Aspects of Explosives Detection Book

Aspects of Explosives Detection


  • Author : Maurice Marshall
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-07-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN 10 : 0080923143

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Aspects of Explosives Detection Excerpt :

Detection and quantification of trace chemicals is a major thrust of analytical chemistry. In recent years much effort has been spent developing detection systems for priority pollutants. Less mature are the detections of substances of interest to law enforcement and security personnel:in particular explosives. This volume will discuss the detection of these, not only setting out the theoretical fundamentals, but also emphasizing the remarkable developments in the last decade. Terrorist events—airplanes blown out of the sky (PanAm 103 over Lockerbie) and attacks on U.S. and European cities (Trade Center in New York and the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, railways in London and Madrid)--emphasize the danger of concealed explosives. However, since most explosives release little vapor, it was not possible to detect them by technology used on most organic substances. After PanAm 103 was downed over Scotland, the U.S. Congress requested automatic explosive detection equipment be placed in airports. This volume outlines the history of explosive detection research, the developments along the way, present day technologies, and what we think the future holds. - Written by experts in the field who set out both the scientific issues and the practical context with authority - Discusses and describes the threat - Describes the theoretical background and practical applications of both trace and bulk explosives detection

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives Book

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives


  • Author : Avi Cagan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-12-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444641052

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Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives Excerpt :

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives, Second Edition covers the most current techniques available for explosive detection. This completely revised volume describes the most updated research findings that will be used in the next generation of explosives detection technologies. New editors Drs. Avi Cagan and Jimmie Oxley have assembled in one volume a series of detection technologies written by an expert group of scientists. The book helps researchers to compare the advantages and disadvantages of all available methods in detecting explosives and, in effect, allows them to choose the correct instrumental screening technology according to the nature of the sample. Covers bulk/remote trace/contact or contact-less detection Describes techniques applicable to indoor (public transportation, human and freight) and outdoor (vehicle) detection Reviews both current techniques and those in advanced stages of development Provides detailed descriptions of every technique, including its principles of operation, as well as its applications in the detection of explosives

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques Book

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2004-05-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309166034

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Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques Excerpt :

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques examines the scientific techniques currently used as the basis for explosives detection and determines whether other techniques might provide promising research avenues with possible pathways to new detection protocols. This report describe the characteristics of explosives, bombs, and their components that are or might be used to provide a signature for exploitation in detection technology; considers scientific techniques for exploiting these characteristics to detect explosives and explosive devices; discusses the potential for integrating such techniques into detection systems that would have sufficient sensitivity without an unacceptable false-positive rate; and proposes areas for research that might be expected to yield significant advances in practical explosives and bomb detection technology in the near, mid, and long term.

Configuration Management and Performance Verification of Explosives Detection Systems Book

Configuration Management and Performance Verification of Explosives Detection Systems


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1998-10-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 88
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309061964

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Configuration Management and Performance Verification of Explosives Detection Systems Excerpt :

This report assesses the configuration-management and performance-verification options for the development and regulation of commercially available Explosive Detection Systems (EDS) and other systems designed for detection of explosives. In particular, the panel authoring this report (1) assessed the advantages and disadvantages of methods used for configuration management and performance verification relative to the FAA's needs for explosives-detection equipment regulation, (2) outlined a "quality management program" that the FAA can follow that includes configuration management and performance verification and that will encourage commercial development and improvement of explosives-detection equipment while ensuring that such systems are manufactured to meet FAA certification requirements, and (3) outlined a performance-verification strategy that the FAA can follow to ensure that EDSs continue to perform at certification specifications in the airport environment.

Explosives Detection Book

Explosives Detection


  • Author : Lorenzo Capineri
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN 10 : 9789402417296

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Explosives Detection Excerpt :

This volume presents selected contributions from the “Advanced Research Workshop on Explosives Detection” hosted by the Department of Information Engineering of the University of Florence, Italy in 2018. The main goal of the workshop was to find out how Science for Peace and Security projects in the field of Explosives Detection contribute to the development and/or refinement of scientific and technical knowledge and competencies. The findings of the workshop, presented in the last section of the book, determine future actions and direction of the SPS Programme in the field of explosives detection and management.The NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme, promotes dialogue and practical cooperation between NATO member states and partner nations based on scientific research, technological innovation and knowledge exchange. Several initiatives were launched in the field of explosive detection and clearance, as part of NATO’s enhanced role in the international fight against terrorism. Experts and scientists from NATO members and partner countries have been brought together in multi-year projects, within the framework of the SPS Programme, to cooperate in the scientific research in explosive detection field, developing new technologies and methods to be implemented in order to detect explosive substances in different contexts.

Aspects of Explosives Detection Book

Aspects of Explosives Detection


  • Author : Maurice Marshall
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-07-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN 10 : 0080923143

GET BOOK
Aspects of Explosives Detection Excerpt :

Detection and quantification of trace chemicals is a major thrust of analytical chemistry. In recent years much effort has been spent developing detection systems for priority pollutants. Less mature are the detections of substances of interest to law enforcement and security personnel:in particular explosives. This volume will discuss the detection of these, not only setting out the theoretical fundamentals, but also emphasizing the remarkable developments in the last decade. Terrorist events—airplanes blown out of the sky (PanAm 103 over Lockerbie) and attacks on U.S. and European cities (Trade Center in New York and the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, railways in London and Madrid)--emphasize the danger of concealed explosives. However, since most explosives release little vapor, it was not possible to detect them by technology used on most organic substances. After PanAm 103 was downed over Scotland, the U.S. Congress requested automatic explosive detection equipment be placed in airports. This volume outlines the history of explosive detection research, the developments along the way, present day technologies, and what we think the future holds. - Written by experts in the field who set out both the scientific issues and the practical context with authority - Discusses and describes the threat - Describes the theoretical background and practical applications of both trace and bulk explosives detection

Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security Book

Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1999-11-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 86
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309172431

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Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security Excerpt :

This report assesses the operational performance of explosives-detection equipment and hardened unit-loading devices (HULDs) in airports and compares their operational performance to their laboratory performance, with a focus on improving aviation security.

Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives Book

Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives


  • Author : Hiltmar Schubert
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-01-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402048876

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Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives Excerpt :

This book collects lectures of an international NATO-Russian Advanced Research Workshop on Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives (IE) used by terrorists. The disposal of IE is especially dangerous, because they are often much more unstable and mechanically more sensitive than commercial or military explosives. This text covers detection of explosives by different analytical methods and the different shape and compositions of the explosive charge, and offers up-to-date advice on handling and disposal.

K9 Explosive Detection Book

K9 Explosive Detection


  • Author : Ron Mistafa
  • Publisher : Dog Training Press
  • Release Date : 1998-01
  • Genre: Pets
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9781550591613

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K9 Explosive Detection Excerpt :

Conduct efficient, effective and safe searches in any setting K9 Explosive Detection is for detector dog trainers and police departments looking for alternative training ideas or for ways to set up their own course training standards. Ron Mistafa examines some of the major training systems in use by police departments across North America, and he offers a system that combines the most effective elements of each one. This manual focuses on the how-to aspects of explosive detector dog (EDD) training. A gradual build-up of learning experiences and ongoing problem solving techniques produce more confident EDD teams. Ron also examines US and Canadian laws governing possession of explosive materials and devices, provides tips on working with other police specialty units, and explains how to involve non-police personnel at airports in EDD training.

The Practicality of Pulsed Fast Neutron Transmission Spectroscopy for Aviation Security Book

The Practicality of Pulsed Fast Neutron Transmission Spectroscopy for Aviation Security


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1999-05-07
  • Genre: Transportation
  • Pages : 58
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309064491

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The Practicality of Pulsed Fast Neutron Transmission Spectroscopy for Aviation Security Excerpt :

A major goal of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and now the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), is the development of technologies for detecting explosives and illegal drugs in freight cargo and passenger luggage. One such technology is pulsed fast neutron analysis (PFNA). This technology is based on detection of signature radiation (gamma rays) induced in material scanned by a beam of neutrons. While PFNA may have the potential to meet TSA goals, it has many limitations. Because of these issues, the government asked the National Research Council to evaluate the potential of PFNA for airport use and compare it with current and future x-ray technology. The results of this survey are presented in "Assessment of the Practicality of Pulsed Fast Neutron Analysis for Aviation Security.†A broad range of detection methods and test results are covered in this report. Tests conducted as of October 2000 showed that the PFNA system was unable to meet the stringent federal aviation requirements for explosive detection in air cargo containers. PFNA systems did, however, demonstrate some superior characteristics compared to existing x-ray systems in detecting explosives in cargo containers, though neither system performed entirely satisfactorily. Substantial improvements are needed in the PFNA detection algorithms to allow it to meet aviation detection standards for explosives in cargo and passenger baggage. The PFNA system currently requires a long scan time (an average of 90 minutes per container in the prototype testing in October 2000), needs considerable radiation shielding, is significantly larger than current x-ray systems, and has high implementation costs. These factors are likely to limit installation at airports, even if the detection capability is improved. Nevertheless, because PFNA has the best potential of any known technology for detecting explosives in cargo and luggage, this book discusses how continued research to improve detection capa

Laser Based Optical Detection of Explosives Book

Laser Based Optical Detection of Explosives


  • Author : Paul M. Pellegrino
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 409
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351831178

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Laser Based Optical Detection of Explosives Excerpt :

Laser-Based Optical Detection of Explosives offers a comprehensive review of past, present, and emerging laser-based methods for the detection of a variety of explosives. This book: Considers laser propagation safety and explains standard test material preparation for standoff optical-based detection system evaluation Explores explosives detection using deep ultraviolet native fluorescence, Raman spectroscopy, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, reflectometry, and hyperspectral imaging Examines photodissociation followed by laser-induced fluorescence, photothermal methods, cavity-enhanced absorption spectrometry, and short-pulse laser-based techniques Describes the detection and recognition of explosives using terahertz-frequency spectroscopic techniques Each chapter is authored by a leading expert on the respective technology, and is structured to supply historical perspective, address current advantages and challenges, and discuss novel research and applications. Readers are left with an in-depth understanding and appreciation of each technology’s capabilities and potential for standoff hazard detection.

Vapour and Trace Detection of Explosives for Anti Terrorism Purposes Book

Vapour and Trace Detection of Explosives for Anti Terrorism Purposes


  • Author : M. Krausa
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-11-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402027161

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Vapour and Trace Detection of Explosives for Anti Terrorism Purposes Excerpt :

The fast detection of explosives from the vapor phase would be one way to enhance the protection of society against terrorist attacks. Up to now the problem of detection of explosives, especially the location of explosives whether at large areas e. g. station halls, theaters or hidden in cars, aircraft cargo, baggage or explosives hidden in crowds e. g. suicide bombers or bombs in bags has not been solved. Smelling of explosives like dogs do seems to be a valuable tool for a security chain. In general different strategies can be adopt to the basic problem of explosive detection: • bulk detection • vapor detection Normally meetings cover both aspects and applications of the detection. Even though both methods might fulfill special aspects of a general security chain the underlying scientific questions differ strongly. Because of that the discussions of the scientists and practitioners from the different main directions are sometimes only less specific. Therefore the NATO Advisory Panel in Security-Related Civil Science and Technology proposed a small series of NATO ARW's which focuses on the different scientific aspects of explosives detection methods. This book is based on material presented at the first NATO ARW of this series in Moscow which covered the topic: Vapor and trace detection of explosives. The second ARW was held in St. Petersburg and treated the topic Bulk detection methods. The third workshop was held in Warwick and focused on electronic noses which cover a somewhat different aspect of vapor detection.

Detection of Bulk Explosives Advanced Techniques against Terrorism Book

Detection of Bulk Explosives Advanced Techniques against Terrorism


  • Author : Hiltmar Schubert
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400709621

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Detection of Bulk Explosives Advanced Techniques against Terrorism Excerpt :

Detection of Bulk Explosives: Advanced Techniques against Terrorism contains reviews of: existing and emerging bulk explosives detection techniques; scientific and technical policy of the Federal Border Service of the Russian Federation; challenges in application and evaluation of EDS systems for aviation security; multi-sensor approach to explosives detection. There are also reports devoted to the following individual explosive detection techniques: X-ray systems in airports; neutron in, gamma out techniques; neutron and gamma backscattering; nuclear quadruple resonance, including remote NQR; sub-surface radars; microwave scanners; laser-induced burst spectroscopy (LIBS); acoustic sensors; nonlinear location (NUD); systems for localization and destruction of explosive objects.

Electronic Noses   Sensors for the Detection of Explosives Book

Electronic Noses Sensors for the Detection of Explosives


  • Author : J. Gardner
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2004-08-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 1402023170

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Electronic Noses Sensors for the Detection of Explosives Excerpt :

This book examines both the potential application of electronic nose technology, and the current state of development of chemical sensors for the detection of vapours from explosives, such as those used in landmines. The two fields have developed, somewhat in parallel, over the past decade and so one of the purposes of this workshop, on which the book is based, was to bring together scientists from the two fields in order to challenge the two communities and, mutually, stimulate both fields. It begins with a review of the basic principles of an electronic nose and explores possible ways in which the detection limit of conventional electronic nose technology can be reduced to the level required for the trace levels observed for many explosive materials. Next are reviews of the use of several different types of solid-state chemical sensors: polymer-based sensors, i.e. chemiluminescent, fluorescent and optical, to detect explosive materials; metal oxide semiconducting resistive sensors; and then electrochemical sensors. Next, different pattern recognition techniques are presented to enhance the performance of chemical sensors. Then biological systems are considered as a possible blue-print for chemical sensing. The biology can be employed either to understand the way insects locate odorant sources, or to understand the signal processing neural pathways. Next is a discussion of some of the new types of electronic noses; namely, a fast GC column with a SAW detector and a micromechanical sensor. Finally, the important issues of sampling technologies and the design of the microfluidic systems are considered. In particular, the use of pre-concentrators and solid phase micro extractors to boost the vapour concentration before it is introduced to the chemical sensor or electronic nose.