Analytical Methods for Agricultural Contaminants Book

Analytical Methods for Agricultural Contaminants


  • Author : Britt Maestroni
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128159415

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Analytical Methods for Agricultural Contaminants Excerpt :

Analytical Methods for Agricultural Contaminants provides proven laboratory practices and methods necessary to control contaminants and residues in food and water. This reference provides insight into good laboratory practices and examples of methods used in individual specialist laboratories, thus enabling stakeholders in the agri-food industry to appreciate the importance of proven, reliable data and the associated quality assurance approaches for end product testing for toxic levels of contaminants and contaminant residues in food. The book offers standard operating procedures and tools for researchers, practitioners and students to confidently engage in using research methods with the aim to control contaminants. Users in a laboratory setting will find this to be a practical and useful reference on how to detect and control agricultural contaminants for a safe food supply. Provides coverage of risk assessment and effective testing technologies Presents the most up-to-date information in research sample preparation and method validation to detect chemical residues Includes examples of each method for practical application Demonstrates proven, reliable research data and the associated quality assurance approaches for end product testing

Sampling and Isotope Analysis of Agricultural Pollutants in Water Book

Sampling and Isotope Analysis of Agricultural Pollutants in Water


  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018-09-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 70
  • ISBN 10 : 9201050186

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Sampling and Isotope Analysis of Agricultural Pollutants in Water Excerpt :

Stable isotope techniques can help identify the sources of water pollution associated with agricultural activities. Knowing the origin of nutrients or contaminants is essential to improve agricultural practices. To ensure the quality of stable isotope analysis, appropriate sampling and sample preparation are crucial. This publication presents methods for surface water sampling and sample processing through micro-diffusion and bacterial denitrification combined with laser spectroscopy. Information on such methods is often described in a very summarized and non-comprehensive way without proper illustration of every step. This publication aims to bridge this gap for scientists, technicians and students. It presents a selection of standard operating procedures providing guidance in water sampling and sample preparation that are mandatory when conducting reliable isotope analysis on water.

Chemical Analysis of Food Book

Chemical Analysis of Food


  • Author : Yolanda Pico
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-06-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 916
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128132678

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Chemical Analysis of Food Excerpt :

Chemical Analysis of Food: Techniques and Applications, Second Edition, reviews the latest technologies and challenges in all stages of food analysis, from selecting the right approach, how to perform analytic procedures, and how to measure and report the results. The book is structured in two parts: the first describes the role of the latest developments in analytical and bio-analytical techniques, with the second reviewing innovative applications and issues in food analysis. The techniques discussed range from the non-invasive and non-destructive, such as infrared spectroscopy and ultrasound, to newly emerging areas, such as nanotechnology, biosensors and electronic noses and tongues. This thoroughly updated edition includes new chapters on ambient mass spectrometry, imaging techniques, omics approaches in food analysis, natural toxins analysis, food contact materials, nanomaterials and organic foods. All chapters are updated or rewritten to bring the content completely up-to-date. Reviews the attributes, benefits, limits and potential of all relevant analytic modalities, including spectroscopy, ultrasound and nanotechnology applications Provides in-depth coverage of each technology, including near-infrared, mid-infrared, and Raman spectroscopy, low intensity ultrasound, microfluidic devices and biosensors, electronic noses and tongues, mass spectrometry and molecular techniques Outlines practical solutions to challenging problems in food analysis, including how to combine techniques for improved efficacy Covers all relevant applications of food analysis, such as traceability, authenticity and fraud, biologically-active food components, novel food and nutritional supplements, flavors and fragrances, and contaminants and allergens Provides researchers with a single source of current research and includes contributions from internationally renowned experts in food science and technology and nutrition

Progress in Food Contaminant Analysis Book

Progress in Food Contaminant Analysis


  • Author : James Gilbert
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461311171

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Progress in Food Contaminant Analysis Excerpt :

'Analysis of Food Contaminants' was published in 1984 by Elsevier Applied Science Publishers and 10 years later I was asked to consider producing an updated second edition. Surprisingly little has really changed in a decade in terms of the public interest in food safety and the continued vigilance of Government in monitoring the food supply for contaminants. This means that food contamination in itself is still a very relevant topic. However, much has changed in terms of the techniques now employed in trace analysis. The 1984 book used a combination of an analytical technique and a specific food contaminant problem area per chapter (each written by a specialist) which resulted in a multi-authored text which was mostly application based but provided a good introduction to the 'how' in terms of applying techniques to real problems. Rather than producing a second edition of this text, it seemed on reflection more sensible to produce a new and complementary book, using the same formula as before of application plus technique, but to concentrate on contaminant areas of current interest and to highlight recent advances in techniques. Thus, the present book 'Progress in Food Contaminant Analysis' has originated as a follow-up to 'Analysis of Food Contaminants'.

Analysis of Chemical Contaminants in Food Book

Analysis of Chemical Contaminants in Food


  • Author : Claudio Medana
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2020-07-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039363780

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Analysis of Chemical Contaminants in Food Excerpt :

How many times have we thought with concern about the possible contamination of food? Pollution, agricultural treatments, technological treatments, and packaging are the best-known human sources of toxic substances as food contaminants. The present book contains 11 original research papers representing various approaches of identifying and measuring toxic residues in food materials. The analytical determination of food contaminants is an indispensable tool in characterizing the adverse effects and unexpected toxicity related to food intake. No risk assessment would be possible without data from the analysis of food contaminants. This Special Issue is an interesting overview of recent methods and is highly representative of a broad worldwide outline, collecting authors from ten different countries and four continents. Very different toxics are described, from volatile organic compounds to heavy metals and from highly polar chemicals to classical organic contaminants. A wide range of analytical techniques are portrayed, including sample preparation and clean-up methodologies, classical chromatographic and hyphenated spectroscopies, and the latest high-resolution mass spectrometry applications. The presented works consider a varied selection of foods: the studied matrices are meat, fishery products, fruits, and miscellaneous beverages.

Food Contaminants and Residue Analysis Book
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Food Contaminants and Residue Analysis


  • Author : Yolanda Picó
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-09-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 848
  • ISBN 10 : 0080931928

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Food Contaminants and Residue Analysis Excerpt :

Food Contaminants and Residue Analysis treats different aspects of the analysis of contaminants and residues in food and highlights some current concerns facing this field. The content is initiated by an overview on food safety, the objectives and importance of determining contaminants and residues in food, and the problems and challenges associated to these analyses. This is followed by full details of relevant EU and USA regulations. Topics, such as conventional chromatographic methods, accommodating cleanup, and preparing substances for further instrumental analysis, are encompassed with new analytical techniques that have been developed, significantly, over the past few years, like solid phase microextraction, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, immunoassays, and biosensors. A wide range of toxic contaminants and residues, from pesticides to mycotoxins or dioxins are examined, including polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, N-nitrosamines, heterocyclic amines, acrylamide, semicarbazide, phthalates and food packing migrating substances. This book can be a practical resource that offers ideas on how to choose the most effective techniques for determining these compounds as well as on how to solve problems or to provide relevant information. Logically structured and with numerous examples, Food Contaminants and Residue Analysis will be valuable a reference and training guide for postgraduate students, as well as a practical tool for a wide range of experts: biologists, biochemists, microbiologists, food chemists, toxicologists, chemists, agronomists, hygienists, and everybody who needs to use the analytical techniques for evaluating food safety.

An Examination of Analytical Methods Towards the Complete Analysis of Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Wastewater and Wastewater Impacted Surface Water  Soils  and Crops Book

An Examination of Analytical Methods Towards the Complete Analysis of Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Wastewater and Wastewater Impacted Surface Water Soils and Crops


  • Author : Kyra Murrell
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1198447044

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An Examination of Analytical Methods Towards the Complete Analysis of Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Wastewater and Wastewater Impacted Surface Water Soils and Crops Excerpt :

The presence of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) in the environment is a growing field of research for analytical environmental scientists. CECs are a class of anthropogenic pollutants not regulated by governmental agencies, and their potential deleterious environmental and human impacts are largely unknown. One of the main sources of CEC entry into the aquatic environment is wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent as the treated water is often released into bodies of water, such as river and streams. Because most WWTPs were not designed to remove organic micropollutants, many CECs are poorly removed in traditional WWTPs and persist in the treated effluent waters. As a model system for study, the University Park WWTP treats the wastewater from the Penn State main campus. Following primary and secondary treatment, effluent water is then disinfected using sodium hypochlorite ("chlorine contact") and pumped for spray irrigation of over 500 acres of agricultural and forested lands called the Living Filter. The full characterization of CECs in environmental matrices requires the use of both targeted and non-targeted analysis employing a variety of advanced analytical techniques and multi-residue extraction methods. Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GCxGC) coupled to time of flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) is utilized for the separation and analysis of complex samples, such as wastewater. In these studies, GCxGC-TOFMS has been utilized for the non-targeted analysis of wastewater influent, effluent, and Living Filter irrigation water. Over the course of three years, these samples were investigated for CECs, revealing a new class of benzotriazole corrosion inhibitors and their transformation products. The tentatively identified chloromethyl-benzotriazole isomers were detected at higher concentrations in the effluent and irrigation water than the influent. Upon further investigation with a lab-scale synthesis, it was determined that the methyl-benz

Emerging Contaminants in Soil and Groundwater Systems Book

Emerging Contaminants in Soil and Groundwater Systems


  • Author : Bin Gao
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-01-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128240892

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Emerging Contaminants in Soil and Groundwater Systems Excerpt :

Emerging Contaminants in Soil and Groundwater Systems: Occurrence, Impact, Fate and Transport addresses the current need for comprehensive and detailed information on emerging contaminants in the environment. Due to increasing industrial expansion and evolving technologies, novel contaminants are being found in the environment with little information on their analysis, fate and transport. This book covers pharmaceuticals and personal care products, perfluorinated compounds, engineered nanoparticles and microplastics, providing the information environmental scientists require to study their occurrence and interactions, including case studies for each contaminant. This book is a valuable read for postgraduate students, academics, researchers, engineers and other professionals in the fields of Environmental Science, Soil Science, and Hydrology who need the most up-to-date information and analytical methods for analyzing newly emerging contaminants in soil and groundwater. Presents the four most important emerging contaminants of concern that have had little comprehensive coverage to date: pharmaceuticals and personal care products, perfluorinated compounds, engineered nanoparticles and microplastics Focuses on the fate and transport of each emerging contaminant, providing a thorough description of how each contaminant interacts with the environment Includes case studies of each emerging contaminant to complement advances in research to form a comprehensive reference for all emerging contaminants

Analysis of Pesticides in Food and Environmental Samples  Second Edition Book

Analysis of Pesticides in Food and Environmental Samples Second Edition


  • Author : Jose L. Tadeo
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 423
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351047067

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Analysis of Pesticides in Food and Environmental Samples Second Edition Excerpt :

This book provides a critical overview of analytical methods used for the determination of pesticide residues and other contaminants in food and environmental samples by modern instrumental analysis. It contains up-to-date material including recent trends in sample preparation, general methods used for pesticide analysis and quality assurance aspects, and chromatographic and immunoassay methods. The rest of the book describes particular analytical methods used for the determination of pesticides in food and soil, water and air. In addition, the levels of these chemicals found in food, their regulatory aspects and the monitoring of pesticides in the environment are described.

Identifying Future Drinking Water Contaminants Book

Identifying Future Drinking Water Contaminants


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1999-09-30
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309064323

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Identifying Future Drinking Water Contaminants Excerpt :

With an increasing population, use of new and diverse chemicals that can enter the water supply, and emergence of new microbial pathogens, the U.S. federal government is faced with a regulatory dilemma: Where should it focus its attention and limited resources to ensure safe drinking water supplies for the future? Identifying Future Drinking Water Contaminants is based on a 1998 workshop on emerging drinking water contaminants. It includes a dozen papers that were presented on new and emerging microbiological and chemical drinking water contaminants, associated analytical and water treatment methods for their detection and removal, and existing and proposed environmental databases to assist in their proactive identification and regulation. The papers are preceded by a conceptual approach and related recommendations to EPA for the periodic creation of future Drinking Water Contaminant Candidate Lists (CCLs--produced every five years--include currently unregulated chemical and microbiological substances that are known or anticipated to occur in public water systems and that may pose health risks).

Chiral Organic Pollutants Book

Chiral Organic Pollutants


  • Author : Edmond Sanganyado
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000298963

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Chiral Organic Pollutants Excerpt :

Chiral Organic Pollutants introduces readers to the growing challenges of chirality in synthetic chemicals. In this volume, contributors brilliantly summarize the characteristics of chiral pollutants to provide tools and techniques for effectively assessing their environmental and human health risks. Chapters cover recent research on the physicochemical properties, sources, exposure pathways, environmental fate, toxicity, and enantioselective analysis of chiral organic pollutants. Chiral Organic Pollutants also provides comprehensive discussions on the current trends in the synthesis and legislation of chiral chemicals. Key Features: Includes sampling and analytical methods for the enantioselective analysis of a wide array of chiral organic pollutants in food and the environment Summarizes recent research on the sources, fate, transport, and toxicity of chiral organic pollutants in the environment Critically examines the sources and pathways of chiral organic pollutants such as pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and flame retardants in food Includes a comprehensive discussion on current trends in the enantioselective synthesis and chiral switching of pesticides and pharmaceuticals Provides analysis of current national and international regulations of chiral synthetic chemicals The use of chiral synthetic chemicals such as pesticides, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and halogenated flame retardants has significantly grown in the past 60 years. Hence, understanding the human and environmental health effects of chiral organic pollutants is crucial in the industry, academia, and policymaking. Chiral Organic Pollutants is an excellent textbook and reference for students, scientists, engineers, and policymakers interested in food quality, environmental pollution, chemical analysis, organic synthesis, and toxicology. Also available in the Food Analysis and Properties Series: Analysis of Nanoplastics and Microplastics in Food, edited by Leo. M.L. Nollet and Khwaja Salahu

Emerging Contaminants in the Environment Book

Emerging Contaminants in the Environment


  • Author : Hemen Sarma
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-01-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 712
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323859813

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Emerging Contaminants in the Environment Excerpt :

Emerging Contaminants in the Environment: Challenges and Sustainable Practices covers all aspects of emerging contaminants in the environment, from basic understanding to different types of emerging contaminants and how these threaten organisms, their environmental fate studies, detection methods, and sustainable practices of dealing with contaminants. Emerging contaminant remediation is a pressing need due to the ever-increasing pollution in the environment, and it has gained a lot of scientific and public attention due to its high effectiveness and sustainability. The discussions in the book on the bioremediation of these contaminants are covered from the perspective of proven technologies and practices through case studies and real-world data. One of the main benefits of this book is that it summarizes future challenges and sustainable solutions. It can, therefore, become an effective guide to the elimination (through sustainable practices) of emerging contaminants. At the back of these explorations on sustainable bioremediation of emerging contaminants lies the set of 17 goals articulated by the United Nations in its 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all its member states. This book provides academics, researchers, students, and practitioners interested in the detection and elimination of emerging contaminants from the environment, with the latest advances by leading experts in emerging contaminants the field of environmental sciences. Covers most aspects of the most predominant emerging contaminants in the environment, including in soil, air, and water Describes the occurrence of these contaminants, the problems they cause, and the sustainable practices to deal with the contaminants Includes data from case studies to provide real-world examples of sustainable practices and emerging contaminant remediation

Analytical Methods for Food Safety by Mass Spectrometry Book

Analytical Methods for Food Safety by Mass Spectrometry


  • Author : Guo-Fang Pang
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 880
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128141687

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Analytical Methods for Food Safety by Mass Spectrometry Excerpt :

Analytical Methods for Food Safety by Mass Spectrometry, Volume One: Pesticides systematically introduces the Pesticide and Veterinary Drug Multiresidues Analytical Methods. Volume One includes discussions on 20 pesticide multiresidues chromatic-MS (GC-MS and LC-MS/MS) analytical techniques that have the capability of detecting over 800 pesticides and chemicals in 10 categories of agricultural products, including fruits, vegetables, grains, teas, Chinese medicinal herbs, edible fungus mushrooms, fruit and vegetable juices, animal tissues, aquatic products, raw milk and milk powders, and drinkable water. This book also includes chromatic-MS analytical parameters, linear equations and GPC chromatic behavior parameters for over 800 pesticides. This valuable book can be used as reference for not only university students, but also technical personnel of different specialties who are engaged with study and applications, such as food safety, agricultural environment protection, pesticide development, and utilization in scientific research units, institutions and quality inspection organizations. Provides the chromatic-MS analytical technique for over 1000 commonly-used veterinary and pesticide residues Covers a large varieties of target compounds, including over 800 pesticides (organophosphorus, organochlorine, carbamate, pyrethroids) and over 200 veterinary drugs, including Fluoroquinolone, Sulfonamides, Chloramphenicol, Nitrofurans, Tetracyclines, Nitroimidazole, β-lactams, Quinoxaline, Benzimidazole, β-Adrenoceptor agonists, Aminoglycoside, and more Includes the latest information on sophisticated pre-treatment techniques with a single sample pre-treatment and simultaneous detection by GC-MS and LC-MS/MS

Pollution Assessment for Sustainable Practices in Applied Sciences and Engineering Book

Pollution Assessment for Sustainable Practices in Applied Sciences and Engineering


  • Author : Abdel-Mohsen O. Mohamed
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2020-10-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1170
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081010570

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Pollution Assessment for Sustainable Practices in Applied Sciences and Engineering Excerpt :

Pollution Assessment for Sustainable Practices in Applied Sciences and Engineering provides an integrated reference for academics and professionals working on land, air, and water pollution. The protocols discussed and the extensive number of case studies help environmental engineers to quickly identify the correct process for projects under study. The book is divided into four parts; each of the first three covers a separate environment: Geosphere, Atmosphere, and Hydrosphere. The first part covers ground assessment, contamination, geo-statistics, remote sensing, GIS, risk assessment and management, and environmental impact assessment. The second part covers atmospheric assessment topics, including the dynamics of contaminant transport, impacts of global warming, indoor and outdoor techniques and practice. The third part is dedicated to the hydrosphere including both the marine and fresh water environments. Finally, part four examines emerging issues in pollution assessment, from nanomaterials to artificial intelligence. There are a wide variety of case studies in the book to help bridge the gap between concept and practice. Environmental Engineers will benefit from the integrated approach to pollution assessment across multiple spheres. Practicing engineers and students will also benefit from the case studies, which bring the practice side by side with fundamental concepts. Provides a comprehensive overview of pollution assessment Covers land, underground, water and air pollution Includes outdoor and indoor pollution assessment Presents case studies that help bridge the gap between concepts and practice

Manual of Standard Operating Procedures for Selected Chemical Residue and Contaminant Analysis Book

Manual of Standard Operating Procedures for Selected Chemical Residue and Contaminant Analysis


  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2021-09-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 9789251348123

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Manual of Standard Operating Procedures for Selected Chemical Residue and Contaminant Analysis Excerpt :

Food safety is an important global public health and trade matter, with chemical hazards occupying centre stage due to associated acute and chronic health outcomes. There is also an increasing need to address antimicrobial resistance concerns. While food remains a major vehicle for exposure to these hazards, related matrices cannot be ignored. Animal feed for instance may contain drug or pesticide residues as well as mycotoxins that could carry-over to food either as parent compounds or their metabolites of toxicological relevance. Contaminated water is also another medium of potential exposure to food hazards. A concerted effort is required to address the need for a safe food supply and one critical stakeholder is the testing laboratory. While this requires trained and capable analysts as well as reliable instrumentation, analytical methods are a major need. Development and validation – to ensure fitness of purpose – and availability of these methods is a necessity. This manual, consisting of several Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), presents another opportunity for laboratories to address gaps in analytical methods and/or expand their options. The manual contains techniques for analyzing certain mycotoxins such as aflatoxins, fumonisin and ochratoxin in matrices that include milk, edible vegetable oil and animal feed etc. A range of veterinary drug residues including permitted and prohibited substances in animal matrices including fish, are also addressed. Several pesticide residues in cereals, fruits and vegetables are also covered. A couple of methods for analysis of selected metals are also presented.