Agriculture s Ethical Horizon Book

Agriculture s Ethical Horizon

  • Author : Robert L. Zimdahl
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-01-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124160439

Agriculture s Ethical Horizon Excerpt :

What are the goals of agricultural science? What should the goals of agricultural science be? How do and how should the practitioners of agriculture address complex ethical questions? These questions are explored in this monumental book so that those in agriculture will begin an open dialoge on the ethics of agriculture. Discussion of foundational values, of why we practice agriculture as we do, should become a central, rather than peripheral, part of agricultural practice and education. If agricultural scientists do not venture forth to understand and shape the ethical base of the future, it will be imposed by others. Largely autobiographical, this book covers topics such as scientific truth and myth, what agricultural research should be done, an introduction to ethics, moral confidence in agriculture, the relevance of ethics to agriculture, sustainability, and biotechnology. * Written by an expert who has been engaged in agricultural education and research for over 35 years * Content is easily understandable by non-philosophers * The concepts of scientific truth and myth are contrasted and compared * Chapter sidebars highlight important concepts and can be used to engage students in further discussion * Companion website will accompany the book with further teaching aids and a discussion board

Agriculture s Ethical Horizon Book

Agriculture s Ethical Horizon

  • Author : Robert L Zimdahl
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-01-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123914781

Agriculture s Ethical Horizon Excerpt :

The second edition of Agriculture's Ethical Horizon is a carefully considered application of philosophical concepts, such as utilitarianism and positivism, to the practice of agricultural science. Author Robert Zimdahl argues for an approach to agriculture guided by foundational values, and addresses the questions: What are the goals of agricultural and weed science? What should their goals be? How do and how should the practitioners of agriculture address complex ethical questions? This book engages students, researchers, and professionals across disciplines including horticulture, soil and plant science, entomology, and more, all without requiring a background in philosophy. It examines topics such as scientific truth and myth, moral confidence in agriculture, the relevance of ethics to sustainability, and biotechnology. New to this edition is a chapter examining the raising, housing and slaughter of animals for human food, and a chapter on alternative and organic agricultural systems. Easily understood by non-philosophers Chapter sidebars highlight important concepts and can be used to engage students in further discussion Companion website includes further teaching aids and a discussion board

Agricultural Ethics   An Invitation Book

Agricultural Ethics An Invitation

  • Author : Robert L. Zimdahl
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-08-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 173
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030489359

Agricultural Ethics An Invitation Excerpt :

I write because I am concerned that I and my agricultural colleagues have avoided addressing the moral dimension of the environmental and social problems we have contributed to. I hope for an exchange of ideas about agriculture's moral dilemmas. I encourage my readers to engage in a collective conversation about the dilemmas and avoid remaining in what Merton calls "the collective arrogance and despair of his own herd." If those engaged in agriculture continue to ignore and fail to realize our common difficulties they will be addressed and resolved by societal pressure and political action, which may not yield the resolution we favor. The book's goal is not to resolve the moral dilemmas raised. It is to raise them and encourage thought and discussion. It will ask but not answer why nearly all involved in agriculture have not addressed the moral concerns voiced by the general public. The agricultural enterprise is committed to the benefits and future success of the present, very productive, chemical, capital, and energy intensive system, which is, in the minds of many, not sustainable. The internal justification invokes the moral claim that they feed the world's population. The question remains whether or not the prevailing moral justification of feeding the world is adequate given all the issues modern, developed country agriculture faces: pesticides in soil, water, and food, cruelty to animals, Biotech/GMO's, corporate agriculture, pollution by animal factory waste, exploitation of and cruelty to migrant labor.

International Law and Agroecological Husbandry Book

International Law and Agroecological Husbandry

  • Author : John W. Head
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release Date : 2016-11-25
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 447
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315446516

International Law and Agroecological Husbandry Excerpt :

I. What might be preferable about agroecological husbandry?

Ethical Tensions from New Technology Book

Ethical Tensions from New Technology

  • Author : Harvey S James Jr
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2018-08-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 195
  • ISBN 10 : 9781786394644

Ethical Tensions from New Technology Excerpt :

The introduction of new technologies can be controversial, especially when they create ethical tensions as well as winners and losers among stakeholders and interest groups. While ethical tensions resulting from the genetic modification of crops and plants and their supportive gene technologies have been apparent for decades, persistent challenges remain. This book explores the contemporary nature, type, extent and implications of ethical tensions resulting from agricultural biotechnology specifically and technology generally. There are four main arenas of ethical tensions: public opinion, policy and regulation, technology as solutions to problems, and older versus new technologies. Contributions focus on one or more of these arenas by identifying the ethical tensions technology creates and articulating emerging fault lines and, where possible, viable solutions. Key features include focusing on contemporary challenges created by new and emerging technologies, especially agricultural biotechnology. Identifying a unique perspective by considering the problem of ethical tensions created or enhanced by new technologies. Providing an interdisciplinary perspective by including perspectives from sociologists, economists, philosophers and other social scientists. This book will be of interest to academics in agricultural economics, sociology and philosophy and policymakers concerned with introducing new technology into agriculture.

Agricultural and Food Controversies Book

Agricultural and Food Controversies

  • Author : F. Bailey Norwood
  • Publisher : What Everyone Needs to Know(r)
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 169
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199368426

Agricultural and Food Controversies Excerpt :

The public is more interested in agricultural and food issues than ever before, as is evident in the many agricultural controversies debated in the media. Why is it that some people embrace new agricultural technologies while others steadfastly defend traditional farming methods? Why do some prefer to buy food grown around the world while others patronize small, local farmers? In the debates about organic food, genetically modified organisms, and farm animal welfare, it is not always clear what the scientific literature actually says. To understand these controversies, the authors encourage readers to develop first an appreciation for why two equally intelligent and well-intentioned people can form radically different notions about food. Sometimes the disputes are scientific in nature, and sometimes they arise from conflicting ethical views. This book confronts the most controversial issues in agriculture by first explaining the principles of both sides of the debate, and then guiding readers through the scientific literature so that they may form their own educated opinions. Is food safe if the farm used pesticides, or are organic foods truly better for your health? Are chemical fertilizers sustainable, or are we producing cheap food today at the expense of future generations? What foods should we eat to have a smaller carbon footprint? Is genetically-modified food the key to global food security, and does it give corporations too much market power? Is the prevalence of corn throughout the food system the result of farm subsidies? Does buying local food stimulate the local economy? Why are so many farm animals raised indoors, and should antibiotics be given to livestock? These are the issues addressed in Agricultural and Food Controversies: What Everyone Needs to Know. While it doesn't claim to have all the answers, it provides a synthesis of research and popular opinions on both sides of these important issues, allowing readers to decide what they value and believ

American Entomologist Book

American Entomologist

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Electronic journals
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : UCLA:L0090617390

American Entomologist Excerpt :

Animal Biotechnology Book

Animal Biotechnology

  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2002-12-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 201
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309084390

Animal Biotechnology Excerpt :

Genetic-based animal biotechnology has produced new food and pharmaceutical products and promises many more advances to benefit humankind. These exciting prospects are accompanied by considerable unease, however, about matters such as safety and ethics. This book identifies science-based and policy-related concerns about animal biotechnologyâ€"key issues that must be resolved before the new breakthroughs can reach their potential. The book includes a short history of the field and provides understandable definitions of terms like cloning. Looking at technologies on the near horizon, the authors discuss what we know and what we fear about their effectsâ€"the inadvertent release of dangerous microorganisms, the safety of products derived from biotechnology, the impact of genetically engineered animals on their environment. In addition to these concerns, the book explores animal welfare concerns, and our societal and institutional capacity to manage and regulate the technology and its products. This accessible volume will be important to everyone interested in the implications of the use of animal biotechnology.

Gene Drives on the Horizon Book

Gene Drives on the Horizon

  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2016-08-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309437875

Gene Drives on the Horizon Excerpt :

Research on gene drive systems is rapidly advancing. Many proposed applications of gene drive research aim to solve environmental and public health challenges, including the reduction of poverty and the burden of vector-borne diseases, such as malaria and dengue, which disproportionately impact low and middle income countries. However, due to their intrinsic qualities of rapid spread and irreversibility, gene drive systems raise many questions with respect to their safety relative to public and environmental health. Because gene drive systems are designed to alter the environments we share in ways that will be hard to anticipate and impossible to completely roll back, questions about the ethics surrounding use of this research are complex and will require very careful exploration. Gene Drives on the Horizon outlines the state of knowledge relative to the science, ethics, public engagement, and risk assessment as they pertain to research directions of gene drive systems and governance of the research process. This report offers principles for responsible practices of gene drive research and related applications for use by investigators, their institutions, the research funders, and regulators.

The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics Book

The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics

  • Author : Anne Barnhill
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-08
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190699246

The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics Excerpt :

Academic food ethics incorporates work from philosophy but also anthropology, economics, the environmental sciences and other natural sciences, geography, law, and sociology. Scholars from these fields have been producing work for decades on the food system, and on ethical, social, and policy issues connected to the food system. Yet in the last several years, there has been a notable increase in philosophical work on these issues-work that draws on multiple literatures within practical ethics, normative ethics and political philosophy. This handbook provides a sample of that philosophical work across multiple areas of food ethics: conventional agriculture and alternatives to it; animals; consumption; food justice; food politics; food workers; and, food and identity.

Agricultural Ethics Book

Agricultural Ethics

  • Author : Paul Thompson
  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release Date : 1999-05-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN 10 : 0813828066

Agricultural Ethics Excerpt :

Presents a collection of essays written over a period of 15 years by agricultural ethicist Paul B. Thompson. The essays address the practical application of ethics to agriculture in a world faced with issues of increased yield, threatened environment, and the disappearance of the family farm.

Fictional Characters  Real Problems Book

Fictional Characters Real Problems

  • Author : Garry L. Hagberg
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-03-24
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191024818

Fictional Characters Real Problems Excerpt :

Literature is a complex and multifaceted expression of our humanity of a kind that is instructively resistant to simplification; reduction to a single element that would constitute literature's defining essence would be no more possible than it could be genuinely illuminating. Yet one dimension of literature that seems to interweave itself throughout its diverse manifestations is still today, as it has been throughout literary history, ethical content. This striking collection of new essays, written by an international team of philosophers and literary scholars, pursues a fuller and richer understanding of five of the central aspects of this ethical content. After a first section setting out and precisely articulating some particularly helpful ways of reading for ethical content, these five aspects include: (1) the question of character, its formation, and its role in moral discernment; (2) the power, importance, and inculcation of what we might call poetic vision in the context of ethical understanding and that special kind of vision's importance in human life; (3) literature's distinctive role in self-identity and self-understanding; (4) an investigation into some patterns of moral growth and change that can emerge from the philosophical reading of literature; and (5) a consideration of the historical sources and genealogies of some of our most central contemporary conceptions of the ethical dimension of literature. In addition to Jane Austen, whose work we encounter frequently and from multiple points of view in this engaging collection, we see Greek tragedy, Homer, Shakespeare, Charlotte Bronte, E. M. Forster, André Breton, Kingsley Amis, Joyce Carol Oates, William Styron, J. M. Coetzee, and David Foster Wallace, among others. And the philosophers in this five-strand interweave include Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Shaftesbury, Kant, Hegel, Freud, Heidegger, Wittgenstein, Gadamer, Levinas, and a number of recent figures from both Anglophone and continenta

Responsible Innovation Book

Responsible Innovation

  • Author : Richard Owen
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-03-21
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118551400

Responsible Innovation Excerpt :

Science and innovation have the power to transform our lives andthe world we live in - for better or worse – in ways thatoften transcend borders and generations: from the innovation ofcomplex financial products that played such an important role inthe recent financial crisis to current proposals to intentionallyengineer our Earth’s climate. The promise of science andinnovation brings with it ethical dilemmas and impacts which areoften uncertain and unpredictable: it is often only once these haveemerged that we feel able to control them. How do we undertakescience and innovation responsibly under such conditions, towardsnot only socially acceptable, but socially desirable goals and in away that is democratic, equitable and sustainable? Responsibleinnovation challenges us all to think about our responsibilitiesfor the future, as scientists, innovators and citizens, and to actupon these. This book begins with a description of the current landscape ofinnovation and in subsequent chapters offers perspectives on theemerging concept of responsible innovation and its historicalfoundations, including key elements of a responsible innovationapproach and examples of practical implementation. Written in a constructive and accessible way, ResponsibleInnovation includes chapters on: Innovation and its management in the 21st century A vision and framework for responsible innovation Concepts of future-oriented responsibility as an underpinningphilosophy Values – sensitive design Key themes of anticipation, reflection, deliberation andresponsiveness Multi – level governance and regulation Perspectives on responsible innovation in finance, ICT,geoengineering and nanotechnology Essentially multidisciplinary in nature, this landmark textcombines research from the fields of science and technologystudies, philosophy, innovation governance, business studies andbeyond to address the question, “How do we ensure theresponsible emergence of science and innovation insociety?”

Business Ethics Book

Business Ethics

  • Author : Stephen M. Byars
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018-09-24
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 1947172565

Business Ethics Excerpt :

Alternative Agriculture  A History Book

Alternative Agriculture A History

  • Author : Joan Thirsk
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 1997-10-09
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191586811

Alternative Agriculture A History Excerpt :

People like to believe in a past golden age of traditional English countryside, before large farms, machinery, and the destruction of hedgerows changed the landscape forever. However, that countryside may have looked both more and less familiar than we imagine. Take todays startling yellow fields of rapeseed, seemingly more suited to the landscape of Van Gogh than Constable. They were, in fact, thoroughly familiar to fieldworkers in seventeenth-century England. At the same time, some features that would have gone unremarked in the past now seem like oddities. In the fifteenth century, rabbit warrens were specially guarded to rear rabbits as a luxury food for rich mens tables; whilst houses had moats not only to defend them but to provide a source of fresh fish. In the 1500s we find Catherine of Aragon introducing the concept of a fresh salad to the court of Henry VIII; and in the 1600s, artichoke gardens became a fashion of the gentry in their hope of producing more male heirs. The common tomato, suspected of being poisonous in 1837, was transformed into a household vegetable by the end of the nineteenth century, thanks to cheaper glass-making methods and the resulting increase in glasshouses. In addition to these images of past lives, Joan Thirsk reveals how the forces which drive our current interest in alternative forms of agriculture a glut of meat and cereal crops, changing dietary habits, the needs of medicine have striking parallels with earlier periods in our history. She warns us that todays decisions should not be made in a historical vacuum: we can find solutions to our current problems in the experience of people in the past.