Atom Probe Tomography of Hard Nitride and Boride Thin Films Book

Atom Probe Tomography of Hard Nitride and Boride Thin Films

  • Author : David L. J. Engberg
  • Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-08-02
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 79
  • ISBN 10 : 9789176850435

Atom Probe Tomography of Hard Nitride and Boride Thin Films Excerpt :

Hard ceramic thin films, including TiSiN, ZrAlN, ZrB2, and ZrTaB2, with applications for wear-resistant coatings, have been studied using atom probe tomography and correlated with several other analytical techniques, including X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, and elastic recoil detection analysis. Outstanding obstacles for quantitative atom probe tomography of ceramic thin films have been surmounted. Mass spectral overlaps in TiSiN, which make 28Si indistinguishable from 14N, was resolved by isotopic substitution with 15N, and the nanostructural distribution of elements was thus revealed in 3-D, which enabled the identification of additional structural elements within the nanostructured Ti0.81Si0.1915N film. Improvements to the growth model of TiSiN by cathodic arc deposition was suggested. A self-organized nanolabyrinthine structure of ZrAlN, consisting of standing lamellae of fcc-ZrN and hexagonal AlN, was investigated with focus on the onset and limits of the self-organization. The local crystallographic orientational relationships were (001)ZrN || (0001)AlN and ZrN || AlN. Close to the MgO substrates, a smooth transition region was formed, going from segregated and disordered to the self-organized nanolabyrinthine structure. With increased growth temperature, coarse (111)-oriented ZrN grains occasionally precipitated and locally replaced the nanolabyrinthine structure. Significant local magnification effects rendered the Zr and N signals unusable, thereby inhibiting quantitative compositional analysis of the constituent phases, but the nanostructure was resolved using the Al signal. Ceramic materials are often affected by correlated evaporation, which can result in losses due to the detector dead-time/space. A compositional correction procedure was suggested, tested against an established procedure, and applied to ZrB2. The correction was found to be less dependent on the isotope abundances and background correction compared to the established procedure.

High Entropy Alloys Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

High Entropy Alloys

  • Author : B.S. Murty
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-03-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128160688

High Entropy Alloys Excerpt :

High-Entropy Alloys, Second Edition provides a complete review of the current state of the field of high entropy alloys (HEA). Building upon the first edition, this fully updated release includes new theoretical understandings of these materials, highlighting recent developments on modeling and new classes of HEAs, such as Eutectic HEAs and Dual phase HEAs. Due to their unique properties, high entropy alloys have attracted considerable attention from both academics and technologists. This book presents the fundamental knowledge, the spectrum of various alloy systems and their characteristics, key focus areas, and the future scope of the field in terms of research and technological applications. Provides an up-to-date, comprehensive understanding on the current status of HEAs in terms of theoretical understanding and modeling efforts Gives a complete idea on alloy design criteria of various classes of HEAs developed so far Discusses the microstructure property correlations in HEAs in terms of structural and functional properties Presents a comparison of HEAs with other multicomponent systems, like intermetallics and bulk metallic glasses

High Entropy Alloys Book

High Entropy Alloys

  • Author : Michael C. Gao
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-04-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319270135

High Entropy Alloys Excerpt :

This book provides a systematic and comprehensive description of high-entropy alloys (HEAs). The authors summarize key properties of HEAs from the perspective of both fundamental understanding and applications, which are supported by in-depth analyses. The book also contains computational modeling in tackling HEAs, which help elucidate the formation mechanisms and properties of HEAs from various length and time scales.

Mechanical Properties of Engineered Materials Book
Score: 5
From 3 Ratings

Mechanical Properties of Engineered Materials

  • Author : Wole Soboyejo
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2002-11-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 0203910397

Mechanical Properties of Engineered Materials Excerpt :

Featuring in-depth discussions on tensile and compressive properties, shear properties, strength, hardness, environmental effects, and creep crack growth, "Mechanical Properties of Engineered Materials" considers computation of principal stresses and strains, mechanical testing, plasticity in ceramics, metals, intermetallics, and polymers, materials selection for thermal shock resistance, the analysis of failure mechanisms such as fatigue, fracture, and creep, and fatigue life prediction. It is a top-shelf reference for professionals and students in materials, chemical, mechanical, corrosion, industrial, civil, and maintenance engineering; and surface chemistry.

Encyclopedia and Handbook of Materials  Parts and Finishes Book

Encyclopedia and Handbook of Materials Parts and Finishes

  • Author : Mel Schwartz
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-07-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1070
  • ISBN 10 : 9781138032064

Encyclopedia and Handbook of Materials Parts and Finishes Excerpt :

A great deal of progress has been made in the development of materials, their application to structures, and their adaptation to a variety of systems and integrated across a wide range of industrial applications. This encyclopedia serves the rapidly expanding demand for information on technological developments. In addition to providing information

Tantalum  and Columbium  Book

Tantalum and Columbium

  • Author : E. P. Youngman
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1930
  • Genre: Niobium
  • Pages : 37
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015077576364

Tantalum and Columbium Excerpt :

Materials Surface Processing by Directed Energy Techniques Book

Materials Surface Processing by Directed Energy Techniques

  • Author : Yves Pauleau
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2006-04-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 744
  • ISBN 10 : 0080458963

Materials Surface Processing by Directed Energy Techniques Excerpt :

The current status of the science and technology related to coatings, thin films and surface modifications produced by directed energy techniques is assessed in Materials Surface Processing by Directed Energy Techniques. The subject matter is divided into 20 chapters - each presented at a tutorial level – rich with fundamental science and experimental results. New trends and new results are also evoked to give an overview of future developments and applications. Provides a broad overview on modern coating and thin film deposition techniques, and their applications Presents and discusses various problems of physics and chemistry involved in the production, characterization and applications of coatings and thin films Each chapter includes experimental results illustrating various models, mechanisms or theories

Nanostructured Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage and Conversion Book

Nanostructured Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage and Conversion

  • Author : Tulay Aygan Atesin
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 501
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662595947

Nanostructured Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage and Conversion Excerpt :

Nanostructured Materials for Next-Generation Energy Storage and Conversion: Photovoltaic and Solar Energy, is volume 4 of a 4-volume series on sustainable energy. Photovoltaic and Solar Energy while being a comprehensive reference work, is written with minimal jargon related to various aspects of solar energy and energy policies. It is authored by leading experts in the field, and lays out theory, practice, and simulation studies related to solar energy and allied applications including policy, economic and technological challenges. Topics covered include: introduction to solar energy, fundamentals of solar radiation, heat transfer, thermal collection and conversion, solar economy, heating, cooling, dehumidification systems, power and process heat, solar power conversion, policy and applications pertinent to solar energy as viable alternatives to fossil fuels. The aim of the book is to present all the information necessary for the design and analysis of solar energy systems for engineers, material scientists, economics, policy analysts, graduate students, senior undergraduates, solar energy practitioner, as well as policy or lawmakers in the field of energy policy, international energy trade, and libraries which house technical handbooks related to energy, energy policy and applications.

Ultra High Temperature Ceramics Book

Ultra High Temperature Ceramics

  • Author : William G. Fahrenholtz
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-10-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118924419

Ultra High Temperature Ceramics Excerpt :

The first comprehensive book to focus on ultra-hightemperature ceramic materials in more than 20 years Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics are a family of compounds thatdisplay an unusual combination of properties, including extremelyhigh melting temperatures (>3000°C), high hardness, andgood chemical stability and strength at high temperatures. Typical UHTC materials are the carbides, nitrides, and borides oftransition metals, but the Group IV compounds (Ti, Zr, Hf) plus TaCare generally considered to be the main focus of research due tothe superior melting temperatures and stable high-meltingtemperature oxide that forms in situ. Rather than focusing on thelatest scientific results, Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics:Materials for Extreme Environment Applications broadly andcritically combines the historical aspects and the state-of-the-arton the processing, densification, properties, and performance ofboride and carbide ceramics. In reviewing the historic studies and recent progress in thefield, Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics: Materials for ExtremeEnvironment Applications provides: Original reviews of researchconducted in the 1960s and 70s Content on electronic structure,synthesis, powder processing, densification, property measurement,and characterization of boride and carbide ceramics. Emphasis on materials for hypersonicaerospace applications such as wing leading edges and propulsioncomponents for vehicles traveling faster than Mach 5 Information on materials used in theextreme environments associated with high speed cutting tools andnuclear power generation Contributions are based on presentations by leading researchgroups at the conference "Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics: Materials for Extreme Environment Applications II" held May 13-19,2012 in Hernstein, Austria. Bringing together disparate researchersfrom academia, government, and industry in a singular forum, themeeting cultivated didactic discussions and efforts between benchresearchers, designers and enginee

Engineering Materials Science Book
Score: 4
From 3 Ratings

Engineering Materials Science

  • Author : Milton Ohring
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Genre: Materials.
  • Pages : 827
  • ISBN 10 : 9780125249959

Engineering Materials Science Excerpt :

Milton Ohring's Engineering Materials Science integrates the scientific nature and modern applications of all classes of engineering materials. This comprehensive, introductory textbook will provide undergraduate engineering students with the fundamental background needed to understand the science of structure–property relationships, as well as address the engineering concerns of materials selection in design, processing materials into useful products, andhow material degrade and fail in service. Specific topics include: physical and electronic structure; thermodynamics and kinetics; processing; mechanical, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties; degradation; and failure and reliability. The book offers superior coverage of electrical, optical, and magnetic materials than competing text.The author has taught introductory courses in material science and engineering both in academia and industry (AT&T Bell Laboratories) and has also written the well-received book, The Material Science of Thin Films (Academic Press).

Manufacturing and Application of Stainless Steels Book

Manufacturing and Application of Stainless Steels

  • Author : Andrea Di Schino
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2020-04-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039286508

Manufacturing and Application of Stainless Steels Excerpt :

Stainless steels represent a quite interesting material family, both from a scientific and commercial point of view, following to their excellent combination in terms of strength and ductility together with corrosion resistance. Thanks to such properties, stainless steels have been indispensable for the technological progress during the last century and their annual consumption increased faster than other materials. They find application in all these fields requiring good corrosion resistance together with ability to be worked into complex geometries. Despite to their diffusion as a consolidated materials, many research fields are active regarding the possibility to increase stainless steels mechanical properties and corrosion resistance by grain refinement or by alloying by interstitial elements. At the same time innovations are coming from the manufacturing process of such a family of materials, also including the possibility to manufacture them starting from metals powder for 3D printing. The Special Issue scope embraces interdisciplinary work covering physical metallurgy and processes, reporting about experimental and theoretical progress concerning microstructural evolution during processing, microstructure-properties relations, applications including automotive, energy and structural.

Cathodic Arcs Book

Cathodic Arcs

  • Author : André Anders
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-07-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387791081

Cathodic Arcs Excerpt :

Cathodic arcs are among the longest studied yet least understood objects in science. Plasma-generating, tiny spots appear on the cathode; they are highly dynamic and hard to control. With an approach emphasizing the fractal character of cathode spots, strongly fluctuating plasma properties are described such as the presence of multiply charged ions that move with supersonic velocity. Richly illustrated, the book also deals with practical issues, such as arc source construction, macroparticle removal, and the synthesis of dense, well adherent coatings. The book spans a bridge from plasma physics to coatings technology based on energetic condensation, appealing to scientists, practitioners and graduate students alike.

Materials Degradation and Its Control by Surface Engineering Book

Materials Degradation and Its Control by Surface Engineering

  • Author : A W Batchelor
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2003-03-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9781783261130

Materials Degradation and Its Control by Surface Engineering Excerpt :

The second edition of Materials Degradation and Its Control by Surface Engineering continues the theme of the first edition, where discussions on corrosion, wear, fatigue and thermal damage are balanced by similarly detailed discussions on their control methods, e.g. painting and metallic coatings. The book is written for the non-specialist, with an emphasis on introducing technical concepts graphically rather than through algebraic equations. In the second edition, the graphic content is enhanced by an additional series of colour and monochrome photographs that illustrate key aspects of the controlling physical phenomena. Existing topics such as liquid metal corrosion have been extended and new topics such as corrosion inhibitors added. Contents:Mechanisms of Materials Degradation:Mechanical Causes of Materials DegradationChemical Causes of Materials DegradationMaterials Degradation Induced by Heat and Other Forms of EnergyDuplex Causes of Materials DegradationSurface Engineering:Discrete CoatingsIntegral Coatings and Modified Surface LayersCharacterization of Surface CoatingsApplication of Control Techniques:Control of Materials DegradationFinancial and Industrial Aspects of Materials Degradation and Its Control Readership: Engineers and scientists in industrial chemistry, materials science, surface and interface science. Keywords:Corrosion;Wear;Fatigue;Duplex Mechanisms;Surface Coating Technologies;Biocorrosion;Corrosion Inhibitors;Liquid Metal Corrosion;Mechanical Degradation;Chemical Degradation;Surface Engineering;Discrete Coatings;Integral Coatings;Advanced Surface Modification Technologies;Characterization of SurfacesReviews:“Guidelines for applications of surface engineering techniques to individual degradation mechanisms are covered. This does a concise job of suggesting basic selection criteria to be followed for specific degradation mechanisms … The authors present a good overview of the interaction of surface engineering treatments for control of ma

Science of Microscopy Book

Science of Microscopy

  • Author : P.W. Hawkes
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-08-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1322
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387497624

Science of Microscopy Excerpt :

This fully corrected second impression of the classic 2006 text on microscopy runs to more than 1,000 pages and covers up-to-the-minute developments in the field. The two-volume work brings together a slew of experts who present comprehensive reviews of all the latest instruments and new versions of the older ones, as well as their associated operational techniques. The chapters draw attention to their principal areas of application. A huge range of subjects are benefiting from these new tools, including semiconductor physics, medicine, molecular biology, the nanoworld in general, magnetism, and ferroelectricity. This fascinating book will be an indispensable guide for a wide range of scientists in university laboratories as well as engineers and scientists in industrial R&D departments.

The Periodic Table Book

The Periodic Table

  • Author : Paul Parsons
  • Publisher : Quercus
  • Release Date : 2014-03-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9781623651114

The Periodic Table Excerpt :

As one of the most recognizable images in science, the periodic table is ingrained in our culture. First drawn up in 1869 by Dmitri Mendeleev, its 118 elements make up not only everything on our planet but also everything in the entire universe. The Periodic Table looks at the fascinating story and surprising uses of each of those elements, whether solid, liquid or gas. From the little-known uses of gold in medicine to the development of the hydrogen bomb, each entry is accompanied by technical data (category, atomic number, weight, boiling point) presented in easy-to-read headers, and a colour coding system that helps the reader to navigate through the different groups of elements. A remarkable display of thought-provoking science and beautiful photography, this guide will allow the reader to discover the world afresh.