Boreal and Temperate Trees in a Changing Climate Book

Boreal and Temperate Trees in a Changing Climate


  • Author : Heikki Hänninen
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-04-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401775496

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Boreal and Temperate Trees in a Changing Climate Excerpt :

This book provides an overview of how boreal and temperate tree species have adapted their annual development cycle to the seasonally varying climatic conditions. Therefore, the frost hardy dormant phase, and the susceptible growth phase, are synchronized with the seasonality of the climate. The volume discusses the annual cycle, including various attributes such as timing of bud burst and other phenological events, seasonality of photosynthetic capacity or the frost hardiness of the trees. During the last few decades dynamic ecophysiological models have been used increasingly in studies of the annual cycle, particularly when projecting the ecological effects of climate change. The main emphasis of this volume is on combining modelling with experimental studies, and on the importance of the biological realism of the models.

Routledge Handbook of Forest Ecology Book

Routledge Handbook of Forest Ecology


  • Author : Kelvin S.-H. Peh
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-10-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317816430

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Routledge Handbook of Forest Ecology Excerpt :

This comprehensive handbook provides a unique resource covering all aspects of forest ecology from a global perspective. It covers both natural and managed forests, from boreal, temperate, sub-tropical and tropical regions of the world. The book is divided into seven parts, addressing the following themes: forest types forest dynamics forest flora and fauna energy and nutrients forest conservation and management forests and climate change human impacts on forest ecology. While each chapter can stand alone as a suitable resource for a lecture or seminar, the complete book provides an essential reference text for a wide range of students of ecology, environmental science, forestry, geography and natural resource management. Contributors include leading authorities from all parts of the world.

India  Climate Change Impacts  Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries Book

India Climate Change Impacts Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries


  • Author : Md. Nazrul Islam
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-06-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030678654

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India Climate Change Impacts Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries Excerpt :

Climate change will lead to many changes in global development and security especially energy, water, food, society, job, diplomacy, culture, economy and trade. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) defines climate change as: “Any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity.” Global climate change has emerged as a key issue in both political and economic arenas. It is an increasingly questioned phenomenon, and progressive national governments around the world have started taking action to respond to these environmental concerns. This book discusses the issue of food and water security in India under the context of climate change. It provides information to scientists and local government to help them better understand the particularities of the local climate. It offers insight into the changes to natural ecosystems which have affected the local Indian population. Climate change is one of the biggest challenges to Indian society. It can lead to serious impacts on production, life and the environment. Higher temperatures and sea level rise can lead to flooding and cause water salinity problems which bring about negative effects on agriculture and high risks to industry and socio-economic systems in the future.

Patterns and Processes Affecting Northward Migration of Tree Species in a Changing Climate Book

Patterns and Processes Affecting Northward Migration of Tree Species in a Changing Climate


  • Author : Laura Boisvert-Marsh
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1257364134

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Patterns and Processes Affecting Northward Migration of Tree Species in a Changing Climate Excerpt :

"Northern limits of species distributions are at the 'leading edge' of studies on biological response to climate change, and therefore examining changes in species distributions is a crucial step in quantifying species' potential to track climate through poleward migration. Tracking distributional changes over large geographic areas remains a challenge, however, and the abiotic and biotic contexts under which these changes are occurring are unclear. The overall objective of this thesis is to understand the patterns and processes of range shifts in relation to rapid environmental change, focusing on forest tree species of Eastern North America to inform sustainable forest management. In the first study, I aimed to identify migration pathways from northern temperate to boreal forests for species showing range expansion. In the second study, I focused on climate change and natural and anthropogenic disturbances to assess their relative influence on observed patterns of species range shifts. In the third study, I developed a modelling framework to evaluate the potential for range shift for 10 tree species in response to climate change by integrating information on life history and dispersal ability to improve projections. These three studies improve our knowledge about tree species responses to climate change across time and space, showing how local biotic and abiotic factors translate into responses at broader scales and which processes underlie the observed patterns. Species are showing evidence of migration in response to warming especially toward their northern range limit, with some taking advantage of migration pathways that involve disturbances disrupting priority effects and associated species facilitating establishment in challenging environmental conditions. Species that can benefit the most from novel biotic interactions and disturbances in the boreal forest, and whose dispersal and establishment is relatively effective are likely to expand their range withou

Temperature Adaptation in a Changing Climate Book

Temperature Adaptation in a Changing Climate


  • Author : Kenneth B. Storey
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845938222

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Temperature Adaptation in a Changing Climate Excerpt :

Cold adaptation is a much neglected field in the minds of climate change researchers and policy makers. However, increasing fluctuations in temperature means that the risk of cold stress will pose an increasing threat to both wild and cultivated plants and animals, with frost injury expected to cause devastating damage to crops on an increasingly large scale. Conversely, species already adapted to cold seasonality are declining in numbers and threatening both wildlife and human food sources. Thus, improving shared knowledge of the biological mechanisms of cold adaptation in plants and animals will help prevent major losses of crops and genetic resources in the future. This book is the first to focus on the mechanistic similarities between species in their responses to cold in a multi-organism approach that addresses the challenges and impacts of climate change on cold adaptation in micro-organisms (including pathogens), invertebrates, economically and scientifically important plants and vertebrates in both terrestrial and marine environments. The book concludes with a focus on the interactions between organisms, exploring common mechanisms in cold adaptation and dormancy.

Forest Ecology Book

Forest Ecology


  • Author : Dan Binkley
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-09-14
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119703204

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Forest Ecology Excerpt :

Forest Ecology Forest Ecology An Evidence-Based Approach Forest ecology is the science that deals with everything in forests, including plants and animals (and their interactions), the features of the environment that affect plants and animals, and the interactions of humans and forests. All of these components of forests interact across scales of space and time. Some interactions are constrained, deterministic, and predictable; but most are indeterminant, contingent, and only broadly predictable. Forest Ecology: An Evidence-Based Approach examines the features common to all forests, and those unique cases that illustrate the importance of site-specific factors in determining the structure, function, and future of a forest. The author emphasizes the role of evidence in forest ecology, because appealing, simple stories often lead to misunderstandings about how forests work. A reliance on evidence is central to distinguishing between appealing stories and stories that actually fit real forests. The evidence-based approach emphasizes the importance of real-world, observable science in forests. Classical approaches to ecology in the twentieth century often over-emphasized appealing concepts that were not sufficiently based on real forests. The vast amount of information now available on forests allows a more complete coverage of forest ecology that relies on a strong, empirical foundation. Forest Ecology: An Evidence-Based Approach is the ideal companion text for the teaching of upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in forest ecology.

Boreal Forest and Climate Change Book

Boreal Forest and Climate Change


  • Author : Pertti Hari
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-09-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402087189

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Boreal Forest and Climate Change Excerpt :

The Forest Primary Production Research Group was born in the Department of S- viculture, University of Helsinki in the early 1970s. Intensive ?eld measurements of photosynthesis and growth of forest vegetation and use of dynamic models in the interpretation of the results were characteristic of the research in the group. Electric instrumentation was based on analogue techniques and the analysis of the obtained measurements was based on self-written programs. Joint research projects with the Research Group of Environmental Physics at the Department of Physics, lead by Taisto Raunemaa (1939–2006) started in the late 1970s. The two research groups shared the same quantitative methodology, which made the co-operation fruitful. Since 1980 until the collapse of the Soviet Union the Academy of Finland and the Soviet Academy of Sciences had a co-operation program which included our team. The research groups in Tartu, Estonia, lead by Juhan Ross (1925–2002) and in Petrozawodsk, lead by Leo Kaipiainen (1932–2004) were involved on the Soviet side. We had annual ?eld measuring campaigns in Finland and in Soviet Union and research seminars. The main emphasis was on developing forest growth models. The research of Chernobyl fallout started a new era in the co-operation between forest ecologists and physicists in Helsinki. The importance of material ?uxes was realized and introduced explicitly in the theoretical thinking and measurements.

Temperate and Boreal Rainforests of the World Book

Temperate and Boreal Rainforests of the World


  • Author : Dominick A. DellaSala
  • Publisher : Island Press
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 295
  • ISBN 10 : 9781597266765

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Temperate and Boreal Rainforests of the World Excerpt :

Temperate rainforests are biogeographically unique. Compared to their tropical counterparts, temperate rainforests are rarer and are found disproportionately along coastlines. Because most temperate rainforests are marked by the intersection of marine, terrestrial, and freshwater systems, these rich ecotones are among the most productive regions on Earth. Globally, temperate rainforests store vast amounts of carbon, provide habitat for scores of rare and endemic species with ancient affinities, and sustain complex food-web dynamics. In spite of their global significance, however, protection levels for these ecosystems are far too low to sustain temperate rainforests under a rapidly changing global climate and ever expanding human footprint. Therefore, a global synthesis is needed to provide the latest ecological science and call attention to the conservation needs of temperate and boreal rainforests. A concerted effort to internationalize the plight of the world’s temperate and boreal rainforests is underway around the globe; this book offers an essential (and heretofore missing) tool for that effort. DellaSala and his contributors tell a compelling story of the importance of temperate and boreal rainforests that includes some surprises (e.g., South Africa, Iran, Turkey, Japan, Russia). This volume provides a comprehensive reference from which to build a collective vision of their future.

Climate Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions Book

Climate Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions


  • Author : Roberto Tognetti
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-12-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030807672

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Climate Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions Excerpt :

This open access book offers a cross-sectoral reference for both managers and scientists interested in climate-smart forestry, focusing on mountain regions. It provides a comprehensive analysis on forest issues, facilitating the implementation of climate objectives. This book includes structured summaries of each chapter. Funded by the EU’s Horizon 2020 programme, CLIMO has brought together scientists and experts in continental and regional focus assessments through a cross-sectoral approach, facilitating the implementation of climate objectives. CLIMO has provided scientific analysis on issues including criteria and indicators, growth dynamics, management prescriptions, long-term perspectives, monitoring technologies, economic impacts, and governance tools.

Biodiversity and Climate Change Book

Biodiversity and Climate Change


  • Author : Thomas E. Lovejoy
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-01-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9780300241198

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Biodiversity and Climate Change Excerpt :

An essential, up-to-date look at the critical interactions between biological diversity and climate change that will serve as an immediate call to action The physical and biological impacts of climate change are dramatic and broad-ranging. People who care about the planet and manage natural resources urgently need a synthesis of our rapidly growing understanding of these issues. In this all-new sequel to the 2005 volume Climate Change and Biodiversity, leading experts in the field summarize observed changes, assess what the future holds, and offer suggested responses. Edited by distinguished conservationist Thomas E. Lovejoy and climate change biologist Lee Hannah, this comprehensive volume includes the latest research and explores emerging topics. From extinction risk to ocean acidification, the future of the Amazon to changes in ecosystem services, and geoengineering to the power of ecosystem restoration, this volume captures the sweep of climate change transformation of the biosphere. An authoritative, up-to-date reference, this is the new benchmark synthesis for climate change scientists, conservationists, managers, policymakers, and educators.

Advances in Environment Research and Application  2013 Edition Book

Advances in Environment Research and Application 2013 Edition


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release Date : 2013-06-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1041
  • ISBN 10 : 9781481670326

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Advances in Environment Research and Application 2013 Edition Excerpt :

Advances in Environment Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Climate Change and Global Warming. The editors have built Advances in Environment Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Climate Change and Global Warming in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Environment Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment Book

Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment


  • Author : F.Stuart Chapin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-12-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461301578

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Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment Excerpt :

The scientific community has voiced two general concerns about the future of the earth. Firstly, climatologists and oceanographers have focused on the changes in our physical environment, ie climate, oceans, and air. And secondly, environmental biologists have addressed issues of conservation and the extinction of species. There is increasing evidence that these two broad concerns are intertwined and mutually dependent. Past changes in biodiversity have both responded to and caused changes in the earths environment. In its discussions of ten key terrestrial biomes and freshwater ecosystems, this volume uses our broad understanding of global environmental change to present the first comprehensive scenarios of biodiversity for the twenty-first century. Combining physical earth science with conservation biology, the book provides a starting-point for regional assessments on all scales. The book will be of interest to those concerned with guiding research on the changing environment of the earth and with planning future policy, especially in accordance with the Global Biodiversity Convention.

A Theory of Forest Dynamics Book

A Theory of Forest Dynamics


  • Author : Herman H. Shugart
  • Publisher : Blackburn Pr
  • Release Date : 2003-10-31
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 193066575X

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A Theory of Forest Dynamics Excerpt :

Originally published in 1984, this text is intended for scientists and graduate students in ecology and forestry. It includes a review of ecologic succession, coverage of forest dynamics models, and detailed analysis of several models of forest succession.