Chemical Bioavailability in Terrestrial Environments Book

Chemical Bioavailability in Terrestrial Environments


  • Author : R. Naidu
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 809
  • ISBN 10 : 0444521690

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Chemical Bioavailability in Terrestrial Environments Excerpt :

This book begins with an overview of current thinking on bioavailability, its definition, cutting edge research in speciation and advancement in tools for assessing chemical bioavailability in the terrestrial environment. The second section of the book focuses on the role of chemical speciation in bioavailability. Section three addresses bioavailability and ecotoxicity of contaminants and leads into the next section on bioavailability of nutrients and agrichemicals. Subsequent sections provide an overview of tools currently being used and new cutting edge techniques to assess contaminant bioavailability. The last section of the book builds on previous sections in relating bioavailability to risk assessment and how this could be used for managing risks associated with contaminated land. * Provides the latest information on developing concepts and definitions of bioavailability * Includes a discussion of bioavailability and ecotoxicity of contaminants and bioavailability of nutrients and agrichemicals for applications in agriculture * Analysizes tools for assessing bioavailability and the role of bioavailability in risk assessment and remediation

Chemical Bioavailability in Terrestrial Environments Book

Chemical Bioavailability in Terrestrial Environments


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-08-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 828
  • ISBN 10 : 0080557759

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Chemical Bioavailability in Terrestrial Environments Excerpt :

This book begins with an overview of current thinking on bioavailability, its definition, cutting-edge research in speciation and advancement in tools for assessing chemical bioavailability in the terrestrial environment. The second section of the book focuses on the role of chemical speciation in bioavailability. Section three addresses bioavailability and ecotoxicity of contaminants and leads into the next section on bioavailability of nutrients and agrichemicals. Subsequent sections provide an overview of tools currently being used and new cutting-edge techniques to assess contaminant bioavailability. The last section of the book builds on previous sections in relating bioavailability to risk assessment and how this could be used for managing risks associated with contaminated land. Provides the latest information on developing concepts and definitions of bioavailability Includes a discussion of bioavailability and ecotoxicity of contaminants and bioavailability of nutrients and agrichemicals for applications in agriculture Analyzes tools for assessing bioavailability and the role of bioavailability in risk assessment and remediation

Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments Book

Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments


  • Author : Domy C. Adriano
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 867
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387215105

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Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments Excerpt :

A comprehensive reference handbook on the important aspects of trace elements in the land environment. Each chapter addresses a particular element and gives a general introduction to their role in the environment, where they come from, and their biogeochemical cycles. In addition to a complete updating of each of the element chapters, this new edition has new chapters devoted to aluminum and iron, soil contamination, remediation and trace elements in aquatic ecosystems. In short, an essential resource for environmental scientists and chemists, regulators and policy makers.

Bioavailability of Organic Chemicals in Soil and Sediment Book

Bioavailability of Organic Chemicals in Soil and Sediment


  • Author : Jose Julio Ortega-Calvo
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-10-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030579197

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Bioavailability of Organic Chemicals in Soil and Sediment Excerpt :

This book discusses bioavailability concepts and methods, summarizing the current knowledge on bioavailability science, as well as possible pathways for integrating bioavailability into risk assessment and the regulation of organic chemicals. Divided into 5 parts, it begins with an overview of chemical distribution in soil and sediment, as well as the bioavailability and bioaccumulation of chemicals in plants, soil, invertebrates and vertebrates (including humans). It then focuses on the impact of sorption processes and reviews bioavailability measurement methods. The closing chapters discuss the impact of bioavailability studies on chemical risk assessment, and highlights further research needs. Written by a multi-disciplinary team of authors, it is an essential resource for scientists in academia and industry, students, as well as for authorities.

Advances in Agronomy Book

Advances in Agronomy


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-01-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124077980

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Advances in Agronomy Excerpt :

Advances in Agronomy continues to be recognized as a leading reference and a first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. As always, the subjects covered are varied and exemplary of the myriad of subject matter dealt with by this long-running serial Maintains the highest impact factor among serial publications in agriculture Presents timely reviews on important agronomy issues Enjoys a long-standing reputation for excellence in the field

Bioavailability  Toxicity  and Risk Relationship in Ecosystems Book

Bioavailability Toxicity and Risk Relationship in Ecosystems


  • Author : R Naidu
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2003-01-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9781482294262

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Bioavailability Toxicity and Risk Relationship in Ecosystems Excerpt :

This book describes the bioavailability, toxicity and risk relationships of metal contaminants in ecosystems. It discusses bioavailability within the context of environmental health and ecotoxicological risk assessment and the potential impact that metals may have on soil ecosystem.

Diversity of Ecosystems Book

Diversity of Ecosystems


  • Author : Mahamane Ali
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2012-04-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535105725

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Diversity of Ecosystems Excerpt :

The ecosystems present a great diversity worldwide and use various functionalities according to ecologic regions. In this new context of variability and climatic changes, these ecosystems undergo notable modifications amplified by domestic uses of which it was subjected to. Indeed the ecosystems render diverse services to humanity from their composition and structure but the tolerable levels are unknown. The preservation of these ecosystemic services needs a clear understanding of their complexity. The role of research is not only to characterise the ecosystems but also to clearly define the tolerable usage levels. Their characterisation proves to be important not only for the local populations that use it but also for the conservation of biodiversity. Hence, the measurement, management and protection of ecosystems need innovative and diverse methods. For all these reasons, the aim of this book is to bring out a general view on the function of ecosystems, modelling, sampling strategies, invading species, the response of organisms to modifications, the carbon dynamics, the mathematical models and theories that can be applied in diverse conditions.

In Situ Bioavailability and Toxicity of Organic Chemicals in Aquatic Systems Book

In Situ Bioavailability and Toxicity of Organic Chemicals in Aquatic Systems


  • Author : Thomas-Benjamin Seiler
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-09-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9781071623534

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In Situ Bioavailability and Toxicity of Organic Chemicals in Aquatic Systems Excerpt :

This detailed volume examines the complex study of the assessment of in situ bioavailability and toxicity of organic chemicals in aquatic systems with a toolbox of reliable techniques. Beginning with a section on approaches for chemical analytical and bioanalytical techniques in bioavailability research, the book continues with methods to monitor effects in situ and conduct bioassays to assess the effects of complex environmental samples. It concludes with descriptions of various computational models. Written for the Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology series, chapters feature the kind of expert implementation advice that leads to greater success in the field. Authoritative and versatile, In Situ Bioavailability and Toxicity of Organic Chemicals in Aquatic Systems serves as an ideal guide to aid in tackling the challenge of analyzing and understanding chemical pollution in aquatic systems.

Trace Elements in Soils Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

Trace Elements in Soils


  • Author : Peter Hooda
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2010-04-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 616
  • ISBN 10 : 9781444319484

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Trace Elements in Soils Excerpt :

Trace elements occur naturally in soils and some are essential nutrients for plant growth as well as human and animal health. However, at elevated levels, all trace elements become potentially toxic. Anthropogenic input of trace elements into the natural environment therefore poses a range of ecological and health problems. As a result of their persistence and potential toxicity, trace elements continue to receive widespread scientific and legislative attention. Trace Elements in Soils reviews the latest research in the field, providing a comprehensive overview of the chemistry, analysis, fate and regulation of trace elements in soils, as well as remediation strategies for contaminated soil. The book is divided into four sections: • Basic principles, processes, sampling and analytical aspects: presents an overview including general soil chemistry, soil sampling, analysis, fractionation and speciation. • Long-term issues, impacts and predictive modelling: reviews major sources of metal inputs, the impact on soil ecology, trace element deficient soils and chemical speciation modelling. • Bioavailability, risk assessment and remediation: discusses bioavailability, regulatory limits and cleanup technology for contaminated soils including phytoremediation and trace element immobilization. • Characteristics and behaviour of individual elements Written as an authoritative guide for scientists working in soil science, geochemistry, environmental science and analytical chemistry, the book is also a valuable resource for professionals involved in land management, environmental planning, protection and regulation.

Managing Arsenic in the Environment Book

Managing Arsenic in the Environment


  • Author : Ravi Naidu
  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Release Date : 2006-02-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN 10 : 9780643099234

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Managing Arsenic in the Environment Excerpt :

Arsenic is one of the most toxic and carcinogenic elements in the environment. This book brings together the current knowledge on arsenic contamination worldwide, reviewing the field, highlighting common themes and pointing to key areas needing future research. Contributions discuss methods for accurate identification and quantification of individual arsenic species in a range of environmental and biological matrices and give an overview of the environmental chemistry of arsenic. Next, chapters deal with the dynamics of arsenic in groundwater and aspects of arsenic in soils and plants, including plant uptake studies, effects on crop quality and yield, and the corresponding food chain and human health issues associated with these exposure pathways. These concerns are coupled with the challenge to develop efficient, cost effective risk management and remediation strategies: recent technological advances are described and assessed, including the use of adsorbants, photo-oxidation, bioremediation and electrokinetic remediation. The book concludes with eleven detailed regional perspectives of the extent and severity of arsenic contamination from around the world. It will be invaluable for arsenic researchers as well as environmental scientists and environmental chemists, toxicologists, medical scientists, and statutory authorities seeking an in-depth view of the issues surrounding this toxin.

Trace Elements Book

Trace Elements


  • Author : Hosam El-Din M. Saleh
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-09-05
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789236705

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Trace Elements Excerpt :

Over the last few years, we have witnessed increasing efforts dedicated to the scientific investigation and characteristics of trace elements. Especially in the field of human and animal nutrition, trace elements display a considerably attractive issue for research because they play an essential role in the nutrition of both animals and humans. Aquatic environments contaminated with trace elements are an emerging research area due to the toxicity, abundance, and environmental persistence of trace elements. Accumulation of heavy metals as a class of trace elements in various environments, and the subsequent transition of these elements into the food and feed chain, severely affects human health. The determination of type and concentration of trace elements is regarded as the first and most important step to follow the mechanisms controlling the dispersal and accumulation of trace elements. Element speciation in different media (water, soil, food, plants, coal, biological matter, food, and fodder) is pivotal to assess an element's toxicity, bioavailability, environmental mobility, and biogeochemical performance. Recently, new analytical techniques have been developed, which greatly simplified the quantitation of many trace elements and considerably extended their detection range. In this context, the development of reproducible and accurate techniques for trace element analysis in different media using spectroscopic instrumentation is continuously updated.

Applied Studies of Coastal and Marine Environments Book

Applied Studies of Coastal and Marine Environments


  • Author : Maged Marghany
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2016-09-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535125488

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Applied Studies of Coastal and Marine Environments Excerpt :

The book ''Applied Studies of Coastal and Marine Environments'' is a collection of a number of high-quality and comprehensive work on coastal and marine environment. This book has an Introductory Chapter, followed by 15 chapters. Chapters 2 and 3 are devoted to coastal geological sedimentation and its impacts on marine environment. Consequently, Chapter 4 investigates neo-tectonic movement in the Pearl River Delta. Different aspects of the coastal pollution and its impacts are addressed in Chapter 5 through Chapter 13. Furthermore, coastal management is also discussed in Chapter 14, and monitoring the coastal environment using remote sensing and GIS techniques is reported in Chapter 15. Finally, Chapter 16 addresses the human history of maritime exploitation and adaptation process to coastal and marine environments. It is important to investigate the history of maritime exploitation and adaptation to environment coastal zone to learn how to explore the oceans.

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons Book

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons


  • Author : Saranya Kuppusamy
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-08-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030240356

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Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons Excerpt :

The term “total petroleum hydrocarbons” (TPHs) is used for any mixture of several hundred hydrocarbons found in crude oil, and they represent the sum of volatile petroleum hydrocarbons and extractable petroleum hydrocarbons. The petrol-range organics include hydrocarbons from C6 to C10, while diesel-range organics are C10-C28 hydrocarbons. Environmental pollution by petroleum hydrocarbons is one of the major global concerns, particularly in oil-yielding countries. In fact, there are more than five million potentially contaminated areas worldwide that represent, in general, a lost economic opportunity and a threat to the health and well-being of humans and the environment. Petroleum-contaminated sites constitute almost one-third of the total sites polluted with chemicals around the globe. The land contamination caused by industrialization was recognized as early as the 1960s, but less than a tenth of potentially contaminated lands have been remediated due to the nature of the contamination, cost, technical impracticability, and insufficient land legislation and enforcement. This book is the first single source that provides comprehensive information on the different aspects of TPHs, such as sources and range of products, methods of analysis, fate and bioavailability, ecological implications including impact on human health, potential approaches for bioremediation such as risk-based remediation, and regulatory assessment procedures for TPH-contaminated sites. As such, it is a valuable resource for researchers, graduate students, technicians in the oil industry and remediation practitioners, as well as policy makers.

Advances in Agronomy Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Advances in Agronomy


  • Author : Donald L. Sparks
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2011-07-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123855381

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Advances in Agronomy Excerpt :

Advances in Agronomy continues to be recognized as a leading reference and a first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. As always, the subjects covered are varied and exemplary of the myriad of subject matter dealt with by this long-running serial. Maintains the highest impact factor among serial publications in agriculture Presents timely reviews on important agronomy issues Enjoys a long-standing reputation for excellence in the field

Spoil to Soil  Mine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation Book

Spoil to Soil Mine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation


  • Author : N.S. Bolan
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-06
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351247283

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Spoil to Soil Mine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation Excerpt :

Spoil to Soil: Mine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation presents both fundamental and practical aspects of remediation and revegetation of mine sites. Through three major themes, it examines characterization of mine site spoils; remediation of chemical, physical and biological constraints of mine site spoils, including post mine-site land-use practices; and revegetation of remediated mine site spoils. Each theme includes chapters featuring case studies involving mine sites around the world. The final section focuses specifically on case studies with successful mine site rehabilitation. The book provides a narrative of how inert spoil can be converted to live soil. Instructive illustrations show mine sites before and after rehabilitation. The purpose of this book is to provide students, scientists, and professional personnel in the mining industry sensible, science-based information needed to rehabilitate sustainably areas disturbed by mining activities. This book is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students majoring in environmental, earth, and soil sciences; environmental and soil scientists; and mine site environmental engineers and regulators.