Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress Book

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress

  • Author : Palmiro Poltronieri
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-09-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128160312

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress Excerpt :

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improvement of Resistance to Biotic Stress applies biotechnology insights that seek to improve plant genomes, thus helping them achieve higher resistance and optimal hormone signaling to increase crop yield. The book provides an analysis of the current state-of-the-art in plant biotechnology as applied to improving resistance to biotic stress. In recent years, significant progress has been made towards understanding the interplay between plants and their hosts, particularly the role of plant immunity in regulating, attenuating or neutralizing invading pathogens. As a result, there is a great need to integrate these insights with methods from biotechnology. Applies biotechnology insights towards improving plant genomes, achieving higher resistance and optimizing hormone signaling to increase crop yield Presents the most modern techniques, investigations, diagnostic tools and assays to monitor and detect contaminating agents in crops, such as grape, tomato, coffee and stone fruit Provides encyclopedic coverage of genes, proteins, interaction networks and mechanisms by which plants and hosts seek survival Discusses the methods available to make crops resistant and tolerant to disease without decreased yield or food production Provides insights for policymakers into the difficulties faced by scientific researchers in the use of biotechnology intervention, transgenes and genetically modified sequences

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Book

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

  • Author : Palmiro Poltronieri
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-01-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081000717

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Excerpt :

Applied plant genomics and biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, investigating epigenetic modifications and epigenetic memory through analysis of DNA methylation states, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics, and plants modified to produce high-value pharmaceutical proteins. The book provides an overview of research advances in application of RNA silencing and RNA interference, through Virus-based transient gene expression systems, Virus induced gene complementation (VIGC), Virus induced gene silencing (Sir VIGS, Mr VIGS) Virus-based microRNA silencing (VbMS) and Virus-based RNA mobility assays (VRMA); RNA based vaccines and expression of virus proteins or RNA, and virus-like particles in plants, the potential of virus vaccines and therapeutics, and exploring plants as factories for useful products and pharmaceuticals are topics wholly deepened. The book reviews and discuss Plant Functional Genomic studies discussing the technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants and the production of plant varieties more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several important crops are analysed providing a glimpse on the most up-to-date methods and topics of investigation. The book presents a review on current state of GMO, the cisgenesis-derived plants and novel plant products devoid of transgene elements, discuss their regulation and the production of desired traits such as resistance to viruses and disease also in fruit trees and wood trees with long vegetative periods. Several chapters cover aspects of plant physiology related to plant improvement: cytokinin metabolism and hormone signaling pathways are discussed in barley; PARP-domain proteins involved in Stress-Induced Morphogenetic Response, regulation of NAD signaling and ROS dependent synthesis of anthocyanins. Apple allergen isof

Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops Book

Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops

  • Author : Gyana Ranjan Rout
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128104408

Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops Excerpt :

Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops provides key insights into commercialized crops, their improved productivity, disease and pest resistance, and enhanced nutritional or medicinal benefits. It includes insights into key technologies, such as marker traits identification and genetic traits transfer for increased productivity, examining the latest transgenic advances in a variety of crops and providing foundational information that can be applied to new areas of study. As modern biotechnology has helped to increase crop productivity by introducing novel gene(s) with high quality disease resistance and increased drought tolerance, this is an ideal resource for researchers and industry professionals. Provides examples of current technologies and methodologies, addressing abiotic and biotic stresses, pest resistance and yield improvement Presents protocols on plant genetic engineering in a variety of wide-use crops Includes biosafety rule regulation of genetically modified crops in the USA and third world countries

Approaches to Plant Stress and their Management Book

Approaches to Plant Stress and their Management

  • Author : R.K. Gaur
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-12-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 9788132216209

Approaches to Plant Stress and their Management Excerpt :

Plant stresses are serious threats to the sustainability of crop yields accounting for more crop productivity losses than any other factor in rainfed agriculture. Post-harvest losses mean surplus crops do not reach market, affecting the livelihoods of farming families, and too often these families are left with no other option than to eat contaminated stored food. These constraints impact the food security of these farming families as well as the communities and countries in which they live. This book is the demonstration of a clear synergistic effect of stresses, an effect that was unexpectedly as important as either stress applied alone. This book will add to our current knowledge of abiotic stress response in plants and will provide the groundwork necessary to build future strategies for crop enhancement. The fundamental principles that underpin all biotechnology are explained and a full range of examples discussed to show how these principles are applied; from starting substrate to final product. It will be beneficial to both plant breeders and molecular biologists, because it combines the topics of physiology, tolerance genes, and breeding methods. When these topics are presented together, it is easy to compare all aspects of tolerance mechanisms and breeding methods for abiotic stresses. These comparisons are useful to understand which pathways or which genes are important for rendering more tolerance to a certain abiotic stress, and to bring forward new ideas for improving the tolerance. Features •Cover both plant biotic and abiotic stresses •Important factors in managing crops for water stress conditions •Substantially increase the sustainable productivity of smallholder farmers in developing countries •Genetic and biochemical approaches – if those approaches constitute a substantial improvement on current practices.

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes Book

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes

  • Author : Ajay Kumar
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 513
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323851640

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes Excerpt :

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes compiles the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, metabolites synthesized from the microbial strains such as actinomycetes, bacteria, cyanobacteria, and fungal species and their potential applications in the field of healthcare issue and sustainable agriculture. There is an urgent need to explore new and advanced biological methods for health industries and sustainable agriculture and to protect the environment from environmental pollution or contaminates, global warming, and also control the health of human beings from the side effects of various pharmaceuticals products. Focusing all these factors, Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes explores new aspects of microorganism in terms of volatiles, enzymes, bioactive compounds synthesized from the microbes and their potential applications in the field of sustainable agriculture and health-related issues Provides a broad aspect about volatiles, bioactive compounds, and secondary metabolites of microbes compiled in one cover Gives the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, secondary metabolites, and bioactive compounds synthesized from the different microbial strains Responds to new developments in the detection of the complex compound structures of volatiles Offers insight to a very broad audience in Biotechnology, Applied Microbiology, Agronomy, and Pathology

Disease Resistance in Crop Plants Book

Disease Resistance in Crop Plants

  • Author : Shabir Hussain Wani
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-07-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 307
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030207281

Disease Resistance in Crop Plants Excerpt :

Human population is escalating at an enormous pace and is estimated to reach 9.7 billion by 2050. As a result, there will be an increase in demand for agricultural production by 60–110% between the years 2005 and 2050 at the global level; the number will be even more drastic in the developing world. Pathogens, animals, and weeds are altogether responsible for between 20 to 40 % of global agricultural productivity decrease. As such, managing disease development in plants continues to be a major strategy to ensure adequate food supply for the world. Accordingly, both the public and private sectors are moving to harness the tools and paradigms that promise resistance against pests and diseases. While the next generation of disease resistance research is progressing, maximum disease resistance traits are expected to be polygenic in nature and controlled by selective genes positioned at putative quantitative trait loci (QTLs). It has also been realized that sources of resistance are generally found in wild relatives or cultivars of lesser agronomic significance. However, introgression of disease resistance traits into commercial crop varieties typically involves many generations of backcrossing to transmit a promising genotype. Molecular marker-assisted breeding (MAB) has been found to facilitate the pre-selection of traits even prior to their expression. To date, researchers have utilized disease resistance genes (R-genes) in different crops including cereals, pulses, and oilseeds and other economically important plants, to improve productivity. Interestingly, comparison of different R genes that empower plants to resist an array of pathogens has led to the realization that the proteins encoded by these genes have numerous features in common. The above observation therefore suggests that plants may have co-evolved signal transduction pathways to adopt resistance against a wide range of divergent pathogens. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms necessary f

Bioinformatics for agriculture  High throughput approaches Book

Bioinformatics for agriculture High throughput approaches

  • Author : Atul Kumar Upadhyay
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-03-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN 10 : 9789813347915

Bioinformatics for agriculture High throughput approaches Excerpt :

This book illustrates the importance and significance of bioinformatics in the field of agriculture. It first introduces the basic concepts of bioinformatics, such as homologous sequence and gene function analyses, determination of protein structures, and discusses machine learning applications for an in-depth understanding of the desired genes and proteins based on commonly used bioinformatics software and tools, e.g. BLAST, molecular modelling, molecular-docking and simulations, protein-protein and domain-domain interactions. The book also describes recent advances in the high-throughput analysis of whole genome and transcriptome using next-generation sequencing platforms, and functional proteome studies. It also examines the role of computational biology in understanding and improving the nutrient quality and yield of crops. Lastly, the book explores a comprehensive list of applications of bioinformatics to improve plant yield, biomass, and health, and the challenges involved.

Plant Exposure to Engineered Nanoparticles Book

Plant Exposure to Engineered Nanoparticles

  • Author : Cyren Rico
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-07-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323859684

Plant Exposure to Engineered Nanoparticles Excerpt :

Plant Exposure to Engineered Nanoparticles: Uptake, Transformation, Molecular and Physiological Responses discusses the long-term exposure of plants, including agronomic crops, to nanomaterials in terrestrial environments. Chapters discuss changes in metabolite profiles in plants exposed to engineered nanomaterials, as well as modifications in elemental content of edible portions of plants. Biochemical pathways, root profiles, generational exposure, and biomass productivity are also analyzed in detail. Subsequent chapters cover risks to trophic transfer, as well as human health and ecological functions, before concluding with future approaches to plant-nanomaterial research. The book covers important aspects of the interactions between plant and nanomaterials and will be a valuable resource to scientists and researchers in plant physiology, nanotechnology, agronomy and environmental science. Analyzes research on environmental and ecological implications of nanomaterials in plants Includes the latest information on toxicity and human exposure Reviews modifications and alterations in plant expressions and biochemical pathways

Modern Applications of Plant Biotechnology in Pharmaceutical Sciences Book
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From 70 Ratings

Modern Applications of Plant Biotechnology in Pharmaceutical Sciences

  • Author : Saurabh Bhatia
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-07-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128024980

Modern Applications of Plant Biotechnology in Pharmaceutical Sciences Excerpt :

Modern Applications of Plant Biotechnology in Pharmaceutical Sciences explores advanced techniques in plant biotechnology, their applications to pharmaceutical sciences, and how these methods can lead to more effective, safe, and affordable drugs. The book covers modern approaches in a practical, step-by-step manner, and includes illustrations, examples, and case studies to enhance understanding. Key topics include plant-made pharmaceuticals, classical and non-classical techniques for secondary metabolite production in plant cell culture and their relevance to pharmaceutical science, edible vaccines, novel delivery systems for plant-based products, international industry regulatory guidelines, and more. Readers will find the book to be a comprehensive and valuable resource for the study of modern plant biotechnology approaches and their pharmaceutical applications. Builds upon the basic concepts of cell and plant tissue culture and recombinant DNA technology to better illustrate the modern and potential applications of plant biotechnology to the pharmaceutical sciences Provides detailed yet practical coverage of complex techniques, such as micropropogation, gene transfer, and biosynthesis Examines critical issues of international importance and offers real-life examples and potential solutions

Brassinosteroids in Plant Developmental Biology and Stress Tolerance Book

Brassinosteroids in Plant Developmental Biology and Stress Tolerance

  • Author : Jing Quan Yu
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128132289

Brassinosteroids in Plant Developmental Biology and Stress Tolerance Excerpt :

Brassinosteroids in Plant Developmental Biology and Stress Tolerance presents the mechanisms of brassinosteroid-regulated plant developmental biology and stress tolerance that cover various biochemical, physiological, genetic and molecular studies. As unprecedented climate change threatens global food security, studies reveal that BRs could not only protect plants from stresses to ensure food security, but also reduce toxic compounds in edible plant parts. As the utilization of BRs in modern agriculture is of great significance in the context of global climate change, this book presents key information on how to develop eco-friendly growth regulators and understand the importance of brassinosteroids in safe food production. Presents the multifaceted roles of brassinosteroids as phytohormones in plant growth, development and response to biotic and/or abiotic stresses Unveils the physiological and molecular mechanisms controlling plant stress response to biotic and abiotic stress Discusses developmental processes relating to environmental adaptations that are mediated by brassinosteroids Brings together recent works of experts studying brassinosteroid crosstalk with other signals, including hormones, sugars, redox and light signals

Priming Mediated Stress and Cross Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants Book

Priming Mediated Stress and Cross Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants

  • Author : Mohammad Anwar Hossain
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-01-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128178935

Priming Mediated Stress and Cross Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants Excerpt :

Priming-Mediated Stress and Cross-Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants provides the latest, in-depth understanding of the molecular mechanisms associated with the development of stress and cross-stress tolerance in plants. Plants growing under field conditions are constantly exposed, either sequentially or simultaneously, to many abiotic or biotic stress factors. As a result, many plants have developed unique strategies to respond to ever-changing environmental conditions, enabling them to monitor their surroundings and adjust their metabolic systems to maintain homeostasis. Recently, priming mediated stress and cross-stress tolerance (i.e., greater tolerance to a second, stronger stress after exposure to a different, milder primary stress) have attracted considerable interest within the scientific community as potential means of stress management and for producing stress-resistant crops to aid global food security. Priming-Mediated Stress and Cross-Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants comprehensively reviews the physiological, biochemical, and molecular basis of cross-tolerance phenomena, allowing researchers to develop strategies to enhance crop productivity under stressful conditions and to utilize natural resources more efficiently. The book is a valuable asset for plant and agricultural scientists in corporate or government environments, as well as educators and advanced students looking to promote future research into plant stress tolerance. Provides comprehensive information for developing multiple stress-tolerant crop varieties Includes in-depth physiological, biochemical, and molecular information associated with cross-tolerance Includes contribution from world-leading cross-tolerance research group Presents color images and diagrams for effective communication of key concepts

Plant Transformation via Agrobacterium Tumefaciens Book

Plant Transformation via Agrobacterium Tumefaciens

  • Author : Phetole Mangena
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-09-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000638158

Plant Transformation via Agrobacterium Tumefaciens Excerpt :

Plant Transformation via Agrobacterium Tumefaciens compiles fundamental and specific information and procedures involving in vitro soybean transformation, which forms the basis for the Agrobacterium-mediated genetic manipulation of soybean using plant tissue culture. This method serves as one of the most preferred, reliable and cost-effective mechanism of transgene expression in both leguminous recalcitrant species and non-legume crops. The technology is favoured due to its simplicity, feasibility and high transformation rates that are so far achieved mostly in monocot plants and a few dicot genotypes. This book provides a comprehensive review of plant transformation which remains necessary for many researchers who are still facing protocol-related hurdles. Among some of the major topics covered in Plant Transformation via Agrobacterium Tumefaciens are the history and discovery of Agrobacterium bacterium, longstanding challenges causing transformation inefficiencies, types and conditions of explants, development of transgenic plants for stress resistance, and the role of transgenic plants on animal/human health, including the environment. Plant Transformation via Agrobacterium Tumefaciens helps the reader to understand how soybean, like many other orphan legume crops, faces the risk of overexploitation which may render the currently available varieties redundant and extinct should its narrow gene pool not improve. Plant transformation serves as a key technique in improving the gene pool, while developing varieties that are drought tolerant, have enhanced nutritional value, pest resistant and reduce the destruction by disease causing microorganims. This book is an essential foundation tool that is available for researchers and students to reinforce the application of Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation in soybean.

Abiotic Stress  Molecular Genetics and Genomics Book

Abiotic Stress Molecular Genetics and Genomics

  • Author : Mukesh Jain
  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release Date : 2014-12-03
  • Genre: Botany
  • Pages : 101
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889193592

Abiotic Stress Molecular Genetics and Genomics Excerpt :

Abiotic stresses are the major cause that limits productivity of crop plants worldwide. Plants have developed intricate machinery to respond and adapt over these adverse environmental conditions both at physiological and molecular levels. Due to increasing problems of abiotic stresses, plant biotechnologists and breeders need to employ new approaches to improve abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Although current research has divulged several key genes, gene regulatory networks and quantitative trait loci that mediate plant responses to various abiotic stresses, the comprehensive understanding of this complex trait is still not available. This e-book is focused on molecular genetics and genomics approaches to understand the plant response/adaptation to various abiotic stresses. It includes different types of articles (original research, method, opinion and review) that provide current insights into different aspects of plant responses and adaptation to abiotic stresses.