Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging Book

Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging


  • Author : Amir Raz
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-02-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128163092

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Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging Excerpt :

Most people find colorful brain scans highly compelling—and yet, many experts don’t. This discrepancy begs the question: What can we learn from neuroimaging? Is brain information useful in fields such as psychiatry, law, or education? How do neuroscientists create brain activation maps and why do we admire them? Casting Light on The Dark Side of Brain Imaging tackles these questions through a critical and constructive lens—separating fruitful science from misleading neuro-babble. In a breezy writing style accessible to a wide readership, experts from across the brain sciences offer their uncensored thoughts to help advance brain research and debunk the craze for reductionist, headline-grabbing neuroscience. This collection of short, enlightening essays is suitable for anyone interested in brain science, from students to professionals. Together, we take a hard look at the science behind brain imaging and outline why this technique remains promising despite its seldom-discussed shortcomings. Challenges the tendency toward neuro-reductionism Deconstructs hype through a critical yet constructive lens Unveils the nature of brain imaging data Explores emerging brain technologies and future directions Features a non-technical and accessible writing style

Neuroscience and Law Book

Neuroscience and Law


  • Author : Antonio D’Aloia
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-06-01
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030388409

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Neuroscience and Law Excerpt :

There have been extraordinary developments in the field of neuroscience in recent years, sparking a number of discussions within the legal field. This book studies the various interactions between neuroscience and the world of law, and explores how neuroscientific findings could affect some fundamental legal categories and how the law should be implemented in such cases. The book is divided into three main parts. Starting with a general overview of the convergence of neuroscience and law, the first part outlines the importance of their continuous interaction, the challenges that neuroscience poses for the concepts of free will and responsibility, and the peculiar characteristics of a “new” cognitive liberty. In turn, the second part addresses the phenomenon of cognitive and moral enhancement, as well as the uses of neurotechnology and their impacts on health, self-determination and the concept of being human. The third and last part investigates the use of neuroscientific findings in both criminal and civil cases, and seeks to determine whether they can provide valuable evidence and facilitate the assessment of personal responsibility, helping to resolve cases. The book is the result of an interdisciplinary dialogue involving jurists, philosophers, neuroscientists, forensic medicine specialists, and scholars in the humanities; further, it is intended for a broad readership interested in understanding the impacts of scientific and technological developments on people’s lives and on our social systems.

Addiction and the Brain Book

Addiction and the Brain


  • Author : Matilda Hellman
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-04-22
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811909467

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Addiction and the Brain Excerpt :

This book investigates the neuroscientific knowledge on addiction as an epistemic project.

Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction Book

Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction


  • Author : Nick Heather
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2022-03-07
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000540062

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Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction Excerpt :

This ground-breaking book advances the fundamental debate about the nature of addiction. As well as presenting the case for seeing addiction as a brain disease, it brings together all the most cogent and penetrating critiques of the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA) and the main grounds for being skeptical of BDMA claims. The idea that addiction is a brain disease dominates thinking and practice worldwide. However, the editors of this book argue that our understanding of addiction is undergoing a revolutionary change, from being considered a brain disease to a disorder of voluntary behavior. The resolution of this controversy will determine the future of scientific progress in understanding addiction, together with necessary advances in treatment, prevention, and societal responses to addictive disorders. This volume brings together the various strands of the contemporary debate about whether or not addiction is best regarded as a brain disease. Contributors offer arguments for and against, and reasons for uncertainty; they also propose novel alternatives to both brain disease and moral models of addiction. In addition to reprints of classic articles from the addiction research literature, each section contains original chapters written by authorities on their chosen topic. The editors have assembled a stellar cast of chapter authors from a wide range of disciplines – neuroscience, philosophy, psychiatry, psychology, cognitive science, sociology, and law – including some of the most brilliant and influential voices in the field of addiction studies today. The result is a landmark volume in the study of addiction which will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers in addiction as well as professionals such as medical practitioners, psychiatrists, psychologists of all varieties, and social workers.

Demystifying Big Data  Machine Learning  and Deep Learning for Healthcare Analytics Book

Demystifying Big Data Machine Learning and Deep Learning for Healthcare Analytics


  • Author : Pradeep N
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128220443

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Demystifying Big Data Machine Learning and Deep Learning for Healthcare Analytics Excerpt :

Demystifying Big Data, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning for Healthcare Analytics presents the changing world of data utilization, especially in clinical healthcare. Various techniques, methodologies, and algorithms are presented in this book to organize data in a structured manner that will assist physicians in the care of patients and help biomedical engineers and computer scientists understand the impact of these techniques on healthcare analytics. The book is divided into two parts: Part 1 covers big data aspects such as healthcare decision support systems and analytics-related topics. Part 2 focuses on the current frameworks and applications of deep learning and machine learning, and provides an outlook on future directions of research and development. The entire book takes a case study approach, providing a wealth of real-world case studies in the application chapters to act as a foundational reference for biomedical engineers, computer scientists, healthcare researchers, and clinicians. Provides a comprehensive reference for biomedical engineers, computer scientists, advanced industry practitioners, researchers, and clinicians to understand and develop healthcare analytics using advanced tools and technologies Includes in-depth illustrations of advanced techniques via dataset samples, statistical tables, and graphs with algorithms and computational methods for developing new applications in healthcare informatics Unique case study approach provides readers with insights for practical clinical implementation

Handbook of Empirical Literary Studies Book

Handbook of Empirical Literary Studies


  • Author : Donald Kuiken
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2021-09-20
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110645958

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Handbook of Empirical Literary Studies Excerpt :

This handbook reviews efforts to increase the use of empirical methods in studies of the aesthetic and social effects of literary reading. The reviewed research is expansive, including extension of familiar theoretical models to novel domains (e.g., educational settings); enlarging empirical efforts within under-represented research areas (e.g., child development); and broadening the range of applicable quantitative and qualitative methods (e.g., computational stylistics; phenomenological methods). Especially challenging is articulation of the subtle aesthetic and social effects of literary artefacts (e.g., poetry, film). Increasingly, the complexity of these effects is addressed in multi-variate studies, including confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. While each chapter touches upon the historical background of a specific research topic, two chapters address the area’s historical background and guiding philosophical assumptions. Taken together, the material in this volume provides a systematic introduction to the area for early career professionals, while challenging active researchers to develop theoretical frameworks and empirical procedures that match the complexity of their research objectives.

Substance Use and Misuse  Third Edition Book

Substance Use and Misuse Third Edition


  • Author : Rick Csiernik
  • Publisher : Canadian Scholars
  • Release Date : 2021-04-28
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9781773382296

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Substance Use and Misuse Third Edition Excerpt :

The revised third edition of the formerly titled Substance Use and Abuse retains its comprehensive, holistic examination of the field of substance use and misuse from a Canadian perspective. Now organized into seven sections, the 30 chapters examine the nature of addiction; explore biological, psychological, and social theories that attempt to explain addiction; discuss drugs that produce addiction, along with a review of prevention, treatment, and treatment system options; and consider the legal and ethical issues that those working in substance use and addiction frequently encounter. Thoroughly updated to reflect contemporary issues and recent advances in the field of addiction counselling, Rick Csiernik’s much-loved text features new content on the changes to cannabis law and culture in Canada, the opioid crisis and public response, as well as expanded content on cultural competence, non-substance use addictive behaviours, motivational interviewing, and relapse prevention. Substance Use and Misuse is an essential and timely resource for counsellors treating individuals dealing with addiction, and for courses across social work, human services counselling, psychology, and mental health and addictions programs. FEATURES: - Now divided into seven sections with 30 chapters to enhance student comprehension and learning - Contains new information on contemporary themes including the opioid crisis, e-cigarettes and vaping, risks and benefits of THC and CBD, principles of good family skills training, sample dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT) activities, and a sample intervention script - Includes an enhanced treatment section with updates on harm reduction, traumainformed care, the transtheoretical model of change, and motivational interviewing

The Ethics of Neuroscience and National Security Book

The Ethics of Neuroscience and National Security


  • Author : Nicholas G. Evans
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-05-24
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429824142

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The Ethics of Neuroscience and National Security Excerpt :

New advances in neuroscience promise innovations in national security, especially in the areas of law enforcement, intelligence collection, and armed conflict. But ethical questions emerge about how we can, and should, use these innovations. This book draws on the open literature to map the development of neuroscience, particularly through funding by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, in certain areas like behavior prediction, behavior modification, and neuroenhancement, and its use in the creation of novel weapons. It shows how advances in neuroscience and new technologies raise ethical issues that challenge the norms of law enforcement, intelligence collection, and armed conflict, broadly grouped under the term "national security." Increasing technological sophistication without attention to ethics, this book argues, risks creating conditions for the development of "dual-use" technologies that may be prone to misuse, are grounded in an incomplete understanding of the brain, or are based on a limited view of the political contexts in which these technologies arise. A concluding section looks at policy and regulatory options that might promote the benefits of emerging neuroscience, while mitigating attendant risks. Key Features: First broad survey of the ethics of neuroscience as it applies to national security Innovative ethical analysis over a range of cross-cutting technologies including behavior prediction and modification tools, human enhancement, and novel lethal and nonlethal weapons Ethical analysis covering all stages from the development, testing, and use (or misuse) of these technologies; and decisions from the individual scientist to the nation state Strong policy focus at multiple levels, from self-governance to international regulation Combination of philosophical analysis with grounded, practical recommendations

Decoding Madness Book

Decoding Madness


  • Author : Ph. D Lettieri
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release Date : 2021-06-15
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781633886933

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Decoding Madness Excerpt :

Dealing with some of the most heinous crimes imaginable, forensic neuropsychologist and psychoanalyst Dr. Richard Lettieri gives a behind-the-scenes look at criminal psychology through case studies from his over 30 years of experience as a court-appointed and privately retained psychologist. With cases like Michael, who stabbed his mother in the back believing she was the evil force causing the sun to descend upon the earth and gobble him up, and Tina, who seriously injured her boyfriend and stabbed his son to death, Decoding Madness is filled with gripping stories and forensic analysis. Through psychological examination, it is the author’s job to conclude whether these individuals are truly guilty and understand their actions are wrong, or if these individuals are not guilty by reason of insanity and instead require treatment. Decoding Madness offers a nuanced psychological understanding of defendants and their personal complexities beyond the usual clinical accounts. The book introduces the novel idea of the daimonic as a basic force of human nature that is the source of our constructive and destructive capacities and argues for an update to the criminal justice system’s perspective on rationality and conscious thinking. Featuring new findings and personal insights, Dr. Lettieri presents an engrossing view of the psychology of defendants accused of committing heinous crimes and the insight that they provide towards the human mind.

Hypnosis and Meditation Book

Hypnosis and Meditation


  • Author : Canada Research Chair Amir Raz
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-02-11
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198759102

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Hypnosis and Meditation Excerpt :

Research over the past decade has helped to demystify hypnosis and meditation, bringing these practices into the scientific and clinical mainstream. Yet, while hypnosis and meditation overlap on many levels, few scientific accounts have explored their complementary rapprochement. Despite cultural and historical differences, hypnosis and meditation share common phenomenology, cognitive processes, and potential therapeutic merits. This book provides a synthesis of knowledge concerning the bridging of hypnosis and meditation. The authors adopt a trans-disciplinary approach considering cultural, historical, and philosophical perspectives to elucidate contemporary questions in cognitive, neurobiological, and clinical science. The book explores the relationship between hypnosis and meditation in five progressive sections: Part 1 investigates historical, cultural, and philosophical issues to contextualize the scientific study of contemplative practices. Part 2 presents a range of views concerning the similarities and differences between hypnosis and meditation. Part 3 explores the psychological and cognitive mechanisms at work. Part 4 integrates recent brain imaging findings to unravel the neural underpinnings. Finally, part 5 examines how juxtaposing hypnosis and meditation can enhance clinical applications. Hypnosis and Meditation is a valuable resource to both specialists as well as interested lay readers, and paves the road to a more unified science of how attention influences states of brain, body, and consciousness.

The Brain That Changes Itself Book
Score: 4
From 57 Ratings

The Brain That Changes Itself


  • Author : Norman Doidge
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release Date : 2007-03-15
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781101147115

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The Brain That Changes Itself Excerpt :

“Fascinating. Doidge’s book is a remarkable and hopeful portrait of the endless adaptability of the human brain.”—Oliver Sacks, MD, author of The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat What is neuroplasticity? Is it possible to change your brain? Norman Doidge’s inspiring guide to the new brain science explains all of this and more An astonishing new science called neuroplasticity is overthrowing the centuries-old notion that the human brain is immutable, and proving that it is, in fact, possible to change your brain. Psychoanalyst, Norman Doidge, M.D., traveled the country to meet both the brilliant scientists championing neuroplasticity, its healing powers, and the people whose lives they’ve transformed—people whose mental limitations, brain damage or brain trauma were seen as unalterable. We see a woman born with half a brain that rewired itself to work as a whole, blind people who learn to see, learning disorders cured, IQs raised, aging brains rejuvenated, stroke patients learning to speak, children with cerebral palsy learning to move with more grace, depression and anxiety disorders successfully treated, and lifelong character traits changed. Using these marvelous stories to probe mysteries of the body, emotion, love, sex, culture, and education, Dr. Doidge has written an immensely moving, inspiring book that will permanently alter the way we look at our brains, human nature, and human potential.

From Neurons to Neighborhoods Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

From Neurons to Neighborhoods


  • Author : Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2000-11-13
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309069885

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From Neurons to Neighborhoods Excerpt :

How we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "expertise." The debate has intensified as discoveries about our development-in the womb and in the first months and years-have reached the popular media. How can we use our burgeoning knowledge to assure the well-being of all young children, for their own sake as well as for the sake of our nation? Drawing from new findings, this book presents important conclusions about nature-versus-nurture, the impact of being born into a working family, the effect of politics on programs for children, the costs and benefits of intervention, and other issues. The committee issues a series of challenges to decision makers regarding the quality of child care, issues of racial and ethnic diversity, the integration of children's cognitive and emotional development, and more. Authoritative yet accessible, From Neurons to Neighborhoods presents the evidence about "brain wiring" and how kids learn to speak, think, and regulate their behavior. It examines the effect of the climate-family, child care, community-within which the child grows.