Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Book

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology


  • Author : Palmiro Poltronieri
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-01-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081000717

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Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Excerpt :

Applied plant genomics and biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, investigating epigenetic modifications and epigenetic memory through analysis of DNA methylation states, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics, and plants modified to produce high-value pharmaceutical proteins. The book provides an overview of research advances in application of RNA silencing and RNA interference, through Virus-based transient gene expression systems, Virus induced gene complementation (VIGC), Virus induced gene silencing (Sir VIGS, Mr VIGS) Virus-based microRNA silencing (VbMS) and Virus-based RNA mobility assays (VRMA); RNA based vaccines and expression of virus proteins or RNA, and virus-like particles in plants, the potential of virus vaccines and therapeutics, and exploring plants as factories for useful products and pharmaceuticals are topics wholly deepened. The book reviews and discuss Plant Functional Genomic studies discussing the technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants and the production of plant varieties more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several important crops are analysed providing a glimpse on the most up-to-date methods and topics of investigation. The book presents a review on current state of GMO, the cisgenesis-derived plants and novel plant products devoid of transgene elements, discuss their regulation and the production of desired traits such as resistance to viruses and disease also in fruit trees and wood trees with long vegetative periods. Several chapters cover aspects of plant physiology related to plant improvement: cytokinin metabolism and hormone signaling pathways are discussed in barley; PARP-domain proteins involved in Stress-Induced Morphogenetic Response, regulation of NAD signaling and ROS dependent synthesis of anthocyanins. Apple allergen isof

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology Book

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology


  • Author : Palmiro Poltronieri
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-08-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN 10 : 9781908818478

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From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology Excerpt :

With the appearance of methods for the sequencing of genomes and less expensive next generation sequencing methods, we face rapid advancements of the -omics technologies and plant biology studies: reverse and forward genetics, functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, the movement at distance of effectors and structural biology. From plant genomics to plant biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, understanding the epigenetic control and epigenetic memory, the roles of non-coding RNAs, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics and plants modified to specific aims. In the forthcoming years these advancements will support the production of plant varieties better suited to resist biotic and abiotic stresses, for food and non-food applications. This book covers these issues, showing how such technologies are influencing the plant field in sectors such as the selection of plant varieties and plant breeding, selection of optimum agronomic traits, stress-resistant varieties, improvement of plant fitness, improving crop yield, and non-food applications in the knowledge based bio-economy. Discusses a broad range of applications: the examples originate from a variety of sectors (including in field studies, breeding, RNA regulation, pharmaceuticals and biotech) and a variety of scientific areas (such as bioinformatics, -omics sciences, epigenetics, and the agro-industry) Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed 'behind closed doors'. As such, it presents an opportunity for those within the field to learn from each other, and for those on the 'outside' to see how different groups have approached key problems Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems. Shows the thinking process, practical limitations and any other considerati

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress Book

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress


  • Author : Palmiro Poltronieri
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-09-18
  • Genre: Plant biotechnology
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN 10 : 0128160306

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Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress Excerpt :

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improvement of Resistance to Biotic Stress applies biotechnology insights that seek to improve plant genomes, thus helping them achieve higher resistance and optimal hormone signaling to increase crop yield. The book provides an analysis of the current state-of-the-art in plant biotechnology as applied to improving resistance to biotic stress. In recent years, significant progress has been made towards understanding the interplay between plants and their hosts, particularly the role of plant immunity in regulating, attenuating or neutralizing invading pathogens. As a result, there is a great need to integrate these insights with methods from biotechnology. Applies biotechnology insights towards improving plant genomes, achieving higher resistance and optimizing hormone signaling to increase crop yield Presents the most modern techniques, investigations, diagnostic tools and assays to monitor and detect contaminating agents in crops, such as grape, tomato, coffee and stone fruit Provides encyclopedic coverage of genes, proteins, interaction networks and mechanisms by which plants and hosts seek survival Discusses the methods available to make crops resistant and tolerant to disease without decreased yield or food production Provides insights for policymakers into the difficulties faced by scientific researchers in the use of biotechnology intervention, transgenes and genetically modified sequences

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress Book

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress


  • Author : Palmiro Poltronieri
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-09-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128160312

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Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress Excerpt :

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improvement of Resistance to Biotic Stress applies biotechnology insights that seek to improve plant genomes, thus helping them achieve higher resistance and optimal hormone signaling to increase crop yield. The book provides an analysis of the current state-of-the-art in plant biotechnology as applied to improving resistance to biotic stress. In recent years, significant progress has been made towards understanding the interplay between plants and their hosts, particularly the role of plant immunity in regulating, attenuating or neutralizing invading pathogens. As a result, there is a great need to integrate these insights with methods from biotechnology. Applies biotechnology insights towards improving plant genomes, achieving higher resistance and optimizing hormone signaling to increase crop yield Presents the most modern techniques, investigations, diagnostic tools and assays to monitor and detect contaminating agents in crops, such as grape, tomato, coffee and stone fruit Provides encyclopedic coverage of genes, proteins, interaction networks and mechanisms by which plants and hosts seek survival Discusses the methods available to make crops resistant and tolerant to disease without decreased yield or food production Provides insights for policymakers into the difficulties faced by scientific researchers in the use of biotechnology intervention, transgenes and genetically modified sequences

Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture Book

Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture


  • Author : Arie Altman
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2011-11-08
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 625
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123814661

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Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture Excerpt :

As the oldest and largest human intervention in nature, the science of agriculture is one of the most intensely studied practices. From manipulation of plant gene structure to the use of plants for bioenergy, biotechnology interventions in plant and agricultural science have been rapidly developing over the past ten years with immense forward leaps on an annual basis. This book begins by laying the foundations for plant biotechnology by outlining the biological aspects including gene structure and expression, and the basic procedures in plant biotechnology of genomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics and proteomics. It then focuses on a discussion of the impacts of biotechnology on plant breeding technologies and germplasm sustainability. The role of biotechnology in the improvement of agricultural traits, production of industrial products and pharmaceuticals as well as biomaterials and biomass provide a historical perspective and a look to the future. Sections addressing intellectual property rights and sociological and food safety issues round out the holistic discussion of this important topic. Includes specific emphasis on the inter-relationships between basic plant biotechnologies and applied agricultural applications, and the way they contribute to each other Provides an updated review of the major plant biotechnology procedures and techniques, their impact on novel agricultural development and crop plant improvement Takes a broad view of the topic with discussions of practices in many countries

Applied Molecular Biotechnology Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Applied Molecular Biotechnology


  • Author : Muhammad Sarwar Khan
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 627
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498714839

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Applied Molecular Biotechnology Excerpt :

Applied Molecular Biotechnology: The Next Generation of Genetic Engineering explains state-of-the-art advances in the rapidly developing area of molecular biotechnology, the technology of the new millennium. Comprised of chapters authored by leading experts in their respective fields, this authoritative reference text: Highlights the latest omics-based tools and approaches used in modern biotechnology Explains how various molecular biology technologies can be used to develop transgenic plants and how those plants can meet growing food and plant-derived product demands Discusses chloroplast gene expression systems, mitochondrial omics, plant functional genomics, and whole-genome resequencing for crop improvement Explores plant–microbe and plant–insect interactions affecting plant protection and productivity Covers animal models, pharmacogenomics, human tissue banking, and the molecular diagnosis of diseases such as cervical cancer, obesity, and diabetes Examines the molecular aspects of viral diseases, production of industrial commodities using viral biotechnology, and biotechnological uses of magnetic nanoparticles Describes the use of biotechnology in the food, chemical, pharmaceutical, environmental conservation, and renewable energy sectors Applied Molecular Biotechnology: The Next Generation of Genetic Engineering serves as a springboard for new discoveries in molecular biology and its applications. Thus, this book is an invaluable resource for students and researchers of molecular biotechnology.

From Functional Genomics to Biotechnology in Ornamental Plants Book

From Functional Genomics to Biotechnology in Ornamental Plants


  • Author : Swee-Suak Ko
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2019-07-12
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 179
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889459063

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From Functional Genomics to Biotechnology in Ornamental Plants Excerpt :

For centuries plants of a broad taxonomical background have been bred and commercialized because of the beauty of their flowers. However, until recently genomic analyses of ornamentals remained a challenge because of their large genome sizes and high ploidy levels. In the last decade, increasingly affordable sequencing technologies and powerful bioinformatic approaches resulted in the complete sequencing of several horticultural species genomes and the characterization of their transcriptomes. These developments enabled research on many challenging topics. This Research Topic gives you a primer into them by featuring a broad range of original research contributions on some of the most active areas of ornamental plant research: the genetic basis of flower morphology, scent, and color, the genetic regulation of physiology as well as the epigenetic factors affecting vegetative development. In this context, one of the most significant hurdles to functional genetic studies in ornamentals is achieving efficient genetic transformation. Several articles in this Research Topic describe strategies to tackle this challenge and present insights into the way transgene activity renders novel flower phenotypes.

Applied Biotechnology and Plant Genetics  Plant Biotechnology  CH 2 Plant Cell  CH 3 Plant Chloroplasts  CH 4 The Endoplasmic Reticulum ofPlant  CH 5 Beginning of Genetics  CH 6 Plant Cell Division  CH 7 Significance of Mitosis andGenetics  CH 8 Plant Genetic Engineering  Bibliography  Index Book

Applied Biotechnology and Plant Genetics Plant Biotechnology CH 2 Plant Cell CH 3 Plant Chloroplasts CH 4 The Endoplasmic Reticulum ofPlant CH 5 Beginning of Genetics CH 6 Plant Cell Division CH 7 Significance of Mitosis andGenetics CH 8 Plant Genetic Engineering Bibliography Index


  • Author : Aiden Deleon Roderick Wiley
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 1788821335

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Applied Biotechnology and Plant Genetics Plant Biotechnology CH 2 Plant Cell CH 3 Plant Chloroplasts CH 4 The Endoplasmic Reticulum ofPlant CH 5 Beginning of Genetics CH 6 Plant Cell Division CH 7 Significance of Mitosis andGenetics CH 8 Plant Genetic Engineering Bibliography Index Excerpt :

Genetics and Genomics of Pineapple Book

Genetics and Genomics of Pineapple


  • Author : Ray Ming
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-11-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030006143

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Genetics and Genomics of Pineapple Excerpt :

This book is the first comprehensive volume on the genetics and genomics of pineapple and provides an overview of the current state of pineapple research. Pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.] is the second most important tropical fruit after banana in term of international trade. Its features are advantageous for genomic research: it has a small genome of 527 Mb which is diploid and vegetatively propagated; it is monocot, closely related to the grass family that includes major cereal crops, wheat, rice, corn, sorghum, and millet; and it serves as an out group for genetic and genomic research in grasses. In addition to exploring the evolution and improvement of pineapple, this work examines the pineapple genome with respect to genome structure and organization, comparative analyses with other angiosperm genomes, transcription factors, disease resistance, and circadian clock regulation of CAM related genes. With chapters covering botanical, genetic, genomic, and applied aspects of pineapple, this text also encourages the application of genomic technologies and suggests future prospects.

Applied Plant Virology Book

Applied Plant Virology


  • Author : L. P. Awasthi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-05-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 682
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128220535

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Applied Plant Virology Excerpt :

Applied Plant Virology: Advances, Detection, and Antiviral Strategies provides an overview on recent developments and applications in the field of plant virology. The book begins with an introduction to important advances in plant virology, but then covers topics including techniques for assay detection and the diagnosis of plant viruses, the purification, isolation and characterization of plant viruses, the architecture of plant viruses, the replication of plant viruses, the physiology of virus-infected hosts, vectors of plant viruses, and the nomenclature and classification of plants. The book also discusses defense strategies by utilizing antiviral agents and management strategies of virus and viroid diseases. With contributions from an international collection of experts, this book presents a practical resource for plant virologists, plant pathologists, horticulturalists, agronomists, biotechnologists, academics and researchers interested in up-to-date technologies and information that advance the field of plant virology. Covers the detection, control and management of plant viruses Discusses antiviral strategies, along with mechanisms of systemic induced resistance to enhance the defense of plants against viruses Provides contributory chapters from expert plant virologists from different parts of the world

Plant Biotechnology and Genetics Book

Plant Biotechnology and Genetics


  • Author : C. Neal Stewart, Jr.
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-12-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 433
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118589489

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Plant Biotechnology and Genetics Excerpt :

Designed to inform and inspire the next generation of plant biotechnologists Plant Biotechnology and Genetics explores contemporary techniques and applications of plant biotechnology, illustrating the tremendous potential this technology has to change our world by improving the food supply. As an introductory text, its focus is on basic science and processes. It guides students from plant biology and genetics to breeding to principles and applications of plant biotechnology. Next, the text examines the critical issues of patents and intellectual property and then tackles the many controversies and consumer concerns over transgenic plants. The final chapter of the book provides an expert forecast of the future of plant biotechnology. Each chapter has been written by one or more leading practitioners in the field and then carefully edited to ensure thoroughness and consistency. The chapters are organized so that each one progressively builds upon the previous chapters. Questions set forth in each chapter help students deepen their understanding and facilitate classroom discussions. Inspirational autobiographical essays, written by pioneers and eminent scientists in the field today, are interspersed throughout the text. Authors explain how they became involved in the field and offer a personal perspective on their contributions and the future of the field. The text's accompanying CD-ROM offers full-color figures that can be used in classroom presentations with other teaching aids available online. This text is recommended for junior- and senior-level courses in plant biotechnology or plant genetics and for courses devoted to special topics at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also an ideal reference for practitioners.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Nut and Beverage Crops Book

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Nut and Beverage Crops


  • Author : Jameel M. Al-Khayri
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 573
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030231125

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Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Nut and Beverage Crops Excerpt :

This book examines the development of innovative modern methodologies towards augmenting conventional plant breeding, in individual crops, for the production of new crop varieties under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors to achieve sustainable agricultural production, enhanced food security, in addition to providing raw materials for innovative industrial products and pharmaceuticals. This Volume 4, subtitled Nut and Beverage Crops, focuses on advances in breeding strategies using both traditional and modern approaches for the improvement of individual plantation crops. Included in Part I, eleven important nut species recognized for their economical and nutritional importance including Almond, Argan, Brazil nut, Cashew nut, Chestnut, Hazelnut, Macadamia, Peanut, Pine nut, Pistachio and Walnut. Part II covers two popular beverage species, coffee and tea. This volume is contributed by 53 internationally reputable scientists from 13 countries. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the modern literature on the subject and reflects the authors own experience.

Phytochemical Genomics Book

Phytochemical Genomics


  • Author : Mallappa Kumara Swamy
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2023-02-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 691
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811957796

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Phytochemical Genomics Excerpt :

This book provides a comprehensive reference for various plant bioactive compounds for research and pharmacological significance across the entire spectrum of phytochemical genomics. The book opens with general information on diversity, analysis and genomic basis of phytochemicals, computational approaches, databases for responsible genes, and biosynthetic pathways, and it delves very much into the details behind phytochemical diversity and diverse roles of plant metabolites. The later parts of the book also explore the direct drug discovery and omics approaches including metabolomics, transcriptomics, as well as gene editing technology experiments to further inspire readers into its unlimited potentials. Each chapter includes detailed analysis and relevant experiments for better and deeper understanding of the concepts. The book will be an invaluable aid for medicinal plant researchers and a rich source of information and advice for advanced undergraduates and graduates in the fields of medicine, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, flavor, and fragrance studies.

Plant Functional Genomics Book

Plant Functional Genomics


  • Author : Erich Grotewold
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-02-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN 10 : 9781592594139

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Plant Functional Genomics Excerpt :

Functional genomics is a young discipline whose origin can be traced back to the late 1980s and early 1990s, when molecular tools became available to determine the cellular functions of genes. Today, functional genomics is p- ceived as the analysis, often large-scale, that bridges the structure and organi- tion of genomes and the assessment of gene function. The completion in 2000 of the genome sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana has created a number of new and exciting challenges in plant functional genomics. The immediate task for the plant biology community is to establish the functions of the approximately 25,000 genes present in this model plant. One major issue that will remain even after this formidable task is c- pleted is establishing to what degree our understanding of the genome of one model organism, such as the dicot Arabidopsis, provides insight into the or- nization and function of genes in other plants. The genome sequence of rice, completed in 2002 as a result of the synergistic interaction of the private and public sectors, promises to significantly enrich our knowledge of the general organization of plant genomes. However, the tools available to investigate gene function in rice are lagging behind those offered by other model plant systems. Approaches available to investigate gene function become even more limited for plants other than the model systems of Arabidopsis, rice, and maize.

Plant Biology and Biotechnology Book

Plant Biology and Biotechnology


  • Author : Bir Bahadur
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-06-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN 10 : 9788132222835

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Plant Biology and Biotechnology Excerpt :

Plant genomics and biotechnology have recently made enormous strides, and hold the potential to benefit agriculture, the environment and various other dimensions of the human endeavor. It is no exaggeration to claim that the twenty-first century belongs to biotechnology. Knowledge generation in this field is growing at a frenetic pace, and keeping abreast of the latest advances and calls on us to double our efforts. Volume II of this two-part series addresses cutting-edge aspects of plant genomics and biotechnology. It includes 37 chapters contributed by over 70 researchers, each of which is an expert in his/her own field of research. Biotechnology has helped to solve many conundrums of plant life that had long remained a mystery to mankind. This volume opens with an exhaustive chapter on the role played by thale cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, which is believed to be the Drosophila of the plant kingdom and an invaluable model plant for understanding basic concepts in plant biology. This is followed by chapters on bioremediation, biofuels and biofertilizers through microalgal manipulation, making it a commercializable prospect; discerning finer details of biotic stress with plant-fungal interactions; and the dynamics of abiotic and biotic stresses, which also figure elsewhere in the book. Breeding crop plants for desirable traits has long been an endeavor of biotechnologists. The significance of molecular markers, marker assisted selection and techniques are covered in a dedicated chapter, as are comprehensive reviews on plant molecular biology, DNA fingerprinting techniques, genomic structure and functional genomics. A chapter dedicated to organellar genomes provides extensive information on this important aspect. Elsewhere in the book, the newly emerging area of epigenetics is presented as seen through the lens of biotechnology, showcasing the pivotal role of DNA methylation in effecting permanent and transient changes to the genome. Exclusive chapters deal with bioi