Conspiracy of Hope Book

Conspiracy of Hope


  • Author : Renee Pellerin
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018-10-02
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 1773100386

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Conspiracy of Hope Excerpt :

For decades, women have been told that mammograms save lives. Yet many scientists say that this is in fact not true. Conspiracy of Hope reveals how breast cancer screening was introduced in the US before there was any good evidence it made any difference, and an unfounded belief in early detection caught on quickly in Canada and other developed countries. Today the evidence is starkly clear. Screening does more harm than good. Still women, and their doctors, continue to buy into a myth perpetuated by greed, fear, and wishful thinking. Conspiracy of Hope illustrates how a vortex of interests came together to make breast screening standard medical practice and why it's so hard to persuade them they are wrong. The radiologists, the imaging machinery manufacturers, and the pink ribbon charities are all part of that story. It is a tale of back-stabbing and intrigue, of exploiting fear and hope, while distorting and misrepresenting the evidence. Or simply ignoring it.

Early Detection of Breast Cancer Book

Early Detection of Breast Cancer


  • Author : S. Brünner
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642820311

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Early Detection of Breast Cancer Excerpt :

The enormous expansion seen over the last decade in the mammo graphic detection of breast cancer lesions, especially the use of screen ing procedures for the early detection of clinically unsuspected tumors, has made it necessary to summarize the experience made by various centers in the world. The 2nd International Copenhagen Symposium on Detection of Breast Cancer afforded an opportunity of gathering scientists from all over the world to discuss the various problems of early breast cancer detection with special reference to screening procedures. This book forms a synthesis of the information presented by leading scientists from many of the world's mammo graphic centers, particularly those in Sweden and the USA. Hence, the reader will have the opportunity to study the outstanding work carried out by various institutes and centers of breast cancer screening. It is our sincere hope that a study of this volume will encourage other scientists to join in the work on screening procedures. S. Brunner B. Langfeldt P. E. Andersen Contents S. A. Feig: 1 Hypothetical Breast Cancer Risk from Mammography S. A. Feig: Benefits and Risks of Mammography 11 R. L. Egan and M. B. McSweeney: Multicentric Breast Carcinoma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 M. B. McSweeney and R. L. Egan: Breast Cancer in the Younger Patient: A Preliminary Report 36 M. B. McSweeney and R. L. Egan: Bilateral Breast Carcinoma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ' 41 N. Bjurstam: The Radiographic Appearance of Normal and Metastatic Axillary Lymph Nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 M. Moskowitz, S. A. Feig, C. Cole-Beuglet, S. H.

Breast Cancer Screening Book

Breast Cancer Screening


  • Author : Harri Vainio
  • Publisher : International Agency for Research on Cancer
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015061735240

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Breast Cancer Screening Excerpt :

Breast cancer is the leading site of new cancer cases in women. Breast cancer detection is currently primarily based on physical examination by health care professionals, chance findings by women, breast self-examination and mammography used for diagnosis or for routine screening. Early enough detection through mass screening with mammography has been introduced in many countries in the hope that early intervention would lead to reduced mortality and less aggressive treatment. The aim of this publication is to provide an independent, authoritative review of the evidence of the efficacy and effectiveness of breast cancer screening. This will be of value to governments, public health officials and others concerned with policy recommendations for cancer control.

Breast Cancer Screening Book

Breast Cancer Screening


  • Author : Nehmat Houssami
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-03-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128024942

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Breast Cancer Screening Excerpt :

Breast Cancer Screening: Making Sense of Complex and Evolving Evidence covers broad aspects of breast cancer screening specifically focusing on current evidence, emerging evidence, and issues that will be critical for future breast screening practice such as tailored screening and shared decision-making in breast screening. The scope of the book is relevant to a global audience. This book provides balanced perspectives on this increasingly controversial topic, using scientific evidence to explain the evolution of knowledge relating to breast cancer screening. Breast Cancer Screening covers the key points related to this debate including the context of increasingly complex and conflicting evidence, divergent opinions on the benefits and harms of breast screening, and variability in screening practice and outcomes across settings around the world. Explains complex and evolving evidence on breast screening with a balanced approach Provides balanced information and up-to-date evidence in an increasingly complex area Addresses emerging topical issues such as screening trials of digital breast tomosynthesis, tailored breast screening, and shared decision-making in breast screening Assists academics and researchers in identifying areas needing further research

Saving Women s Lives Book

Saving Women s Lives


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2005-03-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309165945

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Saving Women s Lives Excerpt :

The outlook for women with breast cancer has improved in recent years. Due to the combination of improved treatments and the benefits of mammography screening, breast cancer mortality has decreased steadily since 1989. Yet breast cancer remains a major problem, second only to lung cancer as a leading cause of death from cancer for women. To date, no means to prevent breast cancer has been discovered and experience has shown that treatments are most effective when a cancer is detected early, before it has spread to other tissues. These two facts suggest that the most effective way to continue reducing the death toll from breast cancer is improved early detection and diagnosis. Building on the 2001 report Mammography and Beyond, this new book not only examines ways to improve implementation and use of new and current breast cancer detection technologies but also evaluates the need to develop tools that identify women who would benefit most from early detection screening. Saving Women's Lives: Strategies for Improving Breast Cancer Detection and Diagnosis encourages more research that integrates the development, validation, and analysis of the types of technologies in clinical practice that promote improved risk identification techniques. In this way, methods and technologies that improve detection and diagnosis can be more effectively developed and implemented.

Mammography and Beyond Book

Mammography and Beyond


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2001-06-04
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 34
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309075503

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Mammography and Beyond Excerpt :

X-ray mammography screening is the current mainstay for early breast cancer detection. It has been proven to detect breast cancer at an earlier stage and to reduce the number of women dying from the disease. However, it has a number of limitations. These current limitations in early breast cancer detection technology are driving a surge of new technological developments, from modifications of x-ray mammography such as computer programs that can indicate suspicious areas, to newer methods of detection such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or biochemical tests on breast fluids. To explore the merits and drawbacks of these new breast cancer detection techniques, the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences convened a committee of experts. During its year of operation, the committee examined the peer-reviewed literature, consulted with other experts in the field, and held two public workshops. In addition to identifying promising new technologies for early detection, the committee explored potential barriers that might prevent the development of new detection methods and their common usage. Such barriers could include lack of funding from agencies that support research and lack of investment in the commercial sector; complicated, inconsistent, or unpredictable federal regulations; inadequate insurance reimbursement; and limited access to or unacceptability of breast cancer detection technology for women and their doctors. Based on the findings of their study, the committee prepared a report entitled Mammography and Beyond: Developing Technology for Early Detection of Breast Cancer, which was published in the spring of 2001. This is a non-technical summary of that report.

Mammography Screening Book

Mammography Screening


  • Author : Peter Gotzsche
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000477092

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Mammography Screening Excerpt :

'This book gives plenty of examples of ad hominem attacks, intimidation, slander, threats of litigation, deception, dishonesty, lies and other violations of good scientific practice. For some years I kept a folder labeled Dishonesty in breast cancer screening on top of my filing cabinet, storing articles and letters to the editor that contained statements I knew were dishonest. Eventually I gave up on the idea of writing a paper about this collection, as the number of examples quickly exceeded what could be contained in a single article.' From the Introduction The most effective way to decrease women's risk of becoming a breast cancer patient is to avoid attending screening. Mammography screening is one of the greatest controversies in healthcare, and the extent to which some scientists have sacrificed sound scientific principles in order to arrive at politically acceptable results in their research is extraordinary. In contrast, neutral observers increasingly find that the benefit has been much oversold and that the harms are much greater than previously believed. This groundbreaking book takes an evidence-based, critical look at the scientific disputes and the information provided to women by governments and cancer charities. It also explains why mammography screening is unlikely to be effective today. All health professionals and members of the public will find these revelations disturbingly illuminating. It will radically transform the way healthcare policy makers view mammography screening in the future. 'If Peter Gotzsche did not exist, there would be a need to invent him ...It may still take time for the limitations and harms of screening to be properly acknowledged and for women to be enabled to make adequately informed decisions. When this happens, it will be almost entirely due to the intellectual rigour and determination of Peter Gotzsche.' From the Foreword by Iona Heath, President, RCGP 'If you care about breast cancer, and we all should, you must read

Breast Tomosynthesis E Book Book

Breast Tomosynthesis E Book


  • Author : Liane E Philpotts
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2016-11-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323377454

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Breast Tomosynthesis E Book Excerpt :

The use of tomosynthesis in breast imaging is growing rapidly due to its superior ability to identify and characterize normal findings, benign lesions, and breast cancer, as well as its optimal performance with dense breast tissue. Providing unparalleled coverage of this breakthrough breast imaging modality, Breast Tomosynthesis explains how this new modality can lead to enhanced interpretation and better patient outcomes. This new reference is an indispensable guide for today's practitioner looking to keep abreast of the latest developments with correlative findings, practical interpretation tips, physics, and information on how tomosynthesis differs from conventional 2D FFDM mammography. Over 900 high-quality images offer visual guidance to effectively reading and interpreting this key imaging modality. Includes over 900 high-quality tomosynthesis and mammography images representing the spectrum of breast imaging. Features the latest Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (or BI-RADS) standards updated in February 2014. Highlights practical tips to interpreting this new modality and how it differs from 2D mammography. Details how integration of tomosynthesis drastically changes lesion work-up and overall workflow in the department. "Tomo Tips" boxes offer tips and pitfalls for expert clinical guidance.

Screening for Breast Cancer Book

Screening for Breast Cancer


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Breast
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:708214682

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Screening for Breast Cancer Excerpt :

BACKGROUND: This systematic review is an update of new evidence since the 2002 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation on breast cancer screening. PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of mammography screening in decreasing breast cancer mortality among average-risk women age 40-49 years and 70 years and older; the effectiveness of clinical breast examination (CBE) and breast self examination (BSE) in decreasing breast cancer mortality among women of any age; and harms of screening with mammography, CBE, and BSE. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (through the fourth quarter of 2008), MEDLINE(r) searches (January 2001 to December 2008), reference lists, and Web of Science(r) searches for published studies and Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium for screening mammography data. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized, controlled trials with breast cancer mortality outcomes for screening effectiveness, and studies of various designs and multiple data sources for harms. DATA EXTRACTION: Relevant data were abstracted, and study quality was rated by using established criteria. DATA SYNTHESIS: Mammography screening reduces breast cancer mortality by 15% for women age 39-49 (relative risk [RR] 0.85; 95% credible interval [CrI], 0.75-0.96; 8 trials). Results are similar to those for women age 50-59 years (RR 0.86; 95% CrI, 0.75-0.99; 6 trials), but effects are less than for women age 60-69 years (RR 0.68; 95% CrI, 0.54-0.87; 2 trials). Data are lacking for women age 70 years and older. Radiation exposure from mammography is low. Patient adverse experiences are common and transient and do not affect screening practices. Estimates of overdiagnosis vary from 1-10%. Younger women have more false-positive mammography results and additional imaging but fewer biopsies than older women. Trials of CBE are ongoing; trials of BSE showed no reductions in mortality but increases in benign biopsy results. LIMITAT

Breast MRI for High risk Screening Book

Breast MRI for High risk Screening


  • Author : Francesco Sardanelli
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-10-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030412074

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Breast MRI for High risk Screening Excerpt :

This book offers a comprehensive overview of the use of breast MRI for screening high-risk women, including those with familial-genetic hereditary predisposition and previous chest radiation therapy, typically lymphoma survivors. It discusses the historical background of studies and research that provided the body of evidence in favor of MRI screening of these women. Technical and clinical topics are treated in dedicated chapters, including models for individualized risk estimation, radiogenomics of breast cancer in high-risk women, computer-aided detection/diagnosis and machine learning systems applied to breast MRI, and psycho-oncology issues. Alternatives to breast MRI screening such as pharmaco-prevention and prophylactic mastectomy are also discussed, taking into account the public debate on the “Angelina Jolie” effect. The high breast cancer risk model is proposed as a paradigm for personalized medicine. This book will be of interest to radiologists, surgeons, oncologists and to all professionals devoted to female healthcare.

Artificial Intelligence in Breast Cancer Early Detection and Diagnosis Book

Artificial Intelligence in Breast Cancer Early Detection and Diagnosis


  • Author : Khalid Shaikh
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-12-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 107
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030592080

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Artificial Intelligence in Breast Cancer Early Detection and Diagnosis Excerpt :

This book provides an introduction to next generation smart screening technology for medical image analysis that combines artificial intelligence (AI) techniques with digital screening to develop innovative methods for detecting breast cancer. The authors begin with a discussion of breast cancer, its characteristics and symptoms, and the importance of early screening.They then provide insight on the role of artificial intelligence in global healthcare, screening methods for breast cancer using mammogram, ultrasound, and thermogram images, and the potential benefits of using AI-based systems for clinical screening to more accurately detect, diagnose, and treat breast cancer. Discusses various existing screening methods for breast cancer Presents deep information on artificial intelligence-based screening methods Discusses cancer treatment based on geographical differences and cultural characteristics

Early Breast Cancer Book

Early Breast Cancer


  • Author : Guidubaldo Querci della Rovere
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2005-11-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439804933

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Early Breast Cancer Excerpt :

Early Breast Cancer presents a wide-ranging analysis of diagnosis, pathology, and multidisciplinary management of the patient presenting with early breast cancer for radiologists, pathologists, surgeons, and medical oncologists. The second edition is fully updated to include changes in perspective on such issues as screening and conservative surgery.

Early Breast Cancer Book

Early Breast Cancer


  • Author : John R Benson
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-01-03
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN 10 : 9781841848860

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Early Breast Cancer Excerpt :

First Prize, BMA Medical Book Awards 2013 Breast cancers are now detected earlier and are thus more likely to be confined to the breast itself and regional nodes. Many of these tumours will have minimal proclivity for hematogenous dissemination and formation of micrometastases. On the other hand, some patients have micrometastatic diseases which can remain dormant and be activated many years after initial diagnosis. Early Breast Cancer: From Screening to Multidisciplinary Management discusses the principles and practice of breast cancer management with respect to both screen-detected and symptomatic disease. It provides readers with sound understanding and critical insight into many aspects of the disease from epidemiology, genetics, and screening to pathology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. This latest edition continues the general ethos of the second edition with an emphasis on early screening and continued development of the multidisciplinary team.

Breast Cancer Screening and Prevention Book

Breast Cancer Screening and Prevention


  • Author : Jonathan D. Pegg
  • Publisher : Nova Biomedical Books
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN 10 : 1612092888

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Breast Cancer Screening and Prevention Excerpt :

This book presents and discusses research in the study of breast cancer diagnosis and prevention. Topics discussed include strategies for the prevention of breast cancer; health benefits and breast cancer screenings; access to mammography facilities; the reduction in the risk of human breast cancer by selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors and breast cancer perceptions and knowledge among women living in a rural community.