Analytical Assessment of e Cigarettes Book

Analytical Assessment of e Cigarettes

  • Author : Konstantinos E. Farsalinos
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-11-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128112427

Analytical Assessment of e Cigarettes Excerpt :

A volume in the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series, Analytical Assessment of E-Cigarettes: From Contents to Chemical and Particle Exposure Profiles addresses the many issues surrounding electronic cigarettes in an unprecedented level of scientific detail. The plethora of product devices, formulations, and flavors, combined with the lack of industry standards and labeling requirements, quality control, and limited product oversight, has given rise to public concern about initiation of use and potential for adverse exposure and negative long-term health outcomes. This volume discusses how analytical methods can address these issues and support the manufacturing, labeling, distribution, testing, regulation, and monitoring for consistency of products with known chemical content and demonstrated performance characteristics. The book begins with the background on aerosol drug delivery services and e-cigarettes, constituents of nicotine-containing liquid dosing formulations, typical use scenarios and associated aerosol emissions, and chemical exposures and pharmacological and toxicological effect profiles, and then continues with descriptions of the analytical methods used to characterize the chemicals in formulations and emissions from e-cigarettes, including their stability, physical particle-size distribution and thermal degradation under commonly employed conditions of use. Analytical methods enabling detection of biomarkers of exposure and harm in complex biological matrices are discussed, with an emphasis on constituents or emissions of current medicinal interest or with potential to produce harm. Opportunities and challenges for analytical chemistry in supporting the continued development and use of safe and consistent dosage formulations as alternatives to tobacco products are also explored, with a concluding section describing an analytical approach to a risk-benefit assessment of e-cigarette use on human health. The Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemi

Analytical Assessment Of E Cigarettes Book

Analytical Assessment Of E Cigarettes

  • Author : Wilbur Dohm
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021-04-13
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 118
  • ISBN 10 : 9798737371623

Analytical Assessment Of E Cigarettes Excerpt :

What is the difference between e-cigarettes and vaping? 5 Vaping Facts You Need to Know Know the Risks: E-cigarettes & Young People In this book, you'll read how easy it was to perpetrate such a dangerous product like e-cigarettes, about how a simple design supposedly created for one use became a public health hazard once dollars were the prize, about the lack of scientific testing before the release of vapes, and about what is being done now so this never happens again.

Public Health Consequences of E Cigarettes Book

Public Health Consequences of E Cigarettes

  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2018-05-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 774
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309468374

Public Health Consequences of E Cigarettes Excerpt :

Millions of Americans use e-cigarettes. Despite their popularity, little is known about their health effects. Some suggest that e-cigarettes likely confer lower risk compared to combustible tobacco cigarettes, because they do not expose users to toxicants produced through combustion. Proponents of e-cigarette use also tout the potential benefits of e-cigarettes as devices that could help combustible tobacco cigarette smokers to quit and thereby reduce tobacco-related health risks. Others are concerned about the exposure to potentially toxic substances contained in e-cigarette emissions, especially in individuals who have never used tobacco products such as youth and young adults. Given their relatively recent introduction, there has been little time for a scientific body of evidence to develop on the health effects of e-cigarettes. Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes reviews and critically assesses the state of the emerging evidence about e-cigarettes and health. This report makes recommendations for the improvement of this research and highlights gaps that are a priority for future research.

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion Book

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion

  • Author : David C. Dayton
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-11-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128156063

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion Excerpt :

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion is a thorough resource for researchers, students and professors who investigate the use of biomass for fuels, chemicals and products. Advanced analytical chemistry methods and techniques can now provide detailed compositional and chemical measurements of biomass, biomass conversion process streams, intermediates and products. This volume from the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series brings together the current knowledge on each of these methods, including spectroscopic methods (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Near-infrared Spectroscopy, Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance), pyrolysis (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry), Liquid Chromatography/High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, and so on. Authors David C. Dayton and Thomas D. Foust show how these can be used for measuring biomass composition and for determining the composition of intermediates with regard to subsequent processing for biofuels, bio-chemicals and bio-based products. Covers the broad range of techniques and applications that have been developed and perfected in the last decade Highlights specific analyses required for understanding biomass conversion to select intermediates Provides references to seminal books, review articles and technical articles that go into greater depth, serving as a basis for further study

Smokeless Tobacco Products Book

Smokeless Tobacco Products

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-01-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128181591

Smokeless Tobacco Products Excerpt :

Smokeless Tobacco Products: Characteristics, Usage, Health Effects, and Regulatory Implications, a title in the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series, presents an overview of research on the second most dangerous tobacco product. This book presents findings on public health risks emanating from the complex interaction between smokeless tobacco products and their users. It covers the key components of assessment and provides insight into scientific and public health considerations. The book does not take a simplistic condemnatory position, but rather conceptualizes tobacco use in terms of graduated public health danger and harm reduction. The book begins by introducing smokeless tobacco, its history of use, marketing, and implications for public health. It then continues with coverage of epidemiology, pathology and clinical implications, addiction, and treatment, and includes laboratory studies of human use. The following section explains the chemistry, biochemical mechanisms of carcinogenesis, and role of plant cultivation and manufacturing in toxicity. Finally, the book concludes by addressing regulatory considerations, the scientific basis of regulations, and the role of these products in harm reduction for smokers. This is the first resource of its kind to cover these topics together and in language appropriate to both specialists in the research community and informed persons responsible for legislative, funding, and public health matters in the community at large. Brings attention to smokeless tobacco product use and its association with addiction and disease Considers smokeless tobacco use historically and currently, as well as its place in a future harm-reduction conceptualization of tobacco Written by a distinguished, internationally recognized group of tobacco researchers from academia, independent research organizations, and the federal government with expertise in the many and various disciplines covered

Herbicides Book


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-06-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128236758

Herbicides Excerpt :

Herbicides: Chemistry, Efficacy, Toxicology, and Environmental Impacts addresses contemporary debates on herbicide toxicology. The reader is offered a comprehensive overview of this complex topic, presented by internationally recognized experts. Information presented will inform discussions on the use of herbicides in modern agricultural and other systems, and their potential non-target effects on human populations and various ecosystems. The book covers these matters in concise language appropriate to engage both specialists in the research community and informed persons responsible for legislative, funding, and public health matters in the community at large. The use of herbicides is an essential pillar of modern agricultural production systems. Weeds, if uncontrolled, would reduce crop yield and result in massive economic damage. Recently, the heavy reliance on single herbicides has been linked to the development of weed resistance. To combat resistant weeds, farmers are advised to use a mix of several herbicides and to increase herbicide application rates. As a result, the toxicity of herbicides on human health and the environment has become a controversial topic. Offers a comprehensive overview of herbicide science in modern agricultural systems Addresses the complex problems that can arise from herbicide use and misuse, including weed resistance, pollution, and human health issues Uses recent examples to demonstrate the topical nature of this issue

Particulates Matter Book

Particulates Matter

  • Author : Vikram Rao
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-11-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128169056

Particulates Matter Excerpt :

A title in the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series, Particulates Matter: Impact, Measurement, and Remediation of Airborne Pollutants provides the latest technical findings in the study of particulate matter (PM). It links these findings to awareness-raising and actionable schemes for legislated remediation and engineered solutions. Written in an engaging and informative manner, the book begins with a multi-disciplinary overview of the major sources and unique classes of PM, detection techniques, and their impact, including molecular changes resulting in health effects. It then goes one step further by proposing and examining the means to curtail and contain PM generation and ameliorate their impacts. Particulates Matter: Impact, Measurement, and Remediation of Airborne Pollutants offers a high-quality reference guide to PM that will greatly benefit technology leaders in environmental compliance groups, epidemiologists and other public health professionals focused on pollution and health, and researchers and scholars working in pollution, climate change, and urbanization. It may also be useful to advanced undergraduate and early graduate students in environmental sciences. Includes a summary of the current knowledge on nanoparticles as pollutants and their negative health effects Provides a framework for the evolution and maturation of air pollution characterization and mitigation Describes an integrated set of engineered solutions that account for the concatenated relationships between technology, policy, and society necessary for long-term success

Inhaled Pharmaceutical Product Development Perspectives Book

Inhaled Pharmaceutical Product Development Perspectives

  • Author : Anthony J. Hickey
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-11-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 110
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128123362

Inhaled Pharmaceutical Product Development Perspectives Excerpt :

Inhaled Pharmaceutical Product Development Perspectives: Challenges and Opportunities describes methods and procedures for consideration when developing inhaled pharmaceuticals, while commenting on product development strategies and their suitability to support regulatory submission. It bridges the gap between the aspirations of scientists invested in new technology development and the requirements that must be met for any new product. The book brings together emerging analytical and inhalation technologies, providing perspectives that illuminate formulation and device design, development, regulatory compliance, and practice. Focusing on underlying scientific and technical principles known to be acceptable from the current regulatory perspective, this monograph will remain useful as a high-level guide to inhaled product development for the foreseeable future. Discusses development strategies and best practices in the context of regulatory requirements Written by a broadly qualified expert drawing on the knowledge and critical opinions of key individuals in the field Includes a foreword by Charles G. Thiel

Detection of Drugs and Their Metabolites in Oral Fluid Book

Detection of Drugs and Their Metabolites in Oral Fluid

  • Author : Robert M. White
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-02-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128145968

Detection of Drugs and Their Metabolites in Oral Fluid Excerpt :

Detection of Drugs and Their Metabolites in Oral Fluid presents the analytical chemistry methods used for the detection and quantification of drugs and their metabolites in human oral fluid. The authors summarize the state of the science, including its strengths, weaknesses, unmet methodological needs, and cutting-edge trends. This volume covers the salient aspects of oral fluid drug testing, including specimen collection and handling, initial testing, point of collection testing (POCT), specimen validity testing (SVT), and confirmatory and proficiency testing. Analytes discussed include amphetamines, cannabinoids, cocaine, opiates, phencyclidine, cannabimimetics, and miscellaneous drugs. This practical guide helps users turn knowledge into practice, moving logically from an outline of the problem, to the evaluation of the appropriateness of oral fluid as a test medium, and finally to a consideration of detection methods and their validation and employment. Compares different collection and testing systems to assist readers involved in clinical or forensic practice in selecting oral fluid as the matrix of choice Provides a sound basis for the detection of drugs and their metabolites in oral fluid and the interpretation of both positive and negative Places the need, or lack thereof, for specimen validity testing and confirmation testing in context with the purposes of oral fluid testing Describes drugs and drug classes that can be tested, along with useful information on a patient/donor’s drug status

Doping  Performance Enhancing Drugs  and Hormones in Sport Book

Doping Performance Enhancing Drugs and Hormones in Sport

  • Author : Anthony C Hackney
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-11-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128134436

Doping Performance Enhancing Drugs and Hormones in Sport Excerpt :

Doping, Performance-Enhancing Drugs, and Hormones in Sport: Mechanisms of Action and Methods of Detection examines the biochemistry and bioanalytical aspects of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) and other questionable procedures used by athletes to enhance performance. The book informs the specialist of emerging knowledge and techniques and allows the non-specialist to grasp the underlying science and current practice of the discipline. With clear and compelling language appropriate for a broad spectrum of readers, this book provides background on prevalence, types of agents, their actual or supposed benefits, and their negative effects on health. The technical aspects of detection are discussed, followed by a discussion of why detection is a problematic and still-evolving science. To facilitate comprehension, each chapter is organized in a uniform way with six sections: (1) standard medical uses, (2) why the drugs are used by athletes, (3) biological mechanism of action, (4) what research says about efficacy in improving performance, (5) major health side effects from use and abuse in sport, and 6) concluding key points. Presents the scientific concepts of how performance enhancers work, how they are used, and how they are detected and masked from detection Features language that is neither simplistic to scientists nor too sophisticated for a large, diverse global audience Provides a short “close-up” in each chapter to illustrate key topics that engage, entertain, and create a novel synthesis of thought

Analytical Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Book

Analytical Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence

  • Author : Neso Sojic
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2019-11-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 501
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839160066

Analytical Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Excerpt :

Electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) is a powerful and versatile analytical technique, which is widely applied for biosensing and successfully commercialized in the healthcare diagnostic market. After introducing the fundamental concepts, this book will highlight the recent analytical applications with a special focus on immunoassays, genotoxicity, imaging, DNA and enzymatic assays. The topic is clearly at the frontier between several scientific domains involving analytical chemistry, electrochemistry, photochemistry, materials science, nanoscience and biology. This book is ideal for graduate students, academics and researchers in industry looking for a comprehensive guide to the different aspects of electrogenerated chemiluminescence.

Skills Based Health Education Book

Skills Based Health Education

  • Author : Mary Connolly
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • Release Date : 2011-01-06
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 9780763773663

Skills Based Health Education Excerpt :

Skills - Based Health Education provides pre-service and practicing teachers with the pedagogical foundation and tools to develop a comprehensive PreK-12 health education program using the National Health Education Standards. Rather than solely focusing on teaching content, an approach which can prove ineffective in developing healthy behaviors, readers learn to teach the content and skills their students need to be healthy and prepared for the 21st century. The book addresses each one of the national standards with specific directions regarding how to apply the standard, and performance indicators to plan and implement performance tasks that target instruction to a student need. Readers are shown how to establish student need, select content and skill performance indicators to meet the need, and plan and implement assessment and instruction. PowerPoint Presentations and a TestBank are available as free Instructor Downloads. Companion Website includes Flashcards, Glossary, and Web Links. An electronic supplement containing important teaching tools from the text including rubrics, worksheets, and appendices is available with every new text at no additional cost! Simply redeem the 10-digit code to access your ExpressPDF course materials.

Toxicological Evaluation of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Products Book

Toxicological Evaluation of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Products

  • Author : Manuel Peitsch
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-01-14
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 620
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128209356

Toxicological Evaluation of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Products Excerpt :

Toxicological Evaluation of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Products (ENDP) discusses the scientific basis for the toxicological assessment and evaluation of ENDPs. The book covers aerosol chemistry, in vitro and in vivo studies as well as clinical studies. It provides the basis for the evaluation of short and long term-effects, along with relative risks. It also examines the potential role of ENDPs in tobacco harm reduction and how they may reduce the risk of disease in smokers who switch to them. This book is a comprehensive resource for toxicologists, health practitioners and public health professionals who want the scientific information necessary to assess the relative risk of ENDPs when compared with cigarette smoking and cessation. Delivers a comprehensive overview of current state of science Offers an integrated analysis of e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products Provides guidance for methodologies

WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic  2013 Book

WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2013

  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN 10 : 9789241505871

WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2013 Excerpt :

"The continued success in global tobacco control is detailed in this year’s WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2013. The fourth in the series, this year’s report presents the status of the MPOWER measures, with country-specific data updated and aggregated through 2012. In addition, the report provides a special focus on legislation to ban tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS) in WHO Member States and an in-depth analyses of TAPS bans were performed, allowing for a more detailed understanding of progress and future challenges in this area."--Website summary.