Advances in Soil Organic Matter Research Book

Advances in Soil Organic Matter Research


  • Author : W S Wilson
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 1991-01-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845692742

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Advances in Soil Organic Matter Research Excerpt :

The papers in this volume provide a balanced account of developments in soil organic matter research. It focuses on composition and structure, water quality, organic matter turnover, humus quality and fertility, and is essential reading for all those concerned with the environmental aspects of soil conservation and improvement.

Soil Organic Carbon and Feeding the Future Book

Soil Organic Carbon and Feeding the Future


  • Author : Rattan Lal
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-01-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000513004

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Soil Organic Carbon and Feeding the Future Excerpt :

Soil organic matter (SOM) is a highly reactive constituent of the soil matrix because of its large surface area, high ion exchange capacity, enormous affinity for water due to hygroscopicity, and capacity to form organo-mineral complexes. It is an important source and sink of atmospheric CO2 and other greenhouse gases depending on climate, land use, soil and crop management, and a wide range of abiotic and biotic factors, including the human dimensions of socioeconomic and political factors. Agroecosystems are among important controls of the global carbon cycle with a strong impact on anthropogenic or abrupt climate change. This volume of Advances in Soil Sciences explains pedological processes set-in-motion by increases in SOM content of depleted and degraded soils. It discusses the relationship between SOM content and critical soil quality parameters including aggregation, water retention and transport, aeration and gaseous exchange, and chemical composition of soil air. The book identifies policy options needed to translate science into action for making sustainable management of SOM as a strategy for adaptation to and mitigation of climate change. Features: Relates soil organic matter stock to soil processes, climate parameters, vegetation, landscape attributes Establishes relationships between soil organic matter and land use, species, and climate Identifies land use systems for protecting and restoring soil organic matter stock Links soil organic matter stock with the global carbon cycle for mitigation of climate change Part of the Advances in Soil Sciences series, this volume will appeal to agricultural, environmental, and soil scientists demonstrating the link between soil organic matter stock and provisioning of critical ecosystem services for nature and humans.

Soil Organic Matter and Feeding the Future Book

Soil Organic Matter and Feeding the Future


  • Author : Rattan Lal
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000483918

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Soil Organic Matter and Feeding the Future Excerpt :

Soil organic matter (SOM) is the primary determinant of soil functionality. Soil organic carbon (SOC) accounts for 50% of the SOM content, accompanied by nitrogen, phosphorus, and a range of macro and micro elements. As a dynamic component, SOM is a source of numerous ecosystem services critical to human well-being and nature conservancy. Important among these goods and services generated by SOM include moderation of climate as a source or sink of atmospheric CO2 and other greenhouse gases, storage and purification of water, a source of energy and habitat for biota (macro, meso, and micro-organisms), a medium for plant growth, cycling of elements (N, P, S, etc.), and generation of net primary productivity (NPP). The quality and quantity of NPP has direct impacts on the food and nutritional security of the growing and increasingly affluent human population. Soils of agroecosystems are depleted of their SOC reserves in comparison with those of natural ecosystems. The magnitude of depletion depends on land use and the type and severity of degradation. Soils prone to accelerated erosion can be strongly depleted of their SOC reserves, especially those in the surface layer. Therefore, conservation through restorative land use and adoption of recommended management practices to create a positive soil-ecosystem carbon budget can increase carbon stock and soil health. This volume of Advances in Soil Sciences aims to accomplish the following: Present impacts of land use and soil management on SOC dynamics Discuss effects of SOC levels on agronomic productivity and use efficiency of inputs Detail potential of soil management on the rate and cumulative amount of carbon sequestration in relation to land use and soil/crop management Deliberate the cause-effect relationship between SOC content and provisioning of some ecosystem services Relate soil organic carbon stock to soil properties and processes Establish the relationship between soil organic carbon stock with land and clima

Soil Organic Carbon Book

Soil Organic Carbon


  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2018-07-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 90
  • ISBN 10 : 9789251096819

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Soil Organic Carbon Excerpt :

The publication was launched at the Global Symposium on Soil Organic Carbon (GSOC) held at FAO headquarters (Rome, 21-23 March 2017). It provides an overview to decision-makers and practitioners of the main scientific facts and information regarding the current knowledge and knowledge gaps on Soil Organic Carbon. It highlights how better information and good practices may be implemented to support ending hunger, adapting to and mitigating climate change and achieving overall sustainable development.

Handbook of Soil Science Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Handbook of Soil Science


  • Author : Malcolm E. Sumner
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1999-08-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 2148
  • ISBN 10 : 0849331366

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Handbook of Soil Science Excerpt :

The Handbook of Soil Science provides a resource rich in data that gives professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and their students a handy reference about the discipline of soil science. This handbook serves professionals seeking specific, factual reference information. Each subsection includes a description of concepts and theories; definitions; approaches; methodologies and procedures; tabular data; figures; and extensive references.

Soil Carbon Book

Soil Carbon


  • Author : Alfred E. Hartemink
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2014-04-01
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319040844

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Soil Carbon Excerpt :

Few topics cut across the soil science discipline wider than research on soil carbon. This book contains 48 chapters that focus on novel and exciting aspects of soil carbon research from all over the world. It includes review papers by global leaders in soil carbon research, and the book ends with a list and discussion of global soil carbon research priorities. Chapters are loosely grouped in four sections: § Soil carbon in space and time § Soil carbon properties and processes § Soil use and carbon management § Soil carbon and the environment A wide variety of topics is included: soil carbon modelling, measurement, monitoring, microbial dynamics, soil carbon management and 12 chapters focus on national or regional soil carbon stock assessments. The book provides up-to-date information for researchers interested in soil carbon in relation to climate change and to researchers that are interested in soil carbon for the maintenance of soil quality and fertility. Papers in this book were presented at the IUSS Global Soil C Conference that was held at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models Book

Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models


  • Author : David S. Powlson
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1996-01-18
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 429
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015037306894

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Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models Excerpt :

Proceedings of the NATA Advanced Research Workshop "Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models Using Existing Long-Term Datasets", held at IACR-Rothamsted, Harpenden, UK, May 21-26, 1995

Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models Book

Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models


  • Author : David S. Powlson
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 429
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642610943

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Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models Excerpt :

Soil organic matter (SOM) represents a major pool of carbon within the biosphere, roughly twice than in atmospheric CO2. SOM models embody our best understanding of soil carbon dynamics and are needed to predict how global environmental change will influence soil carbon stocks. These models are also required for evaluating the likely effectiveness of different mitigation options. The first important step towards systematically evaluating the suitability of SOM models for these purposes is to test their simulations against real data. Since changes in SOM occur slowly, long-term datasets are required. This volume brings together leading SOM model developers and experimentalists to test SOM models using long-term datasets from diverse ecosystems, land uses and climatic zones within the temperate region.

Soil Organic Matter in Sustainable Agriculture Book
Score: 5
From 3 Ratings

Soil Organic Matter in Sustainable Agriculture


  • Author : Fred Magdoff
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2004-05-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN 10 : 9780203496374

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Soil Organic Matter in Sustainable Agriculture Excerpt :

Recognition of the importance of soil organic matter (SOM) in soil health and quality is a major part of fostering a holistic, preventive approach to agricultural management. Students in agronomy, horticulture, and soil science need a textbook that emphasizes strategies for using SOM management in the prevention of chemical, biological, and physical problems. Soil Organic Matter in Sustainable Agriculture gathers key scientific reviews concerning issues that are critical for successful SOM management. This textbook contains evaluations of the types of organic soil constituents—organisms, fresh residues, and well-decomposed substances. It explores the beneficial effects of organic matter on soil and the various practices that enhance SOM. Chapters include an examination of the results of crop management practices on soil organisms, organic matter gains and losses, the significance of various SOM fractions, and the contributions of fungi and earthworms to soil quality and crop growth. Emphasizing the prevention of imbalances that lead to soil and crop problems, the text also explores the development of soils suppressive to plant diseases and pests, and relates SOM management to the supply of nutrients to crops. This book provides the essential scientific background and poses the challenging questions that students need to better understand SOM and develop improved soil and crop management systems.

Sustainable Management of Soil Organic Matter Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Sustainable Management of Soil Organic Matter


  • Author : R. M. Rees
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2000-12-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 0851997155

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Sustainable Management of Soil Organic Matter Excerpt :

Includes some fifty edited and revised papers from an international conference on Sustainable Management of Soil Organic Matter, held by the British Society of Soil Science in Edinburgh in September 1999. The book explores the results of recent research studies examining how organic matter functions in soils, factors affecting organic matter quality and quantity and how management of organic matter can be optimised in order to achieve sustainable farming practices.

Urban Soils Book

Urban Soils


  • Author : Rattan Lal
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498770101

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Urban Soils Excerpt :

Globally, 30% of the world population lived in urban areas in 1950, 54% in 2016 and 66% projected by 2050. The most urbanized regions include North America, Latin America, and Europe. Urban encroachment depletes soil carbon and the aboveground biomass carbon pools, enhancing the flux of carbon from soil and vegetation into the atmosphere. Thus, urbanization has exacerbated ecological and environmental problems. Urban soils are composed of geological material that has been drastically disturbed by anthropogenic activities and compromised their role in the production of food, aesthetics of residential areas, and pollutant dynamics. Properties of urban soils are normally not favorable to plant growth—the soils are contaminated by heavy metals and are compacted and sealed. Therefore, the quality of urban soils must be restored to make use of this valuable resource for delivery of essential ecosystem services (e.g., food, water and air quality, carbon sequestration, temperature moderation, biodiversity). Part of the Advances in Soil Sciences Series, Urban Soils explains properties of urban soils; assesses the effects of urbanization on the cycling of carbon, nitrogen, and water and the impacts of management of urban soils, soil restoration, urban agriculture, and food security; evaluates ecosystem services provisioned by urban soils, and describes synthetic and artificial soils.

Soil Organic Matter in Temperate AgroecosystemsLong Term Experiments in North America Book

Soil Organic Matter in Temperate AgroecosystemsLong Term Experiments in North America


  • Author : Eldor A. Paul
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-07-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000721966

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Soil Organic Matter in Temperate AgroecosystemsLong Term Experiments in North America Excerpt :

The presence - or absence - of soil organic matter (SOM) has important implications for agricultural productivity. It could also have significant implications for global climate due to its role as a source/sink of carbon. Therefore, it is important to understand the issues related to the accumulation or loss of SOM, to use what we have learned from experiments to make sound decisions about soil and crop management, and to test models and future concepts concerning SOM management. A database is included with the book, presenting tabular data for 34 sites in North America. Soil Organic Matter in Temperate Agroecosystems discusses all of these issues and more, answering such questions as:

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology Book

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology


  • Author : David C. Coleman
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2004-08-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080472812

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Fundamentals of Soil Ecology Excerpt :

This fully revised and expanded edition of Fundamentals of Soil Ecology continues its holistic approach to soil biology and ecosystem function. Students and ecosystem researchers will gain a greater understanding of the central roles that soils play in ecosystem development and function. The authors emphasize the increasing importance of soils as the organizing center for all terrestrial ecosystems and provide an overview of theory and practice of soil ecology, both from an ecosystem and evolutionary biology point of view. This volume contains updated and greatly expanded coverage of all belowground biota (roots, microbes and fauna) and methods to identify and determine its distribution and abundance. New chapters are provided on soil biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem processes, suggested laboratory and field methods to measure biota and their activities in ecosystems.. Contains over 60% new material and 150 more pages Includes new chapters on soil biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem function Outlines suggested laboratory and field methods Incorporates new pedagogical features Combines theoretical and practical approaches

Structure and Organic Matter Storage in Agricultural Soils Book

Structure and Organic Matter Storage in Agricultural Soils


  • Author : M.R. Carter
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000157475

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Structure and Organic Matter Storage in Agricultural Soils Excerpt :

Soils comprise the largest pool of terrestrial carbon and therefore are an important component of carbon storage in the biosphere-atmosphere system. Structure and Organic Matter Storage in Agricultural Soils explores the mechanisms and processes involved in the storage and sequestration of carbon in soils. Focusing on agricultural soils - from tropical to semi-arid types - this new book provides an in-depth look at structure, aggregation, and organic matter retention in world soils. The first two sections of the book introduce readers to the basic issues and scientific concepts, including soil structure, underlying mechanisms and processes, and the importance of agroecosystems as carbon regulators. The third section provides detailed discussions of soil aggregation and organic matter storage under various climates, soil types, and soil management practices. The fourth section addresses current strategies for enhancing organic matter storage in soil, modelling techniques, and measurement methods. Throughout the book, the importance of the soil structure-organic matter storage relationship is emphasized. Anyone involved in soil science, agriculture, agronomy, plant science, or greenhouse gas and global change studies should understand this relationship. Structure and Organic Matter Storage in Agricultural Soils provides an ideal source of information not only on the soil structure-storage relationship itself, but also on key research efforts and direct applications related to the storage of organic matter in agricultural soils.