Arthropod Vector  Controller of Disease Transmission  Volume 1 Book

Arthropod Vector Controller of Disease Transmission Volume 1


  • Author : Stephen K. Wikel
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128092378

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Arthropod Vector Controller of Disease Transmission Volume 1 Excerpt :

Arthropod Vector: Controller of Disease Transmission, Volume 1: Vector Microbiome and Innate Immunity of Arthropods is built on topics initially raised at a related Keystone Symposium on Arthropod Vectors. Together with the separate, related Volume 2: Vector Saliva-Host Pathogen Interactions, this work presents a logical sequence of topic development that leads to regulatory considerations for advancing these and related concepts for developing novel control measures. The three themes of symbionts, vector immune defenses and arthropod saliva modulation of the host environment are central to the concept of determinants of vector competence that involves all aspects of vector-borne pathogen development within the arthropod that culminates in the successful transmission to the vertebrate host. These three areas are characterized at the present time by rapid achievement of significant, incremental insights, which advances our understanding for a wide variety of arthropod vector species, and this work is the first to extensively integrate these themes. Includes such major areas of coverage as host-derived factors, innate immunity of arthropod presentations and the arthropod microbiome/symbionts Features expertly curated topics, ensuring appropriate scope of coverage and aid integration of concepts and content Provides the necessary scientific background for the development of the research and discussions that have laid the groundwork for future efforts, including the Keystone Symposium and relevant meetings at NIAID/NIH

Arthropod Vector  Controller of Disease Transmission  Volume 2 Book

Arthropod Vector Controller of Disease Transmission Volume 2


  • Author : Stephen K. Wikel
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128093207

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Arthropod Vector Controller of Disease Transmission Volume 2 Excerpt :

Arthropod Vector: Controller of Disease Transmission, Volume 2: Vector Saliva-Host Pathogen Interactions is built on topics initially raised at a related Keystone Symposium on Arthropod Vectors. Together with the separate, related Volume 1: Controller of Disease Transmission, this work presents a logical sequence of topic development that leads to regulatory considerations for advancing these and related concepts for developing novel control measures. The three themes of symbionts, vector immune defenses and arthropod saliva modulation of the host environment are central to the concept of determinants of vector competence that involves all aspects of vector-borne pathogen development within the arthropod that culminates in the successful transmission to the vertebrate host. These three areas are characterized at the present time by rapid achievement of significant, incremental insights, which advances our understanding for a wide variety of arthropod vector species, and this work is the first to extensively integrate these themes. Provides overviews of host defenses encountered by the blood feeding arthropod vector at the cutaneous interface Addresses how these defenses are modulated by the vector, specific functions of vector saliva components, host response to vector-borne infectious agents and how vector-borne pathogens themselves modulate host defenses Features expertly curated topics to ensure appropriate scope of coverage and aid integration of concepts and content across chapters

Global Health Impacts of Vector Borne Diseases Book

Global Health Impacts of Vector Borne Diseases


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309377621

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Global Health Impacts of Vector Borne Diseases Excerpt :

Pathogens transmitted among humans, animals, or plants by insects and arthropod vectors have been responsible for significant morbidity and mortality throughout recorded history. Such vector-borne diseases â€" including malaria, dengue, yellow fever, and plague â€" together accounted for more human disease and death in the 17th through early 20th centuries than all other causes combined. Over the past three decades, previously controlled vector-borne diseases have resurged or reemerged in new geographic locations, and several newly identified pathogens and vectors have triggered disease outbreaks in plants and animals, including humans. Domestic and international capabilities to detect, identify, and effectively respond to vector-borne diseases are limited. Few vaccines have been developed against vector-borne pathogens. At the same time, drug resistance has developed in vector-borne pathogens while their vectors are increasingly resistant to insecticide controls. Furthermore, the ranks of scientists trained to conduct research in key fields including medical entomology, vector ecology, and tropical medicine have dwindled, threatening prospects for addressing vector-borne diseases now and in the future. In June 2007, as these circumstances became alarmingly apparent, the Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a workshop to explore the dynamic relationships among host, pathogen(s), vector(s), and ecosystems that characterize vector-borne diseases. Revisiting this topic in September 2014, the Forum organized a workshop to examine trends and patterns in the incidence and prevalence of vector-borne diseases in an increasingly interconnected and ecologically disturbed world, as well as recent developments to meet these dynamic threats. Participants examined the emergence and global movement of vector-borne diseases, research priorities for understanding their biology and ecology, and global preparedness for and progress toward their prevention, control, and mitigation.

Skin and Arthropod Vectors Book

Skin and Arthropod Vectors


  • Author : Nathalie Boulanger
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128114377

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Skin and Arthropod Vectors Excerpt :

Recent research on skin immunity and the skin microbiome reveals the complexity of the skin and its importance in the development of immunity against arthropod-borne diseases. In diseases such as malaria, borreliosis, leishmaniasis, trypanosomiasis, etc., the skin interface has been shown as an essential site for pathogens to hide from the immune system, and as a potential site of persistence. Only very few vaccines have been successfully developed so far against these diseases, likely because of an insufficient understanding on the development of skin immunity against pathogens. Skin and Arthropod Vectors expands our knowledge on the role of the skin interface during the transmission of arthropod-borne diseases and particularly its immunity. This work may support researchers who strive for developing more efficient diagnostic tools and vaccines. It also gives scientists and advanced students working in related areas a better insight on how humans and animals are attractive to arthropods to develop better repellents, or to set up transgenic arthropods. Offers the only compilation of research focusing on both the skin interface and arthropod vectors, with contributions from international experts Advances research in the effort toward generating more effective diagnostic tools and vaccines focusing on the skin interface Can also serve as supplemental material for dermatology lectures or specialized lectures on medical entomology and skin immunity

Insect Behavior Book

Insect Behavior


  • Author : Alex Aguilar
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1090169838

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Insect Behavior Excerpt :

Infectious Diseases and Arthropods Book

Infectious Diseases and Arthropods


  • Author : Jerome Goddard
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-05-04
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319758749

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Infectious Diseases and Arthropods Excerpt :

With the exception of a few tropical medicine schools worldwide, current medical education programs include almost zero discussion of the interface between infectious diseases and entomology. That is why this book was initially published in the first edition almost 17 years ago. The third edition of this valuable infectious disease entomology book updates all existing chapters with the newest scientific developments described in the medical and entomological literature in addition to covering 10 entirely new topics not addressed in previous editions, which include: · arthropod identification controversies · early beginnings of public health and disease control · red-meat allergy · updates on vaccine development for dengue and malaria · discussion of Chikungunya and Zika viruses · American Boutonnneuse Fever · the newest controversies in Lyme disease · recent findings of viruses in ticks · bed bug bite reactions · Morgellons disease (an imaginary infectious disease)

Vector Surveillance and Control at Ports  Airports  and Ground Crossings Book

Vector Surveillance and Control at Ports Airports and Ground Crossings


  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2016-12-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 89
  • ISBN 10 : 9241549599

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Vector Surveillance and Control at Ports Airports and Ground Crossings Excerpt :

The purpose of this handbook is to provide guidance to Member States on the practical aspects of maintaining sanitary standards at international borders at ports, airports, and ground crossings (points of entry) as set out in the International Health Regulations (2005). It provides technical advice for developing a comprehensive program for systematic monitoring of disease vectors and integrated vector control at points of entry. This includes standardizing procedures at points of entry and ensuring a sufficient monitoring and response capacity with the necessary infrastructure for surveillance and control of vectors. In addition, this handbook serves as reference material for port health officers, regulators, port operators, and other competent authorities in charge of implementing the IHR (2005) at points of entry and on conveyances. This publication was developed jointly by the Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases Vector Ecology and Management Unit and the Department of Global Capacities, Alert and Response, Ports, Airports and Ground Crossings Team.

Population Biology of Vector Borne Diseases Book

Population Biology of Vector Borne Diseases


  • Author : John M. Drake
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192594648

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Population Biology of Vector Borne Diseases Excerpt :

Population Biology of Vector-Borne Diseases is the first comprehensive survey of this rapidly developing field. The chapter topics provide an up-to-date presentation of classical concepts, reviews of emerging trends, synthesis of existing knowledge, and a prospective agenda for future research. The contributions offer authoritative and international perspectives from leading thinkers in the field. The dynamics of vector-borne diseases are far more intrinsically ecological compared with their directly transmitted equivalents. The environmental dependence of ectotherm vectors means that vector-borne pathogens are acutely sensitive to changing environmental conditions. Although perennially important vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue have deeply informed our understanding of vector-borne diseases, recent emerging viruses such as West Nile virus, Chikungunya virus, and Zika virus have generated new scientific questions and practical problems. The study of vector-borne disease has been a particularly rich source of ecological questions, while ecological theory has provided the conceptual tools for thinking about their evolution, transmission, and spatial extent. Population Biology of Vector-Borne Diseases is an advanced textbook suitable for graduate level students taking courses in vector biology, population ecology, evolutionary ecology, disease ecology, medical entomology, viral ecology/evolution, and parasitology, as well as providing a key reference for researchers across these fields.

Arthropods as Vectors of Emerging Diseases Book

Arthropods as Vectors of Emerging Diseases


  • Author : Heinz Mehlhorn
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-07-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642288425

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Arthropods as Vectors of Emerging Diseases Excerpt :

Global warming and globalization are the buzzwords of our time. They have nearly reached a religious status and those who deny their existence are considered modern heretics. Nevertheless, the earth has become an overcrowded village, traversable within a single day. Thus it is hardly surprising that besides persons and goods also agents of disease are easily transported daily from one end of the world to the other, threatening the health and lives of billions of humans and their animals. Agents of diseases (prions, viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites) are not only transmitted by body contact or direct exchange of bodily fluids, but also by means of vectors which belong to the groups of licking or blood-sucking arthropods (mites, ticks, insects) that live close to humans and their houses. Without a doubt the recently accelerating globalization supports the import of agents of disease into countries where they never had been or where they had long since been eradicated, leading to a false sense of living on a “safe island.” These newly imported or reintroduced diseases – called “emerging diseases” – may lead to severe outbreaks in cases where the countries are not prepared to combat them, or in cases where viruses are introduced that cannot be controlled by medications or vaccines. Arthropods are well known vectors for the spread of diseases. Thus their invasion from foreign countries and their spreading close to human dwellings must be blocked everywhere (in donor and receptor countries) using safe and effective measures. This book presents reviews on examples of such arthropod-borne emerging diseases that lurk on the fringes of our crowded megacities. The following topics show that there is an ongoing invasion of potential vectors and that control measures must be used now in order to avoid disastrous outbreaks of mass diseases.

Vector Borne Diseases Book

Vector Borne Diseases


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2008-03-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309177702

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Vector Borne Diseases Excerpt :

Vector-borne infectious diseases, such as malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever, and plague, cause a significant fraction of the global infectious disease burden; indeed, nearly half of the world's population is infected with at least one type of vector-borne pathogen (CIESIN, 2007; WHO, 2004a). Vector-borne plant and animal diseases, including several newly recognized pathogens, reduce agricultural productivity and disrupt ecosystems throughout the world. These diseases profoundly restrict socioeconomic status and development in countries with the highest rates of infection, many of which are located in the tropics and subtropics. Although this workshop summary provides an account of the individual presentations, it also reflects an important aspect of the Forum philosophy. The workshop functions as a dialogue among representatives from different sectors and allows them to present their beliefs about which areas may merit further attention. These proceedings summarize only the statements of participants in the workshop and are not intended to be an exhaustive exploration of the subject matter or a representation of consensus evaluation. Vector-Borne Diseases : Understanding the Environmental, Human Health, and Ecological Connections, Workshop Summary (Forum on Microbial Threats) summarizes this workshop.

Arthropod Borne Diseases Book

Arthropod Borne Diseases


  • Author : Carlos Brisola Marcondes
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-11-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 645
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319138848

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Arthropod Borne Diseases Excerpt :

Arthropod borne diseases cause enormous morbidity and mortality in most countries, mostly in those situated in tropical areas, but also in temperate regions. This book provides organized information on all arthropod related diseases, to prevent suffering and deaths, for medical students and professionals. Since arthropod borne diseases are present in many regions of the world and can even surprise professionals and lays in non-endemic regions, like malaria in UK and Canada, the author and its many expert collaborators are sure that it will be essential in all hospitals, clinics and medical libraries around the world. As arthropod borne diseases of domesticated animals are very numerous and in some cases related to human diseases, they are also included in the book.

Advances in Arthropod Repellents Book

Advances in Arthropod Repellents


  • Author : Joel Coats
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-15
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN 10 : 0323854117

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Advances in Arthropod Repellents Excerpt :

Advances in Mosquito Repellents offers the most current state of knowledge on insect repellents. This area of study is fast-moving, and the evolution of novel approaches has expanded rapidly as mosquito- and tick-borne diseases become more prevalent worldwide. This book covers the discovery of new repellents, including those from natural sources, the latest on mechanisms of repellant actions, research on optimizing their uses, testing methods, and highlights of possible directions for future developments. Written by global insect repellant experts, this book begins by delving into molecule discovery and assay development, followed by the latest research and investigations of repellent developments and effects. It then offers readers a look into global field and lab trials using various insect repellants, ranging from South America to the USDA and United States Navy Entomology Department. Lastly, Advances in Mosquito Repellents examines the future of spatial repellent molecules and expert insight for further development. Advances in Mosquito Repellents is a valuable resource for entomologists and vector control researchers and practitioners. Public health officials and developers in private pest control companies, as well as readers in academia, will also find this useful to learn the latest information available on controlling the spread of insect-borne diseases with repellents. Discusses recent progress on understanding how insect repellents work, as well as modern methods for finding new molecules and formulations Led by a team of editors whose expertise includes cutting edge insect repellent research and development Serves as a reference and resource that will be useful to a wide variety of professionals, particularly those in public health and vector control

Medical Entomology Book

Medical Entomology


  • Author : B.F. Eldridge
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401164726

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Medical Entomology Excerpt :

This book is designed primarily as a textbook for graduate and postgraduate courses in Medical, Public Health and Veterinary Entomology. Its uniqueness is that its emphasis is on disease as opposed to arthropods. It includes general discussions of epidemiology, transmission, disease control, vector control and disease surveillance. In addition, it contains chapters oriented towards the many specific arthropod-borne diseases. Furthermore, the book discusses the many direct impacts that parasitic insects have on human and animal health. The arthropods themselves are dealt with in two introductory chapters.

Disease Prevention Through Vector Control Book
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Disease Prevention Through Vector Control


  • Author : Madeleine C. Thomson
  • Publisher : Oxfam
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN 10 : 085598306X

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Disease Prevention Through Vector Control Excerpt :

This work is intended to help development workers and planners to identify and assess the risks of vector-borne diseases in a camp and to plan and implement cost-effective ways of controlling them. The main vector-borne diseases are described, the importance of identifying the particular disease, and of considering methods of control is emphasized.