Bacterial Cellular Metabolic Systems Book

Bacterial Cellular Metabolic Systems

  • Author : K. Shimizu
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-03-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9781908818201

Bacterial Cellular Metabolic Systems Excerpt :

The metabolic regulation of a cell system is of critical importance in systems biology, and a robust model of these mechanisms is essential in predicting the effects on the metabolism of both the culture environment and the knockout of specific genes. Bacterial cellular metabolic systems focuses on this highly topical subject in relation to culture environment and provides a detailed analysis from gene level to metabolic level regulation, as well as offering a discussion of the most recent modelling approaches. The book begins with an introduction to metabolic mechanisms and to the metabolic regulation of a cell, before moving on to discussing the action of global regulators in response to a specific culture environment. The second half of the book examines conventional flux balance analysis and its applications, 13C-metabolic flux analysis, and the effect of a specific gene knockout on the metabolism. Comprehensive account of metabolic regulation via global regulators in response to changes in the culture environment Basic formulation of 13C-metabolic flux analysis based on 13C-labelling experiments Systems biology approach for the modelling and computer simulation of the main metabolic pathways of a cell system

Bacterial Metabolism Book

Bacterial Metabolism

  • Author : H. W. Doelle
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-06-28
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 752
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483272375

Bacterial Metabolism Excerpt :

Bacterial Metabolism, Second Edition describes microbial systematics and microbial chemistry and focuses on catabolic events. This book deals with the progress made in bacterial metabolism that includes data on regulatory mechanisms; comparison of bacterial growth kinetics with enzyme kinetics; aerobic amino acid catabolism; and the glucose transport mechanism. This text also emphasizes the development of photosynthetic phosphorylation in the different bacterial families. This book explains anaerobic respiration and carbohydrate metabolism—glucose, fructose, lactose, mannose, allose, and sorbitol. This text then describes aerobic respiration including the "Nitroso" and "Nitro" groups of genera, and the Knallgas bacteria, which use the reaction between molecular hydrogen and molecular oxygen as their source of energy. This book also explains the microbial transformation of iron as caused by either specific organisms (e.g. Ferrobacillus ferrooxidans) or nonspecific organisms. This selection also explains the process of fermentation by Enterobacteriaceae, lactic acid bacteria, and proteolytic clostridia. This text can be valuable for microchemists, microbiologists, students, and academicians whose disciplines are in biological chemistry and cellular biology.

Bacterial Physiology and Metabolism Book

Bacterial Physiology and Metabolism

  • Author : Byung Hong Kim
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2008-02-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 113946762X

Bacterial Physiology and Metabolism Excerpt :

Recent determination of genome sequences for a wide range of bacteria has made in-depth knowledge of prokaryotic metabolic function essential in order to give biochemical, physiological, and ecological meaning to the genomic information. Clearly describing the important metabolic processes that occur in prokaryotes under different conditions and in different environments, this advanced text provides an overview of the key cellular processes that determine bacterial roles in the environment, biotechnology, and human health. Prokaryotic structure is described as well as the means by which nutrients are transported into cells across membranes. Glucose metabolism through glycolysis and the TCA cycle are discussed, as well as other trophic variations found in prokaryotes, including the use of organic compounds, anaerobic fermentation, anaerobic respiratory processes, and photosynthesis. The regulation of metabolism through control of gene expression and control of the activity of enzymes is also covered, as well as survival mechanisms used under starvation conditions.

Bacterial Metabolism Book

Bacterial Metabolism

  • Author : Gerhard Gottschalk
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461210726

Bacterial Metabolism Excerpt :

This concise yet comprehensive text surveys the field of bacterial metabolism in terms useful to students and researchers. Emphasis is on those metabolic reactions occurring only in bacteria. Thus, the book describes in detail the energy metabolism of the various groups of bacteria. In addition, it examines pathways used by bacteria for the degradation of organic compounds, the synthesis of cellular constituents, the regulation of bacterial metabolism and the fixation of molecular nitrogen.

Size Limits of Very Small Microorganisms Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Size Limits of Very Small Microorganisms

  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1999-09-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 164
  • ISBN 10 : 0309172748

Size Limits of Very Small Microorganisms Excerpt :

How small can a free-living organism be? On the surface, this question is straightforward-in principle, the smallest cells can be identified and measured. But understanding what factors determine this lower limit, and addressing the host of other questions that follow on from this knowledge, require a fundamental understanding of the chemistry and ecology of cellular life. The recent report of evidence for life in a martian meteorite and the prospect of searching for biological signatures in intelligently chosen samples from Mars and elsewhere bring a new immediacy to such questions. How do we recognize the morphological or chemical remnants of life in rocks deposited 4 billion years ago on another planet? Are the empirical limits on cell size identified by observation on Earth applicable to life wherever it may occur, or is minimum size a function of the particular chemistry of an individual planetary surface? These questions formed the focus of a workshop on the size limits of very small organisms, organized by the Steering .Group for the Workshop on Size Limits of Very Small Microorganisms and held on October 22 and 23, 1998. Eighteen invited panelists, representing fields ranging from cell biology and molecular genetics to paleontology and mineralogy, joined with an almost equal number of other participants in a wide-ranging exploration of minimum cell size and the challenge of interpreting micro- and nano-scale features of sedimentary rocks found on Earth or elsewhere in the solar system. This document contains the proceedings of that workshop. It includes position papers presented by the individual panelists, arranged by panel, along with a summary, for each of the four sessions, of extensive roundtable discussions that involved the panelists as well as other workshop participants.

Bacterial Persistence Book

Bacterial Persistence

  • Author : Jan Michiels
  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release Date : 2015-10-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN 10 : 1493928538

Bacterial Persistence Excerpt :

This volume presents a comprehensive collection of methods that have been instrumental to the current understanding of bacterial persisters. Chapters in the book cover topics ranging from general methods for measuring persister levels in Escherichia coli cultures, protocols for the determination of the persister subpopulation in Candida albicans, quantitative measurements of Type I and Type II persisters using ScanLag, to in vitro and in vivo models for the study of the intracellular activity of antibiotics. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Bacterial Persistence: Methods and Protocols brings together the most respected researchers in bacterial persistence whose studies will remain vital to understanding this field for many years to come.

Bacterial Metabolism Book

Bacterial Metabolism

  • Author : G. Gottschalk
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN 10 : 9781468404654

Bacterial Metabolism Excerpt :

This book has been written for students who are taking a course in bacterial metabolism. I hope, however, that scholars will also find it useful either as a help in teaching bacterial metabolism or as a review on the special aspects of metabolism in bacteria. The concept of this book results from my experience in teaching bacterial metabolism. In the first chapters the principal reactions of the energy and biosynthetic metabolism have been discussed using Escherichia coli as a model organism. Then the diversity of aerobic metabolism has been out lined. Following a brief description of the regulation of the level and the activity of enzymes in bacteria the characteristic features of fermentative, chemolithotrophic and phototrophic metabolism have been discussed. Finally, the last chapter has been devoted to nitrogen fixation. Throughout the text I have tried not only to describe metabolic pathways and enzyme reactions but also to elucidate the physiology of the microorganisms which carry out all these metabolic reactions. Two comments regarding the formulas used in this book are necessary.

Molecular Biology of the Cell Book
Score: 4.5
From 5 Ratings

Molecular Biology of the Cell

  • Author : Bruce Alberts
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 0815332181

Molecular Biology of the Cell Excerpt :

Environmental Biotechnology Book

Environmental Biotechnology

  • Author : Hans-Joachim Jördening
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2006-03-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527604524

Environmental Biotechnology Excerpt :

A deeper insight into the complex processes involved in this field, covering the biological, chemical and engineering fundamentals needed to further develop effective methodologies. The book devotes detailed chapters to each of the four main areas of environmental biotechnology -- wastewater treatment, soil treatment, solid waste treatment, and waste gas treatment -- dealing with both the microbiological and process engineering aspects. The result is the combined knowledge contained in the extremely successful volumes 11a through 11c of the "Biotechnology" series in a handy and compact form.

Prokaryotic Cytoskeletons Book

Prokaryotic Cytoskeletons

  • Author : Jan Löwe
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319530475

Prokaryotic Cytoskeletons Excerpt :

This book describes the structures and functions of active protein filaments, found in bacteria and archaea, and now known to perform crucial roles in cell division and intra-cellular motility, as well as being essential for controlling cell shape and growth. These roles are possible because the cytoskeletal and cytomotive filaments provide long range order from small subunits. Studies of these filaments are therefore of central importance to understanding prokaryotic cell biology. The wide variation in subunit and polymer structure and its relationship with the range of functions also provide important insights into cell evolution, including the emergence of eukaryotic cells. Individual chapters, written by leading researchers, review the great advances made in the past 20-25 years, and still ongoing, to discover the architectures, dynamics and roles of filaments found in relevant model organisms. Others describe one of the families of dynamic filaments found in many species. The most common types of filament are deeply related to eukaryotic cytoskeletal proteins, notably actin and tubulin that polymerise and depolymerise under the control of nucleotide hydrolysis. Related systems are found to perform a variety of roles, depending on the organisms. Surprisingly, prokaryotes all lack the molecular motors associated with eukaryotic F-actin and microtubules. Archaea, but not bacteria, also have active filaments related to the eukaryotic ESCRT system. Non-dynamic fibres, including intermediate filament-like structures, are known to occur in some bacteria.. Details of known filament structures are discussed and related to what has been established about their molecular mechanisms, including current controversies. The final chapter covers the use of some of these dynamic filaments in Systems Biology research. The level of information in all chapters is suitable both for active researchers and for advanced students in courses involving bacterial or archaeal physiology, mo

Systems Metabolic Engineering Book

Systems Metabolic Engineering

  • Author : Christoph Wittmann
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-06-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400745346

Systems Metabolic Engineering Excerpt :

Systems Metabolic Engineering is changing the way microbial cell factories are designed and optimized for industrial production. Integrating systems biology and biotechnology with new concepts from synthetic biology enables the global analysis and engineering of microorganisms and bioprocesses at super efficiency and versatility otherwise not accessible. Without doubt, systems metabolic engineering is a major driver towards bio-based production of chemicals, materials and fuels from renewables and thus one of the core technologies of global green growth. In this book, Christoph Wittmann and Sang-Yup Lee have assembled the world leaders on systems metabolic engineering and cover the full story – from genomes and networks via discovery and design to industrial implementation practises. This book is a comprehensive resource for students and researchers from academia and industry interested in systems metabolic engineering. It provides us with the fundaments to targeted engineering of microbial cells for sustainable bio-production and stimulates those who are interested to enter this exiting research field.

Host adapted metabolism and its regulation in Bacterial Pathogens Book

Host adapted metabolism and its regulation in Bacterial Pathogens

  • Author : Thomas Dandekar
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2015-06-17
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889195381

Host adapted metabolism and its regulation in Bacterial Pathogens Excerpt :

Pathogens adapt their metabolism rapidly to the host. Our topic covers these phenomenon regarding extracellular and intracellular pathogens as well as general methods to elucidate different metabolic adaptation processes - an essential guide for any scientist wanting to keep abreast of recent developments in infection biology.

Sequence     Evolution     Function Book

Sequence Evolution Function

  • Author : Eugene V. Koonin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN 10 : 9781475737837

Sequence Evolution Function Excerpt :

Sequence - Evolution - Function is an introduction to the computational approaches that play a critical role in the emerging new branch of biology known as functional genomics. The book provides the reader with an understanding of the principles and approaches of functional genomics and of the potential and limitations of computational and experimental approaches to genome analysis. Sequence - Evolution - Function should help bridge the "digital divide" between biologists and computer scientists, allowing biologists to better grasp the peculiarities of the emerging field of Genome Biology and to learn how to benefit from the enormous amount of sequence data available in the public databases. The book is non-technical with respect to the computer methods for genome analysis and discusses these methods from the user's viewpoint, without addressing mathematical and algorithmic details. Prior practical familiarity with the basic methods for sequence analysis is a major advantage, but a reader without such experience will be able to use the book as an introduction to these methods. This book is perfect for introductory level courses in computational methods for comparative and functional genomics.

Bacterial Cell Walls and Membranes Book

Bacterial Cell Walls and Membranes

  • Author : Andreas Kuhn
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-06-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 501
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030187682

Bacterial Cell Walls and Membranes Excerpt :

This book provides an up-to-date overview of the architecture and biosynthesis of bacterial and archaeal cell walls, highlighting the evolution-based similarities in, but also the intriguing differences between the cell walls of Gram-negative bacteria, the Firmicutes and Actinobacteria, and the Archaea. The recent major advances in this field, which have brought to light many new structural and functional details, are presented and discussed. Over the past five years, a number of novel systems, e.g. for lipid, porin and lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis have been described. In addition, new structural achievements with periplasmic chaperones have been made, all of which have revealed amazing details on how bacterial cell walls are synthesized. These findings provide an essential basis for future research, e.g. the development of new antibiotics. The book’s content is the logical continuation of Volume 84 of SCBI (on Prokaryotic Cytoskeletons), and sets the stage for upcoming volumes on Protein Complexes.