Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging Book

Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging

  • Author : Lambros S Athanasiou
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-05-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128051139

Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging Excerpt :

Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging provides a complete review of computer methods for atherosclerotic plaque reconstruction and characterization. The authors, with their expertise from biomedical engineering, computer science, and cardiology, offer a holistic view. The focus of the book is on the presentation of major imaging techniques, including their limitations. It includes details on the mechanical characterization and properties of plaques and appropriate constitutive models to describe the mechanical behavior of plaques. The authors explore the challenges of using multiple coronary imaging technologies, and provide the pros and cons of invasive vs. non-invasive techniques. Methods for plaque characterization and 3D reconstruction of coronary arteries using IVUS, OCT, and CT images are described. This book will help readers study new trends in image processing analysis and plaque characterization, implement automated plaque characterization methodologies, understand coronary imaging drawbacks, and comprehend 3 dimensional coronary artery and plaque reconstruction methods. Describes the multimodality imaging techniques that are commonly used in the diagnosis of arterial diseases, including intravascular ultrasound, optical coherence tomography, angiography, computed tomography angiography, and magnetic resonance angiography Discusses in-depth the computational methods which can be used for the detection of different plaque types Explores plaque in 3D reconstruction methods and plaque modeling approaches

Applications of Space Techniques on the Natural Hazards in the MENA Region Book

Applications of Space Techniques on the Natural Hazards in the MENA Region

  • Author : Mashael M. Al Saud
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-04-29
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 635
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030888749

Applications of Space Techniques on the Natural Hazards in the MENA Region Excerpt :

This book introduces a comprehensive understanding in the use of space techniques in natural hazards and risk management in the MENA Region. The book is based on different case-studies from 25 MENA countries, and will be useful in highlighting the issues from all aspects. In recent years the number of natural hazard events has increased in the MENA Region. This is exacerbated by the changing climate and extreme climate events, as well as a large increase in the population in this area. Disastrous events occur on a yearly basis characterized by a vulnerability of physical processes. Floods, earthquakes, and mass movement result in severe damage to property and livelihoods, and have devastating effects upon the environment. These events cause severe financial losses, which on an annual basis, can exceed millions of dollars. The predication, assessment and monitoring approaches remain inadequate in managing these hazards and in mitigating their impacts, but with the development of space techniques and geo-information systems, these situations can now be better managed. The miscellany of satellite images, with different spatial and temporal resolutions, enable the detection of terrain features and provide indications of potential natural risks. This book will of interest to stakeholders, including field experts, academics, researchers and decision makers.

Ultrasound Imaging Book

Ultrasound Imaging

  • Author : Joao Miguel Sanches
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-12-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461411802

Ultrasound Imaging Excerpt :

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Ultrasound has recently taken an explosive growth for better safer, economic, mobile and high quality healthcare. This technology is very appealing for medical applications because it is non-ionizing, non-invasive and it is available in most of the medical and clinical facilities. Its low cost, when compared with other medical image modalities, makes it one of the preferred tools for medical monitoring, follow-up and diagnosis. Besides the traditional fields of Cardiology and Obstetrics, where it is extensively used for long time, it has became also very useful in the diagnosis of diseases of the prostate, liver and coronaries and carotids atherosclerosis. However, Ultrasound images present poor quality, very low signal to noise ratio and a lot of artifacts. The extraction of useful information from Ultrasound data for diagnosis is a challenge task that makes this medical image modality a very active field of research. The difficulties are being overcome and novel and advanced methods are being proposed for detection, characterization and segmentation of abnormalities in several organs. In fact, Ultrasound application range is vast, covering almost all organs of the human body, including the brain where Tran-cranial Doppler Ultrasound is very important to assess the brain vasculature. This book presents some of the recent advances in Ultrasound imaging technology covering several organs and techniques in a Biomedical Engineering (BME) perspective. The focus of the book is in the algorithms, methodologies and systems developed by multidisciplinary research teams of engineers and physicians for Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) purposes. Cardiovascular and Cancer, the most common life-threatening diseases in western countries, are two of the most important topics focused in the book. However, other advanced issues are also presented such as Intravascular Ultrasound, 3D US and Ultrasound in Computer-Aided Surgery (CAS). Some chapters are direct

Type 2 Diabetes Book

Type 2 Diabetes

  • Author : Anca Pantea Stoian
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2021-09-22
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 9781838819033

Type 2 Diabetes Excerpt :

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic high blood glucose levels. Of the various types of diabetes, type 2 diabetes is increasing in prevalence due to obesity, aging, sedentarism, and other factors. This book presents a novel approach to preventing and treating type 2 diabetes. Chapters cover such topics as diagnosis, pathogenesis, management, lifestyle and nutritional intervention, and systems to support early diagnosis and prevention of prediabetes.

Proceedings of the International Conference on ISMAC in Computational Vision and Bio Engineering 2018  ISMAC CVB  Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Proceedings of the International Conference on ISMAC in Computational Vision and Bio Engineering 2018 ISMAC CVB

  • Author : Durai Pandian
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-01-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1930
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030006655

Proceedings of the International Conference on ISMAC in Computational Vision and Bio Engineering 2018 ISMAC CVB Excerpt :

These are the proceedings of the International Conference on ISMAC-CVB, held in Palladam, India, in May 2018. The book focuses on research to design new analysis paradigms and computational solutions for quantification of information provided by object recognition, scene understanding of computer vision and different algorithms like convolutional neural networks to allow computers to recognize and detect objects in images with unprecedented accuracy and to even understand the relationships between them. The proceedings treat the convergence of ISMAC in Computational Vision and Bioengineering technology and includes ideas and techniques like 3D sensing, human visual perception, scene understanding, human motion detection and analysis, visualization and graphical data presentation and a very wide range of sensor modalities in terms of surveillance, wearable applications, home automation etc. ISMAC-CVB is a forum for leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results about all aspects of computational vision and bioengineering.

Recent Advances in Biomedical Signal Processing Book

Recent Advances in Biomedical Signal Processing

  • Author : Juan Manuel Górriz
  • Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN 10 : 9781608052189

Recent Advances in Biomedical Signal Processing Excerpt :

"Biomedical signal processing is a rapidly expanding field with a wide range of applications, from the construction of artificial limbs and aids for disabilities to the development of sophisticated medical imaging systems. Acquisition and processing of bio"

Medical Image Analysis Methods Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Medical Image Analysis Methods

  • Author : Lena Costaridou
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2005-07-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN 10 : 9780203500453

Medical Image Analysis Methods Excerpt :

To successfully detect and diagnose disease, it is vital for medical diagnosticians to properly apply the latest medical imaging technologies. It is a worrisome reality that due to either the nature or volume of some of the images provided, early or obscured signs of disease can go undetected or be misdiagnosed. To combat these inaccuracies, diagno

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque Book

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-03-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 686
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128171967

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque Excerpt :

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque: From Model to Patient, Fourth Edition summarizes all biomechanical aspects of each living organ in one comprehensive reference. The first two volumes introduce Continuum Fluid and Solid Biomechanics approaches, with each subsequent volume covering the important biomechanical and clinical aspects. The key thought leaders in the field of Biomechanics of Living Organs have gathered together their expertise in this series, making it an essential reference for anyone working in this research area. This book presents the first such resource to cover fluid and solid biomechanical studies conducted in this last decade to increase our understanding of plaque initiation, growth and rupture and improve the design of medical devices and clinical interventions, including surgical procedures. Presents the main computational fluid dynamic studies performed, describing blood flow in healthy and pathological artery branches, including in coronary bifurcations Highlights the correlation between plaque initiation regions and blood shear stress amplitude Discusses the main biomechanical and mechanobiological models to highlight the importance of quantifying the residual and peak cap stresses and the presence of μ-calcifications to evaluate the risk of plaque rupture Introduces the most recent intravascular imaging biomarker techniques (elastography, palpography and modulography)

New Trends in Software Methodologies  Tools and Techniques Book

New Trends in Software Methodologies Tools and Techniques

  • Author : A. Selamat
  • Publisher : IOS Press
  • Release Date : 2014-08-29
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 1128
  • ISBN 10 : 9781614994343

New Trends in Software Methodologies Tools and Techniques Excerpt :

Software is the essential enabling means for science and the new economy. It helps us to create a more reliable, flexible and robust society. But software often falls short of our expectations. Current methodologies, tools, and techniques remain expensive and are not yet sufficiently reliable, while many promising approaches have proved to be no more than case-by-case oriented methods. This book contains extensively reviewed papers from the thirteenth International Conference on New Trends in software Methodology, Tools and Techniques (SoMeT_14), held in Langkawi, Malaysia, in September 2014. The conference provides an opportunity for scholars from the international research community to discuss and share research experiences of new software methodologies and techniques, and the contributions presented here address issues ranging from research practices and techniques and methodologies to proposing and reporting solutions for global world business. The emphasis has been on human-centric software methodologies, end-user development techniques and emotional reasoning, for an optimally harmonized performance between the design tool and the user. Topics covered include the handling of cognitive issues in software development to adapt it to the user's mental state and intelligent software design in software utilizing new aspects on conceptual ontology and semantics reflected on knowledge base system models. This book provides an opportunity for the software science community to show where we are today and where the future may take us.

Frontiers Of Medical Imaging Book

Frontiers Of Medical Imaging

  • Author : Chen Chi Hau
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2014-09-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814611114

Frontiers Of Medical Imaging Excerpt :

There has been great progress and increase in demand for medical imaging. The aim of this book is to capture all major developments in all aspects of medical imaging. As such, this book consists of three major parts: medical physics which includes 3D reconstructions, image processing and segmentation in medical imaging, and medical imaging instruments and systems. As the field is very broad and growing exponentially, this book will cover major activities with chapters prepared by leaders in the field.This book takes a balanced approach in providing coverage of all major work done in the field, and thus provides readers a clear view of the frontier activities in the field. Other books may only focus on instrumentation, physics or computer algorithms. In contrast, this book contains all components so that the readers will obtain a full picture of the field. At the same time, readers can gain some deep insights into certain special topics such as 3D reconstruction and image enhancement software systems involving MRI, ultrasound, X-ray and other medical imaging modalities.

Mastering Endovascular Techniques Book

Mastering Endovascular Techniques

  • Author : Peter Lanzer
  • Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 1582559678

Mastering Endovascular Techniques Excerpt :

Written by an international group of master interventionists, this volume is a comprehensive, step-by-step guide to coronary and non-coronary endovascular techniques. After a review of vascular pathoanatomy, vascular pathophysiology, and peri-interventional diagnostics, the book details the principles and techniques of endovascular interventions in all vascular territories. Chapters cover intracranial vessels, internal carotid artery, coronary arteries, thoracic aorta, abdominal aortic aneurysm, renal arteries, iliac and lower extremity arteries, hemodialysis shunts, venous diseases, and foreign bodies. The authors offer guidelines on the choice of instrumentation and the decision-making process at each step of the intervention. More than 1,000 illustrations demonstrate the techniques.

Spectral  Photon Counting Computed Tomography Book

Spectral Photon Counting Computed Tomography

  • Author : Katsuyuki Taguchi
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-07-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429942006

Spectral Photon Counting Computed Tomography Excerpt :

Spectral, Photon Counting Computed Tomography is a comprehensive cover of the latest developments in the most prevalent imaging modality (x-ray computed tomography (CT)) in its latest incarnation: Spectral, Dual-Energy, and Photon Counting CT. Disadvantages of the conventional single-energy technique used by CT technology are that different materials cannot be distinguished and that the noise is larger. To address these problems, a novel spectral CT concept has been proposed. Spectral Dual-Energy CT (DE-CT) acquires two sets of spectral data, and Spectral Photon Counting CT (PC-CT) detects energy of x-ray photons to reveal additional material information of objects by using novel energy-sensitive, photon-counting detectors. The K-edge imaging may be a gateway for functional or molecular CT. The book covers detectors and electronics, image reconstruction methods, image quality assessments, a simulation tool, nanoparticle contrast agents, and clinical applications for spectral CT.