Bank Liquidity Creation and Financial Crises Book

Bank Liquidity Creation and Financial Crises


  • Author : Allen Berger
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-11-24
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128005316

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Bank Liquidity Creation and Financial Crises Excerpt :

Bank Liquidity Creation and Financial Crises delivers a consistent, logical presentation of bank liquidity creation and addresses questions of research and policy interest that can be easily understood by readers with no advanced or specialized industry knowledge. Authors Allen Berger and Christa Bouwman examine ways to measure bank liquidity creation, how much liquidity banks create in different countries, the effects of monetary policy (including interest rate policy, lender of last resort, and quantitative easing), the effects of capital, the effects of regulatory interventions, the effects of bailouts, and much more. They also analyze bank liquidity creation in the US over the past three decades during both normal times and financial crises. Narrowing the gap between the "academic world" (focused on theories) and the "practitioner world" (dedicated to solving real-world problems), this book is a helpful new tool for evaluating a bank’s performance over time and comparing it to its peer group. Explains that bank liquidity creation is a more comprehensive measure of a bank’s output than traditional measures and can also be used to measure bank liquidity Describes how high levels of bank liquidity creation may cause or predict future financial crises Addresses questions of research and policy interest related to bank liquidity creation around the world and provides links to websites with data and other materials to address these questions Includes such hot-button topics as the effects of monetary policy (including interest rate policy, lender of last resort, and quantitative easing), the effects of capital, the effects of regulatory interventions, and the effects of bailouts

Bank Liquidity and the Global Financial Crisis Book

Bank Liquidity and the Global Financial Crisis


  • Author : Laura Chiaramonte
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-07-09
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319944005

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Bank Liquidity and the Global Financial Crisis Excerpt :

One of the lessons learned from the Global Financial Crisis of 2007–9 is that minimum capital requirements are a necessary but inadequate safeguard for the stability of an intermediary. Despite the high levels of capitalization of many banks before the crisis, they too experienced serious difficulties due to insufficient liquidity buffers. Thus, for the first time, after the GFC regulators realized that liquidity risk can jeopardize the orderly functioning of a bank and, in some cases, its survival. Previously, the risk did not receive the same attention by regulators at the international level as other types of risk including credit, market, and operational risks. The GFC promoted liquidity risk to a significant place in regulatory reform, introducing uniform international rules and best practices. The literature has studied the potential effects of the new liquidity rules on the behaviour of banks, the financial system, and the economy as a whole. This book provides a comprehensive understanding of the bank liquidity crisis that occurred during the GFC, of the liquidity regulatory reform introduced by the Basel Committee with the Basel III Accord, and its implications both at the micro and macroeconomic levels. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore contributed to the funding of this research project and its publication.

High Liquidity Creation and Bank Failures Book

High Liquidity Creation and Bank Failures


  • Author : Zuzana Fungacova
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Genre: Bank failures
  • Pages : 33
  • ISBN 10 : 1475536178

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High Liquidity Creation and Bank Failures Excerpt :

We formulate the "High Liquidity Creation Hypothesis" (HLCH) that a proliferation in the core activity of bank liquidity creation increases failure probability. We test the HLCH in the context of Russian banking, which provides a natural field experiment due to numerous failures experienced over the past decade. Using Berger and Bouwman's (2009) liquidity creation measures as a comprehensive proxy for overall bank output, we find that high liquidity creation significantly increases the probability of bank failure; this finding survives multiple robustness checks. Our results suggest that regulatory authorities can mitigate systemic distress and reduce the costs of bank failures to society through early identification of high liquidity creators and enhanced monitoring of their funding and investment activities. --Abstract.

Understanding Financial Crises Book

Understanding Financial Crises


  • Author : Franklin Allen
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2009-04-02
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191622861

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Understanding Financial Crises Excerpt :

What causes a financial crisis? Can financial crises be anticipated or even avoided? What can be done to lessen their impact? Should governments and international institutions intervene? Or should financial crises be left to run their course? In the aftermath of the Asian financial crisis, many blamed international institutions, corruption, governments, and flawed macro and microeconomic policies not only for causing the crisis but also unnecessarily lengthening and deepening it. Based on ten years of research, the authors develop a theoretical approach to analyzing financial crises. Beginning with a review of the history of financial crises and providing readers with the basic economic tools needed to understand the literature, the authors construct a series of increasingly sophisticated models. Throughout, the authors guide the reader through the existing theoretical and empirical literature while also building on their own theoretical approach. The text presents the modern theory of intermediation, introduces asset markets and the causes of asset price volatility, and discusses the interaction of banks and markets. The book also deals with more specialized topics, including optimal financial regulation, bubbles, and financial contagion.

Capital Flows and the Twin Crises Book

Capital Flows and the Twin Crises


  • Author : Ilan Goldfajn
  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Release Date : 1997-07
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 38
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822023647662

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Capital Flows and the Twin Crises Excerpt :

This paper develops a model that focuses on the interaction of liquidity creation by financial intermediaries with capital flows and exchange rate collapses. The intermediaries’ role of transforming maturities is shown to result in larger movements of capital and a higher probability of crisis. These movements resemble the observed cycle in capital flows: large inflows, crisis and abrupt outflows. The model highlights how adverse productivity and international interest rate shocks may trigger a sudden outflow of capital and an exchange collapse. The initial shock is magnified by the behavior of individual foreign investors linked through their deposits in the intermediaries. The expectation of an eventual exchange rate crisis links investors’ behavior even further.

Does Going Tough on Banks Make the Going Get Tough  Bank Liquidity Regulations  Capital Requirements  and Sectoral Activity Book

Does Going Tough on Banks Make the Going Get Tough Bank Liquidity Regulations Capital Requirements and Sectoral Activity


  • Author : Ms.Deniz O Igan
  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Release Date : 2020-06-19
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 64
  • ISBN 10 : 9781513548104

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Does Going Tough on Banks Make the Going Get Tough Bank Liquidity Regulations Capital Requirements and Sectoral Activity Excerpt :

Whether and to what extent tougher bank regulation weighs on economic growth is an open empirical question. Using data from 28 manufacturing industries in 50 countries, we explore the extent to which cross-country differences in bank liquidity and capital levels were related to differences in sectoral activity around the period of the global financial crisis. We find that industries which are more dependent on external finance, in countries where banks had higher liquidity and capital ratios, performed relatively better during the crisis, with regard to investment rates and the creation of new enterprises. This relationship, however, exists only for bank-based systems and emerging market economies. In the pre-crisis period, we find only a marginal link to bank capital. These findings survive a battery of robustness checks and provide some solid support for the tighter prudential measures introduced under Basel III.

Bank Capital and Liquidity Creation Book

Bank Capital and Liquidity Creation


  • Author : Roman Horváth
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Bank capital
  • Pages : 32
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:823268895

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Bank Capital and Liquidity Creation Excerpt :

"The authors examine the relation between capital and liquidity creation. This issue is interesting because of the potential impact on liquidity creation from tighter capital requirements such as those in Basel III. They perform Granger-causality tests in a dynamic generalized method of moments (GMM) panel estimator framework on an exhaustive data set of Czech banks, which mainly includes small banks from 2000 to 2010. We observe a strong expansion in liquidity creation until the financial crisis that was mainly driven by large banks. They show that capital negatively Granger-causes liquidity creation in this industry, where majority of banks are small. But we also observe that liquidity creation Granger-causes a reduction in capital. These findings support the view that Basel III can reduce liquidity creation, but also that greater liquidity creation can reduce banks' solvency. Thus, the authors show that this reverse causality generates a trade-off between the benefits of financial stability induced by stronger capital requirements and the benefits of increased liquidity creation."--Abstract.

The Financial Crisis Inquiry Report Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

The Financial Crisis Inquiry Report


  • Author : Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission
  • Publisher : Cosimo, Inc.
  • Release Date : 2011-05-01
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 690
  • ISBN 10 : 9781616405410

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The Financial Crisis Inquiry Report Excerpt :

The Financial Crisis Inquiry Report, published by the U.S. Government and the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission in early 2011, is the official government report on the United States financial collapse and the review of major financial institutions that bankrupted and failed, or would have without help from the government. The commission and the report were implemented after Congress passed an act in 2009 to review and prevent fraudulent activity. The report details, among other things, the periods before, during, and after the crisis, what led up to it, and analyses of subprime mortgage lending, credit expansion and banking policies, the collapse of companies like Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, and the federal bailouts of Lehman and AIG. It also discusses the aftermath of the fallout and our current state. This report should be of interest to anyone concerned about the financial situation in the U.S. and around the world.THE FINANCIAL CRISIS INQUIRY COMMISSION is an independent, bi-partisan, government-appointed panel of 10 people that was created to "examine the causes, domestic and global, of the current financial and economic crisis in the United States." It was established as part of the Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009. The commission consisted of private citizens with expertise in economics and finance, banking, housing, market regulation, and consumer protection. They examined and reported on "the collapse of major financial institutions that failed or would have failed if not for exceptional assistance from the government."News Dissector DANNY SCHECHTER is a journalist, blogger and filmmaker. He has been reporting on economic crises since the 1980's when he was with ABC News. His film In Debt We Trust warned of the economic meltdown in 2006. He has since written three books on the subject including Plunder: Investigating Our Economic Calamity (Cosimo Books, 2008), and The Crime Of Our Time: Why Wall Street Is Not Too Big to Jail (Disinfo Books, 2011

Lending  Investments and the Financial Crisis Book

Lending Investments and the Financial Crisis


  • Author : Elena Beccalli
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-04-29
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN 10 : 9781137531018

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Lending Investments and the Financial Crisis Excerpt :

This book features contributions from leading researchers into the effect of the recent financial crisis on lending in the banking sector. They explore the emergence of alternative methods of firm financing, including crowdfunding, firm network financing and venture capital, and analyse the performance of listed European innovative firms. The book discusses related topics such as the role of loan dynamics and structure for Central and Eastern European economic growth, the liquidity policy of the European Central Bank during the Euro crisis, sovereign pensions and social security reserve funds. Lending, Investments and the Financial Crisis addresses the ways in which the strategies of institutional investors have been impacted by the crisis. The study focuses on Western, Central and Eastern Europe, while providing a wider context in terms of comparison with the Chinese banking system.

Liquidity Creation and Financial Fragility Book

Liquidity Creation and Financial Fragility


  • Author : Christian Weistroffer
  • Publisher : Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN 10 : 9783832526979

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Liquidity Creation and Financial Fragility Excerpt :

Open-end real estate funds (OEREFs) are the predominant vehicle in Germany for channeling private capital flows into commercial real estate markets. They transform longer-term investment projects into daily redeemable claims. To the extent that OEREFs stand ready to both issue new shares and redeem outstanding ones on a daily basis they provide valuable liquidity transformation. At the same time, they become susceptible to run phenomena. This dissertation analyzes the inherent fragility of open-end real estate funds in light of the German open-end fund crisis of 2005/06. The dissertation comprises three papers. The first paper explores how fund performance and other factors influenced capital flows into OEREFs before, during and after the German open-end fund crisis of 2005/06. The second paper looks at the valuation practice of OEREFs and assesses whether funds have suffered from a valuation problem. It finds evidence in support of the view that systematic deviations of appraised values from prices achieved in the market were at the heart of the 2005/06 German open-end fund crisis. The third paper relates findings from banking theory to OEREFs. It explores under which conditions the open-end fund contract resembles a demand deposit contract that is prone not only to panics but also to fundamental runs. The dissertation concludes by discussing policy options to mitigate the run problem.

Financial Crises Book

Financial Crises


  • Author : Mr.Stijn Claessens
  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Release Date : 2014-02-19
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 670
  • ISBN 10 : 9781475543407

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Financial Crises Excerpt :

The lingering effects of the economic crisis are still visible—this shows a clear need to improve our understanding of financial crises. This book surveys a wide range of crises, including banking, balance of payments, and sovereign debt crises. It begins with an overview of the various types of crises and introduces a comprehensive database of crises. Broad lessons on crisis prevention and management, as well as the short-term economic effects of crises, recessions, and recoveries, are discussed.

Crashed Book
Score: 4
From 5 Ratings

Crashed


  • Author : Adam Tooze
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release Date : 2018-08-07
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN 10 : 9780525558804

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Crashed Excerpt :

WINNER OF THE LIONEL GELBER PRIZE A NEW YORK TIMES NOTABLE BOOK OF 2018 ONE OF THE ECONOMIST'S BOOKS OF THE YEAR A NEW YORK TIMES CRITICS' TOP BOOK "An intelligent explanation of the mechanisms that produced the crisis and the response to it...One of the great strengths of Tooze's book is to demonstrate the deeply intertwined nature of the European and American financial systems."--The New York Times Book Review From the prizewinning economic historian and author of Shutdown and The Deluge, an eye-opening reinterpretation of the 2008 economic crisis (and its ten-year aftermath) as a global event that directly led to the shockwaves being felt around the world today. We live in a world where dramatic shifts in the domestic and global economy command the headlines, from rollbacks in US banking regulations to tariffs that may ignite international trade wars. But current events have deep roots, and the key to navigating today’s roiling policies lies in the events that started it all—the 2008 economic crisis and its aftermath. Despite initial attempts to downplay the crisis as a local incident, what happened on Wall Street beginning in 2008 was, in fact, a dramatic caesura of global significance that spiraled around the world, from the financial markets of the UK and Europe to the factories and dockyards of Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America, forcing a rearrangement of global governance. With a historian’s eye for detail, connection, and consequence, Adam Tooze brings the story right up to today’s negotiations, actions, and threats—a much-needed perspective on a global catastrophe and its long-term consequences.

High Liquidity Creation and Bank Failures Book

High Liquidity Creation and Bank Failures


  • Author : Zuzana Fungacova
  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Release Date : 2015-05-06
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 33
  • ISBN 10 : 9781475581805

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High Liquidity Creation and Bank Failures Excerpt :

We formulate the “High Liquidity Creation Hypothesis” (HLCH) that a proliferation in the core activity of bank liquidity creation increases failure probability. We test the HLCH in the context of Russian banking, which provides a natural field experiment due to numerous failures experienced over the past decade. Using Berger and Bouwman’s (2009) liquidity creation measures as a comprehensive proxy for overall bank output, we find that high liquidity creation significantly increases the probability of bank failure; this finding survives multiple robustness checks. Our results suggest that regulatory authorities can mitigate systemic distress and reduce the costs of bank failures to society through early identification of high liquidity creators and enhanced monitoring of their funding and investment activities.

The Global Financial Crisis Book

The Global Financial Crisis


  • Author : Dick Kazuyuki Nanto
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Financial crises
  • Pages : 151
  • ISBN 10 : 9781437919844

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The Global Financial Crisis Excerpt :

Contents: (1) Recent Developments and Analysis; (2) The Global Financial Crisis and U.S. Interests: Policy; Four Phases of the Global Financial Crisis; (3) New Challenges and Policy in Managing Financial Risk; (4) Origins, Contagion, and Risk; (5) Effects on Emerging Markets: Latin America; Russia and the Financial Crisis; (6) Effects on Europe and The European Response: The ¿European Framework for Action¿; The British Rescue Plan; Collapse of Iceland¿s Banking Sector; (7) Impact on Asia and the Asian Response: Asian Reserves and Their Impact; National Responses; (8) International Policy Issues: Bretton Woods II; G-20 Meetings; The International Monetary Fund; Changes in U.S. Reg¿s. and Regulatory Structure; (9) Legislation.

Managing Elevated Risk Book

Managing Elevated Risk


  • Author : Iwan J. Azis
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-12-11
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN 10 : 9789812872845

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Managing Elevated Risk Excerpt :

This book discusses the risks and opportunities that arise in Emerging Asia given the context of a new environment in global liquidity and capital flows. It elaborates on the need to ensure financial and overall economic stability in the region through improved financial regulation and other policy measures to minimize the emergent risks. "Managing Elevated Risk: Global Liquidity, Capital Flows, and Macroprudential Policy—An Asian Perspective" also explores the range of policy options that may be deployed to address the impact of global liquidity on domestic financial and socio-economic conditions including income inequality. The book is primarily aimed at policy makers, financial market regulators and supervisory agencies to help them improve national regulatory systems and to promote harmonization of national regulations and practices in line with global standards. Scholars and researchers will also gain important information and knowledge about the overall impacts of changing global liquidity from the book.