Atomic Force Microscopy in Process Engineering Book

Atomic Force Microscopy in Process Engineering

  • Author : W. Richard Bowen
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2009-06-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 0080949576

Atomic Force Microscopy in Process Engineering Excerpt :

This is the first book to bring together both the basic theory and proven process engineering practice of AFM. It is presented in a way that is accessible and valuable to practising engineers as well as to those who are improving their AFM skills and knowledge, and to researchers who are developing new products and solutions using AFM. The book takes a rigorous and practical approach that ensures it is directly applicable to process engineering problems. Fundamentals and techniques are concisely described, while specific benefits for process engineering are clearly defined and illustrated. Key content includes: particle-particle, and particle-bubble interactions; characterization of membrane surfaces; the development of fouling resistant membranes; nanoscale pharmaceutical analysis; nanoengineering for cellular sensing; polymers on surfaces; micro and nanoscale rheometry. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an important tool for process engineers and scientists as it enables improved processes and products The only book dealing with the theory and practical applications of atomic force microscopy in process engineering Provides best-practice guidance and experience on using AFM for process and product improvement

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment Book

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment

  • Author : Alberto Figoli
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-07-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351715263

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment Excerpt :

The book focuses on Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment but not only provides a series of innovative solutions for water reclamation through advanced membrane technology but also serves as a medium to promote international cooperation and networking for the development of advanced membrane technology for Universal well-being and to achieve the common goal of supplying economically, environmentally and societally sustainable freshwater and better sanitation systems. This book is unique because the chapters were authored by established researchers all around the globe based on their recent research findings. In addition, this book provides a holistic coverage of membrane development for water treatment, from the membrane preparation and characterizations to the performance for specific processes and applications. Since that water scarcity has become a global risk and one of the most serious challenges for the scientific community in this century, the publication of this book is therefore significant as it will serve as a medium for a good reference of an alternative solution in water reclamation. This book will provide the readers with a thorough understanding of the different available approaches for manufacturing membranes both with innovative polymeric systems and inorganic nano-materials which could give enhanced functionalities, catalytic and antimicrobial activities to improve the performance of the existing membranes. It will be useful for leading decision and policy makers, water sector representatives and administrators, policy makers from the governments, business leaders, business houses in water treatment, and engineers/ scientists from both industrialized and developing countries as well.

Nonlinearity  Bifurcation and Chaos Book

Nonlinearity Bifurcation and Chaos

  • Author : Jan Awrejcewicz
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2012-10-24
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535108160

Nonlinearity Bifurcation and Chaos Excerpt :

Nonlinearity, Bifurcation and Chaos - Theory and Application is an edited book focused on introducing both theoretical and application oriented approaches in science and engineering. It contains 12 chapters, and is recommended for university teachers, scientists, researchers, engineers, as well as graduate and post-graduate students either working or interested in the field of nonlinearity, bifurcation and chaos.

Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials Book

Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials

  • Author : Marc Descamps
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-03-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527652723

Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials Excerpt :

A one-stop resource for researchers, developers, and post graduate students in pharmaceutical science. This handbook and ready reference provides detailed, but not overloaded information -- presenting the topic without unnecessarily complex formalism. As such, it gives a systematic and coherent overview of disordered materials for pharmaceutical applications, covering fundamental aspects, as well as preparation and characterization techniques for the target-oriented development of drug delivery systems based on disordered crystals and amorphous solids. Special attention is paid to examine the different facets and levels of disorder in their structural and dynamic aspects as well as the effect of disorder on dissolution and stability. Chapters on processing induced disorder and on patenting issues round off the book. As a result the book helps overcoming the challenges of using these materials in the pharmaceutical industry. For pharmaceutical and medicinal chemists, materials scientists, clinical physicists, and pharmaceutical laboratories looking to make better and more potent pharmaceuticals.

Atomic Force Microscopy Book

Atomic Force Microscopy

  • Author : Wesley C. Sanders
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-10-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 139
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000707946

Atomic Force Microscopy Excerpt :

This book focuses primarily on the atomic force microscope and serves as a reference for students, postdocs, and researchers using atomic force microscopes for the first time. In addition, this book can serve as the primary text for a semester-long introductory course in atomic force microscopy. There are a few algebra-based mathematical relationships included in the book that describe the mechanical properties, behaviors, and intermolecular forces associated with probes used in atomic force microscopy. Relevant figures, tables, and illustrations also appear in each chapter in an effort to provide additional information and points of interest. This book includes suggested laboratory investigations that provide opportunities to explore the versatility of the atomic force microscope. These laboratory exercises include opportunities for experimenters to explore force curves, surface roughness, friction loops, conductivity imaging, and phase imaging.

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology Book

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology

  • Author : Boris Ildusovich Kharisov
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-01-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1212
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466580893

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology Excerpt :

The CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology sets the standard against which all other references of this nature are measured. As such, it is a major resource for both skilled professionals and novices to nanotechnology.The book examines the design, application, and utilization of devices, techniques, and technologies critical to research at the

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools Book

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools

  • Author : Haijiang Wang
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2011-08-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439839201

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools Excerpt :

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools presents various tools for diagnosing PEM fuel cells and stacks, including in situ and ex situ diagnostic tools, electrochemical techniques, and physical/chemical methods. The text outlines the principles, experimental implementation, data processing, and application of each technique, along with its capabilities and weaknesses. The book covers many diagnostics employed in the characterization and determination of fuel cell performance. It discusses commonly used conventional tools, such as cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. It also examines special tools developed specifically for PEM fuel cells, including transparent cells, cathode discharge, and current mapping, as well as recent advanced tools for diagnosis, such as magnetic resonance imaging and atomic force microscopy. For clarity, the book splits these diagnostic methodologies into two parts—in situ and ex situ. To better understand the tools, PEM fuel cell testing is also discussed. Each self-contained chapter provides cross-references to other chapters. Written by international scientists active in PEM fuel cell research, this volume incorporates state-of-the-art technical advances in PEM fuel cell diagnosis. The diagnostic tools presented help readers to understand the physical and chemical phenomena involved in PEM fuel cells.

PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook  Two Volume Set Book

PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook Two Volume Set

  • Author : Haijiang Wang
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-08-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 952
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439863169

PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook Two Volume Set Excerpt :

While PEM fuel cells are highly efficient, environmentally friendly sources of power, their durability hinders the commercialization of this technology. With contributions from international scientists active in PEM fuel cell research, PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook, Two-Volume Set provides a comprehensive source of state-of-the-art research in

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes  Volume 1 Book

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes Volume 1

  • Author : Visakh P. M.
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-11-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118831748

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes Volume 1 Excerpt :

This book is intended to serve as a "one-stop" reference resource for important research accomplishments in the area of nanostructured polymer membranes and their processing and characterizations. It will be a very valuable reference source for university and college faculties, professionals, post-doctoral research fellows, senior graduate students, and researchers from R&D laboratories working in the area of polymer nanobased membranes. The various chapters are contributed by prominent researchers from industry, academia and government/private research laboratories across the globe and comprise an up-to-date record on the major findings and observations in the field.

Surface Science and Adhesion in Cosmetics Book

Surface Science and Adhesion in Cosmetics

  • Author : K. L. Mittal
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-03-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119654902

Surface Science and Adhesion in Cosmetics Excerpt :

Activity in the arena of surface chemistry and adhesion aspects in cosmetics is substantial, but the information is scattered in many diverse publications media and no book exists which discusses surface chemistry and adhesion in cosmetics in unified manner. This book containing 15 chapters written by eminent researchers from academia and industry is divided into three parts: Part 1: General Topics; Part 2: Surface Chemistry Aspects; and Part 3: Wetting and Adhesion Aspects. The topics covered include: Lip biophysical properties and characterization; use of advanced silicone materials in long-lasting cosmetics; non-aqueous dispersions of acrylate copolymers in lipsticks; cosmetic oils in Lipstick structure; chemical structure of the hair surface, surface forces and interactions; AFM for hair surface characterization; application of AFM in characterizing hair, skin and cosmetic deposition; SIMS as a surface analysis method for hair, skin and cosmetics; surface tensiometry approach to characterize cosmetic products; spreading of hairsprays on hair; color transfer from long-wear face foundation products; interaction of polyelectrolytes and surfactants on hair surfaces; cosmetic adhesion to facial skin; and adhesion aspects in semi-permanent mascara; lipstick adhesion measurement.

What is What in the Nanoworld Book

What is What in the Nanoworld

  • Author : Victor E. Borisenko
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-02-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 615
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527648382

What is What in the Nanoworld Excerpt :

The third, partly revised and enlarged edition of this introductory reference summarizes the terms and definitions, most important phenomena, and regulations occurring in the physics, chemistry, technology, and application of nanostructures. A representative collection of fundamental terms and definitions from quantum physics and chemistry, special mathematics, organic and inorganic chemistry, solid state physics, material science and technology accompanies recommended secondary sources for an extended study of any given subject. Each of the more than 2,200 entries, from a few sentences to a page in length, interprets the term or definition in question and briefly presents the main features of the phenomena behind it. Additional information in the form of notes ("First described in", "Recognition", "More details in") supplements the entries and gives a historical perspective of the subject with reference to further sources. Ideal for answering questions related to unknown terms and definitions among undergraduate and PhD students studying the physics of low-dimensional structures, nanoelectronics, and nanotechnology.

Fundamentals of microscale bubbles in process engineering  Band 9  Book

Fundamentals of microscale bubbles in process engineering Band 9

  • Author : Simon Matthes
  • Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
  • Release Date : 2021-10-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN 10 : 9783736965119

Fundamentals of microscale bubbles in process engineering Band 9 Excerpt :

Multiphase contact apparatuses are widely used in the chemical and biocatalytic process industry in which a gaseous reactant has to be supplied. The achievement of high mass transfer rates with regard to process efficiency is mostly challenging. In this work a novel aeration technique based on fine bubbles with diameters smaller 100 µm is experimentally analyzed, providing large interfacial areas for the mass transfer process. The experiments show the benefit of using fine bubbles by reaching significantly higher mass transfer rates compared to conventional aeration. Especially stirred tank reactors prove to be most suitable for fine bubble aeration. Finally, models are developed, describing the mass transfer characteristics at microscales.

Optical Fiber Biosensors Book

Optical Fiber Biosensors

  • Author : Daniele Tosi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-11-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128195680

Optical Fiber Biosensors Excerpt :

Optical Fiber Biosensors: Device Platforms, Biorecognition, Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the field of fiber optic sensors using an interdisciplinary approach that covers the fabrication of sensing devices and optical hardware, the functionalization to perform selective biorecognition, and the main applications of biosensors, with a present and a future outlook. Chapters discuss the principles of light propagation and the sensing devices suitable to perform biosensing with optical fibers, the process to functionalize the previous devices to selective biosensing, and applications in cells, small molecules, biomarkers and protein sensing, with a birds eye view on the most important results. This book provides a coherent picture of fiber optic biosensors, from the start (the device) to the end (the application), explaining in simple terms what is the whole process for development of a biosensor. The book also contains practical material (e.g. commercial instruments, fabrication instructions, medical standards for biocompatibility) that cannot be easily found elsewhere, and this is very useful for researchers to plan their development and build their labs. Covers the technologies and operating principles of optical fiber devices used in biosensing Contains chapters on the chemistry and operational strategy to functionalize a fiber device to become an effective biosensor Addresses the main applications of fiber optic biosensors and their specialization

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications Book

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications

  • Author : Mariam Al Ali Al-Maadeed
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-05-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128173039

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications Excerpt :

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications: Materials, Techniques, and Future Developments introduces the science of innovative polymers and composites, their analysis via experimental techniques and simulation, and their utilization in a variety of application areas. This approach helps to unlock the potential of new materials for product design and other uses. The book also examines the role that these applications play in the human world, from pollution and health impacts, to their potential to make a positive contribution in areas including environmental remediation, medicine and healthcare, and renewable energy. Advantages, disadvantages, possibilities, and challenges relating to the utilization of polymers in human society are included. Presents the latest advanced applications of polymers and their composites and identifies key areas for future development Introduces the simulation methods and experimental techniques involved in the modification of polymer properties, supported by clear and detailed images and diagrams Supports an interdisciplinary approach, enabling readers across different fields to harness the power of new materials for innovative applications

Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites Book

Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites

  • Author : Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-11-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 874
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081019047

Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites Excerpt :

Nanocomposites based on layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have recently become a formidable research area due to their amendable properties and potential applications. The distinct properties of LDH polymer nanocomposites include a wide range of chemical compositions, structural homogeneity, unique anion exchanging ability, easy synthesis, high bound water content, memory effect, non-toxicity and biocompatibility. This means that LDH polymer nanocomposites have the potential for new and innovative applications. Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites presents a comprehensive overview of the recent innovative advances in the fabrication, characterization and applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites. As well as covering fundamental structural and chemical knowledge, this book also explores various properties and characterization techniques including microscopic, spectroscopic and mechanical behaviors. There is also a strong focus on the potential applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites, such as energy, electrical and electronic, electromagnetic shielding, biomedical, agricultural, food packaging and water purification functions. This book provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research in the field of LDH polymer nanocomposites and their future applications. This book will be an essential read for all academics, researchers, engineers and students working in this area. Fundamental knowledge of LDH polymer nanocomposites, including chemical composition, structural features and fabrication techniques Provides an analytical overview of the different types of characterization techniques and technologies Extensive review on cutting-edge research for potential future applications, in a variety of industries