Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

  • Author : Jörn Birkmann
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-06-12
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124105485

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Excerpt :

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards covers the vulnerability of human and environmental systems to climate change and eight natural hazards: earthquakes, floods, landslides, avalanches, forest fires, drought, coastal erosion, and heat waves. This book is an important contribution to the field, clarifying terms and investigating the nature of vulnerability to hazards in general and in various specific European contexts. In addition, this book helps improve understanding of vulnerability and gives thorough methodologies for investigating situations in which people and their environments are vulnerable to hazards. With case studies taken from across Europe, the underlying theoretical frame is transferrable to other geographical contexts, making the content relevant worldwide. Provides a framework of theory and methodology designed to help researchers and practitioners understand the phenomenon of vulnerability to natural hazards and disasters and to climate change Contains case studies that illustrate how to apply the methodology in different ways to diverse hazards in varied settings (rural, urban, coastal, mountain, and more) Describes how to validate the results of methodology application in different situations and how to respond to the needs of diverse groups of stakeholders represented by the public and private sectors, civil society, researchers, and academics

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

  • Author : Birkmann
  • Publisher : The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
  • Release Date : 2007-01-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN 10 : 8179931226

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Excerpt :

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards presents a broad range of current approaches to measuring vulnerability. It provides a comprehensive overview of different concepts at the global, regional, national, and local levels, and explores various schools of thought. More than 40 distinguished academics and practitioners analyse quantitative and qualitative approaches, and examine their strengths and limitations. This book contains concrete experiences and examples from Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe to illustrate the theoretical analyses.The authors provide answers to some of the key questions on how to measure vulnerability and they draw attention to issues with insufficient coverage, such as the environmental and institutional dimensions of vulnerability and methods to combine different methodologies.This book is a unique compilation of state-of-the-art vulnerability assessment and is essential reading for academics, students, policy makers, practitioners, and anybody else interested in understanding the fundamentals of measuring vulnerability. It is a critical review that provides important conclusions which can serve as an orientation for future research towards more disaster resilient communities.

Natural Hazards Book

Natural Hazards

  • Author : José Simão Antunes Do Carmo
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-12-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789848205

Natural Hazards Excerpt :

This book addresses different aspects of natural hazards and vulnerabilities, with a focus on prevention and protection. It consists of nine chapters, five on flood events addressing vulnerabilities, risk assessments, impacts, sensitivity analyses, and mitigation measures, two on climate change and reconstruction of natural hazard events such as avalanches and rockslides, and two on tsunamis and volcanoes. All chapters provide relevant information and useful elements for readers interested and concerned about the lack of action or its ineffectiveness in containing the vulnerabilities and risks of possible natural hazards worldwide.

Vulnerability and Resilience to Natural Hazards Book

Vulnerability and Resilience to Natural Hazards

  • Author : Sven Fuchs
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-22
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 369
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107154896

Vulnerability and Resilience to Natural Hazards Excerpt :

A comprehensive overview of the concepts of vulnerability and resilience for natural hazards research for both physical and social scientists.

At Risk Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

At Risk

  • Author : Piers Blaikie
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2014-01-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134528615

At Risk Excerpt :

The term 'natural disaster' is often used to refer to natural events such as earthquakes, hurricanes or floods. However, the phrase 'natural disaster' suggests an uncritical acceptance of a deeply engrained ideological and cultural myth. At Risk questions this myth and argues that extreme natural events are not disasters until a vulnerable group of people is exposed. The updated new edition confronts a further ten years of ever more expensive and deadly disasters and discusses disaster not as an aberration, but as a signal failure of mainstream 'development'. Two analytical models are provided as tools for understanding vulnerability. One links remote and distant 'root causes' to 'unsafe conditions' in a 'progression of vulnerability'. The other uses the concepts of 'access' and 'livelihood' to understand why some households are more vulnerable than others. Examining key natural events and incorporating strategies to create a safer world, this revised edition is an important resource for those involved in the fields of environment and development studies.

A Safer Future Book
Score: 1
From 1 Ratings

A Safer Future

  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1991-02-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 85
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309045469

A Safer Future Excerpt :

Initial priorities for U.S. participation in the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, declared by the United Nations, are contained in this volume. It focuses on seven issues: hazard and risk assessment; awareness and education; mitigation; preparedness for emergency response; recovery and reconstruction; prediction and warning; learning from disasters; and U.S. participation internationally. The committee presents its philosophy of calls for broad public and private participation to reduce the toll of disasters.

Adaptive Disaster Risk Assessment Book

Adaptive Disaster Risk Assessment

  • Author : Neiler Medina Pena
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000542844

Adaptive Disaster Risk Assessment Excerpt :

Climate change, combined with the rapid and often unplanned urbanisation trends, is associated with a rising trend in the frequency and severity of disasters triggered by natural hazards. In order to face the impacts of such threats, it is necessary to have an appropriate Disaster Risk Assessment (DRA). Traditional DRA approaches for disaster risk reduction (DRR) have focused mainly on the hazard component of risk, with little attention to the vulnerability and the exposure components. To address this issue, this dissertation’s main objective is to develop and test a disaster risk modelling framework that incorporates socioeconomic vulnerability and the adaptive nature of exposure associated with human behaviour in extreme hydro-meteorological events in the context of SIDS. To achieve the objective, an Adaptive Disaster Risk Assessment (ADRA) framework is proposed. ADRA uses an index-based approach (PeVI) to assess the socioeconomic vulnerability using three components: susceptibility, lack of coping capacities, and lack of adaptation. Furthermore, ADRA explicitly incorporates the exposure component using two approaches; first, a logistic regression model was built using the actual evacuation rates observed during Hurricane Irma, and second, an Agent-based model is used to simulate how households change their exposure levels in relation to different sources of information

Quantitative Risk Assessment  QRA  for Natural Hazards Book

Quantitative Risk Assessment QRA for Natural Hazards

  • Author : Nasim Uddin
  • Publisher : Amer Society of Civil Engineers
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 87
  • ISBN 10 : 0784411530

Quantitative Risk Assessment QRA for Natural Hazards Excerpt :

CDRM 5 explains the the practical aspects of using quantitative risk assessment (QRA) to develop optimal engineering designs that mitigate the effects of natural hazards, especially on civil infrastructure.

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

  • Author : David Alexander
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 2014-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN 10 : 0124105289

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Excerpt :

"Reducing risk that emerges from hazards of natural origin and societal vulnerability is a key challenge for the development of more resilient communities and the overall goal of sustainable development. Newest global assessment reports (GAR 2011, Welle et al. 2012; IPCC 2013) underscore that risk reduction and resilience building remains a key challenge for developing and developed countries alike particularly due to the increasing exposure of people and assets in high risk zones and the intensification of extreme events in the context of climate change (see e.g. IPCC 2013). It is increasingly recognized that natural hazard associated risk and threats to human security cannot be reduced by focusing solely on the hazards. Societies will have to live with changing environmental conditions and therefore need to build resilience by reducing vulnerabilities to natural hazards. Vulnerability assessment of natural hazards and climate change has emerged in the past decades as an important research field (see e.g., Maskrey, 1984; Chambers, 1989; Pelling, 1997; Cardona, 2001; Birkmann, 2006a/b; Adger, 2006; IPCC, 2007; Bohle, 2008; Bohle and Glade, 2008; Oxfam America, 2009, Birkmann 2013) bringing together scientists from different disciplines (Fuchs, 2009)"--

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation Book

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

  • Author : Christopher B. Field
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-05-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107380103

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation Excerpt :

This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

An Assessment of Natural Hazards and Disasters in Canada Book

An Assessment of Natural Hazards and Disasters in Canada

  • Author : David Etkin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2003-04-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402011795

An Assessment of Natural Hazards and Disasters in Canada Excerpt :

The problems and issues of natural hazards and disasters, both globally and in Canada, are becoming increasingly important since the costs of extreme natural events have been escalating, and significant vulnerabilities exist in Canadian society. Without thoughtful and effective mitigation, these costs and human suffering are likely to continue to increase. An assessment of knowledge, research, and practice in risk, hazards and disasters fields is a fundamental step towards the goal of prevention and mitigation. This book on natural hazards and disasters in Canada is the first comprehensive interdisciplinary publication on this subject, and is the result of a national assessment on this topic. A variety of papers from the physical and social sciences explores both the risks associated with these hazards, and adaptive strategies that can be used to reduce those risks. Audience: This excellent collection of papers is intended for academics, professionals and practitioners involved in hazard reduction activities who wish to obtain a better understanding of Canadian natural hazards.

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards Book

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards

  • Author : Jonathan Rougier
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-02-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107310766

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards Excerpt :

Assessment of risk and uncertainty is crucial for natural hazard risk management, facilitating risk communication and informing strategies to successfully mitigate our society's vulnerability to natural disasters. Written by some of the world's leading experts, this book provides a state-of-the-art overview of risk and uncertainty assessment in natural hazards. It presents the core statistical concepts using clearly defined terminology applicable across all types of natural hazards and addresses the full range of sources of uncertainty, the role of expert judgement and the practice of uncertainty elicitation. The core of the book provides detailed coverage of all the main hazard types and concluding chapters address the wider societal context of risk management. This is an invaluable compendium for academic researchers and professionals working in the fields of natural hazards science, risk assessment and management and environmental science and will be of interest to anyone involved in natural hazards policy.

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

  • Author : UNU-EHS Expert Working Group on Measuring Vulnerability
  • Publisher : United Nations Univ
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 714
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822041332222

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Excerpt :

"Climate change adaptation", "building resilience" and "vulnerability and risk reduction" are noble words, but do we really know what is meant by these terms and how to assess their respective progress? This book seeks to address these questions. The world has recently experienced disasters of a magnitude rarely seen before: the cascading disaster in Japan, the earthquake in Haiti, and floods in Pakistan and Australia are a few prominent examples. These major disasters underline the fact that many communities and world regions are still vulnerable to extreme events and natural hazards. Additionally, creeping changes, such as sea level rise, are emerging pressures in the context of climate change. These changes are very likely to seriously affect livelihoods in many regions. The dynamic and complex interaction between vulnerable communities, and climate- and non-climate-related, sudden-onset and creeping hazards will most likely increase the risk of crises and disasters in the future. Following the popularity of the first edition, this volume has been completely revised and fully updated. This new edition includes the dimension of adaptation to climate change and new risks resulting from climate change. It combines practical examples from Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe with theoretical and conceptual frameworks. It is key reading for all those interested in improving risk reduction and adaptation strategies to extreme events and gradual changes in the context of climate change and natural hazards."--Publisher's description.

Social Vulnerability to Disasters  Second Edition Book

Social Vulnerability to Disasters Second Edition

  • Author : Deborah S.K. Thomas
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 533
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466516373

Social Vulnerability to Disasters Second Edition Excerpt :

The 2010 Haiti and Chili earthquakes, the 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, and the 2011 Fukushima earthquake and tsunami in Japan are but a few examples of recent catastrophic events that continue to reveal how social structure and roles produce extensive human suffering and differential impacts on individuals and communities. These events bring social vulnerability to the forefront in considering how disasters unfold, clearly revealing that disasters are not created from the physical event alone. Equally important, people—even those considered vulnerable—respond in innovative and resilient ways that unveil the strength of human ingenuity and spirit. It is not a foregone conclusion that a hazard event, even a large one, will result in catastrophic loss. This updated second edition of Social Vulnerability to Disasters focuses on the social construction of disasters, demonstrating how the characteristics of an event are not the only reason that tragedies unfurl. By carefully examining and documenting social vulnerabilities throughout the disaster management cycle, the book remains essential to emergency management professionals, the independent volunteer sector, homeland security, and related social science fields, including public policy, sociology, geography, political science, urban and regional planning, and public health. The new edition is fully updated, more international in scope, and incorporates significant recent disaster events. It also includes new case studies to illustrate important concepts. By understanding the nuances of social vulnerability and how these vulnerabilities compound one another, we can take steps to reduce the danger to at-risk populations and strengthen community resilience overall. Features and Highlights from the Second Edition: Contains contributions from leading scholars, professionals, and academics, who draw on their areas of expertise to examine vulnerable populations Incorporates disaster case studies to illustrate

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research Book

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research

  • Author : Fernando I. Rivera
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2019-06-07
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128162651

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research Excerpt :

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research provides a synthesis of the most pressing issues in natural hazards research by new professionals. The book begins with an overview of emerging research on natural hazards, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, wildfires, sea-level rise, global warming, climate change, and tornadoes, among others. Remaining sections include topics such as socially vulnerable populations and the cycles of emergency management. Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research is intended to serve as a consolidated resource for academics, students, and researchers to learn about the most pressing issues in natural hazard research today. Provides a platform for readers to keep up-to-date with the interdisciplinary research that new professionals are producing Covers the multidisciplinary perspectives of the hazards and disasters field Includes international perspectives from new professionals around the world, including developing countries