Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications Book

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications


  • Author : Giuseppe Perale
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-08-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 628
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081002667

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Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications Excerpt :

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers Book

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers


  • Author : Xiang Cheng Zhang
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-09-22
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081003930

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Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers Excerpt :

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry

Bioresorbable Polymers Book

Bioresorbable Polymers


  • Author : Declan Devine
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2019-04-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110640663

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Bioresorbable Polymers Excerpt :

Bioresorbable implants can be processed via conventional polymer processing methods such as extrusion, injection and compressing moulding, solvent spinning or casting. This book addresses issues and highlights recent advances in the use of biodegradable polymers. It is intended for researchers utilizing biodegradable polymers in areas from tissue engineering to controlled release of active pharmaceuticals, as well as industrial processors.

Bioresorbable Polymers and their Biomedical Applications Book

Bioresorbable Polymers and their Biomedical Applications


  • Author : Declan M Devine
  • Publisher : Smithers Rapra
  • Release Date : 2017-04-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN 10 : 9781911088097

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Bioresorbable Polymers and their Biomedical Applications Excerpt :

Bioresorbable or biodegradable polymers are commonly used in various biomedical applications. The application of bioresorbable polymers in the biomedical sector has been widely exploited by immobilising suturing thread with an analgesic or antibacterial drugs, and the development of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds, wound-healing and intravenous drug-delivery devices. Furthermore, biodegradable polymers have been investigated as a replacement for metallic orthopaedic devices due to their precise control of material composition and microstructure. These polymers are eliminated from the body via dissolution, assimilation and excretion through metabolic pathways. The hydrolysing process breaks down the polymer into smaller units and its degradation products are excreted by means of the citric acid cycle or by direct renal excretion with no residual side effects.Processing of bioresorbable implants can be achieved via conventional polymer processing methods such as extrusion, injection and compressing moulding, solvent spinning or casting. However, special consideration must be given when processing these materials because heat can cause a reduction in molecular weight due to the hydrolysing of bonds. In addition, overheating can depolymerise the polymer and, as a result, monomers can have a plasticising effect on the polymer. Recently, alternative approaches utilising rapid prototyping and micro-/nanofabrication processes have been employed.This book addresses these issues and highlights recent advances in the biomedical field that have being enabled by the use of biodegradable polymers. This book is designed as a reference guide for academic researchers utilising biodegradable polymers in a range of areas from tissue engineering to controlled release of active pharmaceuticals, through to industry-based processors of biodegradable polymers.

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices Book

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices


  • Author : J Pan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-10-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782420255

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Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices Excerpt :

The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates

Natural Fiber Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites Book

Natural Fiber Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites


  • Author : Alan Kin-tak Lau
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-02-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081006696

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Natural Fiber Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites Excerpt :

Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites focuses on key areas of fundamental research and applications of biocomposites. Several key elements that affect the usage of these composites in real-life applications are discussed. There will be a comprehensive review on the different kinds of biocomposites at the beginning of the book, then the different types of natural fibers, bio-polymers, and green nanoparticle biocomposites are discussed as well as their potential for future development and use in engineering biomedical and domestic products. Recently mankind has realized that unless the environment is protected, he himself will be threatened by the over consumption of natural resources as well as a substantial reduction in the amount of fresh air produced in the world. Conservation of forests and the optimal utilization of agricultural and other renewable resources like solar, wind, and tidal energy, have become important topics worldwide. With such concern, the use of renewable resources—such as plant and animal-based, fiber-reinforced polymeric composites—are now becoming an important design criterion for designing and manufacturing components for a broad range of different industrial products. Research on biodegradable polymeric composites can contribute, to some extent, to a much greener and safer environment. For example, in the biomedical and bioengineering fields, the use of natural fiber mixed with biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers can produce joint and bone fixtures to alleviate pain in patients. Includes comprehensive information about the sources, properties, and biodegradability of natural fibers Discusses failure mechanisms and modeling of natural fibers composites Analyzes the effectiveness of using natural materials for enhancing mechanical, thermal, and biodegradable properties

Degradation Rate of Bioresorbable Materials Book

Degradation Rate of Bioresorbable Materials


  • Author : F J Buchanan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-09-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845695033

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Degradation Rate of Bioresorbable Materials Excerpt :

Bioresorbable materials are extensively used for a wide range of biomedical applications from drug delivery to fracture fixation, and may remain in the body for weeks, months or even years. Accurately predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of these materials is critical to their performance and the controlled release of bioactive agents. Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials provides a comprehensive review of the most important techniques in safely predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of polymer, ceramic and composite based biomaterials. Part one provides an introductory review of bioresorbable materials and the biological environment of the body. Chapters in Part two address degradation mechanisms of commonly used materials such as polymers and ceramics. This is followed by chapters on bioresorption test methods and modelling techniques in Part three. Part four discusses factors influencing bioresorbability such as sterilisation, porosity and host response. The final section reviews current clinical applications of bioresorbable materials. With its distinguished editor and multidisciplinary team of international contributors, Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials: prediction and evaluation provides a unique and valuable reference for biomaterials scientists, engineers and students as well as the medical community. Comprehensively reviews the most pertinent techniques in safely predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of bioresorbable materials Addresses degradation mechanisms of commonly used materials Discusses factors influencing bioresorbability such as sterilisation and host response

Synthetic Bioabsorbable Polymers for Implants Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

Synthetic Bioabsorbable Polymers for Implants


  • Author : Chandra Mauli Agrawal
  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 167
  • ISBN 10 : 9780803128705

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Synthetic Bioabsorbable Polymers for Implants Excerpt :

From a November 1999 symposium in Kansas City, Missouri, 12 papers explore aspects of biological implants that are absorbed by the body over time from the perspective of materials science. Their topics include the mechanical evaluation of 70:30 poly bone screws after in-vitro degradation, novel biod

Calcium phosphate Ceramics   Bioresorbable Polymer Composite Biomaterials Book
Score: 1
From 1 Ratings

Calcium phosphate Ceramics Bioresorbable Polymer Composite Biomaterials


  • Author : Dragan P. Uskoković
  • Publisher : Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
  • Release Date : 2007-10-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN 10 : 9788680321127

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Calcium phosphate Ceramics Bioresorbable Polymer Composite Biomaterials Excerpt :

In the past several years, the accent of a number of scientific researches in the countries of the European Union, USA and Japan was focused on the field of biomaterials. Having the direct influence on the quality and longevity of human life, these researches receive significant funding. The bone tissue is an especially interesting subject of scientific research, as much for the frequent osteoporosis as for the formative nature of organism. Natural bone is mostly composed of nanostructural calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite). Whether bone trauma was caused artificially or through illness, the number of reconstructions increases every year worldwide and thus the monetary investment into this field. Until now, numerous kinds of biomaterials were used for this purpose. Development of equipment and progress in characterization techniques and devices enabled an exponential development of new and advanced biomaterials’ synthesis. Many qualitative and quantitative content concepts and the organization of biomaterials on all structural levels were taken from nature. Biomaterials for the reconstruction of bone tissue, very similar to human tissue, in the form of composite blocks, injectable cements, nano-fillers, etc., were produced this way. Synthesis of calcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite, as well as the composite for the reconstruction of bone tissue, has been a significant research field of a section of Advanced Materials and Processes Department of the Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ITS SASA) from Belgrade for a number of years. Apart from a number of published scientific papers in leading international journals, lectures presented at the leading universities worldwide, several PhD dissertations defended at various faculties in the land, and several domestic patents, researchers have established the basis of the technological procedure and the production of small series of various products developed in their laboratory. Th

Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers Book

Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers


  • Author : Mike Jenkins
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-08-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857096517

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Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers Excerpt :

Given the widespread use of polymers in medical devices, the durability and reliability of this material in use is an area of critical importance. Durability and reliability of medical polymers reviews the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers. Part one provides a review of the types and properties of bioresorbable medical polymers. The effect of molecular structure on properties is discussed, along with the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications. Transport phenomena and the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers are reviewed, before an exploration of synthetic bioresorbable polymers and their use in orthopaedic tissue regeneration. Part two goes on to explore the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers, and wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body are discussed in depth, before an investigation into manufacturing defects and the failure of synthetic polymeric medical devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Durability and reliability of medical polymers is an essential tool for all materials scientists, researchers and engineers involved in the design, development and application of medical polymers, whilst also providing a helpful overview of the subject for biologists, chemist and clinicians. Comprehensively examines the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers Discusses the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications, before reviewing the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers Explores the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers and discusses wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body

Resorbable Fiber Forming Polymers for Biotextile Applications Book

Resorbable Fiber Forming Polymers for Biotextile Applications


  • Author : Chirag R. Gajjar
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-07-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 78
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319083056

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Resorbable Fiber Forming Polymers for Biotextile Applications Excerpt :

This book summarizes the properties and applications of conventional and commercially available fiber-forming, bioresorbable polymers, as well as those currently under study, for use as biotextiles. Factors affecting the performance of these biomaterials are presented, and precautionary measures to reduce premature, hydrolytic degradation during manufacturing and processing are discussed. Because of the structural requirements of medical devices and the technological advancements in synthetic fibers and textile technology, the new field of "Biotextiles" has evolved to exploit the potential of various woven, knitted, braided and non-woven textile structures for biomedical applications. Textile substrates provide certain unique mechanical properties to the medical device and because of an inherently high level of porosity, they can encourage cell growth and promote migration and proliferation. Bioresorbable devices that assist in the repair and regeneration of damaged tissues have in recent years replaced many of the permanent prosthetic devices. Thus, the topic of “Bioresorbable Biomaterials” generates much interest and research activity in the field of biomaterials science today. For this reason, the use of bioresorbable polymers as fibers is currently dominating the field of resorbable biomaterials for applications from sutures to tissue engineering scaffolds.

Materials for Biomedical Engineering  Absorbable Polymers Book

Materials for Biomedical Engineering Absorbable Polymers


  • Author : Alexandru Grumezescu
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-06-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128184165

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Materials for Biomedical Engineering Absorbable Polymers Excerpt :

Materials for Biomedical Engineering: Absorbable Polymers provides a detailed and comprehensive review of recent progress in absorbable biopolymers and their impact on biomedical engineering. The book's main focus lies in their classification, processing, properties and performance, biocompatibility, and their applications in tissue engineering, drug delivery, bone repair and regenerative medicine. The most up-to-date methods used to obtain such polymers and how to improve their properties is discussed in detail. This book provides readers with a comprehensive and updated review of the latest research in the field of absorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Provides knowledge of the range of absorbable polymers currently available, enabling the reader to make optimal materials selection decisions Presents detailed information on current and proposed applications of the latest developments Includes a strong emphasis on chemistry and physico-chemical characterization of these materials and their application in biomedical engineering

Tissue Engineering Book

Tissue Engineering


  • Author : Daniel Eberli
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2010-03-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN 10 : 9789533070797

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Tissue Engineering Excerpt :

The Tissue Engineering approach has major advantages over traditional organ transplantation and circumvents the problem of organ shortage. Tissues that closely match the patient’s needs can be reconstructed from readily available biopsies and subsequently be implanted with minimal or no immunogenicity. This eventually conquers several limitations encountered in tissue transplantation approaches. This book serves as a good starting point for anyone interested in the application of Tissue Engineering. It offers a colorful mix of topics, which explain the obstacles and possible solutions for TE applications.

Polymeric Biomaterials  Revised and Expanded Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Polymeric Biomaterials Revised and Expanded


  • Author : Severian Dumitriu
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2001-11-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1168
  • ISBN 10 : 0203904672

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Polymeric Biomaterials Revised and Expanded Excerpt :

Offering nearly 7000 references-3900 more than the first edition-Polymeric Biomaterials, Second Edition is an up-to-the-minute source for plastics and biomedical engineers, polymer scientists, biochemists, molecular biologists, macromolecular chemists, pharmacists, cardiovascular and plastic surgeons, and graduate and medical students in these disciplines. Completely revised and updated, it includes coverage of genetic engineering, synthesis of biodegradable polymers, hydrogels, and mucoadhesive polymers, as well as polymers for dermacosmetic treatments, burn and wound dressings, orthopedic surgery, artificial joints, vascular prostheses, and in blood contacting systems.

Bioresorbable Scaffolds Book

Bioresorbable Scaffolds


  • Author : Yoshinobu Onuma
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 533
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498779777

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Bioresorbable Scaffolds Excerpt :

This book focuses on the coronary bioresorbable scaffold, a new interventional treatment for coronary artery disease, differentiated from a permanent metallic stent. The book provides an overview of the technology including non-clinical studies and clinical evidences in order to help clinicians understand the appropriate application of the technology and the optimal techniques of implantation. It covers the basics of bioresorbable scaffolds; bench test results; preclinical studies; clinical evidences; and tips and tricks of implantation.