanding of biological elasticity in general.

Physical and Numerical Models in Knot Theory Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Physical and Numerical Models in Knot Theory

  • Author : Jorge Alberto Calvo
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 642
  • ISBN 10 : 9789812703460

Physical and Numerical Models in Knot Theory Excerpt :

The physical properties of knotted and linked configurations in space have long been of interest to mathematicians. More recently, these properties have become significant to biologists, physicists, and engineers among others. Their depth of importance and breadth of application are now widely appreciated and valuable progress continues to be made each year. This volume presents several contributions from researchers using computers to study problems that would otherwise be intractable. While computations have long been used to analyze problems, formulate conjectures, and search for special structures in knot theory, increased computational power has made them a staple in many facets of the field. The volume also includes contributions concentrating on models researchers use to understand knotting, linking, and entanglement in physical and biological systems. Topics include properties of knot invariants, knot tabulation, studies of hyperbolic structures, knot energies, the exploration of spaces of knots, knotted umbilical cords, studies of knots in DNA and proteins, and the structure of tight knots. Together, the chapters explore four major themes: physical knot theory, knot theory in the life sciences, computational knot theory, and geometric knot theory.

The Mathematics and Mechanics of Biological Growth Book

The Mathematics and Mechanics of Biological Growth

  • Author : Alain Goriely
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-29
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 646
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387877105

The Mathematics and Mechanics of Biological Growth Excerpt :

This monograph presents a general mathematical theory for biological growth. It provides both a conceptual and a technical foundation for the understanding and analysis of problems arising in biology and physiology. The theory and methods are illustrated on a wide range of examples and applications. A process of extreme complexity, growth plays a fundamental role in many biological processes and is considered to be the hallmark of life itself. Its description has been one of the fundamental problems of life sciences, but until recently, it has not attracted much attention from mathematicians, physicists, and engineers. The author herein presents the first major technical monograph on the problem of growth since D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson’s 1917 book On Growth and Form. The emphasis of the book is on the proper mathematical formulation of growth kinematics and mechanics. Accordingly, the discussion proceeds in order of complexity and the book is divided into five parts. First, a general introduction on the problem of growth from a historical perspective is given. Then, basic concepts are introduced within the context of growth in filamentary structures. These ideas are then generalized to surfaces and membranes and eventually to the general case of volumetric growth. The book concludes with a discussion of open problems and outstanding challenges. Thoughtfully written and richly illustrated to be accessible to readers of varying interests and background, the text will appeal to life scientists, biophysicists, biomedical engineers, and applied mathematicians alike.

Nonlinear Deformable body Dynamics Book

Nonlinear Deformable body Dynamics

  • Author : Albert C. J. Luo
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-06-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642121364

Nonlinear Deformable body Dynamics Excerpt :

"Nonlinear Deformable-body Dynamics" mainly consists in a mathematical treatise of approximate theories for thin deformable bodies, including cables, beams, rods, webs, membranes, plates, and shells. The intent of the book is to stimulate more research in the area of nonlinear deformable-body dynamics not only because of the unsolved theoretical puzzles it presents but also because of its wide spectrum of applications. For instance, the theories for soft webs and rod-reinforced soft structures can be applied to biomechanics for DNA and living tissues, and the nonlinear theory of deformable bodies, based on the Kirchhoff assumptions, is a special case discussed. This book can serve as a reference work for researchers and a textbook for senior and postgraduate students in physics, mathematics, engineering and biophysics. Dr. Albert C.J. Luo is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, USA. Professor Luo is an internationally recognized scientist in the field of nonlinear dynamics in dynamical systems and deformable solids.

IUTAM Symposium on Interaction between Dynamics and Control in Advanced Mechanical Systems Book

IUTAM Symposium on Interaction between Dynamics and Control in Advanced Mechanical Systems

  • Author : Dick H. van Campen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 443
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401157780

IUTAM Symposium on Interaction between Dynamics and Control in Advanced Mechanical Systems Excerpt :

During the last decades, applications of dynamical analysis in advanced, often nonlinear, engineering systems have been evolved in a revolutionary way. In this context one can think of applications in aerospace engineering like satellites, in naval engineering like ship motion, in mechanical engineering like rotating machinery, vehicle systems, robots and biomechanics, and in civil engineering like earthquake dynamics and offshore technology. One could continue with this list for a long time. The application of advanced dynamics in the above fields has been possible due to the use of sophisticated computational techniques employing powerful concepts of nonlinear dynamics. These concepts have been and are being developed in mathematics, mechanics and physics. It should be remarked that careful experimental studies are vitally needed to establish the real existence and observability of the predicted dynamical phenomena. The interaction between nonlinear dynamics and nonlinear control in advanced engineering systems is becoming of increasing importance because of several reasons. Firstly, control strategies in nonlinear systems are used to obtain desired dynamic behaviour and improved reliability during operation, Applications include power plant rotating machinery, vehicle systems, robotics, etc. Terms like motion control, optimal control and adaptive control are used in this field of interest. Since mechanical and electronic components are often necessary to realize the desired action in practice, the engineers use the term mechatronics to indicate this field. If the desired dynamic behaviour is achieved by changing design variables (mostly called system parameters), one can think of fields like control of chaos.

Self Assembly  Pattern Formation and Growth Phenomena in Nano Systems Book

Self Assembly Pattern Formation and Growth Phenomena in Nano Systems

  • Author : Alexander A. Golovin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 1402043546

Self Assembly Pattern Formation and Growth Phenomena in Nano Systems Excerpt :

Nano-science and nano-technology are rapidly developing scientific and technological areas that deal with physical, chemical and biological processes that occur on nano-meter scale – one millionth of a millimeter. Self-organization and pattern formation play crucial role on nano-scales and promise new, effective routes to control various nano-scales processes. This book contains lecture notes written by the lecturers of the NATO Advanced Study Institute "Self-Assembly, Pattern Formation and Growth Phenomena in Nano-Systems" that took place in St Etienne de Tinee, France, in the fall 2004. They give examples of self-organization phenomena on micro- and nano-scale as well as examples of the interplay between phenomena on nano- and macro-scales leading to complex behavior in various physical, chemical and biological systems. They discuss such fascinating nano-scale self-organization phenomena as self-assembly of quantum dots in thin solid films, pattern formation in liquid crystals caused by light, self-organization of micro-tubules and molecular motors, as well as basic physical and chemical phenomena that lead to self-assembly of the most important molecule on the basis of which most of living organisms are built – DNA. A review of general features of all pattern forming systems is also given. The authors of these lecture notes are the leading experts in the field of self-organization, pattern formation and nonlinear dynamics in non-equilibrium, complex systems.

Multiple Aspects of DNA and RNA  from Biophysics to Bioinformatics Book

Multiple Aspects of DNA and RNA from Biophysics to Bioinformatics

  • Author : Thomas Anthony John Duke
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release Date : 2005-12-19
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 0444520813

Multiple Aspects of DNA and RNA from Biophysics to Bioinformatics Excerpt :

Dedicated to the multiple aspects, that is, biological, physical and computational of DNA and RNA molecules, this book is divided into three main sections. It is intended to be a reference for advanced graduate students or young researchers to acquire an interdisciplinary understanding of the multiple aspects of DNA and RNA.

Applied Mechanics Reviews Book

Applied Mechanics Reviews

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1993
  • Genre: Mechanics, Applied
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UIUC:30112008993641

Applied Mechanics Reviews Excerpt :

Design  Modeling and Characterization of Bio Nanorobotic Systems Book

Design Modeling and Characterization of Bio Nanorobotic Systems

  • Author : Mustapha Hamdi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-10-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN 10 : 9789048131808

Design Modeling and Characterization of Bio Nanorobotic Systems Excerpt :

Nanorobots represent a nanoscale device where proteins such as DNA, carbon nanotubes could act as motors, mechanical joints, transmission elements, or sensors. When these different components were assembled together they can form nanorobots with multi-degree-of-freedom, able to apply forces and manipulate objects in the nanoscale world. Design, Modeling and Characterization of Bio-Nanorobotic Systems investigates the design, assembly, simulation, and prototyping of biological and artificial molecular structures with the goal of implementing their internal nanoscale movements within nanorobotic systems in an optimized manner.

Statistical Physics Of Dna  An Introduction To Melting  Unzipping And Flexibility Of The Double Helix Book

Statistical Physics Of Dna An Introduction To Melting Unzipping And Flexibility Of The Double Helix

  • Author : Theodorakopoulos Nikos
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2019-12-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811209550

Statistical Physics Of Dna An Introduction To Melting Unzipping And Flexibility Of The Double Helix Excerpt :

The stability of the DNA double helix is contingent on fine-tuning a number of physicochemical control parameters. Varying any one of them leads to separation of the two strands, in what constitutes a rare physical example of a thermodynamic phase transition in a one-dimensional system. The present book aims at providing a self-contained account of the statistical physics of cooperative processes in DNA, e.g. thermal and mechanical dissociation, force-induced melting, equilibria of hairpin-like secondary structures. In addition, the book presents some fundamental aspects of DNA elasticity, as observed in key experiments, old and new. The latter include some recently published scattering data on apparently soft, short DNA chains and their interpretation in terms of local structural defects (permanent bends, 'kinky DNA', after the original Crick-Klug hypothesis).The development of mathematical models used (Kratky-Porod polymer chain, Poland-Scheraga and Peyrard-Bishop-Dauxois models of DNA melting) emphasizes the use of realistic parameters and the relevance of practical numerical methods for comparing with experimental data. Accordingly, a large number of specially produced figures has been included.The presentation is at the level of an advanced undergraduate or introductory graduate course. An extra chapter provides the necessary mathematical background on elasticity of model polymer chains.

Advanced Structural Materials Book

Advanced Structural Materials

  • Author : Winston O. Soboyejo
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2006-12-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420017465

Advanced Structural Materials Excerpt :

A snapshot of the central ideas used to control fracture properties of engineered structural metallic materials, Advanced Structural Materials: Properties, Design Optimization, and Applications illustrates the critical role that advanced structural metallic materials play in aerospace, biomedical, automotive, sporting goods, and other industries in the twenty-first century. The book presents an overview of the structure, properties, and applications of these materials, including the basic ideas behind their design. It contains examples and accessible language, elucidating the basic concepts that guide the development of new alloys and composite materials. With in-depth reviews from leading contributors, the text develops an understanding of the breadth and depth of advances in the field. It begins with a broad introduction to advanced structural materials, then examines materials at the frontiers of emerging applications such as biomaterials, MEMS, amorphous materials, and nanotechnology. The chapter authors are experts in their own right and they assume no prior knowledge of a given material system, delineating the fundamental concepts and applications of advanced structural materials. The rich array of carefully selected topics provides useful insights into the structure, properties, and applications of advanced structural materials.

Mathematical Methods in Engineering Book

Mathematical Methods in Engineering

  • Author : K. Tas
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-11-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402056789

Mathematical Methods in Engineering Excerpt :

This book contains some of the contributions that have been carefully selected and peer-reviewed, which were presented at the International Symposium MME06 Mathematical Methods in Engineering, held in Cankaya University, Ankara, April 2006. The Symposium provided a setting for discussing recent developments in Fractional Mathematics, Neutrices and Generalized Functions, Boundary Value Problems, Applications of Wavelets, Dynamical Systems and Control Theory.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Genre: Aeronautics
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UFL:31262082066985

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Excerpt :

Lists citations with abstracts for aerospace related reports obtained from world wide sources and announces documents that have recently been entered into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Database.