Boundary Objects and Beyond Book

Boundary Objects and Beyond


  • Author : Geoffrey C. Bowker
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2016-02-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262528085

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Boundary Objects and Beyond Excerpt :

The multifaceted work of the late Susan Leigh Star is explored through a selection of her writings and essays by friends and colleagues. Susan Leigh Star (1954–2010) was one of the most influential science studies scholars of the last several decades. In her work, Star highlighted the messy practices of discovering science, asking hard questions about the marginalizing as well as the liberating powers of science and technology. In the landmark work Sorting Things Out, Star and Geoffrey Bowker revealed the social and ethical histories that are deeply embedded in classification systems. Star's most celebrated concept was the notion of boundary objects: representational forms—things or theories—that can be shared between different communities, with each holding its own understanding of the representation. Unfortunately, Leigh was unable to complete a work on the poetics of infrastructure that further developed the full range of her work. This volume collects articles by Star that set out some of her thinking on boundary objects, marginality, and infrastructure, together with essays by friends and colleagues from a range of disciplines—from philosophy of science to organization science—that testify to the wide-ranging influence of Star's work. Contributors Ellen Balka, Eevi E. Beck, Dick Boland, Geoffrey C. Bowker, Janet Ceja Alcalá, Adele E. Clarke, Les Gasser, James R. Griesemer, Gail Hornstein, John Leslie King, Cheris Kramarae, Maria Puig de la Bellacasa, Karen Ruhleder, Kjeld Schmidt, Brian Cantwell Smith, Susan Leigh Star, Anselm L. Strauss, Jane Summerton, Stefan Timmermans, Helen Verran, Nina Wakeford, Jutta Weber

Boundary Objects and Beyond Book

Boundary Objects and Beyond


  • Author : Geoffrey C. Bowker
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Cognition
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN 10 : 0262331012

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Boundary Objects and Beyond Excerpt :

Susan Leigh Star (1954--2010) was one of the most influential science studies scholars of the last several decades. In her work, Star highlighted the messy practices of discovering science, asking hard questions about the marginalizing as well as the liberating powers of science and technology. In the landmark work Sorting Things Out, Star and Geoffrey Bowker revealed the social and ethical histories that are deeply embedded in classification systems. Star's most celebrated concept was the notion of boundary objects: representational forms -- things or theories -- that can be shared between different communities, with each holding its own understanding of the representation. Unfortunately, Leigh was unable to complete a work on the poetics of infrastructure that further developed the full range of her work. This volume collects articles by Star that set out some of her thinking on boundary objects, marginality, and infrastructure, together with essays by friends and colleagues from a range of disciplines -- from philosophy of science to organization science -- that testify to the wide-ranging influence of Star's work.ContributorsEllen Balka, Eevi E. Beck, Dick Boland, Geoffrey C. Bowker, Janet Ceja Alcalá, Adele E. Clarke, Les Gasser, James R. Griesemer, Gail Hornstein, John Leslie King, Cheris Kramarae, Maria Puig de la Bellacasa, Karen Ruhleder, Kjeld Schmidt, Brian Cantwell Smith, Susan Leigh Star, Anselm L. Strauss, Jane Summerton, Stefan Timmermans, Helen Verran, Nina Wakeford, Jutta Weber.

Standards and Their Stories Book

Standards and Their Stories


  • Author : Martha Lampland
  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN 10 : 0801474612

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Standards and Their Stories Excerpt :

Standardization is one of the defining aspects of modern life, its presence so pervasive that it is usually taken for granted. However cumbersome, onerous, or simply puzzling certain standards may be, their fundamental purpose in streamlining procedures, regulating behaviors, and predicting results is rarely questioned. Indeed, the invisibility of infrastructure and the imperative of standardizing processes signify their absolute necessity. Increasingly, however, social scientists are beginning to examine the origins and effects of the standards that underpin the technology and practices of everyday life. Standards and Their Stories explores how we interact with the network of standards that shape our lives in ways both obvious and invisible. The main chapters analyze standardization in biomedical research, government bureaucracies, the insurance industry, labor markets, and computer technology, providing detailed accounts of the invention of "standard humans" for medical testing and life insurance actuarial tables, the imposition of chronological age as a biographical determinant, the accepted means of determining labor productivity, the creation of international standards for the preservation and access of metadata, and the global consequences of "ASCII imperialism" and the use of English as the lingua franca of the Internet. Accompanying these in-depth critiques are a series of examples that depict an almost infinite variety of standards, from the controversies surrounding the European Union's supposed regulation of banana curvature to the minimum health requirements for immigrants at Ellis Island, conflicting (and ever-increasing) food portion sizes, and the impact of standardized punishment metrics like "Three Strikes" laws. The volume begins with a pioneering essay from Susan Leigh Star and Martha Lampland on the nature of standards in everyday life that brings together strands from the several fields represented in the book. In an appendix, the editors provid

Sorting Things Out Book
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Sorting Things Out


  • Author : Geoffrey C. Bowker
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2000-08-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262522953

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Sorting Things Out Excerpt :

A revealing and surprising look at how classification systems can shape both worldviews and social interactions. What do a seventeenth-century mortality table (whose causes of death include "fainted in a bath," "frighted," and "itch"); the identification of South Africans during apartheid as European, Asian, colored, or black; and the separation of machine- from hand-washables have in common? All are examples of classification—the scaffolding of information infrastructures. In Sorting Things Out, Geoffrey C. Bowker and Susan Leigh Star explore the role of categories and standards in shaping the modern world. In a clear and lively style, they investigate a variety of classification systems, including the International Classification of Diseases, the Nursing Interventions Classification, race classification under apartheid in South Africa, and the classification of viruses and of tuberculosis. The authors emphasize the role of invisibility in the process by which classification orders human interaction. They examine how categories are made and kept invisible, and how people can change this invisibility when necessary. They also explore systems of classification as part of the built information environment. Much as an urban historian would review highway permits and zoning decisions to tell a city's story, the authors review archives of classification design to understand how decisions have been made. Sorting Things Out has a moral agenda, for each standard and category valorizes some point of view and silences another. Standards and classifications produce advantage or suffering. Jobs are made and lost; some regions benefit at the expense of others. How these choices are made and how we think about that process are at the moral and political core of this work. The book is an important empirical source for understanding the building of information infrastructures.

Human Interface and the Management of Information  Information  Knowledge and Interaction Design Book

Human Interface and the Management of Information Information Knowledge and Interaction Design


  • Author : Sakae Yamamoto
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-07-03
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 654
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319585215

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Human Interface and the Management of Information Information Knowledge and Interaction Design Excerpt :

The two-volume set LNCS 10273 and 10274 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the thematic track on Human Interface and the Management of Information, held as part of the 19th HCI International 2017, in Vancouver, BC, Canada, in July 2017. HCII 2017 received a total of 4340 submissions, of which 1228 papers were accepted for publication after a careful reviewing process. The 102 papers presented in these volumes were organized in topical sections as follows: Part I: Visualization Methods and Tools; Information and Interaction Design; Knowledge and Service Management; Multimodal and Embodied Interaction. Part II: Information and Learning; Information in Virtual and Augmented Reality; Recommender and Decision Support Systems; Intelligent Systems; Supporting Collaboration and User Communities; Case Studies.

Ecologies of Knowledge Book

Ecologies of Knowledge


  • Author : Susan Leigh Star
  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Release Date : 1995-01-01
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 421
  • ISBN 10 : 0791425657

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Ecologies of Knowledge Excerpt :

This collection of articles provides a comprehensive overview of personal and public issues related to social change and how they shape scientific and technical knowledge.

Memory Practices in the Sciences Book

Memory Practices in the Sciences


  • Author : Geoffrey C. Bowker
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2008-02-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262524896

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Memory Practices in the Sciences Excerpt :

How the way we hold knowledge about the past—in books, in file folders, in databases—affects the kind of stories we tell about the past. The way we record knowledge, and the web of technical, formal, and social practices that surrounds it, inevitably affects the knowledge that we record. The ways we hold knowledge about the past—in handwritten manuscripts, in printed books, in file folders, in databases—shape the kind of stories we tell about that past. In this lively and erudite look at the relation of our information infrastructures to our information, Geoffrey Bowker examines how, over the past two hundred years, information technology has converged with the nature and production of scientific knowledge. His story weaves a path between the social and political work of creating an explicit, indexical memory for science—the making of infrastructures—and the variety of ways we continually reconfigure, lose, and regain the past. At a time when memory is so cheap and its recording is so protean, Bowker reminds us of the centrality of what and how we choose to forget. In Memory Practices in the Sciences he looks at three "memory epochs" of the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries and their particular reconstructions and reconfigurations of scientific knowledge. The nineteenth century's central science, geology, mapped both the social and the natural world into a single time package (despite apparent discontinuities), as, in a different way, did mid-twentieth-century cybernetics. Both, Bowker argues, packaged time in ways indexed by their information technologies to permit traffic between the social and natural worlds. Today's sciences of biodiversity, meanwhile, "database the world" in a way that excludes certain spaces, entities, and times. We use the tools of the present to look at the past, says Bowker; we project onto nature our modes of organizing our own affairs.

The Anthropocenic Turn Book

The Anthropocenic Turn


  • Author : GABRIELE DÜRBECK
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-04-07
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000058307

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The Anthropocenic Turn Excerpt :

This interdisciplinary volume discusses whether the increasing salience of the Anthropocene concept in the humanities and the social sciences constitutes an "Anthropocenic turn." The Anthropocene discourse creates novel conceptual configurations and enables scholars to re-negotiate and re-contextualize long-established paradigms, premises, theories and methodologies. These innovative constellations stimulate fresh research in many areas of thought and practice. The contributors to this volume respond to the proposition of an "Anthropocene turn" from the perspective of diverse research fields, including history of science, philosophy, environmental humanities and political science as well as literary, art and media studies. Altogether, the collection reveals to which extent the Anthropocene concept challenges deep-seated assumptions across disciplines. It invites readers to explore the wealth of scholarly perspectives on the Anthropocene as well as unexpected inter- and transdisciplinary connections.

Beyond Economic Interests Book

Beyond Economic Interests


  • Author : Keiko Yasukawa
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-02-10
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN 10 : 9789463004442

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Beyond Economic Interests Excerpt :

Over the last two decades, an increasingly economistic discourse has dominated discussions about adult literacy and numeracy. This book provides critiques of, and alternative narratives to the dominant discourse. Authors provide tools and methodologies of critique, including ways of seeing how policies in the countries of focus come to be captured almost completely by the interests of business and industry, as well as how to critically interpret the data that policy makers use to justify their priorities. But adult literacy and numeracy practitioners and learners find spaces and places to pursue learning that matters for the lived experiences of adults and their communities. Beyond Economic Interests presents the struggles and achievements of practitioners and learners that lead the readers of the book to critically appreciate that a counter narrative to the purely economistic discourse of adult literacy and numeracy is much needed, and possible.

Beyond Interdisciplinarity Book

Beyond Interdisciplinarity


  • Author : Julie Thompson Klein
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Interdisciplinary research
  • Pages : 193
  • ISBN 10 : 0197571166

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Beyond Interdisciplinarity Excerpt :

Beyond Interdisciplinarity is the first book to present a conceptual framework for thinking about inter- and trans-disciplinary as well as cross-sector boundary work. The approach in this book accounts for the dynamics of communicating, collaborating, and learning across disciplines.

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography Book

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-11-29
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 7242
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081022962

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International Encyclopedia of Human Geography Excerpt :

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Second Edition embraces diversity by design and captures the ways in which humans share places and view differences based on gender, race, nationality, location and other factors—in other words, the things that make people and places different. Questions of, for example, politics, economics, race relations and migration are introduced and discussed through a geographical lens. This updated edition will assist readers in their research by providing factual information, historical perspectives, theoretical approaches, reviews of literature, and provocative topical discussions that will stimulate creative thinking. Presents the most up-to-date and comprehensive coverage on the topic of human geography Contains extensive scope and depth of coverage Emphasizes how geographers interact with, understand and contribute to problem-solving in the contemporary world Places an emphasis on how geography is relevant in a social and interdisciplinary context

Ethnographic Experiments with Artists  Designers and Boundary Objects Book

Ethnographic Experiments with Artists Designers and Boundary Objects


  • Author : Francisco Martínez
  • Publisher : UCL Press
  • Release Date : 2021-11-01
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN 10 : 9781800081086

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Ethnographic Experiments with Artists Designers and Boundary Objects Excerpt :

Ethnographic Experiments with Artists, Designers and Boundary Objects is a lively investigation into anthropological practice. Richly illustrated, it invites the reader to reflect on the skills of collaboration and experimentation in fieldwork and in gallery curation, thereby expanding our modes of knowledge production. At the heart of this study are the possibilities for transdisciplinary collaborations, the opportunity to use exhibitions as research devices, and the role of experimentation in the exhibition process. Francisco Martínez increases our understanding of the relationship between contemporary art, design and anthropology, imagining creative ways to engage with the contemporary world and developing research infrastructures across disciplines. He opens up a vast field of methodological explorations, providing a language to reconsider ethnography and objecthood while producing knowledge with people of different backgrounds.

J2EE and Beyond Book

J2EE and Beyond


  • Author : Art Taylor
  • Publisher : Prentice Hall Professional
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 1032
  • ISBN 10 : 0131417452

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J2EE and Beyond Excerpt :

J2EE: Design, Develop and Deploy WorldClass Java Software is the Java developer's one-stop guide to creating and deploying J2EE components! Art Taylor, an experienced J2EE programmer, trainer, and author, illustrates the importance of architecture and design in effective J2EE applet deployment. The case studies and accompanying code provide readers with what they need to know to design, architect and deploy J2EE applets effectively. In addition, the author provides technical depth about a wide spectrum of J2EE technologies, touching on virtually all relevant aspects of J2EE development, including JSPs, servlets, RMI, network programming, and extensive Enterprise JavaBeans coverage.

Beyond Safety Training Book

Beyond Safety Training


  • Author : Corinne Bieder
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-10-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 159
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319655277

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Beyond Safety Training Excerpt :

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book investigates why, despite more and more resources devoted to safety training, expectations are not entirely met, particularly in the industrial sectors that have already achieved a high safety level. It not only reflects the most precious viewpoints of experts from different disciplines, different countries, with experiences in various industrial fields at the cutting edge of theories and practices in terms of safety, professionalization and their relationships. It also consolidates the positioning of the Foundation for an Industrial Safety Culture, highlighting what is currently considered at stake in terms of safety training, taking into account the system of constraints the different stakeholders are submitted to. It reports some success stories as well as elements which could explain the observed plateau in terms of outcome. It identifies some levers for evolution for at-risk industry and outlines a possible research agenda to go further with experimental solutions.

Managing Knowledge Integration Across Boundaries Book

Managing Knowledge Integration Across Boundaries


  • Author : Andrew Van de Ven
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-02-15
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198785972

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Managing Knowledge Integration Across Boundaries Excerpt :

Knowledge integration - the purposeful combination of specialized and complementary knowledge to achieve specific tasks - is becoming increasingly important for organizations facing rapidly changing institutional environments, globalized markets, and fast-paced technological developments. The need for knowledge integration is driven by knowledge specialization and its geographic and organizational distribution in the global economy. The increasing complexity and relevance of the knowledge integration problem is apparent in emerging new fields of research, such as open innovation, or the merging of existing ones, e.g. organizational learning and strategy. In global competition, the successful management of knowledge integration underpins firms' ability to innovate, generate profit, grow and, ultimately, survive. This book provides conceptual contributions as well as empirical studies that examine knowledge integration essentially as a 'boundary' problem. Knowledge integration becomes a problem when boundaries between knowledge fields, and the institutions that preside over those fields, are not clear, or become fluid and contestable. This fluidity, and the competitive pressures this fluidity generates, are persistent and permanent features of the world we live in. This book put forward a consistent set of ideas, methods and tools useful to interpret, analyze and act upon the processes of knowledge integration across boundaries.