Biomass Combustion Science  Technology and Engineering Book

Biomass Combustion Science Technology and Engineering


  • Author : Lasse Rosendahl
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097439

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Biomass Combustion Science Technology and Engineering Excerpt :

The utilisation of biomass is increasingly important for low- or zero-carbon power generation. Developments in conventional power plant fuel flexibility allow for both direct biomass combustion and co-firing with fossil fuels, while the integration of advanced technologies facilitates conversion of a wide range of biomass feedstocks into more readily combustible fuel. Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation. Part one provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks, and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation. Chapters also describe the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification. Part two goes on to explore biomass combustion and co-firing, including direct combustion of biomass, biomass co-firing and gasification, fast pyrolysis of biomass for the production of liquids and intermediate pyrolysis technologies. Largescale biomass combustion and biorefineries are then the focus of part three. Following an overview of large-scale biomass combustion plants, key engineering issues and plant operation are discussed, before the book concludes with a chapter looking at the role of biorefineries in increasing the value of the end-products of biomass conversion. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering provides a clear overview of this important area for all power plant operators, industrial engineers, biomass researchers, process chemists and academics working in this field. Reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation Provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation Describes the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering


  • Author : M. Mandø
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128087565

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Biomass combustion science technology and engineering Excerpt :

This chapter addresses the large-scale combustion of solid biomass to produce heat and power without co-firing of fossil fuels. It introduces the combustion process with a specific focus on issues important in the combustion of solid biomass such as the condition and chemical properties of the biomass fuel, the increased fouling and corrosion of heating surfaces associated with biomass compared to fossil fuels, as well as ash properties and sintering problems. Finally, specific issues regarding the different firing technologies – grate, fluidized bed and suspension firing – are reviewed.

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering


  • Author : C. Yin
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128087572

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Biomass combustion science technology and engineering Excerpt :

Co-firing biomass with fossil fuels in existing power plants is an attractive option for significantly increasing renewable energy resource utilization and reducing CO2 emissions. This chapter mainly discusses three direct co-firing technologies: pulverized-fuel (PF) boilers, fluidized-bed combustion (FBC) systems, and grate-firing systems, which are employed in about 50%, 40%, and 10% of all the co-firing plants, respectively. Their basic principles, process technologies, advantages, and limitations are presented, followed by a brief comparison of these technologies when applied to biomass co-firing. This chapter also briefly introduces indirect co-firing and parallel co-firing and their application status.

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering


  • Author : H. Widell
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128087626

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Biomass combustion science technology and engineering Excerpt :

Biomass-fired steam boilers are finding increasing use in industrial-scale applications for both heat and power generation. This chapter compares the main technologies for biomass combustion – spreader stoker, mass burn and biomass bubbling fluidised bed (BFB)/circulating fluidised bed (CFB) – and discusses specific issues to be addressed in the design of biomass-fired steam boiler plants. Examples of recent biomass-to-energy plants are given in order to illustrate how project-specific factors influenced the design. A section is dedicated to non-wood biomass fuels and how their characteristics affect plant design. Conversion of existing coal-fired boilers to biomass firing is also discussed. The final part of the chapter deals with operational issues of biomass-fired plants.

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering


  • Author : S. Caillat
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128087619

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Biomass combustion science technology and engineering Excerpt :

For a long time biomass was combusted mostly on a small scale. Now the largest biomass boilers are over 500 MWth. This chapter tries to outline the main methods for large-scale biomass combustion. The main boiler types are the grate and bubbling-fluidised bed boilers although circulating-fluidised bed and pulverised firing do play a role. Particular emphasis has been placed on emissions, the effect of fuel quality and operating issues.

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering


  • Author : A. Bridgwater
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128087596

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Biomass combustion science technology and engineering Excerpt :

This chapter examines the fast pyrolysis of biomass to produce liquids for use as fuels and chemicals. The technology for fast pyrolysis is described and the characteristics of the main product bio-oil. This primary liquid is characterised by the many properties that affect its use. These properties have caused increasingly extensive research to be undertaken to address properties that need modification and this area is reviewed in terms of physical, catalytic and chemical upgrading. Of particular note is the increasing diversity of upgrading methods.

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering


  • Author : L.S. Nikolaisen
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128087558

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Biomass combustion science technology and engineering Excerpt :

This chapter addresses the categorisation of biomass followed by the preparation and conditioning of biomass before combustion and gasification, which are the main technologies for heat and electricity generation. The physical and chemical characteristics are described for a range of types of biomass, together with selected examples of the common European standards for measuring biomass. The chapter addresses the problems and limitations of selected fuels and considers future trends for fuels such as mixed biopellets and the potential use of marine biomass.

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering


  • Author : L. Lange
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128087633

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Biomass combustion science technology and engineering Excerpt :

Biomass is much too precious to be used only for the production of heat and electricity. Biomass and biowaste have the potential to be used much higher up in the value chain, e.g. as food ingredients, animal feed, chemical building blocks, materials, fuels, and phosphorous-rich fertilizer. Biorefineries will take over from oil refineries. A biorefinery can use all of the different components in optimized value-adding purposes. They represent the next generation of industrial biotechnology, building on the use of microbes and microbial products to convert biomass. The bioeconomy will be a prominent part of smart and sustainable society in the future.

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering


  • Author : A.A. Rentizelas
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128087541

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Biomass combustion science technology and engineering Excerpt :

The chapter discusses the biomass supply chain, which is responsible for supplying an energy conversion plant with the correct quantity and quality of biomass at the correct time. The chapter first categorizes the biomass and waste streams and presents analytically the biomass supply chain, discussing its structure and characteristics. It then reviews the latest advances in biomass supply chains. The issue of integrating biomass energy conversion into waste management systems is tackled and the advantages and limitations of using biomass, in supply chain terms, are presented. The chapter concludes with future trends in biomass supply chains and logistics, and proposes sources of further information.

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering


  • Author : A. Hornung
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128087602

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Biomass combustion science technology and engineering Excerpt :

A comparison of fast and intermediate processes is given. New developments in technology are described for intermediate pyrolysis and an advanced integrative combination of biomass based processes is proposed.

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering


  • Author : J.P. Wolf
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128087534

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Biomass combustion science technology and engineering Excerpt :

The chapter gives an introduction to the main combustion techniques used for turning biomass into power and briefly discusses their relative strengths and weaknesses. The chapter also provides definitions of the main biomass types and discusses recent developments in the application of biomass for power production.

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering


  • Author : Y. Neubauer
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128087589

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Biomass combustion science technology and engineering Excerpt :

The gasification of biomass promises plentiful options for efficient feedstock utilization. Often, the main goal is the provision of energy in the form of heat or power (or cooling) by burning the combustible gases. Another goal of biomass gasification is the generation of synthesis gases for further catalytic synthesis into base chemicals or storable energy carriers such as liquid fuels (methanol, mixed alcohols, Fischer–Tropsch liquids and dimethyl ether) or gaseous fuels such as substitute natural gas (SNG) or hydrogen. This chapter describes the fundamentals of gasification, technological developments and future trends for different sizes of plants and gives an overview of the process chains incorporating biomass gasification.

Recent Perspectives in Pyrolysis Research Book

Recent Perspectives in Pyrolysis Research


  • Author : Mattia Bartoli
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2022-04-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839699146

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Recent Perspectives in Pyrolysis Research Excerpt :

Recent Perspectives in Pyrolysis Research presents and discusses different routes of pyrolytic conversions. It contains exhaustive and comprehensive reports and studies of the use of pyrolysis for energy and materials production and waste management.

Handbook of Biofuels Book

Handbook of Biofuels


  • Author : Sanjay Sahay
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 690
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128231333

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Handbook of Biofuels Excerpt :

Handbook of Biofuels looks at the many new developments in various type of bioenergy, along with the significant constraints in their production and/or applications. Beyond introducing current approaches and possible future directions of research, this title covers sources and processing of raw materials to downstream processing, constraints involved and research approaches to address and overcome these needs. Different combinations of products from the biorefinery are included, along with the material to answer questions surrounding the optimum process conditions for conversion of different feedstocks to bioenergy, the basis for choosing conversion technology, and what bioenergy products make economic sense. With chapters on the techno-economic analysis of biofuel production and concepts and step-by-step approaches in bioenergy processing, the objective of this book is to present a comprehensive and all-encompassing reference about bioenergy to students, teachers, researchers and professionals. Reviews all existing and emerging technologies surrounding the production of advanced biofuels, including biodiesel and bioethanol Includes biofuel applications with compatible global application case studies Offers new pathways for converting biomass

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining Book

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining


  • Author : Alberto Figoli
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-02-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081004524

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Membrane Technologies for Biorefining Excerpt :

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining highlights the best practices needed for the efficient and environmentally-compatible separation techniques that are fundamental to the conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals for use as alternatives to petroleum refining. Membrane technologies are increasingly of interest in biorefineries due to their modest energy consumption, low chemical requirements, and excellent separation efficiency. The book provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the different types of membranes and highlights the ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels. Topics have been selected to highlight both the variety of raw materials treated in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products. Presents the first book to focus specifically on membrane technologies in biorefineries Provides a comprehensive overview of the different types of membranes and highlight ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels Topics selected highlight both the variety of raw materials treated using membranes in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products