Biolubricants Book


  • Author : Jan C.J. Bart
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-12-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 944
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857096326

Biolubricants Excerpt :

Lubricants are essential in engineering, however more sustainable formulations are needed to avoid adverse effects on the ecosystem. Bio-based lubricant formulations present a promising solution. Biolubricants: Science and technology is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary and timely review of this important subject. Initial chapters address the principles of lubrication, before systematically reviewing fossil and bio-based feedstock resources for biodegradable lubricants. Further chapters describe catalytic, (bio) chemical functionalisation processes for transformation of feedstocks into commercial products, product development, relevant legislation, life cycle assessment, major product groups and specific performance criteria in all major applications. Final chapters consider markets for biolubricants, issues to consider when selecting and using a lubricant, lubricant disposal and future trends. With its distinguished authors, Biolubricants: Science and technology is a comprehensive reference for an industrial audience of oil formulators and lubrication engineers, as well as researchers and academics with an interest in the subject. It provides an essential overview of scientific and technological developments enabling the cost-effective improvement of biolubricants, something that is crucial for the green future of the lubricant industry. A comprehensive, interdisciplinary and timely review of bio-based lubricant formulations Addresses the principles of lubrication Reviews fossil and bio-based feedstock resources for biodegradable lubricants

Lubrication in Inland and Coastal Water Activities Book

Lubrication in Inland and Coastal Water Activities

  • Author : P van Broekhuizen
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2003-01-01
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN 10 : 9058096122

Lubrication in Inland and Coastal Water Activities Excerpt :

This book is strongly recommended to those engaged in activities involving the lubrication of machines, to lubricant manufacturers and to raw material producers. It brings together the experience of many companies, institutions and individual users in a variety of European countries. These user groups have monitored the effect of applying biolubricants to their equipment. Lubrication in Inland and Coastal Water Activities describes the various products available and gives an overview of the technical and environmental aspects of biolubricants. Attention is given to the range of biolubricants, their application and the importance of including all stakeholders in developing their use: from the lubricant manufacturers to the equipment manufacturers, from local users to governmental authorities. Lubrication in Inland and Coastal Water Activities is a valuable contribution towards the development of a responsible lubricant policy.

Environmentally Friendly and Biobased Lubricants Book

Environmentally Friendly and Biobased Lubricants

  • Author : Brajendra K. Sharma
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN 10 : 9781482232035

Environmentally Friendly and Biobased Lubricants Excerpt :

A Comprehensive Review of Developing Environmentally Friendly Lubricants A push from environmentally savvy consumers along with recent changes in governmental regulations have paved the way for a marketplace of products with high levels of environmental performance. Fueled by the growing demand for biobased lubricants, Environmentally Friendly and Biobased Lubricants highlights the development of environmentally friendly additives that are compatible with environmental regulations and describes the approaches being used in this emerging area. Derived from research topics shared over the years at various technical sessions of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE) Annual Meetings, the book includes a critical assessment of gaps and weaknesses in the field of environmentally friendly fluids and biobased lubricants. Each chapter is written by authors selected from the environmentally friendly fluids and biobased lubricants sessions of STLE and also incorporates input from prominent researchers invited to take part in the book. Expert contributors discuss the control, production, usage, and disposal of lubricants; factor in related policies, laws, and regulations around the world; and include case studies demonstrating the uses and values of commercially viable biobased lubricants. The book is divided into five sections that cover advanced environmentally friendly base oils and feedstocks, biobased hydraulic lubricants and biodegradability, chemically/enzymatically modified environmentally friendly base oils, vegetable oil–based environmentally friendly fluids, and additives for environmentally friendly fluids.

Tribology and Sustainability Book

Tribology and Sustainability

  • Author : Jitendra Kumar Katiyar
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-08-26
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 435
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000435542

Tribology and Sustainability Excerpt :

Tribology and Sustainability brings a vision of promoting a greener, cleaner and eco-friendly environment by highlighting sustainable solutions in tribology via the development of self-lubricating materials, green additives in lubricants, natural fibre-reinforced materials and biomimetic approaches. Backed by supporting schematic diagrams, data tables and illustrations for easy understanding, the book focuses on recent advancements in tribology and sustainability. Global sustainability and regional requirements are addressed through chapters on natural composites, green lubricants, biomedical systems and wind energy systems, with a dedicated chapter on a global sustainability scenario. FEATURES Highlights sustainability via new tribological approaches and how such methods are essential Covers the theoretical aspects of various tribological topics concerning mechanical and material designs for energy-efficient systems Includes practical global sustainability based on the regional requirements of tribological research and sustainable impact Reviews the tribology of green lubricants, green additives and lightweight materials Discusses topics related to biomimetics and biotribology Tribology and Sustainability will assist researchers, professionals and graduate students in tribology, surface engineering, mechanical design and materials engineering, including mechanical, aerospace, chemical and environmental engineering.

Biomass Derived Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Catalysts Book

Biomass Derived Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Catalysts

  • Author : José María Encinar Martín
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2021-06-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9783036509082

Biomass Derived Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Catalysts Excerpt :

In this book, the performance of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts applied in biomass processing was assessed, paying special attention to the main advantages and challenges related to their use. Indeed, these challenges are opportunities to develop new research lines that could be fruitful in the near future. Thus, different studies are included, dealing with diverse subjects, with one main goal in common: the improvement of different aspects related to biomass processing through the use of catalysts.

Fuel Processing and Energy Utilization Book

Fuel Processing and Energy Utilization

  • Author : Sonil Nanda
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-02-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429952371

Fuel Processing and Energy Utilization Excerpt :

This book provides different aspects on fuel processing and refinery for energy generation. Most updated research findings along with case studies, real scenario examples, and extensive analyses of original research work and literature reviews is included in this book.

Advances in Biorefineries Book

Advances in Biorefineries

  • Author : Keith W. Waldron
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-04-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 936
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097385

Advances in Biorefineries Excerpt :

Biorefineries are an essential technology in converting biomass into biofuels or other useful materials. Advances in Biorefineries provides a comprehensive overview of biorefining processing techniques and technologies, and the biofuels and other materials produced. Part one focuses on methods of optimizing the biorefining process and assessing its environmental and economic impact. It also looks at current and developing technologies for producing value-added materials. Part two goes on to explore these materials with a focus on biofuels and other value-added products. It considers the properties, limitations, and practical applications of these products and how they can be used to meet the increasing demand for renewable and sustainable fuels as an alternative to fossil fuels. Advances in Biorefineries is a vital reference for biorefinery/process engineers, industrial biochemists/chemists, biomass/waste scientists and researchers and academics in the field. A comprehensive and systematic reference on the advanced biomass recovery and conversion processes used in biorefineries Reviews developments in biorefining processes Discusses the wide range of value-added products from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives

Lubricant Additives Book

Lubricant Additives

  • Author : Leslie R. Rudnick
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-07-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1652
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351646963

Lubricant Additives Excerpt :

This indispensable book describes lubricant additives, their synthesis, chemistry, and mode of action. All important areas of application are covered, detailing which lubricants are needed for a particular application. Laboratory and field performance data for each application is provided and the design of cost-effective, environmentally friendly technologies is fully explored. This edition includes new chapters on chlorohydrocarbons, foaming chemistry and physics, antifoams for nonaqueous lubricants, hydrogenated styrene–diene viscosity modifiers, alkylated aromatics, and the impact of REACh and GHS on the lubricant industry.

Renewable Energy Technologies for Energy Efficient Sustainable Development Book

Renewable Energy Technologies for Energy Efficient Sustainable Development

  • Author : Arindam Sinharoy
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-01-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030876333

Renewable Energy Technologies for Energy Efficient Sustainable Development Excerpt :

The depletion of fossil fuel reserves and concerns for environmental degradation due to the fossil fuel burning have led the scientific community to look for alternative renewable energy sources. Among the available renewable energy sources, bioenergy derived from biomass and waste resources have great potential to not only prevent environmental pollution but also be a carbon neutral energy source. In addition, adaptation of this technology could streamline new green products, alternative energy sources into real-world applications and promote a circular economy towards zero-waste approach. This book tries to bridge the existing knowledge gap in the area of bioenergy resources. The first two chapters provide introduction to the anaerobic digestion (AD) technologies and direct interspecies electron transfer in AD. The next three chapters are on biomass pretreatment technologies for process improvement. The sixth to eighth chapter discuses biogas and other by-product production from specific wastes such from dairy, food and agricultural solid waste. The following two chapters focuses on the downstream processing of anaerobic digestate and on biochar production. Integration of AD in biorefineries using bioelectrochemical systems, syngas fermentation and electricity production are discussed in the next three chapters. The final two chapters elaborates on life cycle assessment of AD based technologies.

Vegetable Oil based Bio lubricants and Transformer Fluids Book

Vegetable Oil based Bio lubricants and Transformer Fluids

  • Author : Dhorali Gnanasekaran
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-09-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 155
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811048708

Vegetable Oil based Bio lubricants and Transformer Fluids Excerpt :

This book discusses vegetable oil based biolubricants and their applications in the power distribution industry. Vegetable oil based lubricants offer significant advantages over petroleum-based lubricants, including biodegradability, cost-effectiveness, renewability, and lower environmental effects. This book provides a detailed literature survey of modified vegetable oils. It discusses the physical and chemical properties of vegetable oil, and their effects on its applications in tribology. The book discusses additives and enhancements to make vegetable oils suitable for use as lubricating oils and transformer oils in power plants and power distribution grids. The contents of the book will be useful to researchers and professionals as well as policy makers and standards agencies.

Comprehensive Biotechnology Book
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Comprehensive Biotechnology

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-07-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 4870
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444640475

Comprehensive Biotechnology Excerpt :

Comprehensive Biotechnology, Third Edition unifies, in a single source, a huge amount of information in this growing field. The book covers scientific fundamentals, along with engineering considerations and applications in industry, agriculture, medicine, the environment and socio-economics, including the related government regulatory overviews. This new edition builds on the solid basis provided by previous editions, incorporating all recent advances in the field since the second edition was published in 2011. Offers researchers a one-stop shop for information on the subject of biotechnology Provides in-depth treatment of relevant topics from recognized authorities, including the contributions of a Nobel laureate Presents the perspective of researchers in different fields, such as biochemistry, agriculture, engineering, biomedicine and environmental science

Industrial Tribology Book

Industrial Tribology

  • Author : Jitendra Kumar Katiyar
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-11-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 391
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000778502

Industrial Tribology Excerpt :

Covering energy-saving technologies and how these are incorporated into component design, this book is relevant to many industries, including automotive engineering, and discusses the topical issue of sustainability in industry. This book details recent fundamental developments in the field of tribology in industrial systems. Tribology has advanced significantly in recent years. Tribological performance depends on external parameters such as contact pressure at the interface, system temperature, relative speed between bodies and contact behaviour. Through ensuring that mechanisms work in an energy-efficient manner and minimizing wear, engineers should seek to implement the study of tribology to improve the life of machinery within industry. Essential to the study of component design and condition monitoring, the book touches upon topics such as gears, bearings and clutches. Additionally, it discusses tribology’s relation to Industry 4.0 and incorporates the results from cutting-edge research. Industrial Tribology: Sustainable Machinery and Industry 4.0 will be of interest to all engineers working in industry and involved in mechanical engineering, material engineering, mechanisms and component design and automotive engineering.

Progress in Green Tribology Book

Progress in Green Tribology

  • Author : J. Paulo Davim
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2017-04-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110367058

Progress in Green Tribology Excerpt :

Tribology is usually defined as "the science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion". It includes the research and application of principles of friction, wear, lubrication and design. Green tribology involves tribological aspects of environmental and biological impacts. This multidisciplinary field of science and technology is very important for the development of new products in mechanics, materials, chemistry, life sciences and by extension for all modern industry. The current volume aims to provide recent information on progress in green tribology. Chapter 1 provides information on tribological materials (an eco-sustainable perspective), while chapter 2 is dedicated to preparation and tribology performance of bio-based ceramic particles from rice waste and chapter 3 describes tribological behavior and tribochemistry of Ti3SiC2 in water and alcohols. Chapter 4 contains information on modelling and analysis of the oil-film pressure of a hydrodynamic journal bearing lubricated by nano based bio-lubricants using a D-optimal design. Finally, chapter 5 is dedicated to wear performance of oil palm seed fibre reinforced polyester composite aged in brake fluid solutions. The current volume can be used as a research book for final undergraduate in engineering courses or as a topic on green tribology at postgraduate level. This book can also serve as useful reference for academics, researchers, mechanical, materials, environmental and manufacturing engineers, professionals green tribology and related industries.

Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and Speciality Chemicals Industry Book

Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and Speciality Chemicals Industry

  • Author : R. Rajagopal
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-06-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118677896

Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and Speciality Chemicals Industry Excerpt :

The global fine and speciality chemicals industry is a vitalsegment within the chemical value chain, catering to a multitude of societal and industrial needs.Regulatory, sustainability and consumer forces have been constantlyshaping the business fundamentals of this industry. Developingvalue creation strategies, which embed economic, environmental andsocial sustainability components, will need a comprehensiveassessment of business, scientific and technological challengesfacing the industry. Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and SpecialityChemicals Industry assesses sustainable value creation optionsagainst the backdrop of global mega trends that are defi ning thepresent and future course of the industry. It discusses innovativestrategies in feedstocks, R&D, technology, manufacturing,resource management and the supply chain as well as thesignificance of the bio-based chemical economy in enablingsustainable value creation in the fine and speciality chemicalsindustry. Topics covered include: • Transformation in the fine and speciality chemicalsbusiness • Sustainable management: evolution, transitions andtools • Research and technology directions • Resource optimization strategies • Bio-based chemicals, specialities and polymers • Sustainable practices in the fine and speciality chemicalsindustry • Sustainable value creation strategies Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and SpecialityChemicals Industry presents a comprehensive overview of strategic options for sustainability management in theglobal fine and speciality chemicals industry. It will be avaluable resource for chemists and chemical engineers involved inthe design and development of economically, environmentally andsocially sustainable practices for the future.