An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Book

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation


  • Author : Michael I Ojovan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-07-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 0080455719

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An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Excerpt :

Safety and environmental impact is of uppermost concern when dealing with the movement and storage of nuclear waste. The 20 chapters in 'An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation' cover all important aspects of immobilisation, from nuclear decay, to regulations, to new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used in transport: cement, bitumen and glass, with the greatest attention being given to glass. The last chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of each matrix, and on new developments of ceramics and glass composite materials, thermochemical methods and in-situ metal matrix immobilisation. The book thoroughly covers all issues surrounding nuclear waste: from where to locate nuclear waste in the environment, through nuclear waste generation and sources, treatment schemes and technologies, immobilisation technologies and waste forms, disposal and long term behaviour. Particular attention is paid to internationally approved and worldwide-applied approaches and technologies. * Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilisation: Cement, bitumen, glass and new materials. * Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste – such as treatment schemes and technologies, and disposal - at the forefront.

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Book

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation


  • Author : Michael I Ojovan
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-12-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080993935

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An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Excerpt :

Drawing on the authors’ extensive experience in the processing and disposal of waste, An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Second Edition examines the gamut of nuclear waste issues from the natural level of radionuclides in the environment to geological disposal of waste-forms and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices such as bitumen. The final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of the resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. The fully revised second edition focuses on core technologies and has an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilization: cement, bitumen, glass and new materials Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste - such as treatment schemes and technologies and disposal - at the forefront

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up Book

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up


  • Author : William E Lee
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 912
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097446

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Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up Excerpt :

Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up reviews radioactive waste management processes, technologies, and international experiences. Part one explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies. International safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management are also reviewed. Part two highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. The experience in Japan, with a specific chapter on Fukushima, is also covered. Finally, part three explores the clean-up of sites contaminated by weapons programmes including the USA and former USSR. Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up is a comprehensive resource for professionals, researchers, scientists and academics in radioactive waste management, governmental and other regulatory bodies and the nuclear power industry. Explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies Reviews international safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management Highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America specifically including a chapter on the experience in Fukushima, Japan

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies Book

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies


  • Author : Michael I Ojovan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-01-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857090959

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Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies Excerpt :

Radioactive wastes are generated from a wide range of sources, including the power industry, and medical and scientific research institutions, presenting a range of challenges in dealing with a diverse set of radionuclides of varying concentrations. Conditioning technologies are essential for the encapsulation and immobilisation of these radioactive wastes, forming the initial engineered barrier required for their transportation, storage and disposal. The need to ensure the long term performance of radioactive waste forms is a key driver of the development of advanced conditioning technologies. The Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes. The book opens with an introductory chapter on radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies. Part one reviews the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction, incineration and plasma treatment, as well as encapsulation methods such as cementation, calcination and vitrification. This coverage is extended in part two, with in-depth reviews of the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning, including geopolymers, glass and ceramic matrices for nuclear waste immobilisation, and waste packages and containers for disposal. Finally, part three reviews the long-term performance assessment and knowledge management techniques applicable to both spent nuclear fuels and solid radioactive waste forms. With its distinguished international team of contributors, the Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies is a standard reference for all radioactive waste management professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers involved in the development of the nuclear fuel cycle. Provides a comprehen

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Book

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste


  • Author : Michael J Apted
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-05-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 802
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081006528

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Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Excerpt :

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste, Second Edition, critically reviews state-of-the-art technologies and scientific methods relating to the implementation of the most effective approaches to the long-term, safe disposition of nuclear waste, also discussing regulatory developments and social engagement approaches as major themes. Chapters in Part One introduce the topic of geological disposal, providing an overview of near-surface, intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal, spanning low-, medium- and high-level wastes. Part Two addresses the different types of repository systems – crystalline, clay, and salt, also discussing methods of site surveying and construction. The critical safety issue of engineered barrier systems is the focus of Part Three, with coverage ranging from nuclear waste canisters, to buffer and backfill materials. Lastly, Parts Four and Five focus on safety, security, and acceptability, concentrating on repository performance assessment, then radiation protection, environmental monitoring, and social engagement. Comprehensively revised, updated, and expanded with 25% new material on topics of current importance, this is the standard reference for all nuclear waste management and geological repository professionals and researchers. Contains 25% more material on topics of current importance in this new, comprehensive edition Fully updated coverage of both near-surface/intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal in one convenient volume Goes beyond the scientific and technical aspects of disposal to include the political, regulatory, and societal issues involved, all from an international perspective

Waste Immobilization in Glass and Ceramic Based Hosts Book

Waste Immobilization in Glass and Ceramic Based Hosts


  • Author : Ian W. Donald
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2010-04-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN 10 : 9781444319361

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Waste Immobilization in Glass and Ceramic Based Hosts Excerpt :

The safe storage in glass-based materials of both radioactiveand non-radioactive hazardous wastes is covered in a single book,making it unique Provides a comprehensive and timely reference source at thiscritical time in waste management, including an extensive andup-to-date bibliography in all areas outlined to waste conversionand related technologies, both radioactive and non-radioactive Brings together all aspects of waste vitrification, drawscomparisons between the different types of wastes and treatments,and outlines where lessons learnt in the radioactive waste fieldcan be of benefit in the treatment of non-radioactive wastes

Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation Based Technologies Book

Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation Based Technologies


  • Author : Rehab O. Abdel Rahman
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-05-25
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 674
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128183298

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Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation Based Technologies Excerpt :

Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation-Based Technologies, edited by Dr. Rahman and Dr. Ojovan, presents the latest knowledge and research on the management of cementitious systems within nuclear power plants. The book covers aging, development and updates on regulatory frameworks on a global scale, the development of cementitious systems for the immobilization of problematic wastes, and the decommissioning and decontamination of complex cementitious systems. The book's editors and their team of experts combine their practical knowledge to provide the reader with a thorough understanding on the sustainability of lifecycle management of cementitious systems within the nuclear industry. Sections provide a comparative tool that presents national regulations concerning cementitious systems within nuclear power plants, check international and national evaluation results of the sustainability of different systems, help in the development of performance test procedures, and provide a guide on aging nuclear power plants and the long-term behavior of these systems in active and passive safety environments. Presents the latest information on the behavior of different cementitious systems used in the nuclear industry in one comprehensive resource Includes scientific justifications of system behavior during the design, operation, maintenance and decommissioning phases Aids the reader in the development of evaluation tests for problematic wastes

Nuclear Engineering Book

Nuclear Engineering


  • Author : Malcolm Joyce
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2017-09-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081010518

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Nuclear Engineering Excerpt :

Nuclear Engineering: A Conceptual Introduction to Nuclear Power provides coverage of the introductory, salient principles of nuclear engineering in a comprehensive manner for those entering the profession at the end of their degree. The nuclear power industry is undergoing a renaissance because of the desire for low-carbon baseload electricity, the growing population, and environmental concerns about shale gas, so this book is a welcomed addition to the science. In addition, users will find a great deal of information on the change in the industry, along with other topical areas of interest that are uniquely covered. Intended for undergraduate students or early postgraduate students studying nuclear engineering, this new text will also be appealing to scientifically-literate non-experts wishing to be better informed about the ‘nuclear option'. Presents a succinct and clear explanation of the key facts and concepts on how nuclear engineering power systems function and how their related fuel supply cycles operate Provides full coverage of the nuclear fuel cycle, including its scientific and historical basis Describes a comprehensive range of relevant reactor designs, from those that are defunct, current, and in plan/construction for the future, including SMRs and GenIV Summarizes all major accidents and their impact on the industry and society

Crystalline Materials for Actinide Immobilisation Book

Crystalline Materials for Actinide Immobilisation


  • Author : Boris E. Burakov
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN 10 : 9781848164185

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Crystalline Materials for Actinide Immobilisation Excerpt :

This book summarises approaches and current practices in actinide immobilisation using chemically-durable crystalline materials e.g. ceramics and monocrystals. Durable actinide-containing materials including crystalline ceramics and single crystals are attractive for various applications such as nuclear fuel to burn excess Pu, chemically inert sources of irradiation for use in unmanned space vehicles or producing electricity for microelectronic devices, and nuclear waste disposal. Long-lived -emitting actinides such as Pu, Np, Am and Cm are currently of serious concern has a result of increased worldwide growth in the nuclear industry. Actinide-bearing wastes have also accumulated in different countries as a result of nuclear weapons production. Excess weapon and civil Pu from commercial spent fuel is waiting for environmentally-safe immobilisation. As actinides are chemical elements with unique features, they could be beneficially used in different areas of human life including medicine although currently there is no appropriate balance between safe actinide disposal and use. Both use and disposal of actinides require their immobilisation in a durable host material. The choice of an optimal actinide immobilisation route is often a great challenge for specialists. There is a wealth of information about actinide properties in many publications although little is published to summarise the currently accepted approaches and practices on actinide immobilisation. This book intends to provide such information based on the authors' experience and studies in nuclear material management and actinide immobilisation.

Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization Book

Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization


  • Author : Rehab O. Abdel Rahman
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-08-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118511978

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Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization Excerpt :

Cementitious materials are an essential part in any radioactive waste disposal facility. Conditioning processes such as cementation are used to convert waste into a stable solid form that is insoluble and will prevent dispersion to the surrounding environment. It is incredibly important to understand the long-term behavior of these materials. This book summarises approaches and current practices in use of cementitious materials for nuclear waste immobilisation. It gives a unique description of the most important aspects of cements as nuclear waste forms: starting with a description of wastes, analyzing the cementitious systems used for immobilization and describing the technologies used, and ending with analysis of cementitious waste forms and their long term behavior in an envisaged disposal environment. Extensive research has been devoted to study the feasibility of using cement or cement based materials in immobilizing and solidifying different radioactive wastes. However, these research results are scattered. This work provides the reader with both the science and technology of the immobilization process, and the cementitious materials used to immobilize nuclear waste. It summarizes current knowledge in the field, and highlights important areas that need more investigation. The chapters include: Introduction, Portland cement, Alternative cements, Cement characterization and testing, Radioactive waste cementation, Waste cementation technology, Cementitious wasteform durability and performance assessment.

Nuclear Decommissioning  Waste Management  and Environmental Site Remediation Book

Nuclear Decommissioning Waste Management and Environmental Site Remediation


  • Author : Colin Bayliss
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2003-10-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN 10 : 0080537782

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Nuclear Decommissioning Waste Management and Environmental Site Remediation Excerpt :

Decommissioning nuclear facilities is a relatively new field, which has developed rapidly in the last ten years. It involves materials that may be highly radioactive and therefore require sophisticated methods of containment and remote handling. The wastes arising from decommissioning are hazardous and have to be stored or disposed of safely in order to protect the environment and future generations. Nuclear decommissioning work must be carried out to the highest possible standards to protect workers, the general public and the environment. This book describes the techniques used for dismantling redundant nuclear facilities, the safe storage of radioactive wastes and the restoration of nuclear licensed sites. * Describes the techniques used for dismantling nuclear facilities, safe storage of radioactive wastes, and the restoration of nuclear licensed facilities. * Provides the reader with decommissioning experience accumulated over 15 years by UKAEA. * Contains valuable information to personnel new to decommissioning and waste management.

Introduction of Nuclear Desalination Book

Introduction of Nuclear Desalination


  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015052472811

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Introduction of Nuclear Desalination Excerpt :

Interest in using nuclear energy for producing potable water has been growing around the world over the past ten years. This book provides guidance for decision makers on introducing nuclear desalination, and describes the steps involved in project implementation. The purpose is to facilitate the introduction of this technology and the sharing of resources amongst interested Member States.