Air Quality and Livestock Farming Book

Air Quality and Livestock Farming


  • Author : Thomas Banhazi
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-06-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317573418

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Air Quality and Livestock Farming Excerpt :

Air quality has a direct influence on health, welfare and production performance of livestock as the high concentrations of noxious gases, dust and airborne microorganisms are likely to reduce production efficiency and the general welfare of farm animals. Long term exposure to particulates in livestock buildings might also affect the respiratory health of farm workers. Dust in animal buildings contains many biologically active substances such as bacteria, fungi, endotoxins and residues of antibiotics (as a result of veterinary treatments) that are suspected to be hazardous to human health. Furthermore, air pollutants emitted from livestock buildings can reduce air, water and soil quality and can potentially undermine the health of nearby residents. Airborne emissions include ammonia, methane, nitrous oxide, particulates like dust and microorganisms. In addition, other potentially harmful substances such as heavy metals, antibiotic residues and components of disinfectants might be also emitted from livestock building that are potentially damaging to ecosystems. In this book, key aspects of agricultural air quality, such as monitoring, managing and reducing airborne pollutants in and around livestock facilities are reviewed. Features: addressing the raising awareness of the importance of optimal health and welfare for lifestock species with contributions from international specialists and researchers providing up-to-date information for professionals involved in modern animal producti This book will be useful for farming professionals, academics, students, policy makers, business leaders, regulatory bodies and agricultural consultants.

Agriculture and Air Quality Book

Agriculture and Air Quality


  • Author : Carole Bedos
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-01-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN 10 : 9789402420586

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Agriculture and Air Quality Excerpt :

This book gives an overview of the relationships between agriculture and air quality, which is an issue of increasing importance for practitioners and policy makers. It provides the keys to understand natural and anthropogenic mechanisms governing emission and deposition of pollutants produced by and/or impacting agricultural activities It identifies how management practices can help mitigating emissions and how public policies on air pollution progressively addressed the agricultural sector This book was written for students, researchers and agriculture actors as well as for public decision-makers

The Impact of Air Pollution on Health  Economy  Environment and Agricultural Sources Book

The Impact of Air Pollution on Health Economy Environment and Agricultural Sources


  • Author : Mohamed Khallaf
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2011-09-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN 10 : 9789533075280

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The Impact of Air Pollution on Health Economy Environment and Agricultural Sources Excerpt :

This book aims to strengthen the knowledge base dealing with Air Pollution. The book consists of 21 chapters dealing with Air Pollution and its effects in the fields of Health, Environment, Economy and Agricultural Sources. It is divided into four sections. The first one deals with effect of air pollution on health and human body organs. The second section includes the Impact of air pollution on plants and agricultural sources and methods of resistance. The third section includes environmental changes, geographic and climatic conditions due to air pollution. The fourth section includes case studies concerning of the impact of air pollution in the economy and development goals, such as, indoor air pollution in México, indoor air pollution and millennium development goals in Bangladesh, epidemiologic and economic impact of natural gas on indoor air pollution in Colombia and economic growth and air pollution in Iran during development programs. In this book the authors explain the definition of air pollution, the most important pollutants and their different sources and effects on humans and various fields of life. The authors offer different solutions to the problems resulting from air pollution.

Exploring Interactions Between Agriculture and Air Quality on Regional to Global Scales Book

Exploring Interactions Between Agriculture and Air Quality on Regional to Global Scales


  • Author : Luke Daniel Schiferl
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 135
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1036988186

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Exploring Interactions Between Agriculture and Air Quality on Regional to Global Scales Excerpt :

As concern grows over increasing human population and the effects of industrialization on the environment, agriculture and air quality have become important areas of research. Both are vital to human prosperity, determining what we eat and what we breathe. The interactions between agriculture and air quality (defined by ozone and particulate matter (PM) concentrations) are many and often poorly understood. This thesis examines their interactions in two parts. First, we investigate the influence and characterize the importance of the variability in agricultural ammonia emissions on surface inorganic fine PM (PM2.5). In a case study, airborne observations indicate that summertime concentrations of ammonia throughout California and PM2.5 in Los Angeles are underestimated in a global chemistry model (GEOS-Chem) used to understand air quality issues. We find that increasing ammonia emissions from livestock and fertilizer allows the model to better represent the observations, thereby improving the model's prediction of PM2.5 conditions in wintertime, when concentrations and impacts on human health are greater. We also use new observations (surface, aircraft, and satellite) to find that the model underrepresents the summertime ammonia concentration near large source regions throughout the United States. Meteorology dominates the underestimated year-to-year variability in the model over reductions in acid-precursors. Introduction of varying ammonia emissions does not improve the model comparison and has little impact on PM2.5. Second, we quantify the impact of air quality on global crop production under current and future emissions scenarios. Using a relativistic approach, we find that the maximum positive impact (highly uncertain) from total PM light scattering can outweigh the negative impact from ozone damage in certain crops and regions. Future scenarios indicate that reductions in air pollution may have a net negative effect on crop production in areas dominated by the

Air Pollution and Plant Life Book

Air Pollution and Plant Life


  • Author : J. N. B. Bell
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2002-05-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 0471490911

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Air Pollution and Plant Life Excerpt :

This standard textbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the direct and indirect impacts of air pollution on plant life. Written by an international team of experts, the book covers the main historical aspects and sources of pollutants, atmospheric transport and transformations of pollutants, and issues of global change and the use of science in air pollution policy formulation. * covers all the main phytotoxic pollutants with due consideration given to impacts at all levels of plant organisation from molecular to ecological. * emphasises the effects of air pollutants in altering plant response to common stresses, both abiotic and biotic - fields in which considerable progress has been made since publication of the first edition. * includes coverage of how research leads to pollution control policy development. Essential reading for students in Environmental Science, Biological Science and Agriculture, as well as environmental consultants and professionals involved in air quality research and the application of air quality guidelines and advice.

The Challenge of Agricultural Pollution Book

The Challenge of Agricultural Pollution


  • Author : Emilie Cassou
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 2018-04-03
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9781464812026

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The Challenge of Agricultural Pollution Excerpt :

In emerging East Asia, agricultural output has expanded dramatically over recent decades, primarily as a result of successful efforts to stimulate yield growth. This achievement has increased the availability of food and raw materials in the region, drastically diminished hunger, and more generally provided solid ground for economic development. The intensification of agriculture that has made this possible, however, has also led to serious pollution problems that have adversely affected human and ecosystem health, as well as the productivity of agriculture itself. In the region that currently owes the largest proportion of deaths to the environment, agriculture is often portrayed as a victim of industrial and urban pollution, and this is indeed the case. Yet agriculture is taking a growing toll on economic resources and sometimes becoming a victim of its own success. In parts of China, Vietnam, and the Philippines—the countries studied in The Challenge of Agricultural Pollution—this pattern of highly productive yet highly polluting agriculture has been unfolding with consequences that remain poorly understood. With large numbers of pollutants and sources, agricultural pollution is often undetected and unmeasured. When assessments do occur, they tend to take place within technical silos, and so the different ecological and socioeconomic risks are seldom considered as a whole, while some escape study entirely. However, when agricultural pollution is considered in its entirety, both the significance of its impacts and the relative neglect of them become clear. Meanwhile, growing recognition that a “pollute now, treat later†? approach is unsustainable—from both a human health and an agroindustry perspective—has led public and private sector actors to seek solutions to this problem. Yet public intervention has tended to be more reactive than preventive and often inadequate in scale. In some instances, the implementation of sound pollution control programs ha

Effects of Gaseous Air Pollution in Agriculture and Horticulture Book

Effects of Gaseous Air Pollution in Agriculture and Horticulture


  • Author : M. H. Unsworth
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 1982
  • Genre: Agricultural ecology
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105033007399

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Effects of Gaseous Air Pollution in Agriculture and Horticulture Excerpt :

Defining the polluted enviromment; Physiological and biochemical responses to pollutants; Air pollutants and the growth and quality of crops; Interactions; Evolution of resistance to gaseous air pollutants; Poster session abstracts.

Diffuse Pollution Book

Diffuse Pollution


  • Author : N. Campbell
  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release Date : 2005-02-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9781900222532

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Diffuse Pollution Excerpt :

Diffuse (non-point source) pollution is increasingly being recognised as a major source of water quality problems in both surface and ground water. Indeed, as pollution resulting from point sources is reduced by the efforts of regulators, diffuse sources frequently remain as the dominant source of pollution. The book is an introductory text covering the nature, causes and the significance of diffuse pollution of both urban and rural origin. Best management practices to tackle the problems are examined as are the ways in which the adoption of such practices may be brought about. Use is made of case studies from several countries to examine the strengths and weaknesses of various approaches. Diffuse Pollution covers both urban and rural sources. Urban sources include run-off from impermeable surfaces of roads, industrial areas and housing which may be contaminated by hydrocarbons, heavy metals, organic chemicals and other undesirable substances. Rural sources include water containing pollutants arising from agriculture and forestry such as plant nutrients, pesticides, microbes and soil itself. This concise book will prove useful to practitioners in the field of pollution control both in an urban and a rural environment, to regulators, to researchers new to the field, and to academics and students. An extensive reference section aids the reader in exploring the subject further. Contents Diffuse pollution A Best Practice Approach An Introduction to BMPs for built environments Managing diffuse pollution from urban sources - a survey of best practice experience Rural BMPs Rural best practice experience Regulation, Economic instruments, and Education for controlling diffuse pollution Sustainability Full Contents List (439KB)

WHO global air quality guidelines Book

WHO global air quality guidelines


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2021-09-07
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9789240034228

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WHO global air quality guidelines Excerpt :

The main objective of these updated global guidelines is to offer health-based air quality guideline levels, expressed as long-term or short-term concentrations for six key air pollutants: PM2.5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide. In addition, the guidelines provide interim targets to guide reduction efforts of these pollutants, as well as good practice statements for the management of certain types of PM (i.e., black carbon/elemental carbon, ultrafine particles, particles originating from sand and duststorms). These guidelines are not legally binding standards; however, they provide WHO Member States with an evidence-informed tool, which they can use to inform legislation and policy. Ultimately, the goal of these guidelines is to help reduce levels of air pollutants in order to decrease the enormous health burden resulting from the exposure to air pollution worldwide.

A National Program of Research for Environmental Quality Book

A National Program of Research for Environmental Quality


  • Author : Task Force on Environmental Quality--Pollution in Relation to Agriculture and Forestry (U.S.)
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1968
  • Genre: Agricultural ecology
  • Pages : 111
  • ISBN 10 : UCAL:B4167227

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A National Program of Research for Environmental Quality Excerpt :

Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture Book

Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture


  • Author : Congressional Research Congressional Research Service
  • Publisher : CreateSpace
  • Release Date : 2014-12-22
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 34
  • ISBN 10 : 1505903793

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Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture Excerpt :

From an environmental quality standpoint, much of the public and policy interest in animal agriculture has focused on impacts on water resources, because animal waste, if not properly managed, can harm water quality through surface runoff, direct discharges, spills, and leaching into soil and groundwater. A more recent issue is the contribution of air emissions from animal feeding operations (AFOs), enterprises where animals are raised in confinement. This report provides background on the latter issue. AFOs can affect air quality through emissions of gases such as ammonia and hydrogen sulfide, particulate matter, volatile organic compounds, hazardous air pollutants, and odor. These pollutants and compounds have a number of environmental and human health effects. Agricultural operations have been treated differently from other businesses under numerous federal and state laws. Some environmental laws specifically exempt agriculture from regulatory provisions, and some are designed so that farms are not subject to most, if not all, of the regulatory impact. The primary regulatory focus on environmental impacts has occurred under the Clean Water Act. In addition, AFOs that emit large quantities of air pollutants may be subject to Clean Air Act regulation. Some livestock operations also may be regulated under the release reporting requirements of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA). Questions about the applicability of these laws to livestock and poultry operations have been controversial and have drawn congressional attention. Agriculture's role as both a source of and a "sink" for greenhouse gases also has been of interest in connection with addressing the global challenge of climate change. Enforcement of environmental laws requires accurate measurement of emissions to determine whether regulated pollutants are emitted in quantities that exceed specified

Oversight of Air Quality Issues Relating to the Agricultural Industry Book

Oversight of Air Quality Issues Relating to the Agricultural Industry


  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Forestry, Resource Conservation, and Research
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1997
  • Genre: Agricultural ecology
  • Pages : 159
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:31951D01526848I

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Oversight of Air Quality Issues Relating to the Agricultural Industry Excerpt :

Criteria Air Pollutants and their Impact on Environmental Health Book

Criteria Air Pollutants and their Impact on Environmental Health


  • Author : Pallavi Saxena
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 157
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811399923

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Criteria Air Pollutants and their Impact on Environmental Health Excerpt :

Air pollution is a global hazard. Majority of the world’s population is affected by air pollution. Contamination of air is no more an only an atmospheric problem but now has become a health concern too. Under the Clean Air Act of 1971, a set of air pollutants are designated as criteria pollutants. These are suspected to be strongly harming the public health and the environment as compared to other primary and secondary pollutants. Globally, this category of air pollutants has been given less attention, only few studies have been reported in this area. This book begins with a short background on criteria air pollutants and their sources, sinks and chemistry. The chapters explore the detailed nature of primary pollutants criteria pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, particulate matter and lead. Their reaction mechanisms, climate change potency, environmental health effects on plants and human life are discussed. The book also covers secondary pollutants such as ozone. The book discusses ozone chemistry and its environmental health effects. This book act as a valuable tool for students in Environmental Science, Biological Science and Agriculture, as well as environmental consultants and professionals involved in air quality research and the application of air quality guidelines and advice.