Atom Probe Tomography Book

Atom Probe Tomography


  • Author : Michael K. Miller
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-07-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 423
  • ISBN 10 : 9781489974303

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Atom Probe Tomography Excerpt :

Nanocharacterization by Atom Probe Tomography is a practical guide for researchers interested atomic level characterization of materials with atom probe tomography. Readers will find descriptions of the atom probe instrument and atom probe tomography technique, field ionization, field evaporation and field ion microscopy. The fundamental underlying physics principles are examined, in addition to data reconstruction and visualization, statistical data analysis methods and specimen preparation by electropolishing and FIB-based techniques. A full description of the local electrode atom probe – a new state-of-the-art instrument – is also provided, along with detailed descriptions and limitations of laser pulsing as a method to field evaporate atoms. Valuable coverage of the new ionization theory is also included, which underpins the overall technique.

Atom Probe Tomography Book

Atom Probe Tomography


  • Author : Michael K. Miller
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461542810

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Atom Probe Tomography Excerpt :

The microanalytical technique of atom probe tomography (APT) permits the spatial coordinates and elemental identities of the individual atoms within a small volume to be determined with near atomic resolution. Therefore, atom probe tomography provides a technique for acquiring atomic resolution three dimensional images of the solute distribution within the microstructures of materials. This monograph is designed to provide researchers and students the necessary information to plan and experimentally conduct an atom probe tomography experiment. The techniques required to visualize and to analyze the resulting three-dimensional data are also described. The monograph is organized into chapters each covering a specific aspect of the technique. The development of this powerful microanalytical technique from the origins offield ion microscopy in 1951, through the first three-dimensional atom probe prototype built in 1986 to today's commercial state-of-the-art three dimensional atom probe is documented in chapter 1. A general introduction to atom probe tomography is also presented in chapter 1. The various methods to fabricate suitable needle-shaped specimens are presented in chapter 2. The procedure to form field ion images of the needle-shaped specimen is described in chapter 3. In addition, the appearance of microstructural features and the information that may be estimated from field ion microscopy are summarized. A brief account of the theoretical basis for processes of field ionization and field evaporation is also included.

Atom Probe Tomography Book

Atom Probe Tomography


  • Author : Williams Lefebvre
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-05-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128047453

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Atom Probe Tomography Excerpt :

Atom Probe Tomography is aimed at beginners and researchers interested in expanding their expertise in this area. It provides the theoretical background and practical information necessary to investigate how materials work using atom probe microscopy techniques, and includes detailed explanations of the fundamentals, the instrumentation, contemporary specimen preparation techniques, and experimental details, as well as an overview of the results that can be obtained. The book emphasizes processes for assessing data quality and the proper implementation of advanced data mining algorithms. For those more experienced in the technique, this book will serve as a single comprehensive source of indispensable reference information, tables, and techniques. Both beginner and expert will value the way the book is set out in the context of materials science and engineering. In addition, its references to key research outcomes based upon the training program held at the University of Rouen-one of the leading scientific research centers exploring the various aspects of the instrument-will further enhance understanding and the learning process. Provides an introduction to the capabilities and limitations of atom probe tomography when analyzing materials Written for both experienced researchers and new users Includes exercises, along with corrections, for users to practice the techniques discussed Contains coverage of more advanced and less widespread techniques, such as correlative APT and STEM microscopy

Local Electrode Atom Probe Tomography Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Local Electrode Atom Probe Tomography


  • Author : David J. Larson
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-12-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461487210

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Local Electrode Atom Probe Tomography Excerpt :

This book is the first, single-source guide to successful experiments using the local electrode atom probe (LEAP®) microscope. Coverage is both comprehensive and user friendly, including the fundamentals of preparing specimens for the microscope from a variety of materials, the details of the instrumentation used in data collection, the parameters under which optimal data are collected, the current methods of data reconstruction, and selected methods of data analysis. Tricks of the trade are described that are often learned only through trial and error, allowing users to succeed much more quickly in the challenging areas of specimen preparation and data collection. A closing chapter on applications presents selected, state-of-the-art results using the LEAP microscope.

Atom Probe Microscopy Book
Score: 5
From 2 Ratings

Atom Probe Microscopy


  • Author : Baptiste Gault
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-08-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461434368

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Atom Probe Microscopy Excerpt :

Atom probe microscopy enables the characterization of materials structure and chemistry in three dimensions with near-atomic resolution. This uniquely powerful technique has been subject to major instrumental advances over the last decade with the development of wide-field-of-view detectors and pulsed-laser-assisted evaporation that have significantly enhanced the instrument’s capabilities. The field is flourishing, and atom probe microscopy is being embraced as a mainstream characterization technique. This book covers all facets of atom probe microscopy—including field ion microscopy, field desorption microscopy and a strong emphasis on atom probe tomography. Atom Probe Microscopy is aimed at researchers of all experience levels. It will provide the beginner with the theoretical background and practical information necessary to investigate how materials work using atom probe microscopy techniques. This includes detailed explanations of the fundamentals and the instrumentation, contemporary specimen preparation techniques, experimental details, and an overview of the results that can be obtained. The book emphasizes processes for assessing data quality, and the proper implementation of advanced data mining algorithms. Those more experienced in the technique will benefit from the book as a single comprehensive source of indispensable reference information, tables and techniques. Both beginner and expert will value the way that Atom Probe Microscopy is set out in the context of materials science and engineering, and includes references to key recent research outcomes.

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Electronics And Devices Book

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Electronics And Devices


  • Author : Singisetti Uttam
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2019-12-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811216497

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Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Electronics And Devices Excerpt :

With the dawn of Gallium Oxide (Ga2O₃) and Aluminum Gallium Nitride (AlGaN) electronics and the commercialization of Gallium Nitride (GaN) and Silicon Carbide (SiC) based devices, the field of wide bandgap materials and electronics has never been more vibrant and exciting than it is now. Wide bandgap semiconductors have had a strong presence in the research and development arena for many years. Recently, the increasing demand for high efficiency power electronics and high speed communication electronics, together with the maturity of the synthesis and fabrication of wide bandgap semicon-ductors, has catapulted wide bandgap electronics and optoelectronics into the mainstream.Wide bandgap semiconductors exhibit excellent material properties, which can potentially enable power device operation at higher efficiency, higher temperatures, voltages, and higher switching speeds than current Si technology. This edited volume will serve as a useful reference for researchers in this field — newcomers and experienced alike.This book discusses a broad range of topics including fundamental transport studies, growth of high-quality films, advanced materials characterization, device modeling, high frequency, high voltage electronic devices and optical devices written by the experts in their respective fields. They also span the whole spectrum of wide bandgap materials including AlGaN, Ga2O₃and diamond.

Atom Probe Tomography Book

Atom Probe Tomography


  • Author : Michael K. Miller
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2012-10-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN 10 : 1461369215

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Atom Probe Tomography Excerpt :

The microanalytical technique of atom probe tomography (APT) permits the spatial coordinates and elemental identities of the individual atoms within a small volume to be determined with near atomic resolution. Therefore, atom probe tomography provides a technique for acquiring atomic resolution three dimensional images of the solute distribution within the microstructures of materials. This monograph is designed to provide researchers and students the necessary information to plan and experimentally conduct an atom probe tomography experiment. The techniques required to visualize and to analyze the resulting three-dimensional data are also described. The monograph is organized into chapters each covering a specific aspect of the technique. The development of this powerful microanalytical technique from the origins offield ion microscopy in 1951, through the first three-dimensional atom probe prototype built in 1986 to today's commercial state-of-the-art three dimensional atom probe is documented in chapter 1. A general introduction to atom probe tomography is also presented in chapter 1. The various methods to fabricate suitable needle-shaped specimens are presented in chapter 2. The procedure to form field ion images of the needle-shaped specimen is described in chapter 3. In addition, the appearance of microstructural features and the information that may be estimated from field ion microscopy are summarized. A brief account of the theoretical basis for processes of field ionization and field evaporation is also included.

Nanoinformatics Book

Nanoinformatics


  • Author : Isao Tanaka
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-01-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811076176

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Nanoinformatics Excerpt :

This open access book brings out the state of the art on how informatics-based tools are used and expected to be used in nanomaterials research. There has been great progress in the area in which “big-data” generated by experiments or computations are fully utilized to accelerate discovery of new materials, key factors, and design rules. Data-intensive approaches play indispensable roles in advanced materials characterization. "Materials informatics" is the central paradigm in the new trend. "Nanoinformatics" is its essential subset, which focuses on nanostructures of materials such as surfaces, interfaces, dopants, and point defects, playing a critical role in determining materials properties. There have been significant advances in experimental and computational techniques to characterize individual atoms in nanostructures and to gain quantitative information. The collaboration of researchers in materials science and information science is growing actively and is creating a new trend in materials science and engineering.

Atom Probe Tomography Book

Atom Probe Tomography


  • Author : Michael K. Miller
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-08-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 423
  • ISBN 10 : 1489974296

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Atom Probe Tomography Excerpt :

Nanocharacterization by Atom Probe Tomography is a practical guide for researchers interested atomic level characterization of materials with atom probe tomography. Readers will find descriptions of the atom probe instrument and atom probe tomography technique, field ionization, field evaporation and field ion microscopy. The fundamental underlying physics principles are examined, in addition to data reconstruction and visualization, statistical data analysis methods and specimen preparation by electropolishing and FIB-based techniques. A full description of the local electrode atom probe – a new state-of-the-art instrument – is also provided, along with detailed descriptions and limitations of laser pulsing as a method to field evaporate atoms. Valuable coverage of the new ionization theory is also included, which underpins the overall technique.

Atom Probe Tomography of Hard Nitride and Boride Thin Films Book

Atom Probe Tomography of Hard Nitride and Boride Thin Films


  • Author : David L. J. Engberg
  • Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-08-02
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 79
  • ISBN 10 : 9789176850435

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Atom Probe Tomography of Hard Nitride and Boride Thin Films Excerpt :

Hard ceramic thin films, including TiSiN, ZrAlN, ZrB2, and ZrTaB2, with applications for wear-resistant coatings, have been studied using atom probe tomography and correlated with several other analytical techniques, including X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, and elastic recoil detection analysis. Outstanding obstacles for quantitative atom probe tomography of ceramic thin films have been surmounted. Mass spectral overlaps in TiSiN, which make 28Si indistinguishable from 14N, was resolved by isotopic substitution with 15N, and the nanostructural distribution of elements was thus revealed in 3-D, which enabled the identification of additional structural elements within the nanostructured Ti0.81Si0.1915N film. Improvements to the growth model of TiSiN by cathodic arc deposition was suggested. A self-organized nanolabyrinthine structure of ZrAlN, consisting of standing lamellae of fcc-ZrN and hexagonal AlN, was investigated with focus on the onset and limits of the self-organization. The local crystallographic orientational relationships were (001)ZrN || (0001)AlN and ZrN || AlN. Close to the MgO substrates, a smooth transition region was formed, going from segregated and disordered to the self-organized nanolabyrinthine structure. With increased growth temperature, coarse (111)-oriented ZrN grains occasionally precipitated and locally replaced the nanolabyrinthine structure. Significant local magnification effects rendered the Zr and N signals unusable, thereby inhibiting quantitative compositional analysis of the constituent phases, but the nanostructure was resolved using the Al signal. Ceramic materials are often affected by correlated evaporation, which can result in losses due to the detector dead-time/space. A compositional correction procedure was suggested, tested against an established procedure, and applied to ZrB2. The correction was found to be less dependent on the isotope abundances and background correction compared to the established procedure.

Local Electrode Atom Probe Tomography Book

Local Electrode Atom Probe Tomography


  • Author : David J. Larson
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2013-12-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 146148720X

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Local Electrode Atom Probe Tomography Excerpt :

This book is the first, single-source guide to successful experiments using the local electrode atom probe (LEAP®) microscope. Coverage is both comprehensive and user friendly, including the fundamentals of preparing specimens for the microscope from a variety of materials, the details of the instrumentation used in data collection, the parameters under which optimal data are collected, the current methods of data reconstruction, and selected methods of data analysis. Tricks of the trade are described that are often learned only through trial and error, allowing users to succeed much more quickly in the challenging areas of specimen preparation and data collection. A closing chapter on applications presents selected, state-of-the-art results using the LEAP microscope.

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods Book

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods


  • Author : Franz Roters
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-08-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527642090

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Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods Excerpt :

Written by the leading experts in computational materials science, this handy reference concisely reviews the most important aspects of plasticity modeling: constitutive laws, phase transformations, texture methods, continuum approaches and damage mechanisms. As a result, it provides the knowledge needed to avoid failures in critical systems udner mechanical load. With its various application examples to micro- and macrostructure mechanics, this is an invaluable resource for mechanical engineers as well as for researchers wanting to improve on this method and extend its outreach.

Atom Probe Field Ion Microscopy Book

Atom Probe Field Ion Microscopy


  • Author : Tien T. Tsong
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2005-09-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 0521019931

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Atom Probe Field Ion Microscopy Excerpt :

Atom-probe field ion microscopy is currently the only technique capable of imaging solid surfaces with atomic resolution, and at the same time of chemically analyzing surface atoms selected by the observer from the field ion image. Field ion microscopy has been successfully used to study most metals and many alloys, and recently good field ion images of some semiconductors and even ceramic materials such as high temperature superconductors have been obtained. Although other microscopies are capable of achieving the same resolution, there are some experiments unique to field ion microscopy--for example the study of the behavior of single atoms and clusters on a solid surface. The very elegant development of the field ion microscope with the atom-probe has provided a powerful and useful technique for highly sensitive chemical analysis. This book presents the basic principles of atom-probe field ion microscopy and illustrates the various capabilities of the technique in the study of solid surfaces and interfaces at atomic resolution.

Handbook of Instrumentation and Techniques for Semiconductor Nanostructure Characterization Book

Handbook of Instrumentation and Techniques for Semiconductor Nanostructure Characterization


  • Author : Richard Haight
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814322843

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Handbook of Instrumentation and Techniques for Semiconductor Nanostructure Characterization Excerpt :

As we delve more deeply into the physics and chemistry of functional materials and processes, we are inexorably driven to the nanoscale. And nowhere is the development of instrumentation and associated techniques more important to scientific progress than in the area of nanoscience. The dramatic expansion of efforts to peer into nanoscale materials and processes has made it critical to capture and summarize the cutting-edge instrumentation and techniques that have become indispensable for scientific investigation in this arena. This Handbook is a key resource developed for scientists, engineers and advanced graduate students in which eminent scientists present the forefront of instrumentation and techniques for the study of structural, optical and electronic properties of semiconductor nanostructures.

Springer Handbook of Microscopy Book

Springer Handbook of Microscopy


  • Author : Peter W. Hawkes
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1543
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030000691

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Springer Handbook of Microscopy Excerpt :

This book features reviews by leading experts on the methods and applications of modern forms of microscopy. The recent awards of Nobel Prizes awarded for super-resolution optical microscopy and cryo-electron microscopy have demonstrated the rich scientific opportunities for research in novel microscopies. Earlier Nobel Prizes for electron microscopy (the instrument itself and applications to biology), scanning probe microscopy and holography are a reminder of the central role of microscopy in modern science, from the study of nanostructures in materials science, physics and chemistry to structural biology. Separate chapters are devoted to confocal, fluorescent and related novel optical microscopies, coherent diffractive imaging, scanning probe microscopy, transmission electron microscopy in all its modes from aberration corrected and analytical to in-situ and time-resolved, low energy electron microscopy, photoelectron microscopy, cryo-electron microscopy in biology, and also ion microscopy. In addition to serving as an essential reference for researchers and teachers in the fields such as materials science, condensed matter physics, solid-state chemistry, structural biology and the molecular sciences generally, the Springer Handbook of Microscopy is a unified, coherent and pedagogically attractive text for advanced students who need an authoritative yet accessible guide to the science and practice of microscopy.