Advances in Water Purification Techniques Book

Advances in Water Purification Techniques

  • Author : Satinder Ahuja
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-11-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128147917

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Advances in Water Purification Techniques: Meeting the Needs of Developed and Developing Countries provides a variety of approaches to water purification that can help assist readers with their research and applications. Water contamination problems occur frequently worldwide, hence the most updated knowledge on water purification systems can be helpful in employing the right type of filter or other mechanism of decontamination. The problems with arsenic contamination of water in Bangladesh and the lead problem in Flint, Michigan remind us of the need to monitor water pollution rigorously, from both point and non-point sources. Provides a valuable resource on how to solve water contamination problems or develop new approaches to water purification Presents advanced methods for monitoring water contamination Describes various approaches to water purification Encourages new developments in water purification techniques Includes methods for assessing and monitoring environmental contaminants Covers recent advancement in molecular techniques

Advanced Water Treatment Book

Advanced Water Treatment

  • Author : Mika Sillanpaa
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-01-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128192283

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Advanced Water Treatment: Electrochemical Methods reviews the current state-of-the-art in the electrochemical-based methods for water treatment, the effectiveness of the electrochemical oxidation technique in inactivating different primary biofilm forming paper mill bacteria, as well as sulfide and organic material in pulp and paper mill wastewater in laboratory-scale batch experiments. Various electrodes are described, including boron-doped diamond, mixed metal oxide, PbO2, and their impacts on inactivation efficiency of parameters, such as current density and initial pH or chloride concentration of synthetic paper machine water. The mechanisms of action of various electrodes in different systems are reported. The book is a source of information for environmental and chemical engineers due to the number of methods and industry-focused application cases and researchers who study the transition from a laboratory environment to practical applications. Includes the most recent research on advanced water treatment by electrochemical methods Describes the use of electrochemical cleaning of paper mill wastewaters Includes techniques for cleaning mining waters and removal of organic pollutants by electrochemical methods

Water Purification Book

Water Purification

  • Author : Alexandru Grumezescu
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-12-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 772
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128043714

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Water Purification, a volume in the Nanotechnology in the Food Industry series, provides an in-depth review of the current technologies and emerging application of nanotechnology in drinking water purification, also presenting an overview of the common drinking water contaminants, such as heavy metals, organics, microorganisms, pharmaceuticals, and their occurrences in drinking water sources. As the global water crisis has motivated the industry to look for alternative water supplies, nanotechnology presents significant potential for utilizing previously unacceptable water sources. This books explores the practical methodologies for transforming water using nanotechnologies, and is a comprehensive reference to a wide audience of food science research professionals, professors, and students who are doing research in this field. Includes the most up-to-date information on nanotechnology applications and research methods for water purification and treatment Presents applications of nanotechnology and engineered nanomaterials in drinking water purification to improve efficiency and reduce cost Provides water purification research methods that are important to water quality, including precipitation, adsorption, membrane separation, and ion exchange Covers the potential risks of nanotechnology, such as the toxicological effects of engineered nanomaterials in water and how to minimize risks based on research studies

Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water Book

Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water

  • Author : Erik Sogaard
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2014-04-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080932408

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Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water covers the fundamentals behind a broad spectrum of advanced purification processes for various types of water, showing numerous applications through worked examples. Purification processes for groundwater, soil water, reusable water, and raw water are examined where they are in use full-scale, as a pilot approach, or in the laboratory. This book also describes the production of ceramic particles (nanochemistry) and materials for the creation of filtration systems and catalysts that are involved. Uses chemistry fundamentals to explain the mechanisms behind the various purification processes Explains in detail process equipment and technical applications Describes the production of ceramic particles and other new materials applicable to filtration systems Includes worked examples

Advances in Water and Wastewater Treatment Technology Book

Advances in Water and Wastewater Treatment Technology

  • Author : T. Matsuo
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2001-08-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 0080526543

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This book is the result of the international symposium, "Establishment and Evaluation of Advanced Water Treatment Technology Systems Using Functions of Complex Microbial Community", organized in 2000 at the University of Tokyo. The volume presents the most recent progress in application of microbial community analysis, health-related microorganisms management, nutrient removal, waste sludge minimization and materials recovery, and water management in tropical countries. Included in this work are the following major topics in wastewater treatment: application of various innovative techniques of molecular biology such as FISH, DGGE to microbial community analysis of various types of wastewater treatment; microbial aspect of biological removal of nitrogen and phosphorus; emission of nitrous oxide during nitrogen transformation; reduction of sludge production in the wastewater treatment process using membrane and material recovery of biopolymer and cell of photosynthetic bacteria. Health-related microbiology in water supply and water management using recent innovative molecular biological tools is presented and health risk management is discussed. The practical application of wastewater treatment in developing countries, especially tropical countries is also reviewed. Researchers in the field of environmental engineering and applied microbiology, and practical engineers who wish to learn the most recent progress in the microbiological aspect of water and wastewater management, will find this book a useful tool.

Advanced Water Technologies Book

Advanced Water Technologies

  • Author : P.K. Tewari
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351589291

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The book explores basic concepts and advanced topics in the field of water technologies. It deals extensively with advances in materials, material selection, preparation, characterization and application. The relevance of water technologies in industries is considered, and a section is dedicated to describing and analyzing the technologies required for water reuse and advanced purification, including desalination. Nuclear desalination, low-carbon desalination and water purification technologies to address the adverse impacts of climate change are examined from both the adaptation and mitigation points of view. Aimed at senior undergraduate/graduate students in chemical, civil and environmental engineering, along with wastewater and desalination researchers, this book: Details advanced water treatments for varied processes. Describes membrane and desalination techniques for water reuse and advanced purification. Elaborates water technologies at both the front and back ends of the process. Discusses modern technologies for effluent treatment and water recycling. Explores the role of information technology in the water sector.

Advanced Nano Bio Technologies for Water and Soil Treatment Book

Advanced Nano Bio Technologies for Water and Soil Treatment

  • Author : Jan Filip
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 657
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030298401

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We are proposing this comprehensive volume aimed at bridging and bonding of the theory and practical experiences for the elimination of a broad range of pollutants from various types of water and soil utilizing innovative nanotechnologies, biotechnologies and their possible combinations. Nowadays, a broad range of contaminants are emerging from the industry (and also representing old ecological burdens). Accidents and improper wastewater treatment requires a fast, efficient and cost-effective approach. Therefore, several innovative technologies of water and soil treatments have been invented and suggested in a number of published papers. Out of these, some nanotechnologies and biotechnologies (and possibly also their mutual combinations) turned out to be promising for practical utilization – i.e., based on both extensive laboratory testing and pilot-scale verification. With respect to the diverse character of targeted pollutants, the key technologies covered in this book will include oxidation, reduction, sorption and/or biological degradation. In relation to innovative technologies and new emerging pollutants mentioned in this proposed book, an important part will also cover the ecotoxicity of selected pollutants and novel nanomaterials used for remediation. Thus, this work will consist of 8 sections/chapters with a technical appendix as an important part of the book, where some technical details and standardized protocols will be clearly presented for their possible implementation at different contaminated sites. Although many previously published papers and books (or book chapters) are devoted to some aspects of nano-/biotechnologies, here we will bring a first complete and comprehensive treatise on the latest progress in innovative technologies with a clear demonstration of the applicability of particular methods based on results of the authors from pilot tests (i.e., based on the data collected within several applied projects, mainly national project “Envir

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality Book

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality

  • Author : Satinder Ahuja
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2009-07-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN 10 : 0080921124

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This work provides those involved in water purification research and administration with a comprehensive resource of methods for analyzing water to assure its safety from contaminants, both natural and human caused. The book first provides an overview of major water-related issues in developing and developed countries, followed by a review of issues of sampling for water analysis, regulatory considerations and forensics in water quality and purity investigations. The subsequent chapters cover microbial as well chemical contaminations from inorganic compounds, radionuclides, volatile and semi-volatile compounds, disinfectants, herbicides, and pharmaceuticals, including endocrine disruptors, as well as potential terrorist-related contamination. The last chapter describes the Grainger prize-winning filter that can remove arsenic from water sources and sufficiently protect the health of a large number of people. - Covers the scope of water contamination problems on a worldwide scale - Provides a rich source of methods for analyzing water to assure its safety from natural and deliberate contaminants - Describes the filter that won the $1 million Grainger prize and thereby highlighting an important approach to remediation

Chemistry and Water Book

Chemistry and Water

  • Author : Satinder Ahuja
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-11-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 668
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128096055

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After air, water is the most crucial resource for human survival. To achieve water sustainability, we will have to deal with its scarcity and quality, and find ways to reclaim it from various sources. Chemistry and Water: The Science Behind Sustaining the World's Most Crucial Resource applies contemporary and sophisticated separation science and chromatographic methods to address the pressing worldwide concerns of potable water for drinking and safe water for irrigation to raise food for communities around the world. Edited and authored by world-leading analytical chemists, the book presents the latest research and solutions on topics including water quality and pollution, water treatment technologies and practices, watershed management, water quality and food production, challenges to achieving sustainable water supplies, water reclamation techniques, and wastewater reuse. Explores the role water plays to assure our survival and maintain life Provides valuable information from world leaders in chemistry and water research Addresses water challenges and solutions globally to ensure sustainability

Recent Advances in Water and Wastewater Treatment with Emphasis in Membrane Treatment Operations Book

Recent Advances in Water and Wastewater Treatment with Emphasis in Membrane Treatment Operations

  • Author : Anastasios I. Zouboulis
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2019-04-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038976240

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The present Special Issue brings together recent research findings from renowned scientists in the field of water treatment and assembled contributions on advanced technologies applied to the treatment of wastewater and drinking water, with emphasis on novel membrane treatment technologies. 12 research contributions have highlighted various processes and technologies, which can achieve effective treatment and purification of wastewater and of drinking water, aiming (occasionally) for water reuse. The main topics which are analyzed are the use of novel type membranes in bioreactors, the use of modified membranes, for example using vacuum membrane distillation, the fouling of membranes, the problem of arsenic, antimony and chromium contamination in groundwaters and its removal and the use of novel technologies for more efficient ozonation.

Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention Book

Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention

  • Author : Sanjay K. Sharma
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-06-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400742048

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Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention explores the most up-to-date studies in the field of water pollution. More specifically, this book examines the causes and effects of this threatening phenomenon and identifies the preventive measures that can be taken to contain, and even to defeat, water pollution worldwide. The papers gathered in this volume pinpoint the need to implement greener water treatments to prevent water pollution from impacting ecosystems, human well-being and economies any further. They also successfully outline the processes that have been studied, optimized and developed so far to sustain our environment. Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention will represent a valuable resource to academic researchers, students, institutions, environmentalists, and anyone interested in environmental policies aimed at safeguarding both the quality and the quantity of water.

Environmental Water Book

Environmental Water

  • Author : V.K. Gupta
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2012-11-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444593993

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The world is facing a drinking water crisis. Besides continuous population growth, uneven distribution of water resources and periodic droughts have forced scientists to search for new and effective water treatment, remediation and recycling technologies. Therefore, there is a great need for the development of suitable, inexpensive and rapid wastewater treatment and reuse or conservation methods. This title discusses different types of wastewater treatment, remediation and recycling techniques, like adsorption, membrane filtration and reverse osmosis. It also provides guidance for the selection of the appropriate technologies or their combinations for specific applications so that one can select the exact and accurate technology without any problem. The book comprises detailed discussion on the application of various technologies for water treatment, remediation and recycling technologies and provides an update on the development in water treatment, detailed analysis of their features and economic analysis, bridging the current existing information gap. Each chapter is also documented by references and updated citations. Provides guidance for the selection of the appropriate technologies to industrialists and government authorities for the selection of exact, inexpensive technologies for specific problem solving Discusses the developments of inexpensive and rapid wastewater treatment, remediation and recycling Gives information on the application of analytical techniques, such as GC, LC, IR, and XRF for analysing and measuring water Provides an updated development in water treatment technologies, detailed analysis of their features and economic analysis, enabling to choose a problem-specific solution Completely updates the current knowledge in this field, bridging the current existing information gap

Advances in Oil Water Separation Book

Advances in Oil Water Separation

  • Author : Papita Das
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-02-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323886314

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Advances in Oil-Water Separation: A Complete Guide for Physical, Chemical, and Biochemical Processes discusses a broad variety of chemical, physical and biochemical processes, including skimming, membrane separation, adsorption, onsite chemical reactions, burning and usage of suitable microbial strains for onsite degradation of oil. It critically reviews all current developments in oil-water separation processes and technologies, identifies gaps and illuminates the scope for future research and development in the field. This book provides researchers, engineers and environmental professionals working in oil recovery, storage and refineries with solutions for disposal of waste oil and separation of oil from water in a sustainable, environmentally-friendly way. As the book provides a complete state-of-art overview on oil-water separation technologies, it will also ease literature searches on oil-water separation technologies. Provides a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art developments in oil-water separation methods Discusses the pros and cons of established processes Guides the reader towards the selection of the right technique/process for each oil-water separation problem Presents current developments on adsorbent based oil-water separation

Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering  Treatment  and Hydraulics Book

Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering Treatment and Hydraulics

  • Author : Saleh, Tawfik A.
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2017-01-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9781522521372

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While nanotechnology has been a booming research field for years, the study of how it can be used alongside water engineering has not been deeply explored. By examining the ways in which nanomaterials can aid hydraulics, these tools can be used for water purification, water treatments, and a vast array of other uses that will make water engineering easier and safer. Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering, Treatment, and Hydraulics is a comprehensive reference source for the latest research-based material on the use of progressive nanotechnologies for water technologies. Featuring coverage on relevant topics such as water purification, nano-metal oxides, chitosan nanoparticles, and contaminated waste water, this is an ideal reference source for engineers, students, academics, and researchers seeking innovative perspectives on the use of nanomaterials in water engineering.

Separations of Water Pollutants with Nanotechnology Book

Separations of Water Pollutants with Nanotechnology

  • Author : Satinder Ahuja
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-05-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323907644

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Separations of Water Pollutants with Nanotechnology, the latest volume in the Separation Science and Technology series, offers new solutions for remediating water pollution utilizing nanomaterials with separation methods. Current water purification methods are unsuitable, inconvenient or expensive, so there is a need for new and better processes and techniques. Nanomaterials can purify water by removing pollutants such as heavy metals, pathogens, organic compounds, inorganic compounds, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals of emerging concern. These can effectively replace membrane-based methods if the right expertise is developed—this book helps separation scientists do just that. Existing water treatment problems can be solved by applying a nanotechnology-based processes: antimicrobial nanotechnology, zero-valent iron nanoparticles, nanoadsorbents, nano-enhanced membranes, nanometal oxides, and nano photocatalysts. The current literature places emphasis on materials chemistry rather than the separation methods used for water purification. This new volume presents a collection of chapters that deal with remediation based on separation chemistry. Written by leaders in their respective fields from around the world and edited by Satinder Ahuja, a leading expert on water quality improvement Covers the environmental impact of anthropogenic nanoparticles and plant derived bionanomaterials, which are not contained in other books related to nanomaterials for water purification Illustrates key information visually wherever possible throughout the book, e.g. process diagrams in the nanomaterial synthesis and nanomembrane fabrication chapters, electron microscope images, and more