Building Resilience of Human Natural Systems of Pastoralism in the Developing World Book

Building Resilience of Human Natural Systems of Pastoralism in the Developing World

  • Author : Shikui Dong
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-08-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319307329

Building Resilience of Human Natural Systems of Pastoralism in the Developing World Excerpt :

This edited volume summarizes information about the situational context, threats, problems, challenges and solutions for sustainable pastoralism at a global scale. The book has four goals. The first goal is to summarize the information about the history, distribution and patterns of pastoralism and to identify the importance of pastoralism from social, economic and environmental perspectives. The results of an empirical investigation of the environmental and socio-economic implications of pastoralism in representative pastoral regions in the world are also incorporated. The second goal is to argue that breaking coupled human-natural systems of pastoralism leads to degradation of pastoral ecosystems and to create an analysis framework to assess the vulnerability of worldwide pastoralism. Our analysis framework provides approaches to help comprehensively understand the transitions and the impacts of human-natural systems in the pastoral regions in the world. The third goal is to identify the successful models in promoting coupled human-natural systems of pastoralism, and to learn lessons of breaking coupled human-cultural pastoralism systems through examining the representative cases in regions including Central Asia, Southern and Eastern Asia, Northern and Eastern Africa, the European Alps and South America. The fourth goal is to identify the strategies to build the resilience of the coupled human-natural systems of pastoralism worldwide. We hope that our book can facilitate the further examination of sustainable development of coupled human-natural systems of pastoralism by providing the summaries of existing data and information related to the pastoralism development, and by offering a framework for better understanding and analysis of their social, economic and environmental implications.

Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability Book

Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-11-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1894
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128126882

Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability Excerpt :

The Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability covers the hottest topics in the science of food sustainability, providing a synopsis of the path society is on to secure food for a growing population. It investigates the focal issue of sustainable food production in relation to the effects of global change on food resources, biodiversity and global food security. This collection of methodological approaches and knowledge derived from expert authors around the world offers the research community, food industry, scientists and students with the knowledge to relate to, and report on, the novel challenges of food production and sustainability. This comprehensive encyclopedia will act as a platform to show how an interdisciplinary approach and closer collaboration between the scientific and industrial communities is necessary to strengthen our existing capacity to generate and share research data. Offers readers a ‘one-stop’ resource on the topic of food security and sustainability Contains articles split into sections based on the various dimensions of Food Security and Food Sustainability Written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions with a “farm to fork understanding Includes concise and accessible chapters, providing an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from undergraduate level upwards, as well as up-to-date foundational content for those familiar with the field

Livelihood and Landscape Change in Africa  Future Trajectories for Improved Well Being under a Changing Climate Book

Livelihood and Landscape Change in Africa Future Trajectories for Improved Well Being under a Changing Climate

  • Author : Sheona Shackleton
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2019-10-08
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039214693

Livelihood and Landscape Change in Africa Future Trajectories for Improved Well Being under a Changing Climate Excerpt :

This book is based on a Special Issue of the journal LAND that draws together a collection of 11 diverse articles at the nexus of climate change, landscapes, and livelihoods in rural Africa; all explore the links between livelihood and landscape change, including shifts in farming practices and natural resource use and management. The articles, which are all place-based case studies across nine African countries, cover three not necessarily mutually exclusive thematic areas, namely: smallholder farming livelihoods under new climate risk (five articles); long-term dynamics of livelihoods and landscape change and future trajectories (two articles); and natural resource management and governance under a changing climate, spanning forests, woodlands, and rangelands (four articles). The commonalities, key messages, and research gaps across the 11 articles are presented in a synthesis article. All the case studies pointed to the need for an integrated and in-depth understanding of the multiple drivers of landscape and livelihood change and how these interact with local histories, knowledge systems, cultures, complexities, and lived realities. Moreover, where there are interventions (such as new governance systems, REDD+ or climate smart agriculture), it is critical to interrogate what is required to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of emerging benefits.

Carbon Management for Promoting Local Livelihood in the Hindu Kush Himalayan  HKH  Region Book

Carbon Management for Promoting Local Livelihood in the Hindu Kush Himalayan HKH Region

  • Author : Zhanhuan Shang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-07-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030205911

Carbon Management for Promoting Local Livelihood in the Hindu Kush Himalayan HKH Region Excerpt :

This book contributes to our understanding of linkages between carbon management and local livelihoods by taking stock of the existing evidence and drawing on field experiences in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region, an area that provides fresh water to more than 2 billion people and supports the world’s largest population of pastoralists and millions of livestock. This edited volume addresses two main questions: 1. Does carbon management offer livelihood opportunities or present risks, and what are they? 2. Do the attributes of carbon financing alter the nature of livelihood opportunities and risks? Chapters analyze the most pressing deficiencies in understanding carbon storage in both soils and in above ground biomass, and the related social and economic challenges associated with carbon sequestration projects. Chapters deliver insights to both academics from diverse disciplines (natural sciences, social sciences and engineering) and to policy makers.

Natural Resource Management Reimagined Book

Natural Resource Management Reimagined

  • Author : Robert G. Woodmansee
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-03-11
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 9781108497558

Natural Resource Management Reimagined Excerpt :

Brings scientists, policy makers, land and water managers and citizen stakeholders together to resolve natural resource and environmental problems.

Grasslands of the World Book

Grasslands of the World

  • Author : Victor R. Squires
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-05
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351652209

Grasslands of the World Excerpt :

This book begins with a brief account of the extraordinary sequence of events that led to emergence of grasslands as major vegetation formations that now occupy some of the driest and hottest and the highest and coldest on earth as well as vast steppes and prairies in more temperate climes. It is the story of grasses successfully competing with forests and woodlands, aided and abetted by grazing herbivores and by humans and their use of fire as a tool. It is a story of adaptation to changing climates and the changing biophysical environments. A major focus of the book is the Palaearctic biogeographic realm that extends over some 45 million km2 and thus more than 1/3 of the terrestrial ice-free surface on Earth. It comprises extensive grasslands of different types and origin, which can be subdivided into (1) natural grasslands with (1a) steppes (climatogenic in dry climates), (1b) arctic-alpine grasslands (climatogenic in cold climates) and (1c) azonal and extrazonal grasslands (pedogenic and topogenic) as well as (2) secondary grasslands created and sustained by human activities, such as livestock grazing, mowing or burning. Grasslands of the Palaearctic do not only form a major basis for the agriculture of the region and thus its food supply, but are also crucial for other ecosystem services and host a supra proportional part of the realm’s plant and animal diversity. To reflect that suitability of grasslands for biodiversity strongly depends on their state, we apply the term High Nature Value grassland to those natural grasslands that are not degraded (in good state) and those secondary grasslands that are not intensified (semi-natural). The situation in a variety of countries where grasslands are evolving under the influence of global climate change is also considered. Case studies are presented on Southern Africa, Eastern Africa, India, China, South America, North America and Australia. The concluding chapter examines a set of themes arising from the chapters

Recarbonizing global soils     A technical manual of recommended sustainable soil management Book

Recarbonizing global soils A technical manual of recommended sustainable soil management

  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2021-09-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 650
  • ISBN 10 : 9789251348932

Recarbonizing global soils A technical manual of recommended sustainable soil management Excerpt :

During the last decades, soil organic carbon (SOC) attracted the attention of a much wider array of specialists beyond agriculture and soil science, as it was proven to be one of the most crucial components of the earth’s climate system, which has a great potential to be managed by humans. Soils as a carbon pool are one of the key factors in several Sustainable Development Goals, in particular Goal 15, “Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss” with the SOC stock being explicitly cited in Indicator 15.3.1. This technical manual is the first attempt to gather, in a standardized format, the existing data on the impacts of the main soil management practices on SOC content in a wide array of environments, including the advantages, drawbacks and constraints. This manual presents different sustainable soil management (SSM) practices at different scales and in different contexts, supported by case studies that have been shown with quantitative data to have a positive effect on SOC stocks and successful experiences of SOC sequestration in practical field applications. Volume 3 includes a total of 49 practices that have a direct impact on SOC sequestration and maintenance in cropland, grassland, integrated systems and farming approaches.

Coviability of Social and Ecological Systems  Reconnecting Mankind to the Biosphere in an Era of Global Change Book

Coviability of Social and Ecological Systems Reconnecting Mankind to the Biosphere in an Era of Global Change

  • Author : Olivier Barrière
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-03-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 728
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319784977

Coviability of Social and Ecological Systems Reconnecting Mankind to the Biosphere in an Era of Global Change Excerpt :

This book considers the principle of ‘sustainable development’ which is currently facing a growing environmental crisis. A new mode of thinking and positioning the ecological imperative is the major input of this volume. The prism of co-viability is not the economics of political agencies that carry the ideology of the dominant/conventional economic schools, but rather an opening of innovation perspectives through science. This volume, through its four parts, more than 40 chapters and a hundred authors, gives birth to a paradigm which crystallizes within a concept that will support in overcoming the ecological emergency deadlock.

Crossing boundaries Book

Crossing boundaries

  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2019-04-15
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 110
  • ISBN 10 : 9789251311127

Crossing boundaries Excerpt :

This report examines how pastoral mobility has been impacted by the creation of unnatural boundaries within landscapes and how societies cope with these constraints through legal or informal arrangements. There are many examples from around the world of efforts to facilitate transboundary movements and transboundary ecosystem management by pastoralists.

Embracing Landscape Book

Embracing Landscape

  • Author : Selcen Küçüküstel
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release Date : 2021-06-01
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : 9781800730632

Embracing Landscape Excerpt :

Examining human-animal relations among the reindeer hunting and herding Dukha community in northern Mongolia, this book focuses on concepts such as domestication and wildness from an indigenous perspective. By looking into hunting rituals and herding techniques, the ethnography questions the dynamics between people, domesticated reindeer, and wild animals. It focuses on the role of the spirited landscape which embraces all living creatures and acts as a unifying concept at the center of the human and non-human relations.

Indigenous Management Practices in Africa Book

Indigenous Management Practices in Africa

  • Author : Uchenna Uzo
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-08-10
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781787548497

Indigenous Management Practices in Africa Excerpt :

Africa is fast becoming an investment destination for firms operating outside the continent, and effective management is central to the realization of organizational goals. This volume evaluates the need for management philosophies and theories that reflect the peculiarities of the African continent.

Dynamics of the Global Savanna and Grassland Biomes Book

Dynamics of the Global Savanna and Grassland Biomes

  • Author : Hannah Victoria Herrero
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2021-03-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 102
  • ISBN 10 : 9783036503486

Dynamics of the Global Savanna and Grassland Biomes Excerpt :

Savanna and grassland biomes cover more of the earth's surface than any other biome type, and yet they are still largely understudied. In recent decades, global savanna and grassland ecosystems have become more prominent in the literature focused on global change dynamics. Savanna and grasslands represent unique biomes with their own challenges, both in terms of their study and in terms of their complexity, leading to many contradictory and often controversial findings. The global threats to these systems are potentially significant, from climate change impacts to human management challenges, from possible degradation to complete desertification, which vary across disturbance regime shifts. This Special Issue of Applied Sciences, “Dynamics of Global Savanna and Grassland Biomes”, is intended for a wide and interdisciplinary audience, and covers recent advances in: - drivers of vegetation dynamics - further understanding carbon interactions in these critical landscapes - advances in modeling both current and future system states - tipping points in savanna systems - human-environment interactions and challenges for management - biodiversity and ecosystem services

Life Cycle Assessment Book

Life Cycle Assessment

  • Author : Aiduan Borrion
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2021-03-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839161360

Life Cycle Assessment Excerpt :

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an established methodology used to quantify the environmental impacts of products, processes and services. Circular economy (CE) thinking is conceptual way of considering the impacts of consuming resources. By taking a closed loop approach, CE provides a framework for influencing behaviours and practices to minimise this impact. Development of the circular economy is a crucial component in the progression towards future sustainability. This book provides a robust systematic approach to the circular economy concept, using the established methodology of LCA. Including chapters on circular economic thinking, the use of LCA as a metric and linking LCA to the wider circular economy, this book utilises case studies to illustrate the approaches to LCA. With contributions from researchers worldwide, Life Cycle Assessment provides a practical, global guide for those who wish to use LCA as a research tool or to inform policy, process, and product improvement.

Rangeland Systems Book

Rangeland Systems

  • Author : David D. Briske
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-04-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 661
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319467092

Rangeland Systems Excerpt :

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license. This book provides an unprecedented synthesis of the current status of scientific and management knowledge regarding global rangelands and the major challenges that confront them. It has been organized around three major themes. The first summarizes the conceptual advances that have occurred in the rangeland profession. The second addresses the implications of these conceptual advances to management and policy. The third assesses several major challenges confronting global rangelands in the 21st century. This book will compliment applied range management textbooks by describing the conceptual foundation on which the rangeland profession is based. It has been written to be accessible to a broad audience, including ecosystem managers, educators, students and policy makers. The content is founded on the collective experience, knowledge and commitment of 80 authors who have worked in rangelands throughout the world. Their collective contributions indicate that a more comprehensive framework is necessary to address the complex challenges confronting global rangelands. Rangelands represent adaptive social-ecological systems, in which societal values, organizations and capacities are of equal importance to, and interact with, those of ecological processes. A more comprehensive framework for rangeland systems may enable management agencies, and educational, research and policy making organizations to more effectively assess complex problems and develop appropriate solutions.