Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research Book

Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-07-30
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128165744

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Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research Excerpt :

Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research provides an indispensable resource for applying comparative genomics in the annotation of disease-gene associated variants that are identified by human genomic sequencing. The book presents a thorough overview of effective protocols for the use of cellular and animal modeling methods to turn lists of plausible genes into causative biomarkers. With chapters written by international experts, the book first addresses the fundamental aspects of using cellular and animal models in genetic and genomic studies, including in-depth examples of specific models and their utility, i.e., yeast, worms, flies, fish, mice and large animals. Protocols for properly conducting model studies, genomic technology, modeling candidate genes vs. genetic variants, integrative modeling, utilizing induced pluripotent stem cells, and employing CRISPR-Cas9 are also discussed in-depth. Provides a thorough, accessible resource that helps researchers and students employ cellular and animal models in their own genetic and genomic studies Offers guidance on how to effectively interpret the results and significance of genetic and genomic model studies for human health Features chapters from international experts in the use of specific cellular and animal models, including yeast, worms, flies, fish, mice, and large animals, among other organisms

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease


  • Author : P. Michael Conn
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1108
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124159129

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Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Excerpt :

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease identifies important animal models and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of each model for the study of human disease. The first section addresses how to locate resources, animal alternatives, animal ethics and related issues, much needed information for researchers across the biological sciences and biomedicine.The next sections of the work offers models for disease-oriented topics, including cardiac and pulmonary diseases, aging, infectious diseases, obesity, diabetes, neurological diseases, joint diseases, visual disorders, cancer, hypertension, genetic diseases, and diseases of abuse. Organized by disease orientation for ease of searchability Provides information on locating resources, animal alternatives and animal ethics Covers a broad range of animal models used in research for human disease

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Book

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease


  • Author : Yoichi Gondo
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1108
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128072240

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Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Excerpt :

To create and establish mutant mice as models for human diseases and traits, various forward and reverse genetics tools are currently available. Newly developed tools of high-throughput identification of novel mutations and site-directed mutagenesis, or gene targeting, in the mouse genome have caused forward and reverse genetics, respectively, to rapidly expand during the last two decades. Worldwide efforts including a variety of international consortiums have been producing many useful mutant mouse strains for functional genomics to elucidate the mechanisms behind diseases and traits. Resource centers and public databases have also been built to enhance their utilities. The modeling has started from Mendelian monogenic traits and has expanded to more complex quantitative traits as well. Multidisciplinary integration among, for example, molecular, cellular, and developmental biology; genetics; genomics; medicine; statistics; and informatics must be orchestrated to fully utilize the resources and knowledge of model mice.

Animal Models and Human Reproduction Book

Animal Models and Human Reproduction


  • Author : Heide Schatten
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-03-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118881606

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Animal Models and Human Reproduction Excerpt :

Our knowledge of reproductive biology has increased enormously in recent years on cellular, molecular, and genetic levels, leading to significant breakthroughs that have directly benefitted in vitro fertilization (IVF) and other assisted reproductive technologies (ART) in humans and animal systems. Animal Models and Human Reproduction presents a comprehensive reference that reflects the latest scientific research being done in human reproductive biology utilizing domestic animal models. Chapters on canine, equine, cow, pig, frog, and mouse models of reproduction reflect frontier research in placental biology, ovarian function and fertility, non-coding RNAs in gametogenesis, oocyte and embryo metabolism, fertilization, cryopreservation, signal transduction pathways, chromatin dynamics, epigenetics, reproductive aging, and inflammation. Chapters on non-human primate models also highlight recent advancements into such issues as human in vitro fertilization (IVF) and assisted reproductive technologies (ART). This book offers animal scientists, reproductive biology scientists, clinicians and practitioners, invaluable insights into a wide range of issues at the forefront of human reproductive health.

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Book

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease


  • Author : P. Michael Conn
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-06-20
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1198
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128096994

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Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Excerpt :

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease, Second Edition, provides needed information on model sharing, animal alternatives, animal ethics and access to databanks of models, bringing together common descriptions of models for busy researchers across biomedical and biological sciences. Offering easily searchable advantages and disadvantages for each animal model and organized by disease topics, this resource aids researchers in finding the best animal model for research in human disease. Organized by disease orientation for ease of searchability Provides information on locating resources, animal alternatives, and animal ethics Covers a broad range of animal models used in research for human disease Contributed by leading experts across the globe Expanded coverage of diabetes and neurological diseases

Scientific Frontiers in Developmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment Book

Scientific Frontiers in Developmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2000-12-21
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309070867

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Scientific Frontiers in Developmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment Excerpt :

Scientific Frontiers in Developmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment reviews advances made during the last 10-15 years in fields such as developmental biology, molecular biology, and genetics. It describes a novel approach for how these advances might be used in combination with existing methodologies to further the understanding of mechanisms of developmental toxicity, to improve the assessment of chemicals for their ability to cause developmental toxicity, and to improve risk assessment for developmental defects. For example, based on the recent advances, even the smallest, simplest laboratory animals such as the fruit fly, roundworm, and zebrafish might be able to serve as developmental toxicological models for human biological systems. Use of such organisms might allow for rapid and inexpensive testing of large numbers of chemicals for their potential to cause developmental toxicity; presently, there are little or no developmental toxicity data available for the majority of natural and manufactured chemicals in use. This new approach to developmental toxicology and risk assessment will require simultaneous research on several fronts by experts from multiple scientific disciplines, including developmental toxicologists, developmental biologists, geneticists, epidemiologists, and biostatisticians.

Advances in Animal Genomics Book

Advances in Animal Genomics


  • Author : Sukanta Mondal
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128206126

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Advances in Animal Genomics Excerpt :

Advances in Animal Genomics provides an outstanding collection of integrated strategies involving traditional and modern - omics (structural, functional, comparative and epigenomics) approaches and genomics-assisted breeding methods which animal biotechnologists can utilize to dissect and decode the molecular and gene regulatory networks involved in the complex quantitative yield and stress tolerance traits in livestock. Written by international experts on animal genomics, this book explores the recent advances in high-throughput, next-generation whole genome and transcriptome sequencing, array-based genotyping, and modern bioinformatics approaches which have enabled to produce huge genomic and transcriptomic resources globally on a genome-wide scale. This book is an important resource for researchers, students, educators and professionals in agriculture, veterinary and biotechnology sciences that enables them to solve problems regarding sustainable development with the help of current innovative biotechnologies. Integrates basic and advanced concepts of animal biotechnology and presents future developments Describes current high-throughput next-generation whole genome and transcriptome sequencing, array-based genotyping, and modern bioinformatics approaches for sustainable livestock production Illustrates integrated strategies to dissect and decode the molecular and gene regulatory networks involved in complex quantitative yield and stress tolerance traits in livestock Ensures readers will gain a strong grasp of biotechnology for sustainable livestock production with its well-illustrated discussion

Cancer Genomics Book

Cancer Genomics


  • Author : Jason N. Berman
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128061053

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Cancer Genomics Excerpt :

Genome-wide association (GWA) studies and tumor-specific epigenome, transcriptome and genome sequencing projects are generating an ever-growing list of susceptibility alleles, as well as putative gain- and loss-of-function gene mutations associated with cancer. These genetic changes ultimately need to be validated to determine their contribution to the initiation, progression and likelihood of treatment response for various cancers. The bottle-neck is no longer obtaining sequence data or completion of the GWA studies, but rather the ability efficiently to validate candidate genes identified by these projects. In vivo studies in animal models are the “gold standard” for validation of these candidate drivers and modifiers of cancer. Furthermore, once a gene product or molecular pathway has been validated as playing an important role in the development or progression of cancer, animal models provide the necessary preclinical data for evaluation of the efficacy and toxicity of new therapeutics targeting that gene or pathway. As such, animal models play an essential role in cancer research by facilitating the translation of genomic discoveries into preclinical studies that precede new targeted therapies for cancer. In this chapter, we will discuss vertebrate and invertebrate animal models as they apply to cancer genomics, as well as key technologies employed. In particular, we will focus on the use of murine and zebrafish human tumor xenografts and transgenic models.

Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery Book

Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery


  • Author : Asfar Azmi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-04-16
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128147054

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Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery Excerpt :

Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery brings forward the most cutting-edge developments in tumor model systems for translational cancer research. The reader can find under this one volume virtually all types of existing and emerging tumor models in use by the research community. This book provides a deeper insight on how these newer models could de-risk modern drug discovery. Areas covered include up to date information on latest organoid derived models and newer genetic models. Additionally, the book discusses humanized animal tumor models for cancer immunotherapy and how they leverage personalized therapies. The chapter on larger animal, canine models and their use in and their use in pre-investigational new drug (pre-IND) development makes the volume unique. Unlike before, the incorporation of several simplified protocols, breeding methodologies, handling and assessment procedures to study drug intervention makes this book a must read. Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery is a valuable resource for basic and translational cancer researchers, drug discovery researchers, contract research organizations, and knowledge seekers at all levels in the biomedical field. Encompasses discussions on innovative animal models, xenograft, genetic models, primary models, organoid systems, humanized and other models in modern biology paradigms that are enhancing research in the field of drug discover Covers the use of these models in personalized medicine, immunotherapy, toxicology, pre-IND assessments and related drug development arenas Presents protocols, procedures, and a comprehensive glossary to help new readers understand technical terms and specialized nomenclature

Animal Biotechnology Book

Animal Biotechnology


  • Author : Ashish S. Verma
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-06-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 798
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128117255

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Animal Biotechnology Excerpt :

Animal Biotechnology: Models in Discovery and Translation, Second Edition, provides a helpful guide to anyone seeking a thorough review of animal biotechnology and its application to human disease and welfare. This updated edition covers vital fundamentals, including animal cell cultures, genome sequencing analysis, epigenetics and animal models, gene expression, and ethics and safety concerns, along with in-depth examples of implications for human health and prospects for the future. New chapters cover animal biotechnology as applied to various disease types and research areas, including in vitro fertilization, human embryonic stem cell research, biosensors, enteric diseases, biopharming, organ transplantation, tuberculosis, neurodegenerative disorders, and more. Highlights the latest biomedical applications of genetically modified and cloned animals, with a focus on cancer and infectious diseases Offers first-hand accounts of the use of biotechnology tools, including molecular markers, stem cells, animal cultures, tissue engineering, ADME and CAM Assay Includes case studies that illustrate safety assessment issues, ethical considerations, and intellectual property rights associated with the translation of animal biotechnology studies

Use of Laboratory Animals in Biomedical and Behavioral Research Book

Use of Laboratory Animals in Biomedical and Behavioral Research


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1988-02-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309038393

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Use of Laboratory Animals in Biomedical and Behavioral Research Excerpt :

Scientific experiments using animals have contributed significantly to the improvement of human health. Animal experiments were crucial to the conquest of polio, for example, and they will undoubtedly be one of the keystones in AIDS research. However, some persons believe that the cost to the animals is often high. Authored by a committee of experts from various fields, this book discusses the benefits that have resulted from animal research, the scope of animal research today, the concerns of advocates of animal welfare, and the prospects for finding alternatives to animal use. The authors conclude with specific recommendations for more consistent government action.

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2001-07-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 0309132975

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Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health Excerpt :

It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Book

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease


  • Author : Lucas M. Chaible
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1108
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128072233

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Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Excerpt :

Genetically modified animals were created about 30 years ago, and are considered good models of human diseases. In this chapter, the types of genetically engineered mice, such as transgenic, knockout conditional knockout, and knockin animals, and the general techniques on how to obtain them are described. In addition, the available genetically modified models for genetic diseases, multifactorial and polygenic (complex) disorders, neurodegenerative, inflammatory diseases, besides cancer models, are presented. The aim of the chapter is to help investigators to find out the best models for their studies.

What Will We Do If We Don t Experiment on Animals  Book

What Will We Do If We Don t Experiment on Animals


  • Author : Jean Swingle Greek
  • Publisher : Trafford Publishing
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 261
  • ISBN 10 : 9781412020589

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What Will We Do If We Don t Experiment on Animals Excerpt :

Drs. Greek have written 2 books on why using animals as models for humans is not the best way to conduct medical research and drug testing. During their lectures and debates, the most commonly asked question was, "Well. What will we use if we don't use animals?" What Will We Do If We Don't Experiment On Animals? Medical Research for the Twenty-first Century is the answer to that question. Drs. Greek explain briefly why one species cannot predict drug response for another and describe what research and testing methods should be used today instead of animals. They also describe where our biomedical research dollars should be spent if we are to have cures for cancer, AIDS, and Alzheimer's. This book will appeal to science-trained and general audiences, animal lovers and science readers, public policy analysts, students, patients and patient support groups, and government watchdog groups. What Will We Do If We Don't Experiment On Animals? Medical Research for the Twenty-first Century takes medical research out of the nineteenth and into the 21st century.

Handbook of Models for Human Aging Book

Handbook of Models for Human Aging


  • Author : P. Michael Conn
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-04-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1075
  • ISBN 10 : 0080460062

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Handbook of Models for Human Aging Excerpt :

The Handbook of Models for Human Aging is designed as the only comprehensive work available that covers the diversity of aging models currently available. For each animal model, it presents key aspects of biology, nutrition, factors affecting life span, methods of age determination, use in research, and disadvantages/advantes of use. Chapters on comparative models take a broad sweep of age-related diseases, from Alzheimer's to joint disease, cataracts, cancer, and obesity. In addition, there is an historical overview and discussion of model availability, key methods, and ethical issues. Utilizes a multidisciplinary approach Shows tricks and approaches not available in primary publications First volume of its kind to combine both methods of study for human aging and animal models Over 200 illustrations