Caldera Volcanism Book

Caldera Volcanism


  • Author : Joachim Gottsmann
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-09-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080558974

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Caldera Volcanism Book Description :

This volume aims at providing answers to some puzzling questions concerning the formation and the behavior of collapse calderas by exploring our current understanding of these complex geological processes. Addressed are problems such as: - How do collapse calderas form? - What are the conditions to create fractures and slip along them to initiate caldera collapse and when are these conditions fulfilled? - How do these conditions relate to explosive volcanism? - Most products of large caldera-forming eruptions show evidence for pre-eruptive reheating. Is this a pre-requisite to produce large volume eruptions and large calderas? - What are the time-scales behind caldera processes? - How long does it take magma to reach conditions ripe enough to generate a caldera-forming eruption? - What is the mechanical behavior of magma chamber walls during caldera collapse? Elastic, viscoelastic, or rigid? - Do calderas form by underpressure following a certain level of magma withdrawal from a reservoir, or by magma chamber loading due to deep doming (underplating), or both? - How to interpret unrest signals in active caldera systems? - How can we use information from caldera monitoring to forecast volcanic phenomena? In the form of 14 contributions from various disciplines this book samples the state-of-the-art of caldera studies and identifies still unresolved key issues that need dedicated cross-boundary and multidisciplinary efforts in the years to come. * International contributions from leading experts * Updates and informs on all the latest developments * Highlights hot topic areas and identifies and analyzes unresolved key issues

Doubly Stochastic Models for Volcanic Hazard Assessment at Campi Flegrei Caldera Book

Doubly Stochastic Models for Volcanic Hazard Assessment at Campi Flegrei Caldera


  • Author : Andrea Bevilacqua
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-05-03
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 9788876425776

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Doubly Stochastic Models for Volcanic Hazard Assessment at Campi Flegrei Caldera Book Description :

This study provides innovative mathematical models for assessing the eruption probability and associated volcanic hazards, and applies them to the Campi Flegrei caldera in Italy. Throughout the book, significant attention is devoted to quantifying the sources of uncertainty affecting the forecast estimates. The Campi Flegrei caldera is certainly one of the world’s highest-risk volcanoes, with more than 70 eruptions over the last 15,000 years, prevalently explosive ones of varying magnitude, intensity and vent location. In the second half of the twentieth century the volcano apparently once again entered a phase of unrest that continues to the present. Hundreds of thousands of people live inside the caldera and over a million more in the nearby city of Naples, making a future eruption of Campi Flegrei an event with potentially catastrophic consequences at the national and European levels.

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Book

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes


  • Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-03-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1456
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123859396

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The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Book Description :

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included

Volcanism Book

Volcanism


  • Author : Hans-Ulrich Schmincke
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642189524

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Volcanism Book Description :

Volcanic eruptions are the clear and dramatic expression of dynamic processes in planet Earth. The author, one of the most profound specialists in the field of volcanology, explains in a concise and easy to understand manner the basics and most recent findings in the field. Based on over 300 color figures and the model of plate tectonics, the book offers insight into the generation of magmas and the occurrence and origin of volcanoes. The analysis and description of volcanic structures is followed by process oriented chapters discussing the role of magmatic gases as well as explosive mechanisms and sedimentation of volcanic material. The final chapters deal with the forecast of eruptions and their influence on climate. Students and scientists of a broad range of fields will use this book as an interesting and attractive source of information. Laypeople will find it a highly accessible and graphically beautiful way to acquire a state-of-the-art foundation in this fascinating field. "Volcanism by Hans-Ulrich Schmincke has photos of the best quality I have ever seen in a text on the subject... In addition, the schematic figures in their wide range of styles are clear, colorful, and simplified to emphasize the most important factors while including all significant features... "I have really enjoyed reading and rereading Schmincke’s book. It fills a great gap in texts available for teaching any basic course in volcanology. No other book I know of has the depth and breadth of Volcanism... I have shared Volcanism with my colleagues to their significant benefit, and I am more convinced of its value for a broad range of Earth and planetary scientists. Undoubtedly, I will use Volcanism for my upcoming courses in volcanology. I will never hesitate to recommend it to others. Many geoscientists from very different subdisciplines will benefit from adding the book to their personal libraries. Schmincke has done us all a great service by undertaking the grueling task of writing t

The Physical Volcanology and Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with Late Caldera Volcanic and Volcaniclastic Rocks and Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide Deposits in the Sturgeon Lake Region of Northwestern Ontario  Canada Book

The Physical Volcanology and Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with Late Caldera Volcanic and Volcaniclastic Rocks and Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide Deposits in the Sturgeon Lake Region of Northwestern Ontario Canada


  • Author : George J. Hudak
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 1996
  • Genre:
  • Pages : 926
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:31951P00503393K

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The Physical Volcanology and Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with Late Caldera Volcanic and Volcaniclastic Rocks and Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide Deposits in the Sturgeon Lake Region of Northwestern Ontario Canada Book Description :

Magmatic Rifting and Active Volcanism Book

Magmatic Rifting and Active Volcanism


  • Author : T.J. Wright
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 2016-09-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9781862397293

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Magmatic Rifting and Active Volcanism Book Description :

A major rifting episode began in the Afar region of northern Ethiopia in September 2005. Over a ten-day period, c. 2.5 km3 of magma were intruded along a 60 km-long dyke separating the Arabian and Nubian plates. Over the next five years, a further 13 dyke intrusions caused continued extension, eruptions and seismicity. This activity led to a renewed international focus on the role of magmatism in rifting, with major international collaborative projects working in Afar and Ethiopia to study the ongoing activity and to place it in a broader context. This book brings together articles that explore the role of magmatism in rifting, from the initiation of continental break-up through to full seafloor spreading. We also explore the hazards related to rifting and the associated volcanism. This work has implications for our understanding of how continents break-up and the associated distribution of resources in rift basins and continental margins.

Volcanism in the Campania Plain Book

Volcanism in the Campania Plain


  • Author :
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2006-08-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 0080481663

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Volcanism in the Campania Plain Book Description :

The book deals with the study of three important volcanisms in the Campania Plain: Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei and Ignimbrites. The knowledge of the volcanic evolution of Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei has a particular relevance because of the hazards that these volcanoes pose to the about 1.5 million people living in the Neapolitan area. The contributors to the volume bring new data (experiments on volatile solubility, fluid-melt inclusions, tectonic, geophysical, isotope, geochronology), which are helpful in the creation of new models for a better understanding of the behaviour of the volcanic systems. In particular a hydrothermal model is used to explain the ground movements (bradyseism) at Campi Flegrei. To develop such a model, the authors use an analogue for the evolving Campi Flegrei sub-volcanic system, the model of the porphyry mineralized systems. For Campanian Ignimbrite the authors highlight the impact crystal-liquid separation has on melt compositional evolution and particularly focus on trace element and Th isotope evidence for open-system processes in the magma body associated with the Campanian Ignimbrite. The authors, for their interpretations, utilize thermodynamic and quantitative mass balance modelling of major and trace element data and semi-quantitative limits on Th and Sr isotopes to evaluate the role of crytal-melt separation, magma-fluid interaction, and assimilation of wallrock on the geochemical evolution of the Campamian Ignimbrite.

Windows into the Earth Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Windows into the Earth


  • Author : Robert B. Smith
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2000-05-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 0195355601

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Windows into the Earth Book Description :

Millions of years ago, the North American continent was dragged over the world's largest continental hotspot, a huge column of hot and molten rock rising from the Earth's interior that traced a 50-mile wide, 500-mile-long path northeastward across Idaho. Generating cataclysmic volcanic eruptions and large earthquakes, the hotspot helped lift the Yellowstone Plateau to more than 7,000 feet and pushed the northern Rockies to new heights, forming unusually large glaciers to carve the landscape. It also created the jewel of the U.S. national park system: Yellowstone. Meanwhile, forces stretching apart the western U.S. created the mountainous glory of Grand Teton National Park. These two parks, with their majestic mountains, dazzling geysers, and picturesque hot springs, are windows into the Earth's interior, revealing the violent power of the dynamic processes within. Smith and Siegel offer expert guidance through this awe-inspiring terrain, bringing to life the grandeur of these geologic phenomena as they reveal the forces that have shaped--and continue to shape--the greater Yellowstone-Teton region. Over seventy illustrations--including fifty-two in full color--illuminate the breathtaking beauty of the landscape, while two final chapters provide driving tours of the parks to help visitors enjoy and understand the regions wonders. Fascinating and informative, this book affords us a striking new perspective on Earth's creative forces.

Volcanic and Tectonic Hazard Assessment for Nuclear Facilities Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Volcanic and Tectonic Hazard Assessment for Nuclear Facilities


  • Author : Charles B. Connor
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2009-08-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 623
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521887977

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Volcanic and Tectonic Hazard Assessment for Nuclear Facilities Book Description :

A summary of the current state-of-the-art in volcanic and tectonic hazard assessment of nuclear facilities for researchers, geologists and engineers.

Pleistocene Volcanism Book

Pleistocene Volcanism


  • Author : Books Llc
  • Publisher : Books LLC, Wiki Series
  • Release Date : 2010-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 102
  • ISBN 10 : 1156722241

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Pleistocene Volcanism Book Description :

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 101. Chapters: Mount Fuji, Long Valley Caldera, St. George, Utah, Tenerife, Garibaldi Volcanic Belt, Timetable of major worldwide volcanic eruptions, Mount Cayley volcanic field, Yellowstone hotspot, Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province, Potrillo volcanic field, Cascade Volcanoes, La Palma, Vulkan Eifel, Anahim hotspot, Mount Thielsen, Rodrigues, Mount Taranaki, Laacher See, Black Virgin Mountain, Mount Haku, Sutter Buttes, Lake Eacham, Snake River Plain, Boring Lava Field, Mount Taylor, Chilcotin Group, Murray Island, Queensland, Goat Rocks, Uinkaret volcanic field, Capulin Volcano National Monument, Zuni-Bandera volcanic field, Garibaldi Lake volcanic field, Hogg Rock, Menan Buttes, Broken Top, Indian Heaven, Three Fingered Jack, Jornada del Muerto Volcano, Jemez Mountains, Rano Kau, Raton-Clayton volcanic field, Mount Terror, Red Hill volcanic field, Tuya Range, Monte Vulture, Tower Hill, Henry's Fork Caldera, Lake Barrine, Ocate volcanic field, Lucero volcanic field, Terevaka, Steamboat Springs, Nevada, Squamish volcanic field, Cheakamus Valley basalts, Pomerape, Poike, Satah Mountain volcanic field, Qixing Mountain, Uzon, Porak, Rodderberg, Black Buttes, Vulcan's Throne, JA volcano, Koosick Bluff, Holbrook Creek, High Eifel, Trocon, Terre-de-Bas Island, Wolverine Formation, Ornostay Bluff, St ra-Bj rnsfell, Prospect Dam. Excerpt: Tenerife (pronounced, Spanish: ) is the largest and most populous of the seven Canary Islands with a land area of 2,034.38 km (785.47 mi2) and 906,854 inhabitants, 43% of the total population of the Canary Islands, making it the most populated island of Spain. About five million tourists visit Tenerife each year, the most of any Canary Islands. Tenerife hosts one of the world's largest carnivals and the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is attempting to become a World Heritage Site. Tenerife is...

Volcanoes Book

Volcanoes


  • Author : Richard V. Fisher
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 1998-10-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 0691002495

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Volcanoes Book Description :

Assisting readers in experiencing this geological phenomena, the authors draw upon actual encounters with volcanoes, often through firsthand accounts of those who have witnessed eruptions and miraculously survived the terrifying aftermath. 46 line illustrations. 85 halftones.

North Island Volcanism Book

North Island Volcanism


  • Author : B. F. Houghton
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 1986
  • Genre: Geology
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105008978558

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North Island Volcanism Book Description :

Ancient Lake Creede Book

Ancient Lake Creede


  • Author : Philip Martin Bethke
  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release Date : 2000-01-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN 10 : 0813723469

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Ancient Lake Creede Book Description :

Glencoe Caldera Volcano  Scotland Book

Glencoe Caldera Volcano Scotland


  • Author : B. Peter Kokelaar
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Calderas
  • Pages : 127
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105123862943

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Glencoe Caldera Volcano Scotland Book Description :

A guide to accompany the 1: 25 000 Glen Coe geology map