Carotenoids  Structure and Function in the Human Body Book

Carotenoids Structure and Function in the Human Body

  • Author : Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-03-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 859
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030464592

Carotenoids Structure and Function in the Human Body Excerpt :

Plants produce chemicals as part of their normal metabolic activities. These include primary metabolites found in all plants, such as sugars and fats, as well as secondary metabolites, which can have therapeutic effects in humans and be refined to produce drugs. Plants synthesize a bewildering variety of phytochemicals, but most are derivatives of a few biochemical motifs. Numerous herbal-derived substances have been evaluated for their therapeutic potential. These include alkaloids, coumarins, saponins, plant pigments and flavonoids. Flavonoids, carotenoids and anthocyanins are probably the best known of these substances due to their antioxidant properties. Carotenoids: Structure and Function in the Human Body presents comprehensive coverage of carotenoids. The text covers the scientific literature and clinical significance of this organic pigment, with an emphasis on its therapeutic potential. The authors approach carotenoids from a range of perspectives, from their structural and physicochemical properties to their distribution in nature, interaction with the human metabolism, and use as a coloring agent in various products. The intake, metabolism and secretion of anthocyanins in the human body are covered in-depth, as are the biosynthetic pathways through which these compounds are synthesized in the natural system. Factors affecting stability and extraction are listed, and health-related uses and biological activities are covered in great detail. Present and future trends in carotenoid research are also presented. This book provides a solid background in carotenoids for researchers and professionals in food science, food technology, nutrition, biology, chemistry and medical sciences.

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C  Vitamin E  Selenium  and Carotenoids Book

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C Vitamin E Selenium and Carotenoids

  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2000-08-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 529
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309069359

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C Vitamin E Selenium and Carotenoids Excerpt :

This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series of quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for healthy people. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) is the newest framework for an expanded approach developed by U.S. and Canadian scientists. This book discusses in detail the role of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and the carotenoids in human physiology and health. For each nutrient the committee presents what is known about how it functions in the human body, which factors may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease. Dietary Reference Intakes provides reference intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for different groups based on age and gender, along with a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), designed to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.

The COVID 19 Pandemic Book

The COVID 19 Pandemic

  • Author : Hanadi Talal Ahmedah
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-07-07
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000577266

The COVID 19 Pandemic Excerpt :

This timely volume is a comprehensive review of the evolution, diagnosis, prevention, control, and treatment strategies (both modern as well as complementary and alternative) being used against COVID-19. With chapters written by experts in diverse medical fields from around the world, the volume presents authentic and easily understood information on this novel and often deadly virus. The book is organized in sections that cover pathology, epidemiology, and diagnosis; prevention strategies; and treatment. The book first covers the morphology, pathogenesis, genome organization and replication of coronavirus (COVID-19) and then goes on to address epidemiology and pathogenesis, the psychological effects, and detection assays and techniques. Chapters on prevention strategies discuss social distancing and quarantine, face masks and hand sanitizers, lockdown strategies, and vaccines. The authors also cover diverse treatment strategies, including using medicinal plants, natural products, and traditional Chinese medicines as well as nanomedicines.

Carotenoid Chemistry and Biochemistry Book

Carotenoid Chemistry and Biochemistry

  • Author : George Britton
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483279848

Carotenoid Chemistry and Biochemistry Excerpt :

Carotenoid Chemistry and Biochemistry covers the proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Carotenoids, held in Liverpool, United Kingdome on July 26-31, 1981. This symposium highlights the interest in biochemical and biological aspects of carotenes. This book is organized into 25 chapters including chapters on carotenoid chemistry, their structures, synthesis and physical methods, with emphasis on their stereochemistry. Other chapters deal with the chemistry of complexes between carotenoids or retinoids and protein, the novel blue carotenoproteins, and the visual pigments and the nutritionally important retinol-binding proteins. The discussions then shift to animal carotenoids, carotenoid metabolism and transformations, including interesting stereochemical findings. This book also reviews studies of carotenoids in photosynthesis, the industrial importance of carotenoids, medical aspects, particularly the use of carotenoids in treatment against skin photosensitivity and their possible role in protection against cancer. The remaining chapters examine the effects of chemicals on carotenoid biosynthesis and its relevance to herbicide design. This book will be of value to carotenoid scientists and researchers.

Carotenoids and Human Health Book

Carotenoids and Human Health

  • Author : Sherry A. Tanumihardjo
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-11-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN 10 : 9781627032032

Carotenoids and Human Health Excerpt :

Carotenoids and Human Health provides an introduction to food sources and metabolism. Written by experts in their fields and including the most up-to-date information, this volume serves as an in-depth guide to studies that have been performed in humans and observations that have been made in population level assessments. Special emphasis is given to associations with disease, as well as the importance of carotenoids internationally, specifically as a source of vitamin A for the world. Comprehensive and easy to use, Carotenoids and Human Health is a very useful resource for nutritionists, registered dieticians, medical students, and graduate students.

Carotenoids and Human Health Book

Carotenoids and Human Health

  • Author : Jaume Amengual
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2019-12-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039218325

Carotenoids and Human Health Excerpt :

Carotenoids are a group of approximately 600 compounds synthesized by photosynthetic organisms. These pigments are abundant in fruits and vegetables, as well as in certain animal products such as eggs and salmon, being responsible for their colorful appearance. The bioactive properties of certain carotenoids in human health are clear, as some of these compounds have antioxidant properties and serve as the only precursors of vitamin A in nature. The aim of this Special Issue entitled “Carotenoids and Human Health” is to provide the scientific community with an updated perspective of this exciting and growing research area. We compiled 19 papers from some of the most prominent scientists in the carotenoid field, including seven literature reviews and 12 original publication, covering topics such as cancer, obesity, vision, cognitive function, and skin health.

Carotenoids in Nature Book

Carotenoids in Nature

  • Author : Claudia Stange
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-08-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 457
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319391267

Carotenoids in Nature Excerpt :

This comprehensive, edited book explores carotenoids and their important functional roles in yeast, bacteria and plants and a profound exposition on the structures of carotenoid molecules, focusing in the first of three parts on the biosynthesis of carotenoids. The regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in photosynthesis as well as in plant, fruits, storage roots and algae is central to the second part, and discoveries about the function of carotenoids in human health feature in the third and final part. Many helpful illustrations, explanations, overviews and examples help to bring readers up to date on relevant themes including carotenogenic genes, carotenoids in fruits and metabolic engineering. The book explores where carotenoids are synthesized in nature, including in carrots and algae. Contributing expert authors examine enzyme functions and plant models, and analyze the structure of carotenoid molecules. The function of carotenoids in photosynthesis and in photosynthetic organs as well as during fruit ripening are then explored. A whole chapter is dedicated to the latest research on apocarotenoids and further chapters cover interesting and novel themes on plastid development and the epigenetic regulation that affects carotenoid synthesis in plants. The metabolic engineering of carotenoids that has been done in fruits, plants, and seeds is another area that readers can explore, along with evidences on the function of carotenoids in human nutrition, as antioxidants, as in the control of lipid metabolism and in the absorption of carotenoids. This is a highly informative and wide-ranging work which will update researchers in the field, as well as supporting students of plant physiology and biotechnology, as supplementary reading.

Carotenoid Esters in Foods Book

Carotenoid Esters in Foods

  • Author : Adriana Z Mercadante
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2019-02-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 9781788012423

Carotenoid Esters in Foods Excerpt :

As the first book to address the occurrence of carotenoid esters in foods and methods of measurement, this book provides one source to researchers in food science, nutrition and the food industry.

Bioactive Foods in Promoting Health Book

Bioactive Foods in Promoting Health

  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2009-11-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 754
  • ISBN 10 : 0080877877

Bioactive Foods in Promoting Health Excerpt :

While everyone knows fruits and vegetables are beneficial to good health, it's increasingly seen as important to know which ones can be effective in treating specific illnesses. For example, which are good for cardiac care? Which can help combat and treat asthma? What are the safety concerns to be aware of when using herbs in combination with traditional medicines? Diet and nutrition are vital keys to controlling or promoting morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases, and the multitude of biomolecules in dietary fruits and vegetables play a crucial role in health maintenance. They may, therefore, be more effective and certainly could have different actions beyond nutrients however this science is still evolving. This book brings together experts working on the different aspects of supplementation, foods, and plant extracts, in health promotion and disease prevention. Their expertise and experience provide the most current knowledge to promote future research. Dietary habits need to be altered, for most people and the conclusions and recommendations from the various chapters in this book will provide a basis for that change. The overall goal of this book is to provide the most current, concise, scientific appraisal of the efficacy of key foods and constituents medicines in dietary plants in preventing disease and improving the quality of life. While vegetables have traditionally been seen to be good sources of vitamins, the roles of other constituents have only recently become more widely recognized. This book reviews and often presents new hypotheses and conclusions on the effects of different bioactive components of the diet, derived particularly from vegetables, to prevent disease and improve the health of various populations. * Identify bioactive fruit and vegetable options for prevention or treatment of illness * Moves from general overview to disease specific applications providing a framework for further research and deeper understanding * Includes discuss

The Structure and Function of Plastids Book

The Structure and Function of Plastids

  • Author : Robert R. Wise
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-09-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402040610

The Structure and Function of Plastids Excerpt :

The Structure and Function of Plastids provides a comprehensive look at the biology of plastids, the multifunctional biosynthetic factories that are unique to plants and algae. Fifty-nine international experts have contributed 28 chapters that cover all aspects of this large and diverse family of plant and algal organelles.

Progress in Carotenoid Research Book

Progress in Carotenoid Research

  • Author : Leila Queiroz Zepka
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-09-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789237160

Progress in Carotenoid Research Excerpt :

The book "Progress in Carotenoid Research" presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the biology, biochemistry, and chemistry of carotenoids. Divided into 14 discrete parts, this book covers topics on basic science and applied technology of carotenoid molecules. This book provides an insight into future developments in each field and has an extensive bibliography. It will be an essential resource for researchers and academic and industry professionals in the natural pigment field.

Advanced Biofuel Technologies Book

Advanced Biofuel Technologies

  • Author : Deepak K. Tuli
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-12-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 594
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323884280

Advanced Biofuel Technologies Excerpt :

Advanced Biofuel Technologies: Present Status, Challenges and Future Prospects deals with important issues such as feed stock availability, technology options, greenhouse gas reduction as seen by life cycle assessment studies, regulations and policies. This book provides readers complete information on the current state of developments in both thermochemical and biochemical processes for advanced biofuels production for the purpose of transportation, domestic and industrial applications. Chapters explore technological innovations in advanced biofuels produced from agricultural residues, algae, lipids and waste industrial gases to produce road transport fuels, biojet fuel and biogas. Covers technologies and processes of different types of biofuel production Outlines a selection of different types of renewable feedstocks for biofuel production Summarizes adequate and balanced coverage of thermochemical and biochemical methods of biomass conversion into biofuel Includes regulations, policies and lifecycle and techno-economic assessments

Nutraceutical and Functional Food Components Book

Nutraceutical and Functional Food Components

  • Author : Charis M. Galanakis
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323850537

Nutraceutical and Functional Food Components Excerpt :

Nutraceutical and Functional Food Components: Effects of Innovative Processing Techniques, Second Edition highlights the impact of recent food industry advances on the nutritional value, functional properties, applications, bioavailability, and bioaccessibility of food components. This second edition also assesses shelf-life, sensory characteristics, and the profile of food products. Covering the most important groups of food components, including lipids, proteins, peptides and amino acids, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, polyphenols, carotenoids, vitamins, aromatic compounds, minerals, glucosinolates, enzymes, this book addresses processing methods for each. Food scientists, technologists, researchers, nutritionists, engineers and chemists, agricultural scientists, other professionals working in the food industry, as well as students studying related fields, will benefit from this updated reference. Focuses on nutritional value, functional properties, applications, bioavailability and bioaccessibility of food components Covers food components by describing the effects of thermal and non-thermal technologies Addresses shelf-life, sensory characteristics and health claims

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A  Vitamin K  Arsenic  Boron  Chromium  Copper  Iodine  Iron  Manganese  Molybdenum  Nickel  Silicon  Vanadium  and Zinc Book

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A Vitamin K Arsenic Boron Chromium Copper Iodine Iron Manganese Molybdenum Nickel Silicon Vanadium and Zinc

  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2002-07-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN 10 : 0309072794

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A Vitamin K Arsenic Boron Chromium Copper Iodine Iron Manganese Molybdenum Nickel Silicon Vanadium and Zinc Excerpt :

This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series issued by the National Academy of Sciences on dietary reference intakes (DRIs). This series provides recommended intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for individuals based on age and gender. In addition, a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), has also been established to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient. Based on the Institute of Medicine's review of the scientific literature regarding dietary micronutrients, recommendations have been formulated regarding vitamins A and K, iron, iodine, chromium, copper, manganese, molybdenum, zinc, and other potentially beneficial trace elements such as boron to determine the roles, if any, they play in health. The book also: Reviews selected components of food that may influence the bioavailability of these compounds. Develops estimates of dietary intake of these compounds that are compatible with good nutrition throughout the life span and that may decrease risk of chronic disease where data indicate they play a role. Determines Tolerable Upper Intake levels for each nutrient reviewed where adequate scientific data are available in specific population subgroups. Identifies research needed to improve knowledge of the role of these micronutrients in human health. This book will be important to professionals in nutrition research and education.