Brain   Behavior Book

Brain Behavior

  • Author : Bob Garrett
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Release Date : 2017-10-04
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 616
  • ISBN 10 : 9781506349220

Brain Behavior Book Description :

Ignite your excitement about behavioral neuroscience with Brain & Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Neuroscience, Fifth Edition by best-selling author Bob Garrett and new co-author Gerald Hough. Garrett and Hough make the field accessible by inviting readers to explore key theories and scientific discoveries using detailed illustrations and immersive examples as their guide. Spotlights on case studies, current events, and research findings help readers make connections between the material and their own lives. A study guide, revised artwork, new animations, and an accompanying interactive eBook stimulate deep learning and critical thinking.

Behavioral Neuroscience 8e Book

Behavioral Neuroscience 8e

  • Author : S. Marc Breedlove
  • Publisher : Sinauer Associates
  • Release Date : 2016-09
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 633
  • ISBN 10 : 160535418X

Behavioral Neuroscience 8e Book Description :

Revision of: Biological psychology. 2013. Seventh edition.

Behavioral Neuroscience Book

Behavioral Neuroscience

  • Author : Carl W. Cotman
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-04-24
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 856
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483217567

Behavioral Neuroscience Book Description :

Behavioral Neuroscience: An Introduction provides a basic understanding of what is known about the means by which neurons communicate and about the nervous system which interprets, integrates, and transmits signals into meaningful and appropriate behaviors. The book starts with an overview of the nervous system. The text then describes the general operation and organization of the nervous system; and some of the major types of neurons in the context of their systems. The basic characteristics of neurons and how they communicate; the processes and the basic integrative properties of defined groups of neurons; and complex learning and memory are also considered. The book further tackles the auditory, somesthetic, olfactory, gustatory, visual, and motor systems; the functions of the autonomic nervous system and the neuroendocrine system; and the neural basis of two types of motivated behavior, drinking and feeding. The text also encompasses sleep and activity rhythms; the development of the neural circuitry and its plasticity throughout life; and the development of behavior. Behavioral disorders and the aspects of the human nervous system which make man unique among all living creatures are also looked into. Behavioral psychologists, behavioral neuroscientists, and psychobiologists will find the book invaluable.

Behavioral Neuroscience of Motivation Book

Behavioral Neuroscience of Motivation

  • Author : Eleanor H. Simpson
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-05-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 587
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319269351

Behavioral Neuroscience of Motivation Book Description :

This volume covers the current status of research in the neurobiology of motivated behaviors in humans and other animals in healthy condition. This includes consideration of the psychological processes that drive motivated behavior and the anatomical, electrophysiological and neurochemical mechanisms which drive these processes and regulate behavioural output. The volume also includes chapters on pathological disturbances in motivation including apathy, or motivational deficit as well as addictions, the pathological misdirection of motivated behavior. As with the chapters on healthy motivational processes, the chapters on disease provide a comprehensive up to date review of the neurobiological abnormalities that underlie motivation, as determined by studies of patient populations as well as animal models of disease. The book closes with a section on recent developments in treatments for motivational disorders.

Discovering Behavioral Neuroscience  An Introduction to Biological Psychology Book

Discovering Behavioral Neuroscience An Introduction to Biological Psychology

  • Author : Laura Freberg
  • Publisher : Cengage Learning
  • Release Date : 2015-01-01
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 9781305687738

Discovering Behavioral Neuroscience An Introduction to Biological Psychology Book Description :

With its comprehensive, authoritative coverage and student-centered pedagogy, DISCOVERING BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE: AN INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 3rd Edition is ideal for a broad range of students taking a beginning undergraduate course in biological or physiological psychology. Retitled in this edition to reflect the increasing interest in, and importance of, neuroscience, the book provides a foundational understanding of the structure and function of the nervous system and its relationship to both typical and disordered human behavior. Written by an author with more than 30 years of teaching experience at schools ranging from community colleges to the Ivy League, this text presents classic concepts, current topics, and cutting-edge research in a style that is both accessible to beginning and less-prepared students and appealing to students with stronger backgrounds. As a result, the book allows instructors to teach a rigorous course that does not oversimplify the material, while keeping students excited and engaged. Reviewers have praised the text's clear narrative, high-interest examples, pedagogy, and purposeful art program. Updated with hundreds of new citations and to reflect changes in the DSM-5, this edition also includes new boxed features on ethics, careers, research, and health to engage students in the material, promote critical thinking, and prepare students for their future professions. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience Book

Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience

  • Author : Mark S. Blumberg
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2009-11-10
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 769
  • ISBN 10 : 9780195314731

Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience Book Description :

The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience is a seminal reference work in the burgeoning field of developmental behavioral neuroscience, which has emerged in recent years as an important sister discipline to developmental psychobiology. This handbook, part of the Oxford Library of Neuroscience, provides an introduction to recent advances in research at the intersection of developmental science and behavioral neuroscience, while emphasizing the central research perspectives of developmental psychobiology. Contributors to the Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience are drawn from a variety of fields, including developmental psychobiology, neuroscience, comparative psychology, and evolutionary biology, demonstrating the opportunities to advance our understanding of behavioral and neural development through enhanced interactions among parallel disciplines.In a field ripe for collaboration and integration, the Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience provides an unprecedented overview of conceptual and methodological issues pertaining to comparative and developmental neuroscience that can serve as a roadmap for researchers and a textbook for educators. Its broad reach will spur new insights and compel new collaborations in this rapidly growing field.

Foundations of Behavioral Neuroscience Book

Foundations of Behavioral Neuroscience

  • Author : Neil R. Carlson
  • Publisher : Pearson College Division
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN 10 : 0205940404

Foundations of Behavioral Neuroscience Book Description :

Helps apply the research findings of behavioral neuroscience to daily life. The ninth edition of Foundations of Behavioral Neuroscience offers a concise introduction to behavioral neuroscience. The text incorporates the latest studies and research in the rapidly changing fields of neuroscience and physiological psychology. The theme of strategies of learning helps readers apply these research findings to daily life. Foundations of Behavioral Neuroscience is an ideal choice for the instructor who wants a concise text with a good balance of human and animal studies. MyPsychLab is an integral part of the Carlson program. Key learning applications include the MyPsychLab Brain. Teaching & Learning Experience Personalize Learning – MyPsychLab is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program. It helps students prepare for class and instructor gauge individual and class performance. Improve Critical Thinking –Each chapter begins with a list of Learning Objectives that also serve as the framework for the Study Guide that accompanies this text. Engage Students –An Interim Summary follows each major section of the book. The summaries provide useful reviews and also break each chapter into manageable chunks. Explore Theory/Research – APS Reader, Current Directions in Biopsychology in MyPsychLab Support Instructors – A full set of supplements, including MyPsychLab, provides instructors with all the resources and support they need. This Book a la Carte Edition is an unbound, three-hole punched, loose-leaf version of the textbook and provides students the opportunity to personalized their book by incorporating their own notes and taking the portion of the book they need to class – all at a fraction of the bound book price.

Behavioral Neuroscience of Learning and Memory Book

Behavioral Neuroscience of Learning and Memory

  • Author : Robert E. Clark
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-03-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319787572

Behavioral Neuroscience of Learning and Memory Book Description :

‘Behavioral Neuroscience of Learning and Memory’ brings together the opinions and expertise of some of the world’s foremost neuroscientists in the field of learning and memory research. The volume provides a broad coverage of contemporary research and thinking in this field, focusing both on well established topics such as the medial temporal lobe memory system, as well as emerging areas of research such as the role of memory in decision making and the mechanisms of perceptual learning. Key intersecting themes include the molecular and cellular mechanisms of memory formation, the multiplicity of memory systems in the brain, and the way in which technological innovation is driving discovery. Unusually for a volume of this kind, this volume brings together research from both humans and animals—often relatively separate areas of discourse—to give a more comprehensive and integrated view of the field. The book will be of interest to both established researchers who wish to broaden their knowledge of topics outside of their specific areas of expertise, and for students who need a resource to help them make sense of the vast scientific literature on this subject.

Fundamental Neuroscience Book
Score: 4.5
From 4 Ratings

Fundamental Neuroscience

  • Author : Larry Squire
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2008-04-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1280
  • ISBN 10 : 0080561020

Fundamental Neuroscience Book Description :

Fundamental Neuroscience, 3rd Edition introduces graduate and upper-level undergraduate students to the full range of contemporary neuroscience. Addressing instructor and student feedback on the previous edition, all of the chapters are rewritten to make this book more concise and student-friendly than ever before. Each chapter is once again heavily illustrated and provides clinical boxes describing experiments, disorders, and methodological approaches and concepts. Capturing the promise and excitement of this fast-moving field, Fundamental Neuroscience, 3rd Edition is the text that students will be able to reference throughout their neuroscience careers! New to this edition: 30% new material including new chapters on Dendritic Development and Spine Morphogenesis, Chemical Senses, Cerebellum, Eye Movements, Circadian Timing, Sleep and Dreaming, and Consciousness Additional text boxes describing key experiments, disorders, methods, and concepts Multiple model system coverage beyond rats, mice, and monkeys Extensively expanded index for easier referencing

Handbook of the Behavioral Neurobiology of Serotonin Book
Score: 3
From 2 Ratings

Handbook of the Behavioral Neurobiology of Serotonin

  • Author : Christian P. Muller
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2009-12-30
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 836
  • ISBN 10 : 0080878172

Handbook of the Behavioral Neurobiology of Serotonin Book Description :

Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, often cited as 5-HT) is one of the major excitatory neurotransmitter, and the serotonergic system is one of the best studied and understood transmitter systems. It is crucially involved in the organization of virtually all behaviours and in the regulation of emotion and mood. Alterations in the serotonergic system, induced by e.g. learning or pathological processes, underlie behavioural plasticity and changes in mood, which can finally results in abnormal behaviour and psychiatric conditions. Not surprisingly, the serotonergic system and its functional components appear to be targets for a multitude of pharmacological treatments - examples of very successful drugs targeting the serotoninergic system include Prozac and Zoloft. The last decades of research have not only fundamentally expanded our view on serotonin but also revealed in much more detail an astonishing complexity of this system, which comprises a multitude of receptors and signalling pathways. A detailed view on its role in basal, but also complex, behaviours emerged, and, was presented in a number of single review articles. Although much is known now, the serotonergic system is still a fast growing field of research contributing to our present understanding of the brains function during normal and disturbed behaviour. This handbook aims towards a detailed and comprehensive overview over the many facets of behavioural serotonin research. As such, it will provide the most up to date and thorough reading concerning the serotonergic systems control of behaviour and mood in animals and humans. The goal is to create a systematic overview and first hand reference that can be used by students and scholars alike in the fields of genetics, anatomy, pharmacology, physiology, behavioural neuroscience, pathology, and psychiatry. The chapters in this book will be written by leading scientists in this field. Most of them have already written excellent reviews in their field of expertise

Behavioral Neuroscience of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Its Treatment Book

Behavioral Neuroscience of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Its Treatment

  • Author : Clare Stanford
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-01-10
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642246128

Behavioral Neuroscience of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Its Treatment Book Description :

In this volume there is a strong emphasis on translational science, with preclinical approaches suggesting new directions for development of new treatments. Individual chapters describe how neuroimaging, neuroendocrine, genetic and behavioral studies use powerful research tools that are offering a completely new understanding of the factors that increase vulnerability to ADHD. The clinical impact of co-morbid problems, especially obesity and substance misuse, are highlighted and explain what such problems can tell us about the etiology of ADHD, more generally. Reviews of the pharmacology of established drug treatments for ADHD justify an exciting novel theory for their therapeutic actions and address questions about the effects of their long‐term use.

Behavioural Neuroscience Book

Behavioural Neuroscience

  • Author : Seán Commins
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-31
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107104501

Behavioural Neuroscience Book Description :

A visually engaging explanation of the neural process underlying various behaviours in species ranging from the simplest organisms to humans.

Neuroscience of Pain  Stress  and Emotion Book

Neuroscience of Pain Stress and Emotion

  • Author : Magne Arve Flaten
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-12-28
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128006665

Neuroscience of Pain Stress and Emotion Book Description :

Neuroscience of Pain, Stress, and Emotion: Psychological and Clinical Implications presents updated research on stress, pain, and emotion, all key research areas within both basic and clinical neuroscience. Improved research understanding of their interaction is ultimately necessary if clinicians and those working in the field of psychosomatic medicine are to alleviate patient suffering. This volume offers broad coverage of that interaction, with chapters written by major researchers in the field. After reviewing the neuroscience of pain and stress, the contents go on to address the interaction between stress and chronic/acute pain, the role of different emotions in pain, neurobiological mechanisms mediating these various interactions, individual differences in both stress and pain, the role of patient expectations during treatment (placebo and nocebo responses), and how those relate to stress modulation. While there are books on the market which discuss pain, stress, and emotion separately, this volume is the first to tackle their nexus, thus appealing to both researchers and clinicians. Represents the only comprehensive reference detailing the link between pain, stress and emotion, covering the neuroscientific underpinnings, related psychological processes, and clinical implications Compiles, in one place, research which promises to improve the methodology of clinical trials and the use of knowledge of pain-stress-emotion effects in order to reduce patients’ suffering Provides comprehensive chapters authored by global leaders in the field, the broadest, most expert coverage available

Neuroscience of Aggression Book

Neuroscience of Aggression

  • Author : Klaus A. Miczek
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-08-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 479
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662442814

Neuroscience of Aggression Book Description :

This volume assembles the leading aggression researchers both at the preclinical and clinical level. They review the current state of knowledge about neural mechanisms of aggressive behavior and point to the need for innovative methodologies to further our understanding of this greatly understudied set of behaviors.

Principles of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology Book
Score: 5
From 2 Ratings

Principles of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology

  • Author : M.-Marsel Mesulam
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2000-01-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN 10 : 0198030800

Principles of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology Book Description :

This thoroughly revised new edition of a classic book provides a clinically inspired but scientifically guided approach to the biological foundations of human mental function in health and disease. It includes authoritative coverage of all the major areas related to behavioral neurology, neuropsychology, and neuropsychiatry. Each chapter, written by a world-renowned expert in the relevant area, provides an introductory background as well as an up-to-date review of the most recent developments. Clinical relevance is emphasized but is placed in the context of cognitive neuroscience, basic neuroscience, and functional imaging. Major cognitive domains such as frontal lobe function, attention and neglect, memory, language, prosody, complex visual processing, and object identification are reviewed in detail. A comprehensive chapter on behavioral neuroanatomy provides a background for brain-behavior interactions in the cerebral cortex, limbic system, basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebullum. Chapters on temperolimbic epilepsy, major psychiatric syndromes, and dementia provide in-depth analyses of these neurobehavioral entities and their neurobiological coordinates. Changes for this second edition include the reflection throughout the book of the new and flourishing alliance of behavioral neurology, neuropsychology, and neuropsychiatry with cognitive science;major revision of all chapters; new authorship of those on language and memory; and the inclusion of entirely new chapters on psychiatric syndromes and the dementias. Both as a textbook and a reference work, the second edition of Principles of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology represents an invaluable resource for behavioral neurologists, neuropsychologists, neuropsychiatrists, cognitive and basic neuroscientists, geriatricians, physiatrists, and their students and trainees.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Forensic Neuroscience Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Forensic Neuroscience

  • Author : Anthony R. Beech
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-01-26
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 1032
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118650912

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Forensic Neuroscience Book Description :

Explores how the explosion of neuroscience-based evidence in recent years has led to a fundamental change in how forensic psychology can inform working with criminal populations. This book communicates knowledge and research findings in the neurobiological field to those who work with offenders and those who design policy for offender rehabilitation and criminal justice systems, so that practice and policy can be neurobiologically informed, and research can be enhanced. Starting with an introduction to the subject of neuroscience and forensic settings, The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Forensic Neuroscience then offers in-depth and enlightening coverage of the neurobiology of sex and sexual attraction, aggressive behavior, and emotion regulation; the neurobiological bases to risk factors for offending such as genetics, developmental, alcohol and drugs, and mental disorders; and the neurobiology of offending, including psychopathy, antisocial personality disorders, and violent and sexual offending. The book also covers rehabilitation techniques such as brain scanning, brain-based therapy for adolescents, and compassion-focused therapy. The book itself: Covers a wide array of neuroscience research Chapters by renowned neuroscientists and criminal justice experts Topics covered include the neurobiology of aggressive behavior, the neuroscience of deception, genetic contributions to psychopathy, and neuroimaging-guided treatment Offers conclusions for practitioners and future directions for the field. The Handbook of Forensic Neuroscience is a welcome book for all researchers, practitioners, and postgraduate students involved with forensic psychology, neuroscience, law, and criminology.

Brain Imaging in Behavioral Neuroscience Book

Brain Imaging in Behavioral Neuroscience

  • Author : Cameron S. Carter
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-11-04
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642287114

Brain Imaging in Behavioral Neuroscience Book Description :

This volume highlights the remarkable new developments in brain imaging, including those that apply magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET), that allow us to non invasively study the living human brain in health and in disease. These technological advances have allowed us to obtain new and powerful insights into the structure and function of the healthy brain as it develops across the life cycle, as well as the molecular make up of brain systems and circuits as they develop and change with age. New brain imaging technologies have also given us new insights into the causes of many common brain disorders, including ADHD, schizophrenia, depression and Alzheimer’s disease, which collectively affect a large segment of the population. These new insights have major implications for understanding and treating these brain disorders, and are providing clinicians with the first ever set of biomarkers that can be used to guide diagnosis and monitor treatment effects. The advances in brain imaging over the last 20 years, summarized in this volume, represent a major advance in modern biomedical sciences.

Textbook of Clinical Neuropsychiatry Second edition Book

Textbook of Clinical Neuropsychiatry Second edition

  • Author : David P. Moore
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2008-04-25
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 752
  • ISBN 10 : 9781444109740

Textbook of Clinical Neuropsychiatry Second edition Book Description :

Textbook of Clinical Neuropsychiatry provides a comprehensive, encyclopedic and up to date coverage of the complete range of neuropsychiatric disorders. The text is clearly written and well organized, utilizing a consistent and easy to read format throughout. Part I describes the diagnostic assessment of patients and details the interview, mental status examination, neurologic examination and ancillary investigations. Part II provides a thorough description of the clinical features of the signs, symptoms and syndromes seen in neuropsychiatric practice, with special emphasis on the multiple disorders and lesions that may cause them. Part III goes on to present virtually all of the specific disorders seen in neuropsychiatric practice, in each case detailing clinical features, course, etiology, differential diagnosis and treatment. The authoritativeness, comprehensiveness and lucid organization of Textbook of Clinical Neuropsychiatry make it an essential reference for psychiatrists and neurologists alike, and for students in those disciplines.

Brain Imaging in Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Neuroscience Book

Brain Imaging in Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Neuroscience

  • Author : Ronald A. Cohen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-12-09
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN 10 : 1441963731

Brain Imaging in Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Neuroscience Book Description :

Rapid developments in brain neuroimaging methods have occurred over the past decade. These advances have revolutionized cognitive and behavioral neuroscience, and are likely to have major influence on clinical psychological, psychiatric, and neurological practice over the coming years. There are a number of excellent books that focus on specific neuroimaging methods, such as fMRI. Furthermore, cognitive and neuroscience texts have increasingly incorporated functional brain neuroimaging. Yet, there are few books to date that consider and review emerging research in the application of brain neuroimaging methods for the study and assessment of behavioral and cognitive disorders. This book provides a broad coverage of current research trends in the clinical application of brain neuroimaging methods in the context of behavioral medicine, neuropsychology, and related areas of medical psychology. It uniquely integrates current neuroimaging methods and studies with current behavioral medicine research, and presents knowledge derived from recent developments in the fields of functional and structural brain imaging. By integrating information from experimental behavioral medicine with clinical insights, this book will serve as a source book for neuropsychologists, psychologists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and other professionals in both clinical practice and academic context. This integration results in the reader having a greater understanding of how the brain controls behavior, the disturbances of behavior that may occur with different disorders, and what clinicians should consider when assessing or working with patients with behavioral problems.

Handbook of Basal Ganglia Structure and Function Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Handbook of Basal Ganglia Structure and Function

  • Author : Heinz Steiner
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-03-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080912158

Handbook of Basal Ganglia Structure and Function Book Description :

The Basal Ganglia comprise a group of forebrain nuclei that are interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus and brainstem. Basal ganglia circuits are involved in various functions, including motor control and learning, sensorimotor integration, reward and cognition. The importance of these nuclei for normal brain function and behavior is emphasized by the numerous and diverse disorders associated with basal ganglia dysfunction, including Parkinson’s disease, Tourette’s syndrome, Huntington’s disease, obsessive-compulsive disorder, dystonia, and psychostimulant addiction. The Handbook of Basal Ganglia provides a comprehensive overview of the structural and functional organization of the basal ganglia, with special emphasis on the progress achieved over the last 10-15 years. Organized in six parts, the volume describes the general anatomical organization and provides a review of the evolution of the basal ganglia, followed by detailed accounts of recent advances in anatomy, cellular/molecular, and cellular/physiological mechanisms, and our understanding of the behavioral and clinical aspects of basal ganglia function and dysfunction. Synthesizes widely dispersed information on the behavioral neurobiology of the basal ganglia, including advances in the understanding of anatomy, cell-molecular and cell-physiological mechanisms, and behavioral/clinical aspects of function and dysfunction Features a truly international cast of the preeminent researchers in the field Fully explores the clinically relevant impact of the basal ganglia on various psychiatric and neurological diseases