Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials Book

Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials


  • Author : Maria Cristina Tanzi
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-06-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081007433

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Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials Excerpt :

Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials presents a comprehensive introduction on the topic before discussing the morphology and surface characterization of biomedical polymers. The structural, mechanical, and biological characterization is described in detail, followed by invaluable case studies of polymer biomaterial implants. With comprehensive coverage of both theoretical and experimental information, this title will provide scientists with an essential guide on the topic of these materials which are regularly used for clinical applications, such as implants and drug delivery devices. However, a range of novel polymers and the development and modification of existing medical polymers means that there is an ongoing need to satisfy particular design requirements. This book explains the critical and fundamentals methods to characterize polymer materials for biomedical applications. Presents a self-contained reference on the characterization of polymeric biomaterials Provides comprehensive information on how to characterize biomedical polymers in order to improve design and synthesis Includes useful case studies that demonstrate the characterization of biomaterial implants

Polymeric Biomaterials for Healthcare Applications Book

Polymeric Biomaterials for Healthcare Applications


  • Author : Kokkarachedu Varaprasad
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2022-05-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323852340

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Polymeric Biomaterials for Healthcare Applications Excerpt :

Polymeric Biomaterials for Healthcare Applications details a broad range of polymeric biomaterials, methods of synthesis and preparation, and their various applications in healthcare and biomedicine. The book provides a fundamental overview of polymers and processing technologies to allow clinical scientists to explore the use of these polymers in alternative applications. A wide variety of healthcare applications are covered, including treatment for autoimmune diseases and bacterial infections, tissue engineering, gene delivery, wound dressing, and more. The book provides a core introductory text for clinical and materials scientists new to the area of polymeric biomaterials. This book will prove useful to academics and researchers in materials science, biomedical engineering, clinical science and pharmaceutical science. Covers a broad range of polymeric biomaterials, including chitosan, alginate, cellulose, collagen, synthetic conjugates, and more Details a wide variety of healthcare applications for polymeric biomaterials, such as orthopedic engineering, antibiotics, targeted drug delivery, and more Provides a detailed overview of polymer processing technologies and sterilization considerations

Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Regeneration Book

Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Regeneration


  • Author : Changyou Gao
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-10-08
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811022937

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Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Regeneration Excerpt :

This book reviews state-of-the-art of polymeric biomaterials for regenerative medicine, and highlights advances in both basic science and clinical practice. It summarizes the latest techniques in polymeric scaffold fabrication, delivery carriers, physicochemical property modulation, as well as their influence on adhesion and the performance of biomolecules, cells and tissues. It also describes methods for creating biofunctional surfaces/interfaces and subsequently modulating the host response to implantable materials. Lastly, it discusses the applications of biomaterials and constructs in soft-tissue regenerative medicine. It is a valuable resource for materials scientists and engineers wishing to identify research priorities to fulfill clinical needs and provides physicians with insights into emerging novel biomaterials. This integrated approach also offers engineering students a sense of the relevance of materials science in the development of novel therapeutic strategies.

Surface Modification of Polymeric Biomaterials Book

Surface Modification of Polymeric Biomaterials


  • Author : Buddy D. Ratner
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN 10 : 9781489919533

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Surface Modification of Polymeric Biomaterials Excerpt :

Applications of synthetic materials in medicine date back over 4000 year2. The Egyptians used linen as sutures. In the Roman Empire, gold was used in dentistry. Perhaps even earlier, ivory and bone may have been used in the body by practitioners of the healing arts. The historical origins of modem biomaterials science are also hard to precisely trace, but many of the ideas that define biomaterials as we know them today evolved in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Surface modification technology has played a prominent role in biomaterials science, and has paralleled the evolution of the modem field. In a symposium organized by the Artifical Heart Program of the NIH National Heart Institute and the Artificial Kidney program of the NIH National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases, held in Atlantic City, New Jersey, in 1968, there were already a number of presentations on surface modification. Surface characterization at that time included scanning electron microscopy, ellipsometry, contact angle methods, and infrared internal reflection methods.

Progress in Polymer Research for Biomedical  Energy and Specialty Applications Book

Progress in Polymer Research for Biomedical Energy and Specialty Applications


  • Author : Anandhan Srinivasan
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-10-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 443
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000689549

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Progress in Polymer Research for Biomedical Energy and Specialty Applications Excerpt :

With the rapid advancements in polymer research, polymers are finding newer applications such as scaffolds for tissue engineering, wound healing, flexible displays, and energy devices. In the same spirit, this book covers the key features of recent advancements in polymeric materials and their specialty applications. Divided into two sections – Polymeric Biomaterials and Polymers from Sustainable Resources, and Polymers for Energy and Specialty Applications – this book covers biopolymers, polymer-based biomaterials, polymer-based nanohybrids, polymer nanocomposites, polymer-supported regenerative medicines, and advanced polymer device fabrication techniques. FEATURES Provides a comprehensive review of all different polymers for applications in tissue engineering, biomedical implants, energy storage or conversion, and so forth Discusses advanced strategies in development of scaffolds for tissue engineering Elaborates various advanced fabrication techniques for polymeric devices Explores the nuances in polymer-based batteries and energy harvesting Reviews advanced polymeric membranes for fuel cells and polymers for printed electronics applications Throws light on some new polymers and polymer nanocomposites for optoelectronics, next generation tires, smart sensors and stealth technology applications This book is aimed at academic researchers, industry personnel, and graduate students in the interdisciplinary fields of polymer and materials technology, composite engineering, biomedical engineering, applied chemistry, chemical engineering, and advanced polymer manufacturing.

Polymeric Biomaterials  Structure and function Book

Polymeric Biomaterials Structure and function


  • Author : Severian Dumitriu
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 922
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420094701

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Polymeric Biomaterials Structure and function Excerpt :

The third edition of a bestseller, this comprehensive reference presents the latest polymer developments and most up-to-date applications of polymeric biomaterials in medicine. Expanded into two volumes, the first volume covers the structure and properties of synthetic and natural polymers as well as bioresorbable hybrid membranes, drug delivery systems, cell bioassay systems, and electrospinning for regenerative medicine. This substantially larger resource includes state-of-the-art research and successful breakthroughs in applications that have occurred in the last ten years.

Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering Book

Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering


  • Author : Maria Cristina Tanzi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 572
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128094594

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Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering Excerpt :

Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering provides readers with an introduction to biomaterials engineering. With a strong focus on the essentials of materials science, the book also examines the physiological mechanisms of defense and repair, tissue engineering and the basics of biotechnology. An introductory section covers materials, their properties, processing and engineering methods. The second section, dedicated to Biomaterials and Biocompatibility, deals with issues related to the use and application of the various classes of materials in the biomedical field, particularly within the human body, the mechanisms underlying the physiological processes of defense and repair, and the phenomenology of the interaction between the biological environment and biomaterials. The last part of the book addresses two areas of growing importance: Tissue Engineering and Biotechnology. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, students and all those looking for a comprehensive and concise introduction to biomaterials engineering. Offers a one-stop source for information on the essentials of biomaterials and engineering Useful as an introduction or advanced reference on recent advances in the biomaterials field Developed by experienced international authors, incorporating feedback and input from existing customers

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers Book

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers


  • Author : Sangamesh Kumbar
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2014-01-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123972903

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Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers Excerpt :

Polymers are important and attractive biomaterials for researchers and clinical applications due to the ease of tailoring their chemical, physical and biological properties for target devices. Due to this versatility they are rapidly replacing other classes of biomaterials such as ceramics or metals. As a result, the demand for biomedical polymers has grown exponentially and supports a diverse and highly monetized research community. Currently worth $1.2bn in 2009 (up from $650m in 2000), biomedical polymers are expected to achieve a CAGR of 9.8% until 2015, supporting a current research community of approximately 28,000+. Summarizing the main advances in biopolymer development of the last decades, this work systematically covers both the physical science and biomedical engineering of the multidisciplinary field. Coverage extends across synthesis, characterization, design consideration and biomedical applications. The work supports scientists researching the formulation of novel polymers with desirable physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties for specific targeted biomedical applications. Combines chemistry, biology and engineering for expert and appropriate integration of design and engineering of polymeric biomaterials Physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties alongside currently deployed clinical applications of specific biomaterials aids use as single source reference on field. 15+ case studies provides in-depth analysis of currently used polymeric biomaterials, aiding design considerations for the future

Characterization of Biomaterials Book

Characterization of Biomaterials


  • Author : Mangal Roy
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-03-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128071038

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Characterization of Biomaterials Excerpt :

In joint replacement surgery with suboptimal bone, allograft materials are often used to achieve biological fixation of the metallic implant to the host bone and reducing the implant fixation time. The most commonly used techniques are cemented and hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated metallic implants. Typically, HA coatings are suggested for patients with better bone stock, whereas recommended implant fixation process for most other osteoporotic patients is bone cements. In general, there is a long-standing need to improve the performance of hip and other devices for longer in vivo implant lifetime that can help in reducing the number of revision surgeries, as well as minimizing physical and mental trauma to the patient. To achieve these goals, it is important to understand the mechanical and biological properties of coatings that can influence not only its short- and long-term bioactivity but also life span in vivo. Over the years, it has been recognized that the stability of a coated implant is governed by its physical and mechanical properties. A coating that separates from the implant provides no advantage over an uncoated implant and undesirable due to problems with debris materials, which can lead to osteolysis. Therefore, it is important to properly characterize the coated implants in terms of its physical and mechanical properties. In this chapter, specific details on coating characterization techniques including sample dimensions, sample preparation, experimental procedure and data interpretation are discussed. In particular, the standards and requirements of regulatory organizations are presented elucidating the significance and use of each characterization. It is important to appreciate that mechanical properties of coatings can only be determined with certain coating specification such as coating thickness. This chapter is designed even for non-experts to follow mechanical property characterizations of coatings on medical implants.

Polymeric Biomaterials Book

Polymeric Biomaterials


  • Author : Severian Dumitriu
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-01-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 920
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420094718

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Polymeric Biomaterials Excerpt :

Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctiona

Structural Biomaterials Book

Structural Biomaterials


  • Author : Cuie Wen
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-04-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128188323

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Structural Biomaterials Excerpt :

Structural Biomaterials: Properties, Characteristics, and Selection serves as a single point of reference to digest current research and develop a deeper understanding in the field of biomaterials engineering. This book uses a materials-focused approach, allowing the reader to quickly access specific, detailed information on biomaterials characterization and selection. Relevant to a range of readers, this book provides holistic coverage of the broad categories of structural biomaterials currently available and used in medical applications, highlighting the property requirements for structural biomaterials, their biocompatibility performance and their safety regulation in key categories such as metals, ceramics and polymers. The materials science perspective of this text ensures the content is accessible even to those without an extensive background in applied medicine, positioning this text not just for students, but as an overview and reference for researchers, scientists and engineers entering the field from related materials science disciplines. Provides a unique, holistic approach, covering key biomaterials categories in one text, including metals, ceramics and polymers Discusses advantages, disadvantages, biocompatibility performance and safety regulations, allowing for accurate materials selection in medical applications Utilizes a materials science perspective, allowing those without an extensive applied medical background to learn about the field

Polymer Science and Nanotechnology Book

Polymer Science and Nanotechnology


  • Author : Ravin Narain
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-06-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128168073

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Polymer Science and Nanotechnology Excerpt :

Polymer Science and Nanotechnology: Fundamentals and Applications brings together the latest advances in polymer science and nanoscience. Sections explain the fundamentals of polymer science, including key aspects and methods in terms of molecular structure, synthesis, characterization, microstructure, phase structure and processing and properties before discussing the materials of particular interest and utility for novel applications, such as hydrogels, natural polymers, smart polymers and polymeric biomaterials. The second part of the book examines essential techniques in nanotechnology, with an emphasis on the utilization of advanced polymeric materials in the context of nanoscience. Throughout the book, chapters are prepared so that materials and products can be geared towards specific applications. Two chapters cover, in detail, major application areas, including fuel and solar cells, tissue engineering, drug and gene delivery, membranes, water treatment and oil recovery. Presents the latest applications of polymers and polymeric nanomaterials, across energy, biomedical, pharmaceutical, and environmental fields Contains detailed coverage of polymer nanocomposites, polymer nanoparticles, and hybrid polymer-metallic nanoparticles Supports an interdisciplinary approach, enabling readers from different disciplines to understand polymer science and nanotechnology and the interface between them

Marine Biomaterials Book

Marine Biomaterials


  • Author : Se-Kwon Kim
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-04-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 843
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466505643

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Marine Biomaterials Excerpt :

Oceans are an abundant source of diverse biomaterials with potential for an array of uses. Marine Biomaterials: Characterization, Isolation and Applications brings together the wide range of research in this important area, including the latest developments and applications, from preliminary research to clinical trials. The book is divided into four parts, with chapters written by experts from around the world. Biomaterials described come from a variety of marine sources, such as fish, algae, microorganisms, crustaceans, and mollusks. Part I covers the isolation and characterization of marine biomaterials—bioceramics, biopolymers, fatty acids, toxins and pigments, nanoparticles, and adhesive materials. It also describes problems that may be encountered in the process as well as possible solutions. Part II looks at biological activities of marine biomaterials, including polysaccharides, biotoxins, and peptides. Chapters examine health benefits of the biomaterials, such as antiviral activity, antidiabetic properties, anticoagulant and anti-allergic effects, and more. Part III discusses biomedical applications of marine biomaterials, including nanocomposites, and describes applications of various materials in tissue engineering and drug delivery. Part IV explores commercialization of marine-derived biomaterials—marine polysaccharides and marine enzymes—and examines industry perspectives and applications. This book covers the key aspects of available marine biomaterials for biological and biomedical applications, and presents techniques that can be used for future isolation of novel materials from marine sources.

Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials Book

Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials


  • Author : Munmaya Mishra
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-08-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1800
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351653039

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Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials Excerpt :

The Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials presents new and selected content from the 11-volume Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials Encyclopedia. The carefully culled content includes groundbreaking work from the earlier published work as well as exclusive online material added since its publication in print. A diverse and global team of renowned scientists provide cutting edge information concerning polymers and polymeric biomaterials. Acknowledging the evolving nature of the field, the encyclopedia also features newly added content in areas such as tissue engineering, tissue repair and reconstruction, and biomimetic materials.

Biologically Modified Polymeric Biomaterial Surfaces Book

Biologically Modified Polymeric Biomaterial Surfaces


  • Author : E. Piskin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401118729

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Biologically Modified Polymeric Biomaterial Surfaces Excerpt :

gap always exists between the material performance generation of new molecules along with the release during in-vivo animal tests and clinical situations, of substances from a multitude of cells. The plasma because of the difference in individual reactions proteins (including coagulation and complement proteins), the blood cells deposited on the material between one animal and another and humans. Likewise, sophisticated in-vitro and in-vivo models surface or circulating in the blood stream and their are being developed to study living body responses. released substances take part in the dynamic process of fibrinolysis and thrombus formation. Progress has been achieved in culturing mammalian cells, particularly human cells, which has lead to new in-vitro models to study cell-biomaterial Tissue response interactions. These techniques are discussed in the other chapters of this volume. Materials implanted in tissues always generate a response. The major tissue response in the extra BIOLOGICAL MODIFICATION vascular system is an inflammatory process, which may be induced chemically or physically. Many Surfaces of polymeric biomaterials may be modified proteins and cells are involved in this very complex by using a variety of biological entities (e.g.