Discourse on Floating Bodies Book

Discourse on Floating Bodies


  • Author : Galileo Galilei
  • Publisher : Library of Alexandria
  • Release Date : 2020-09-28
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781465607935

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Discourse on Floating Bodies Excerpt :

As to the first, the last discoveries of Saturn to be tricorporeall, and of the mutations of Figure in Venus, like to those that are seen in the Moon, together with the Consequents depending thereupon, have not so much occasioned the demur, as the investigation of the times of the Conversions of each of the Four Medicean Planets about Jupiter, which I lighted upon in April the year past, 1611, at my being in Rome; where, in the end, I assertained my selfe, that the first and neerest to Jupiter, moved about 8 gr. & 29 m. of its Sphere in an houre, makeing its whole revolution in one naturall day, and 18 hours, and almost an halfe. The second moves in its Orbe 14 gr. 13 min. or very neer, in an hour, and its compleat conversion is consummate in 3 dayes, 13 hours, and one third, or thereabouts. The third passeth in an hour, 2 gr. 6 min. little more or less of its Circle, and measures it all in 7 dayes, 4 hours, or very neer. The fourth, and more remote than the rest, goes in one houre, 0 gr 54 min. and almost an halfe of its Sphere, and finisheth it all in 16 dayes, and very neer 18 hours. But because the excessive velocity of their returns or restitutions, requires a most scrupulous precisenesse to calculate their places, in times past and future, especially if the time be for many Moneths or Years; I am therefore forced, with other Observations, and more exact than the former, and in times more remote from one another, to correct the Tables of such Motions, and limit them even to the shortest moment: for such exactnesse my first Observations suffice not; not only in regard of the short intervals of Time, but because I had not as then found out a way to measure the distances between the said Planets by any Instrument: I Observed such Intervals with simple relation to the Diameter of the Body of Jupiter; taken, as we have said, by the eye, the which, though they admit not errors of above a Minute, yet they suffice not for the determination of the exact greatness of the

The Metallurgy of Roman Silver Coinage Book

The Metallurgy of Roman Silver Coinage


  • Author : Kevin Butcher
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Genre: Antiques & Collectibles
  • Pages : 841
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107027121

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The Metallurgy of Roman Silver Coinage Excerpt :

"The fineness of Roman imperial and provincial coinage has been regarded as an indicator of the broader fiscal health of the Roman Empire, with the apparent gradual decline of the silver content being treated as evidence for worsening deficits and the contraction of the supply of natural resources from which the coins were made. This book explores the composition of Roman silver coinage of the first century AD, re-examining traditional interpretations in the light of an entirely new programme of analysesof the coins, which illustrates the inadequacy of many earlier analytical projects. In addition, minor and trace elements, and lead isotopes, provide evidence for the supply of materials and refining and minting technology. Sometimes this allows us to determine the origin of the metal, whether freshly mined, or recycled. It can even pinpoint likely episodes of recycling old coins and, when combined with the study of hoards, hint at possible strategies of stockpiling of metal. The creation of reserves hasa direct bearing on the question of the adequacy of revenues and fiscal health"--

The works of Archimedes Book

The works of Archimedes


  • Author : Archimède
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 51
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:488950322

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The works of Archimedes Excerpt :

The Works of Archimedes Book

The Works of Archimedes


  • Author : Archimedes
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1897
  • Genre: Geometry
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015065510326

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The Works of Archimedes Excerpt :

Introduction: I. Archimedes. II. Manuscripts and principal editions, order of composition, dialect, lost works. III. Relation of Archimedes to his predecessors. IV. Arithmetic in Archimedes. V. On the problems known as [neuseis] VI. Cubic equations. VII. Anticipations by Archimedes of the integral calculus. VIII. The terminology of Archimedes -- Works: On the sphere and cylinder, books I-II. Measurement of a circle. On conoids and spheroids. On spirals. On the equilibrium of planes, books I-II. The sand-reckoner. Quadrature of the parabola. On floating bodies, books I-II. Book of lemmas. The cattle-problem [including the solution of Wurm's problem by Amthor in Zeitschrift für math. u. phys. [Hist. litt. abth.] v. 25, 1880].

Archimedes in the 21st Century Book

Archimedes in the 21st Century


  • Author : Chris Rorres
  • Publisher : Birkhäuser
  • Release Date : 2017-08-26
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319580593

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Archimedes in the 21st Century Excerpt :

​This book is a collection of papers presented at the “Archimedes in the 21st Century” world conference, held at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences in 2013. This conference focused on the enduring and continuing influence of Archimedes in our modern world, celebrating his centuries of influence on mathematics, science, and engineering. Archimedes planted the seeds for a myriad of seminal ideas that would grow over the ages. Each chapter surveys the growth of one or more of these seeds, and the fruit that they continue to bear to this day. The conference speakers contributing to this book are actively involved in STEM fields whose origins trace back to Archimedes, many of whom have conducted and published research that extends Archimedes’ work into the 21st century. The speakers are not historians, so while historical context is provided, this book is uniquely focused on the works themselves as opposed to their history. The breadth and depth of Archimedes’ influence will inspire, delight, and even surprise readers from a variety of fields and interests including historians, mathematicians, scientists, and engineers. Only a modest background in math is required to read this book, making it accessible to curious readers of all ages.

The Archimedes Palimpsest Book

The Archimedes Palimpsest


  • Author : Reviel Netz
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2011-11-24
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 1107014379

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The Archimedes Palimpsest Excerpt :

The Archimedes Palimpsest is the name given to a Byzantine prayer-book which was written over a number of earlier manuscripts. This volume provides colour images and transcriptions of three of the texts recovered from it. Pride of place goes to the treatises of Archimedes, including the only Greek version of Floating Bodies, and the unique copies of Method and Stomachion. This transcription provides many different readings from those made by Heiberg from what he termed Codex C in his edition of the works of Archimedes of 1910-1915. Secondly, fragments of two previously unattested speeches by the Athenian orator Hyperides, which are the only Hyperides texts ever to have been found in a codex. Thirdly, a fragment from an otherwise unknown commentary on Aristotle's Categories. In each case advanced image-processing techniques have been used to create the images, in order to make the text underneath legible.

The Genius of Archimedes    23 Centuries of Influence on Mathematics  Science and Engineering Book

The Genius of Archimedes 23 Centuries of Influence on Mathematics Science and Engineering


  • Author : S. A. Paipetis
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-05-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 515
  • ISBN 10 : 9789048190911

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The Genius of Archimedes 23 Centuries of Influence on Mathematics Science and Engineering Excerpt :

Archimedes is held in high esteem by mathematicians, physicists and engineers as one of the most brilliant scientists of all time. These proceedings contain original, unpublished papers with the primary emphasis on the scientific work of Archimedes and his influence on the fields of mathematics, science, and engineering. There are also papers dealing with archaeological aspects and the myths and legends about Archimedes and about the Archimedes Palimpsest. Papers on the following subjects form part of the book: Hydrostatics (buoyancy, fluid pressure and density, stability of floating bodies); Mechanics (levers, pulleys, centers of gravity, laws of equilibrium); Pycnometry (measurement of volume and density); Integral Calculus (Archimedes as the father of the integral calculus, method of exhaustion, approximation of pi, determination of areas and volumes); Mathematical Physics (Archimedes as the father of mathematical physics, Law of the Lever, Law of Buoyancy, Axiomatization of Physics); History of Mathematics and Mechanics (Archimedes’ influence in antiquity, the middle ages, the Renaissance, and modern times; his influence on Leonado da Vinci, Galileo, Newton, and other giants of science and mathematics); Ancient Machines and Mechanisms (catapults, water screws, iron hands, compound pulleys, planetaria, water clocks, celestial globes, the Antikythera Mechanism); Archimedean Solids (their rediscovery in the Rennaisance and their applications in materials science and chemistry); Archimedean Legends (how stories of golden crowns, eureka moments, naked runs, burning mirrors, steam cannons, etc., have influenced us through the ages, whether true or not); The Cattle Problem (how its 18th century rediscovery inspired the study of equations with integer solutions); Teaching the Ideas of Archimedes (how his life and works have influenced the teaching of science, mathematics, and engineering).

Archimedes Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Archimedes


  • Author : Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-14
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 9781400858613

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Archimedes Excerpt :

This classic study by the eminent Dutch historian of science E. J. Dijksterhuis (1892-1965) presents the work of the Greek mathematician and mechanical engineer to the modern reader. With meticulous scholarship, Dijksterhuis surveys the whole range of evidence on Archimedes' life and the 2000-year history of the manuscripts and editions of the text, and then undertakes a comprehensive examination of all the extant writings. Originally published in 1987. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

OSSC Odisha Junior Engineer  Mechanical  Exam eBook PDF Book

OSSC Odisha Junior Engineer Mechanical Exam eBook PDF


  • Author : Chandresh Agrawal
  • Publisher : Chandresh Agrawal
  • Release Date : 2022-10-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 770
  • ISBN 10 : 978186723xxxx

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OSSC Odisha Junior Engineer Mechanical Exam eBook PDF Excerpt :

SGN.The eBook OSSC-Odisha Junior Engineer (Mechanical) Exam Covers Objective Questions From Previous Years' Papers Of Various Similar Exams.

Ship Hydrostatics and Stability Book

Ship Hydrostatics and Stability


  • Author : Adrian Biran
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2013-10-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080982908

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Ship Hydrostatics and Stability Excerpt :

Ship Hydrostatics and Stability is a complete guide to understanding ship hydrostatics in ship design and ship performance, taking you from first principles through basic and applied theory to contemporary mathematical techniques for hydrostatic modeling and analysis. Real life examples of the practical application of hydrostatics are used to explain the theory and calculations using MATLAB and Excel. The new edition of this established resource takes in recent developments in naval architecture, such as parametric roll, the effects of non-linear motions on stability and the influence of ship lines, along with new international stability regulations. Extensive reference to computational techniques is made throughout and downloadable MATLAB files accompany the book to support your own hydrostatic and stability calculations. The book also includes definitions and indexes in French, German, Italian and Spanish to make the material as accessible as possible for international readers. Equips naval architects with the theory and context to understand and manage ship stability from the first stages of design through to construction and use. Covers the prerequisite foundational theory, including ship dimensions and geometry, numerical integration and the calculation of heeling and righting moments. Outlines a clear approach to stability modeling and analysis using computational methods, and covers the international standards and regulations that must be kept in mind throughout design work. Includes definitions and indexes in French, German, Italian and Spanish to make the material as accessible as possible for international readers.

Archimedes  the Center of Gravity  and the First Law of Mechanics Book

Archimedes the Center of Gravity and the First Law of Mechanics


  • Author : André Koch Torres Assis
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 187
  • ISBN 10 : 0973291168

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Archimedes the Center of Gravity and the First Law of Mechanics Excerpt :

Archimedes, the Center of Gravity, and the First Law of Mechanics deals with the most fundamental aspects of physics. The book describes the main events in the life of Archimedes and the content of his works. It goes on to discuss a large number of experiments relating to the equilibrium of suspended bodies under the influence of Earth's gravitational force. All experiments are clearly described and performed with simple, inexpensive materials. These experiments lead to a clear conceptual definition of the center of gravity of material bodies and illustrate practical procedures for locating it precisely. The conditions of stable, neutral, and unstable equilibrium are analyzed. Many equilibrium toys and games are described and explained. Historical aspects of the concept are presented, together with the theoretical values of center of gravity obtained by Archimedes. The book also explains how to build and calibrate precise balances and levers. Several experiments are performed leading to a mathematical definition of the center of gravity and the first law of mechanics, also called the law of the lever. Consequences of this law and different explanations of it are described at the end of the book, together with an exhaustive analysis of the works of Euclid and Archimedes.

The Archimedes Codex Book
Score: 3.5
From 3 Ratings

The Archimedes Codex


  • Author : Reviel Netz
  • Publisher : Da Capo Press
  • Release Date : 2009-03-12
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9780786745388

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The Archimedes Codex Excerpt :

At a Christie's auction in October 1998, a battered medieval manuscript sold for two million dollars to an anonymous bidder, who then turned it over to the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore for further study. The manuscript was a palimpsest-a book made from an earlier codex whose script had been scraped off and the pages used again. Behind the script of the thirteenth-century monk's prayer book, the palimpsest revealed the faint writing of a much older, tenth-century manuscript. Part archaeological detective story, part science, and part history, The Archimedes Codex tells the extraordinary story of this lost manuscript, from its tenth-century creation in Constantinople to the auction block at Christie's, and how a team of scholars used the latest imaging technology to reveal and decipher the original text. What they found was the earliest surviving manuscript by Archimedes (287 b.c.-212 b.c.), the greatest mathematician of antiquity-a manuscript that revealed, for the first time, the full range of his mathematical genius, which was two thousand years ahead of modern science.

Dynamics and Bifurcations Book

Dynamics and Bifurcations


  • Author : Jack K. Hale
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461244264

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Dynamics and Bifurcations Excerpt :

In recent years, due primarily to the proliferation of computers, dynamical systems has again returned to its roots in applications. It is the aim of this book to provide undergraduate and beginning graduate students in mathematics or science and engineering with a modest foundation of knowledge. Equations in dimensions one and two constitute the majority of the text, and in particular it is demonstrated that the basic notion of stability and bifurcations of vector fields are easily explained for scalar autonomous equations. Further, the authors investigate the dynamics of planar autonomous equations where new dynamical behavior, such as periodic and homoclinic orbits appears.