Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media Book

Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-06-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080999500

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Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media Excerpt :

Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media covers the novel properties of nanomaterials and their applications to consumer products and industrial processes. The book fills the growing gap in this challenging area, bringing together disparate strands in chemistry, physics, biology, and other relevant disciplines. It provides an overview on nanotechnology, nanomaterials, nano(eco)toxicology, and nanomaterial characterization, focusing on the characterization of a range of nanomaterial physicochemical properties of relevance to environmental and toxicological studies and their available analytical techniques. Readers will find a multidisciplinary approach that provides highly skilled scientists, engineers, and technicians with the tools they need to understand and interpret complicated sets of data obtained through sophisticated analytical techniques. Addresses the requirements, challenges, and solutions for nanomaterial characterization in environmentally complex media Focuses on technique limitations, appropriate data collection, data interpretation, and analysis Aids in understanding and comparing nanomaterial characterization data reported in the literature using different analytical tools Includes case studies of characterization relevant complex media to enhance understanding

Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media Book

Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media


  • Author : Mohammed Baalousha
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-05-29
  • Genre: TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 0080999484

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Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media Excerpt :

Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media covers the novel properties of nanomaterials and their applications to consumer products and industrial processes. The book fills the growing gap in this challenging area, bringing together disparate strands in chemistry, physics, biology, and other relevant disciplines. It provides an overview on nanotechnology, nanomaterials, nano(eco)toxicology, and nanomaterial characterization, focusing on the characterization of a range of nanomaterial physicochemical properties of relevance to environmental and toxicological studies and their available analytical techniques. Readers will find a multidisciplinary approach that provides highly skilled scientists, engineers, and technicians with the tools they need to understand and interpret complicated sets of data obtained through sophisticated analytical techniques. Addresses the requirements, challenges, and solutions for nanomaterial characterization in environmentally complex media Focuses on technique limitations, appropriate data collection, data interpretation, and analysis Aids in understanding and comparing nanomaterial characterization data reported in the literature using different analytical tools Includes case studies of characterization relevant complex media to enhance understanding

Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment Book

Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment


  • Author : Nelson Marmiroli
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-05-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128148365

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Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment Excerpt :

Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment provide a new, holistic framework for testing and evaluating the potential benefits and risks of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), including their potential socioeconomic impacts, ethical issues and consumers’ expectations and fears. The book covers nanomaterial presence in various environments, agroecosystems and other areas within the human sphere of actions. The book includes sections on (i) Chemical, physical and biological properties, (ii) Presence and diffusion of ENMs in human environments, agriculture, food and drug products, (iii) ENMs as a pillar in biological and medical research, and (iv) Social and regulatory issues emerging from years of application. The book is designed to increase awareness to key end-users and stakeholders, including food producers and processors, industry, representatives of society and consumers, and those looking to implement an accurate and effective risk analysis procedure that promotes the sustainable use of nanotechnology. Assesses both the positive and negative impacts of engineered nanomaterials in the environment Shows how engineered nanomaterials are used in agricultural environments, food products, drugs and cosmetics Discusses the unique properties of a range of engineered nanomaterials that lead to their environmental effects

Physico Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials Book

Physico Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials


  • Author : Richard C. Pleus
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-07-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351168588

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Physico Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials Excerpt :

Throughout human history, we have long encountered the combination of promise, risk, and uncertainty that accompanies emerging technologies. Nanotechnology is a recent example of an emerging technology that promises to drastically improve existing products as well as allow for creative development of new goods and services. This new technology also has its potential downsides. Industry, academia, and regulatory agencies are all working overtime to assess risks accurately while keeping up with the pace of development. Subtle changes in the physicochemical properties of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) can influence their toxicity and behavior in the environment and so can be used to help control potential ENM risks. This book attempts to encompass the state of the science regarding physicochemical characterization of ENMs. It illuminates the effort to understand these properties and how they may be used to ensure safe ENM deployment in existing or future materials and products.

Metrology and Standardization for Nanotechnology Book

Metrology and Standardization for Nanotechnology


  • Author : Elisabeth Mansfield
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-01-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 626
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527800056

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Metrology and Standardization for Nanotechnology Excerpt :

For the promotion of global trading and the reduction of potential risks, the role of international standardization of nanotechnologies has become more and more important. This book gives an overview of the current status of nanotechnology including the importance of metrology and characterization at the nanoscale, international standardization of nanotechnology, and industrial innovation of nano-enabled products. First the field of nanometrology, nanomaterial standardization and nanomaterial innovation is introduced. Second, major concepts in analytical measurements are given in order to provide a basis for the reliable and reproducible characterization of nanomaterials. The role of standards organizations are presented and finally, an overview of risk management and the commercial impact of metrology and standardization for industrial innovations.

Perovskite Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications Book

Perovskite Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications


  • Author : Khursheed Ahmad
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2022-05-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119763352

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Perovskite Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications Excerpt :

PEROVSKITE MATERIALS FOR ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS The book provides a state-of-the-art summary and discussion about the recent progress in the development and engineering of perovskite solar cells materials along with the future directions it might take. Among all 3rd generation solar cells, perovskite solar cells have recently been attracting much attention and have also emerged as a hot research area of competing materials for silicon PV due to their easy fabrication, long charge-carrier lifetime, low binding energy, low defect density, and low cost.?? This book focuses primarily on the perovskite structures and utilizes them in modern technologies of photovoltaics and environmental applications. It will be unique in terms of the use of perovskite structures in solar cell applications. This book also discusses the type of perovskites, their synthetic approach, and environmental and solar cell applications. The book also covers how perovskite solar cells originated and the recent advances in perovskite solar cells.???? The reader will find in this book a lucid account that: Introduces the history of perovskite materials. Explores perovskite materials for energy conversion and environmental-related applications.?? Covers perovskite light absorber materials for the fabrication of high-performance perovskite solar cells.?? Describes the device architectures and physics of perovskite solar cells.?? Discusses the role of perovskite absorber, electron transport, and hole transport materials layers.?? Audience The book is essential reading for all those in the photovoltaic community, including materials scientists, surface physicists, surface chemists, solid-state physicists, solid-state chemists, and electrical engineers.??

Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Energy Storage Book

Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Energy Storage


  • Author : Rinaldo Raccichini
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-12-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128214367

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Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Energy Storage Excerpt :

Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Energy Storage: Challenges and Opportunities, Volume Nineteen provides an objective, realistic overview on the use of nanomaterials for various rechargeable electrochemical energy storage systems. It delivers a clear message on opportunities and critical aspects for the application of nanomaterials in currently available commercial devices (i.e., lithium-ion, supercapacitors, lithium-ion capacitors) and in the most promising battery technologies (e.g., lithium-sulphur, sodium-ion, metal-air, multivalent-ion batteries, dual-ion). In addition, it covers the use of nanomaterials on two of the most promising research pathways, specifically solid electrolytes and nanostructured alkali metal interfaces. Finally, the book outlines future use scenarios in developed and industrial applications. Nanomaterials have been considered as the “holy grail of electrochemical energy storage during recent decades. Compounds and composites made of nanomaterials have opened unexpected research avenues, allowing entirely new classes of materials to be explored. Covers the major nanomaterials classes used for electrochemical energy storage devices Assesses the major challenges of using nanomaterials for energy storage Shows how the use of nanomaterials can lead to lower cost and more efficient energy storage products and devices

Computational Modelling of Nanomaterials Book

Computational Modelling of Nanomaterials


  • Author : Panagiotis Grammatikopoulos
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-09-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128214985

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Computational Modelling of Nanomaterials Excerpt :

Due to their small size and their dependence on very fast phenomena, nanomaterials are ideal systems for computational modelling. This book provides an overview of various nanosystems classified by their dimensions: 0D (nanoparticles, QDs, etc.), 1D (nanowires, nanotubes), 2D (thin films, graphene, etc.), 3D (nanostructured bulk materials, devices). Fractal dimensions, such as nanoparticle agglomerates, percolating films and combinations of materials of different dimensionalities are also covered (e.g. epitaxial decoration of nanowires by nanoparticles, i.e. 0D+1D nanomaterials). For each class, the focus will be on growth, structure, and physical/chemical properties. The book presents a broad range of techniques, including density functional theory, molecular dynamics, non-equilibrium molecular dynamics, finite element modelling (FEM), numerical modelling and meso-scale modelling. The focus is on each method’s relevance and suitability for the study of materials and phenomena in the nanoscale. This book is an important resource for understanding the mechanisms behind basic properties of nanomaterials, and the major techniques for computational modelling of nanomaterials. Explores the major modelling techniques used for different classes of nanomaterial Assesses the best modelling technique to use for each different type of nanomaterials Discusses the challenges of using certain modelling techniques with specific nanomaterials

Colloids for Nanobiotechnology Book

Colloids for Nanobiotechnology


  • Author : Wolfgang Parak
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-04-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081028292

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Colloids for Nanobiotechnology Excerpt :

Colloids for Nanobiotechnology: Synthesis, Characterization and Potential Applications, Volume 17, offers a range of perspectives on emerging nano-inspired colloidal applications. With an emphasis on biomedical and environmental opportunities and challenges, the book outlines how nanotechnology is being used to increase the uses and impact of colloid science. Nanotechnology offers new horizons for colloidal research and synthesis routes that allow for the production of highly reproducible and defined materials. This book presents new characterization methods and a fundamental understanding of basic physicochemical, physical and chemical properties. Explores the use of nanotechnology in enhancing colloidal characterization techniques Explains how colloids are being used in a range of nanomedical applications Demonstrates how nanotechnology is being used to create more efficient colloidal synthesis techniques

Semiconductor Nanodevices Book

Semiconductor Nanodevices


  • Author : David Ritchie
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-10-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128220849

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Semiconductor Nanodevices Excerpt :

Semiconductor Nanodevices: Physics, Technology and Applications opens with a section describing the fundamental technical and scientific background to the recent research covered in the subsequent chapters. This provides a suitable background for graduate students. This section covers firstly sample fabrication and characterization techniques. The growth techniques, primarily Molecular Beam epitaxy and Metal Organic Chemical Vapour Deposition are used for the growth of high purity epitaxial materials. There is also an emphasis on self-assembled growth of quantum dots and nanowires. This is followed by a description of device fabrication techniques commonly used including optical and e-beam lithography, along with etching (wet and dry) used for the fabrication of mesas as well as ohmic contacts and gate contacts etc. Next comes a description of structural characterisation techniques. Finally, low-temperature electrical and optical measurement techniques is described. Individual chapters review important recent advances in a range of different areas relating to semiconductor nanodevices. These include specific fabrication details for the structures described as well as a discussion of the physics accessible using these structures and devices. It is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about how semiconductor-based nanodevices are being used in a range of industry sectors. Explores the major industrial applications of semiconductor nanodevices Explains fabrication techniques for the production of semiconductor nanodevices Assesses the challenges for the mass production of semiconductor nanodevices

Energy Landscapes of Nanoscale Systems Book

Energy Landscapes of Nanoscale Systems


  • Author : David J. Wales
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-06-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323852852

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Energy Landscapes of Nanoscale Systems Excerpt :

Energy Landscapes of Nanoscale Systems provides a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in energy landscapes theory and applications. The book's chapters reflect diversity and knowledge transfer that is a key strength of the energy landscape approach. To reflect the breadth of this field, contributions include applications for clusters, biomolecules, crystal structure prediction and glassy materials. Chapters highlighting new methodologies, especially enhanced sampling techniques are included. In particular, the development and application of global optimization for structure prediction, methods for treating broken ergodicity on multifunnel landscapes, and treatment of rare event dynamics that reflect the state-of-the-art are featured. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and energy engineers who want to understand more about how nanotechnology applies to the energy landscape approach. This volume is dedicated to Prof. Roy L. Johnston, who was formerly Co-Editor of the Frontiers of Nanoscience series, and who passed away in 2019. Outlines applications and advances in theory and simulation of energy systems at the nanoscale Explores how the energy landscapes approach is being applied to nanoscale materials Assesses major challenges in applying nanomaterials for energy applications on an industrial scale

Nanoscale Electrochemistry Book

Nanoscale Electrochemistry


  • Author : Andrew J. Wain
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-09-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128200568

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Nanoscale Electrochemistry Excerpt :

Nanoscale Electrochemistry focuses on challenges and advances in electrochemical nanoscience at solid–liquid interfaces, highlighting the most prominent developments of the last decade. Nanotechnology has had a tremendous effect on the multidisciplinary field of electrochemistry, yielding new fundamental insights that have broadened our understanding of interfacial processes and stimulating new and diverse applications. The book begins with a tutorial chapter to introduce the principles of nanoscale electrochemical systems and emphasize their unique behavior compared with their macro/microscopic counterparts. Building on this, the following three chapters present analytical applications, such as sensing and electrochemical imaging, that are familiar to the traditional electrochemist but whose extension to the nanoscale is nontrivial and reveals new chemical information. The subsequent three chapters present exciting new electrochemical methodologies that are specific to the nanoscale, including "single entity"-based methods and surface-enhanced electrochemical spectroscopy. These techniques, now sufficiently mature for exposition, have paved the way for major developments in our understanding of solid–liquid interfaces and continue to push electrochemical analysis toward atomic-length scales. The final three chapters address the rich overlap between electrochemistry and nanomaterials science, highlighting notable applications in energy conversion and storage. This is an important reference for both academic and industrial researchers who are seeking to learn more about how nanoscale electrochemistry has developed in recent years. Outlines the major applications of nanoscale electrochemistry in energy storage, spectroscopy and biology Summarizes the major principles of nanoscale electrochemical systems, exploring how they differ from similar system types Discusses the major challenges of electrochemical analysis at the nanoscale

Analysis and Characterisation of Metal Based Nanomaterials Book

Analysis and Characterisation of Metal Based Nanomaterials


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-05-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323853064

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Analysis and Characterisation of Metal Based Nanomaterials Excerpt :

Analysis and Characterisation of Metal-Based Nanomaterials, Volume 93 in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series, introduces recent developments in analytical methodologies for detection, characterization and quantification of metal-based nanomaterials and their applications to a variety of complex environmental, biological and food samples as well as different consumer products. Single-particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry is highlighted as a powerful analytical tool for number-based concentration and size distribution, also from the metrological viewpoint. An emerging approach for the measurement of multi-metal nanoparticles by single-particle inductively coupled plasma time-of-flight mass spectrometry is discussed. Imaging of metal-based nanoparticles by hyphenated inductively coupled plasma-based techniques is also introduced. The potential of different liquid chromatography and field flow fractionation separation techniques hyphenated to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry is emphasized as a powerful tool in particular for complex matrices and small particles sizes. The use of different microscopic techniques for the characterization of metal-based nanoparticles and characterization of metal-based nanoparticles as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging are presented. Moreover, occurrence, behaviour and fate of inorganic nanoparticles in the environment is overviewed. Finally, the need for quality control standards and reference nano-materials is emphasized throughout. Presents recent developments in analytical methodologies based on mass spectrometry, light scattering and microscopic techniques for detection, characterization and quantification of metal-based nanomaterials Describes applications of the nanoparticle analysis in a variety of complex environmental, biological and food samples as well as different consumer products Provides the metrological aspects for the analysis of metal-based nanoparticles when using emerg

Nanotechnology Book

Nanotechnology


  • Author : Muhammad Bilal Tahir
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-05-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 142
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811594373

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Nanotechnology Excerpt :

This book presents the basic and fundamental aspects of nanomaterials, its types, and classifications with respect to different factors. It contains methods of preparation and characterization of unique nanostructured materials. Consisting of six chapters, this book appeals to a wide readership from academia and industry professionals and is also useful to undergraduate and graduate students focusing on nanotechnology and nanomaterials, sustainable chemistry, energy conversion and storage, environmental protection, opto-electronics, sensors, and surface and interface science. It also appeals to readers who wish to know about the design of new types of materials with controlled nanostructures.

Cluster Beam Deposition of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices Book

Cluster Beam Deposition of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices


  • Author : Paolo Milani
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020-03
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081025154

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Cluster Beam Deposition of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices Excerpt :

Cluster Beam Deposition of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices, Volume 15, provides up-to-date information on the CBD of novel nanomaterials and devices. The book offers an overview of gas phase synthesis in a range of nanoparticles, along with discussions on the development of several devices and applications. Applications include, but are not limited to catalysis, smart nanocomposites, nanoprobes, electronic devices, gas sensors and biosensors. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about this sustainable, innovative manufacturing technology.