Air Pollution Calculations Book

Air Pollution Calculations

  • Author : Daniel A. Vallero
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-05-03
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128149355

Air Pollution Calculations Excerpt :

Air Pollution Calculations introduces the equations and formulae that are most important to air pollution, but goes a step further. Most texts lack examples of how these equations and formulae apply to the quantification of real-world scenarios and conditions. The ample example calculations apply to current air quality problems, including emission inventories, risk estimations, biogeochemical cycling assessments, and efficiencies in air pollution control technologies. In addition, the book explains thermodynamics and fluid dynamics in step-by-step and understandable calculations using air quality and multimedia modeling, reliability engineering and engineering economics using practical examples likely to be encountered by scientists, engineers, managers and decision makers. The book touches on the environmental variables, constraints and drivers that can influence pollutant mass, volume and concentrations, which in turn determine toxicity and adverse outcomes caused by air pollution. How the pollutants form, move, partition, transform and find their fate are explained using the entire range of atmospheric phenomena. The control, prevention and mitigation of air pollution are explained based on physical, chemical and biological principles which is crucial to science-based policy and decision-making. Users will find this to be a comprehensive, single resource that will help them understand air pollution, quantify existing data, and help those whose work is impacted by air pollution. Explains air pollution in a comprehensive manner, enabling readers to understand how to measure and assess risks to human populations and ecosystems actually or potentially exposed to air pollutants Covers air pollution from a multivariate, systems approach, bringing in atmospheric processes, health impacts, environmental impacts, controls and prevention Facilitates an understanding of broad factors, like climate and transport, that influence patterns and change in pollutant concentrations

Air Pollution Control Equipment Calculations Book

Air Pollution Control Equipment Calculations

  • Author : Louis Theodore
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2008-11-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 625
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470255759

Air Pollution Control Equipment Calculations Excerpt :

Unique problem-and-solution approach for quickly mastering a broad range of calculations This book's problem-and-solution approach enables readers to quickly grasp the fundamentals of air pollution control equipment and essential applications. Moreover, the author sets forth solid principles for the design and selection of air pollution control equipment as well as for its efficient operation and maintenance. Readers gain a deep understanding of both the equipment itself and the many factors affecting performance. Following two introductory chapters, the book dedicates four chapters to examining control equipment for gaseous pollutants, including adsorption, absorption, and incineration equipment. The remaining six chapters deal with equipment for managing airborne particulate pollutants, including gravity settlers, cyclones, electrostatic precipitators, scrubbers, and baghouses. The appendix contains discussions of hybrid systems, the SI system (including conversion constants), and a cost-equipment model. Each chapter offers a short introduction to the control device discussed. Next, progressively more difficult problems with accompanying solutions enable readers to build their knowledge as they advance through the chapter. Problems reflect the most recent developments in pollution control and include a variety of performance equations and operation and maintenance calculations. Each problem includes a statement of the problem, the data used to solve the problem, and a detailed solution. Readers may further hone their skills by visiting the text's Web site for additional problems and solutions. This publication serves both as a textbook for engineering students and as a reference for engineers and technicians who need to ensure that air pollution control equipment operates efficiently and enables their facility to meet all air pollution control standards and regulations.

Emissions of Air Pollutants Book

Emissions of Air Pollutants

  • Author : Rainer Friedrich
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 335
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662070154

Emissions of Air Pollutants Excerpt :

This book presents a wealth of new information that enables environmental scientists and authorities to design methods for measuring and modelling emission rates related to specific pollution sources, and thus to generate improved emission inventories and reduction strategies. The text shows how to carry out experiments to verify emission data, including tunnel and open motorway studies, comprehensive city experiments and tracer experiments.

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Engineering Book

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Engineering

  • Author : Richard C. Flagan
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 562
  • ISBN 10 : 9780486488721

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Engineering Excerpt :

A rigorous and thorough analysis of the production of air pollutants and their control, this text is geared toward chemical and environmental engineering students. Topics include combustion, principles of aerosol behavior, theories of the removal of particulate and gaseous pollutants from effluent streams, and air pollution control strategies. 1988 edition.Reprint of the Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1988 edition.

Urban Climates Book

Urban Climates

  • Author : T. R. Oke
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-14
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521849500

Urban Climates Excerpt :

Urban Climates is the first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates. The book begins with an outline of what constitutes an urban ecosystem. It develops a comprehensive terminology for the subject using scale and surface classification as key constructs. It explains the physical principles governing the creation of distinct urban climates, such as airflow around buildings, the heat island, precipitation modification and air pollution, and it then illustrates how this knowledge can be applied to moderate the undesirable consequences of urban development and help create more sustainable and resilient cities. With urban climate science now a fully-fledged field, this timely book fulfills the need to bring together the disparate parts of climate research on cities into a coherent framework. It is an ideal resource for students and researchers in fields such as climatology, urban hydrology, air quality, environmental engineering and urban design.

Environmental Calculations Book

Environmental Calculations

  • Author : Robert G. Kunz
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-12-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 703
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118215630

Environmental Calculations Excerpt :

Handbook of Environmental Permitting Calculations providesan essential reference for the technical calculations to obtainenvironmental permits. Along with accurate explanations, the textincludes helpful chemical equations, examples, and case studies toassist and illuminate calculations. Filled with the rich experiencefrom the author’s work in environmental permitting, thecoverage features major concepts and practice in the environmentalpermitting process; environmental chemistry; air pollution control;and more. Handbook of Environmental Permitting Calculationsis a must-have for anybody working on environmental planning andcompliance, as well as those issuing and monitoring environmentalpermits.

Practical Meteorology Book

Practical Meteorology

  • Author : Roland Stull
  • Publisher : Sundog Publishing, LLC
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 942
  • ISBN 10 : 0888652836

Practical Meteorology Excerpt :

A quantitative introduction to atmospheric science for students and professionals who want to understand and apply basic meteorological concepts but who are not ready for calculus.

Handbook of Emergency Response to Toxic Chemical Releases Book

Handbook of Emergency Response to Toxic Chemical Releases

  • Author : Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1995-12-31
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN 10 : 9780815517481

Handbook of Emergency Response to Toxic Chemical Releases Excerpt :

This handbook has been prepared as a working reference for the safety officer, the environmental engineer, and the consultant. For the safety officer, this handbook provides detailed guidelines and instructions in preparing Right-to-Know Reporting Audits, establishing programs and training employees on hazard awareness, and developing and implementing emergency response programs in the workplace and at off-site operations. For the environmental engineer, this handbook provides extensive technical data on toxic chemical properties and detailed instructional aid on how to properly prepare toxic chemical release inventory reporting. For the environmental consultant, an extensive overview of corrective action technologies is provided.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: House & Home
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : UCBK:C105261333

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Excerpt :

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Urban Air Pollution Modelling Book

Urban Air Pollution Modelling

  • Author : Michael M. Benarie
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1980-06-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN 10 : 9781349036394

Urban Air Pollution Modelling Excerpt :

This book brings together the methods, models and formulae used for estimating air pollution concentrations in urban areas. From the ForewordThe visible effects of pollution in most cities in the developed countries have been reduced dramatically in the past thirty years. This has been achieved to a large extent by the replacement of most of the low-level sources, which burnt raw coal, by more modern appliances using gas, electricity or low-sulphur oil. The killer smog of 1952 could not be repeated unless there were to be a massive return to old-fashioned heating methods, due, for example, to excessive environmental constraints being applied to the more modern energy sources. It is important, therefore, to judge the impact of a new source in terms of its effect on the pattern of existing sources. One should also consider the environmental consequences of rejecting the new installation and examine the alternatives--that its product may either be denied to the community at large, produced elsewhere or produced using existing facilities. These facilities are probably less efficient and may therefore produce more pollution per unit of product than the new plant would. An objective, quantitative, urban-air-pollution model is clearly an essential component in such a decision-making process. Dr. Benarie has produced a distillation of existing modelling techniques which will, I hope, become the launching pad for many future models. As each city is unique, it will need its own tailor-made model, drawing on the best and the most appropriate techniques developed previously. Agreement with observations is the only real test of validity, because the physics and chemistry are so complicated that theoretical arguments are reduced to the role of assisting in the best formulation of the problem. Numerical precision must always rely on measurement. This is the approach that Dr. Benarie has adopted.--David J. Moore, Central Electricity Research Laboratires, Leatherhead, Surrey, UK.

Local Exhaust Ventilation Book

Local Exhaust Ventilation

  • Author : Ivan Logachev
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2015-05-21
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498720649

Local Exhaust Ventilation Excerpt :

Control Harmful Emissions and Improve Work Conditions Local Exhaust Ventilation: Aerodynamic Processes and Calculations of Dust Emissions examines how emissions inherent to production processes in the metal, mining, chemical, and other industries can adversely affect the workplace by compromising a worker’s health and/or contributing to the deterioration of equipment quality and performance. Professionals concerned with the aerodynamics of dust control ventilation, particularly at industrial plants, can greatly benefit from this book. This text considers the impact of emissions exposure to occupational safety and health and the environment, explores the practical purposes of industrial ventilation, and outlines how local exhaust ventilation can help control the emission of harmful substances in industry. The book outlines methods used for surveying currents in local exhaust ventilation systems and deals with the aerodynamics of loose-matter handling in porous ducts and the identification of regularities in air circulation patterns in bypass ducts. Topics covered include the determination of vortex field boundaries, development dynamics of vortex flow patterns, and interaction between the exhaust plume and inflow jets. Divided into two sections, this text: Examines the computations of gas-borne dust flows in local exhaust ventilation systems Provides practical recommendations for the energy-efficient containment of dust emissions Discusses basic approaches to operational energy savings for local exhaust ventilation systems Uses color photos throughout to illustrate dust behavior, flow lines, and patterns Local Exhaust Ventilation: Aerodynamic Processes and Calculations of Dust Emissions establishes local exhaust ventilation as the most reliable way to control the emission of harmful substances. This text incorporates solutions that reduce material carryover rates and decrease the volume of air evacuated by suction, adequately reducing the dust level in an industria

Manual Calculation Methods for Air Pollution Inventories Book

Manual Calculation Methods for Air Pollution Inventories

  • Author : Guy T. Fagin
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1988
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:227724001

Manual Calculation Methods for Air Pollution Inventories Excerpt :

In the assessment and control of air pollution, there is a critical need for reliable and consistent data on the quantity and characteristics of emissions from the numerous sources that contribute to the problem. The large number of individual sources and the diversity of source types makes conducting field measurements of emissions impractical on a source by source basis. The only feasible method of determining pollutant emissions for a given community or base is to make general emission estimates typical of each of the source types. Compilation of these emission estimates or airborne pollutant discharges including oxides of nitrogen (NO(x)), oxides of sulfur (SO(x)), hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and particulates (PA) over a period of time, usually one year, is referred to as an Emissions Inventory. A useful tool for estimating general emissions for an emissions inventory is the emission factor. This is an estimate of the rate at which a pollutant is released to the atmosphere as a result of some activity (such as combustion or industrial production) divided by the level of that activity. The use of emission factors for manual calculation of emissions as well as data collection procedures necessary for completion of the emissions inventory are provided within. This report provides guidelines for bioenvironmental engineers and technicians on how to perform Air Emission Inventories (AEIs). This report provides example calculations, blank data sheets, emission factors, and an example completed AEI. (aw).

Emerging Trends in Expert Applications and Security Book

Emerging Trends in Expert Applications and Security

  • Author : Vijay Singh Rathore
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-11-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 745
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811322853

Emerging Trends in Expert Applications and Security Excerpt :

The book covers current developments in the field of expert applications and security, which employ advances of next-generation communication and computational technology to shape real-world applications. It gathers selected research papers presented at the ICETEAS 2018 conference, which was held at Jaipur Engineering College and Research Centre, Jaipur, India, on February 17–18, 2018. Key topics covered include expert applications and artificial intelligence; information and application security; advanced computing; multimedia applications in forensics, security and intelligence; and advances in web technologies: implementation and security issues.

Guide to Local Diffusion of Air Pollutants Book

Guide to Local Diffusion of Air Pollutants

  • Author : Gordon Alden Beals
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1971
  • Genre: Air
  • Pages : 85
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105211291740

Guide to Local Diffusion of Air Pollutants Excerpt :

The report is intended as a guide on local air pollution for forecasters who have had no prior experience with diffusion. Certain fundamentals of micormeteorology and diffusion in the lower layers are expounded and their relatio to the determination of air pollutant dispersion and concentration amounts is explained. Calculations of pollutant concentrations using accepted techniques are systematically discussed and solution of actual air pollution problems are shown in the Appendix. Graphs and nomograms used in solving air pollution problems are also furnished in the Appendix.