Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging Book

Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging


  • Author : Amir Raz
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-02-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128163092

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Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging Excerpt :

Most people find colorful brain scans highly compelling—and yet, many experts don’t. This discrepancy begs the question: What can we learn from neuroimaging? Is brain information useful in fields such as psychiatry, law, or education? How do neuroscientists create brain activation maps and why do we admire them? Casting Light on The Dark Side of Brain Imaging tackles these questions through a critical and constructive lens—separating fruitful science from misleading neuro-babble. In a breezy writing style accessible to a wide readership, experts from across the brain sciences offer their uncensored thoughts to help advance brain research and debunk the craze for reductionist, headline-grabbing neuroscience. This collection of short, enlightening essays is suitable for anyone interested in brain science, from students to professionals. Together, we take a hard look at the science behind brain imaging and outline why this technique remains promising despite its seldom-discussed shortcomings. Challenges the tendency toward neuro-reductionism Deconstructs hype through a critical yet constructive lens Unveils the nature of brain imaging data Explores emerging brain technologies and future directions Features a non-technical and accessible writing style

Brainmedia Book

Brainmedia


  • Author : Flora Lysen
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • Release Date : 2022-07-28
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN 10 : 9781501378737

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Brainmedia Excerpt :

Will we ever be able to see the brain at work? Could it be possible to observe thinking and feeling as if watching a live broadcast from within the human head? Brainmedia uncovers past and present examples of scientists and science educators who conceptualize and demonstrate the active human brain guided by new media technologies. Drawing on original archival material, Brainmedia outlines a new history of “live brains,” arguing that practices of - and ideas about - mediation impacted the imagination of seeing the brain at work. Through five carefully researched and illustrated historical case studies, Flora Lysen shows the conceptual but also practical assembling of brains and media: from exhibitions of giant illuminated brain models and staged projections of brainwave recordings; to live televised brain broadcasts, brains hooked up to computers and experiments with “brain-to-brain” synchronization. By combining accounts of scientists examining brains in laboratories with examples of public demonstrations and exhibitions of brain research, Brainmedia casts new light on popularization practices, placing them at the heart of scientific work. The book argues that a vital part of brain research is the performing of knowledge with and through media. This means that the significance attributed to neuroscientific research today also much depends on the changing forms of fascination that ultimately allow for the persistence of promises of seeing the live brain at work.

Addiction and the Brain Book

Addiction and the Brain


  • Author : Matilda Hellman
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-04-22
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811909467

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Addiction and the Brain Excerpt :

This book investigates the neuroscientific knowledge on addiction as an epistemic project.

Neuroscience and Law Book

Neuroscience and Law


  • Author : Antonio D’Aloia
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-06-01
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 563
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030388409

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Neuroscience and Law Excerpt :

There have been extraordinary developments in the field of neuroscience in recent years, sparking a number of discussions within the legal field. This book studies the various interactions between neuroscience and the world of law, and explores how neuroscientific findings could affect some fundamental legal categories and how the law should be implemented in such cases. The book is divided into three main parts. Starting with a general overview of the convergence of neuroscience and law, the first part outlines the importance of their continuous interaction, the challenges that neuroscience poses for the concepts of free will and responsibility, and the peculiar characteristics of a “new” cognitive liberty. In turn, the second part addresses the phenomenon of cognitive and moral enhancement, as well as the uses of neurotechnology and their impacts on health, self-determination and the concept of being human. The third and last part investigates the use of neuroscientific findings in both criminal and civil cases, and seeks to determine whether they can provide valuable evidence and facilitate the assessment of personal responsibility, helping to resolve cases. The book is the result of an interdisciplinary dialogue involving jurists, philosophers, neuroscientists, forensic medicine specialists, and scholars in the humanities; further, it is intended for a broad readership interested in understanding the impacts of scientific and technological developments on people’s lives and on our social systems.

Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction Book

Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction


  • Author : Nick Heather
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2022-03-07
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000540062

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Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction Excerpt :

This ground-breaking book advances the fundamental debate about the nature of addiction. As well as presenting the case for seeing addiction as a brain disease, it brings together all the most cogent and penetrating critiques of the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA) and the main grounds for being skeptical of BDMA claims. The idea that addiction is a brain disease dominates thinking and practice worldwide. However, the editors of this book argue that our understanding of addiction is undergoing a revolutionary change, from being considered a brain disease to a disorder of voluntary behavior. The resolution of this controversy will determine the future of scientific progress in understanding addiction, together with necessary advances in treatment, prevention, and societal responses to addictive disorders. This volume brings together the various strands of the contemporary debate about whether or not addiction is best regarded as a brain disease. Contributors offer arguments for and against, and reasons for uncertainty; they also propose novel alternatives to both brain disease and moral models of addiction. In addition to reprints of classic articles from the addiction research literature, each section contains original chapters written by authorities on their chosen topic. The editors have assembled a stellar cast of chapter authors from a wide range of disciplines – neuroscience, philosophy, psychiatry, psychology, cognitive science, sociology, and law – including some of the most brilliant and influential voices in the field of addiction studies today. The result is a landmark volume in the study of addiction which will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers in addiction as well as professionals such as medical practitioners, psychiatrists, psychologists of all varieties, and social workers.

Demystifying Big Data  Machine Learning  and Deep Learning for Healthcare Analytics Book

Demystifying Big Data Machine Learning and Deep Learning for Healthcare Analytics


  • Author : Pradeep N
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128220443

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Demystifying Big Data Machine Learning and Deep Learning for Healthcare Analytics Excerpt :

Demystifying Big Data, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning for Healthcare Analytics presents the changing world of data utilization, especially in clinical healthcare. Various techniques, methodologies, and algorithms are presented in this book to organize data in a structured manner that will assist physicians in the care of patients and help biomedical engineers and computer scientists understand the impact of these techniques on healthcare analytics. The book is divided into two parts: Part 1 covers big data aspects such as healthcare decision support systems and analytics-related topics. Part 2 focuses on the current frameworks and applications of deep learning and machine learning, and provides an outlook on future directions of research and development. The entire book takes a case study approach, providing a wealth of real-world case studies in the application chapters to act as a foundational reference for biomedical engineers, computer scientists, healthcare researchers, and clinicians. Provides a comprehensive reference for biomedical engineers, computer scientists, advanced industry practitioners, researchers, and clinicians to understand and develop healthcare analytics using advanced tools and technologies Includes in-depth illustrations of advanced techniques via dataset samples, statistical tables, and graphs with algorithms and computational methods for developing new applications in healthcare informatics Unique case study approach provides readers with insights for practical clinical implementation

Neurolaw  The Call for Adjusting Theory Based on Scientific Results Book

Neurolaw The Call for Adjusting Theory Based on Scientific Results


  • Author : José M. Muñoz
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2020-12-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 149
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889662081

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Neurolaw The Call for Adjusting Theory Based on Scientific Results Excerpt :

This eBook is a collection of articles from a Frontiers Research Topic. Frontiers Research Topics are very popular trademarks of the Frontiers Journals Series: they are collections of at least ten articles, all centered on a particular subject. With their unique mix of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Frontiers Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! Find out more on how to host your own Frontiers Research Topic or contribute to one as an author by contacting the Frontiers Editorial Office: frontiersin.org/about/contact.

Handbook of Empirical Literary Studies Book

Handbook of Empirical Literary Studies


  • Author : Donald Kuiken
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2021-09-20
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110645958

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Handbook of Empirical Literary Studies Excerpt :

This handbook reviews efforts to increase the use of empirical methods in studies of the aesthetic and social effects of literary reading. The reviewed research is expansive, including extension of familiar theoretical models to novel domains (e.g., educational settings); enlarging empirical efforts within under-represented research areas (e.g., child development); and broadening the range of applicable quantitative and qualitative methods (e.g., computational stylistics; phenomenological methods). Especially challenging is articulation of the subtle aesthetic and social effects of literary artefacts (e.g., poetry, film). Increasingly, the complexity of these effects is addressed in multi-variate studies, including confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. While each chapter touches upon the historical background of a specific research topic, two chapters address the area’s historical background and guiding philosophical assumptions. Taken together, the material in this volume provides a systematic introduction to the area for early career professionals, while challenging active researchers to develop theoretical frameworks and empirical procedures that match the complexity of their research objectives.

Substance Use and Misuse  Third Edition Book

Substance Use and Misuse Third Edition


  • Author : Rick Csiernik
  • Publisher : Canadian Scholars
  • Release Date : 2021-04-28
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 557
  • ISBN 10 : 9781773382296

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Substance Use and Misuse Third Edition Excerpt :

The revised third edition of the formerly titled Substance Use and Abuse retains its comprehensive, holistic examination of the field of substance use and misuse from a Canadian perspective. Now organized into seven sections, the 30 chapters examine the nature of addiction; explore biological, psychological, and social theories that attempt to explain addiction; discuss drugs that produce addiction, along with a review of prevention, treatment, and treatment system options; and consider the legal and ethical issues that those working in substance use and addiction frequently encounter. Thoroughly updated to reflect contemporary issues and recent advances in the field of addiction counselling, Rick Csiernik’s much-loved text features new content on the changes to cannabis law and culture in Canada, the opioid crisis and public response, as well as expanded content on cultural competence, non-substance use addictive behaviours, motivational interviewing, and relapse prevention. Substance Use and Misuse is an essential and timely resource for counsellors treating individuals dealing with addiction, and for courses across social work, human services counselling, psychology, and mental health and addictions programs. FEATURES: - Now divided into seven sections with 30 chapters to enhance student comprehension and learning - Contains new information on contemporary themes including the opioid crisis, e-cigarettes and vaping, risks and benefits of THC and CBD, principles of good family skills training, sample dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT) activities, and a sample intervention script - Includes an enhanced treatment section with updates on harm reduction, traumainformed care, the transtheoretical model of change, and motivational interviewing

The Ethics of Neuroscience and National Security Book

The Ethics of Neuroscience and National Security


  • Author : Nicholas G. Evans
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-05-24
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429824142

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The Ethics of Neuroscience and National Security Excerpt :

New advances in neuroscience promise innovations in national security, especially in the areas of law enforcement, intelligence collection, and armed conflict. But ethical questions emerge about how we can, and should, use these innovations. This book draws on the open literature to map the development of neuroscience, particularly through funding by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, in certain areas like behavior prediction, behavior modification, and neuroenhancement, and its use in the creation of novel weapons. It shows how advances in neuroscience and new technologies raise ethical issues that challenge the norms of law enforcement, intelligence collection, and armed conflict, broadly grouped under the term "national security." Increasing technological sophistication without attention to ethics, this book argues, risks creating conditions for the development of "dual-use" technologies that may be prone to misuse, are grounded in an incomplete understanding of the brain, or are based on a limited view of the political contexts in which these technologies arise. A concluding section looks at policy and regulatory options that might promote the benefits of emerging neuroscience, while mitigating attendant risks. Key Features: First broad survey of the ethics of neuroscience as it applies to national security Innovative ethical analysis over a range of cross-cutting technologies including behavior prediction and modification tools, human enhancement, and novel lethal and nonlethal weapons Ethical analysis covering all stages from the development, testing, and use (or misuse) of these technologies; and decisions from the individual scientist to the nation state Strong policy focus at multiple levels, from self-governance to international regulation Combination of philosophical analysis with grounded, practical recommendations

Neurodivergence and Architecture Book

Neurodivergence and Architecture


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-09-30
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128245637

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Neurodivergence and Architecture Excerpt :

Neurodivergence and Architecture, Volume Five, the latest release in the Developments in Neuroethics and Bioethics series, focuses on the new and fascinating ethical and legal challenges posed by neurotechnology and its global regulation. Topics in this new release cover STS on architecture, Embodied Rhetoric/ Disability Studies, Autoethnography, Bioethics/Materialist Feminism, Advocacy, Cultural Commentary: Being Autistic Together, An autistic perspective on built spaces, Empty spaces and refrigerator boxes: making autistic spaces, On the Losing Myself Project, Neither Use nor Ornament (NUNO) project, Madness and (Be)coming Out Within and Through Spaces of Confinement, and more. Novel and original research on the emerging field of the legal regulation of neuroscience Interdisciplinary approach, chapters by global scholars from several disciplines, including law, philosophy, and medicine Develops a global approach, useful in jurisdictions along the globe

Decoding Madness Book

Decoding Madness


  • Author : Ph. D Lettieri
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release Date : 2021-06-15
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781633886933

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Decoding Madness Excerpt :

Dealing with some of the most heinous crimes imaginable, forensic neuropsychologist and psychoanalyst Dr. Richard Lettieri gives a behind-the-scenes look at criminal psychology through case studies from his over 30 years of experience as a court-appointed and privately retained psychologist. With cases like Michael, who stabbed his mother in the back believing she was the evil force causing the sun to descend upon the earth and gobble him up, and Tina, who seriously injured her boyfriend and stabbed his son to death, Decoding Madness is filled with gripping stories and forensic analysis. Through psychological examination, it is the author’s job to conclude whether these individuals are truly guilty and understand their actions are wrong, or if these individuals are not guilty by reason of insanity and instead require treatment. Decoding Madness offers a nuanced psychological understanding of defendants and their personal complexities beyond the usual clinical accounts. The book introduces the novel idea of the daimonic as a basic force of human nature that is the source of our constructive and destructive capacities and argues for an update to the criminal justice system’s perspective on rationality and conscious thinking. Featuring new findings and personal insights, Dr. Lettieri presents an engrossing view of the psychology of defendants accused of committing heinous crimes and the insight that they provide towards the human mind.

Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging Book

Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging


  • Author : Amir Raz
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 0128161795

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Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging Excerpt :

The Dark Side of Brain Imaging: What a Scanner Won't Tell You takes a hard look at the science behind brain imaging and outlines why this technique remains promising despite its seldom-discussed shortcomings. The book challenges the common admiration for brain imaging and divulges professional insights, from critical thinking and neuroskepticism, to novel experiments and meta-analyses that debunk the craze for reductionist, headline-grabbing neuroscience. Whether you are a seasoned professional, behavioral neuroscientist, a student of psychiatry, cognitive sciences, education and related disciplines, this book unveils the true nature of brain imaging data. Outlines the wide-ranging fields that draw on neuroimaging Challenges the tendency toward neuro-reductionism Highlights how common statistical approaches bolster the hype Discusses the ethical implications of imaging brains Explores emerging brain technologies and future directions