Clinical Ethics at the Crossroads of Genetic and Reproductive Technologies Book

Clinical Ethics at the Crossroads of Genetic and Reproductive Technologies


  • Author : Sorin Hostiuc
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-08-07
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128137659

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Clinical Ethics at the Crossroads of Genetic and Reproductive Technologies Excerpt :

Clinical Ethics at the Crossroads of Genetic and Reproductive Technologies offers thorough discussions on preconception carrier screening, genetic engineering and the use of CRISPR gene editing, mitochondrial gene replacement therapy, sex selection, predictive testing, secondary findings, embryo reduction and the moral status of the embryo, genetic enhancement, and the sharing of genetic data. Chapter contributions from leading bioethicists and clinicians encourage a global, holistic perspective on applied challenges and the moral questions relating the implementation of genetic reproductive technology. The book is an ideal resource for practitioners, regulators, lawmakers, clinical researchers, genetic counselors and graduate and medical students. As the Human Genome Project has triggered a technological revolution that has influenced nearly every field of medicine, including reproductive medicine, obstetrics, gynecology, andrology, prenatal genetic testing, and gene therapy, this book presents a timely resource. Provides practical analysis of the ethical issues raised by cutting-edge techniques and recent advances in prenatal and reproductive genetics Contains contributions from leading bioethicists and clinicians who offer a global, holistic perspective on applied challenges and moral questions relating to genetic and genomic reproductive technology Discusses preconception carrier screening, genetic engineering and the use of CRISPR gene editing, mitochondrial gene replacement therapy, ethical issues, and more

The Future of Pharmaceuticals Book

The Future of Pharmaceuticals


  • Author : Sarfaraz K. Niazi
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-03-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 620
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000458169

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The Future of Pharmaceuticals Excerpt :

Before now, biological systems could only be expressed in terms of linear relationships, however, as knowledge grows and new techniques of analysis on biological systems is made available, we are realizing the non-linearity of these systems. The concepts and techniques of nonlinear analysis allow for more realistic and accurate models in science. The Future of Pharmaceuticals: A Nonlinear Analysis provides an opportunity to understand the non-linearity of biological systems and its application in various areas of science, primarily pharmaceutical sciences. This book will benefit professionals in pharmaceutical industries, academia, and policy who are interested in an entirely new approach to how we will treat disease in the future. Key Features: Addresses a new approach of nonlinear analysis. Applies a theory of projection to chalk out the future, instead of basing on linear evolution. Provides an opportunity to better understand the non-linearity in biological systems and its applications in various areas of science, primarily pharmaceutical sciences. Helps change the thought process for those looking for answers to their questions which they do not find in the linear relationship approach. Encourages a broader perspective for the creative process of drug development.

Gender Book

Gender


  • Author : Linda L. Lindsey
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-12-17
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 754
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351590822

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Gender Excerpt :

A landmark publication in the social sciences, Linda Lindsey’s Gender is the most comprehensive textbook to explore gender sociologically, as a critical and fundamental dimension of a person’s identity, interactions, development, and role and status in society. Ranging in scope from the everyday lived experiences of individuals to the complex patterns and structures of gender that are produced by institutions in our global society, the book reveals how understandings of gender vary across time and place and shift along the intersecting lines of race, ethnicity, culture, sexuality, class and religion. Arriving at a time of enormous social change, the new, seventh edition extends its rigorous, theoretical approach to reflect on recent events and issues with insights that challenge conventional thought about the gender binary and the stereotypes that result. Recent and emerging topics that are investigated include the #MeToo and LGBTQ-rights movements, political misogyny in the Trump era, norms of masculinity, marriage and family formation, resurgent feminist activism and praxis, the gendered workplace, and profound consequences of neoliberal globalization. Enriching its sociological approach with interdisciplinary insight from feminist, biological, psychological, historical, and anthropological perspectives, the new edition of Gender provides a balanced and broad approach with readable, dynamic content that furthers student understanding, both of the importance of gender and how it shapes individual trajectories and social processes in the U.S. and across the globe.

Families Under Construction Book

Families Under Construction


  • Author : Susan Frelich Appleton
  • Publisher : Wolters Kluwer
  • Release Date : 2021-01-31
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9781543820522

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Families Under Construction Excerpt :

This book is designed for law school seminars and courses, including first-year electives, as well as advanced undergraduate courses in legal studies or other departments. Families Under Construction: Parentage, Adoption, and Assisted Reproduction, Second Edition, provides an in-depth exploration of the fascinating and controversial issues emerging out of biotechnology and society’s changing understanding of family identity. The authors combine solid treatment of the law and carefully crafted additional content to provoke inquiry and fuel class discussion, using a multidisciplinary presentation of legal authorities, policy perspectives, critical analysis, and cultural contexts. Coverage includes the impact of marriage equality, increasing departures from traditional family arrangements, and modern approaches to adoption, as well as infertility treatments, collaborative reproductive arrangements, and reproductive tourism. New to the Second Edition: A new Part I on parentage, parental responsibilities, and parental authority, tracing the evolution from traditional doctrine to contemporary approaches and emphasizing the policy of keeping dependency private The addition of principal cases on wrongful adoption, challenges to sealed adoption records, and intercountry adoption Restructured chapters on assisted reproduction reflecting consequential changes in the legal landscape Professors and students will benefit from: Thorough coverage of significant cases, statutes, and regulations, including law reform efforts and recognition of law’s silence on some topics Opportunities for comparative analysis of law and policy, from “then” to “now” and among various states and nations, with examination of jurisdiction, choice of law, and enforcement An approach that questions core concepts, such as parentage, by highlighting the role of the state in the construction of family and the influence of assumptions about gender, race, sexualities, marriage, class, and dependenc

Reproductive Ethics in Clinical Practice Book

Reproductive Ethics in Clinical Practice


  • Author : Julie Chor
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190873059

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Reproductive Ethics in Clinical Practice Excerpt :

Reproductive health care professionals in fields such as Obstetrics and Gynecology, Family Medicine, and Pediatrics face difficult ethical issues because they work at the crossroads of patient decision-making, scientific advancement, political controversy, legal regulation, and profound moral considerations. The dilemmas these professionals face expose big-picture bioethics questions of interest to everyone. Yet for clinicians striving to deliver excellent patient care, the ethical questions that make daily practice challenging can be just as nuanced. This volume presents a carefully curated compilation of essays written by leading experts in the fields of medicine, ethics, and law, who address key issues at the forefront of reproductive ethics. It is organized into three main sections: I. Contraception and Abortion Ethics - Preventing Pregnancy and Birth, II. Assisted Reproduction Ethics - Initiating Pregnancy, and III. Obstetric Ethics - Managing Pregnancy and Delivery. Each section begins with a short introduction by the editors providing an overview of the area and contextualizing the essays that follow. This volume's primary aim is to be useful to practicing clinicians, students, and trainees by providing short and practical essays covering urgent topics--from race, religion and abortion, to legal liability, violations of confidentiality and maternal choices that risk future children's health. This collection provides clinicians at all levels of training with frameworks they need to approach the intimate and high-stakes encounters central to their profession.

Medical Care Law Book

Medical Care Law


  • Author : Edward P. Richards
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 0834216035

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Medical Care Law Excerpt :

A legal reference for practicing physicians is a necessary adjunct to their professional practice library in today's highly regulated and litigious world. Medical Care Law was written to help practicing physicians avoid legal conflicts, and to prevent legal problems rather than treat them. Written with the practicing physician in mind, this book is also valuable to a variety of health professionals, including physician executives, medical directors, nurse administrators, advanced practice nurses, case managers, risk managers, legal nurse consultants, health care administrators, public health professionals, and attorneys. In addition To The traditional legal issues affecting medical practitioners, Medical Care Law addresses the legal pitfalls in today's volatile health care landscape, including managed care, health care fraud and abuse, compliance plans, and working with non-physician providers.

Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics Book
Score: 3
From 2 Ratings

Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics


  • Author : Joel B. Green
  • Publisher : Baker Books
  • Release Date : 2011-11-01
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : 912
  • ISBN 10 : 9781441239983

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Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics Excerpt :

This one-stop reference book on the vital relationship between Scripture and ethics offers needed orientation and perspective for students, pastors, and scholars. Written to respond to the movement among biblical scholars and ethicists to recover the Bible for moral formation, it is the best reference work available on the intersection of these two fields. The volume shows how Christian Scripture and Christian ethics are necessarily intertwined and offers up-to-date treatment of five hundred biblical, traditional, and contemporary topics, ranging from adultery, bioethics, and Colossians to vegetarianism, work, and Zephaniah. The stellar ecumenical list of contributors consists of more than two hundred leading scholars from the fields of biblical studies and ethics, including Darrell Bock, David Gushee, Amy Laura Hall, Daniel Harrington, Dennis Olson, Christine Pohl, Glen Stassen, and Max Stackhouse.

Body   Soul Book
Score: 3.5
From 2 Ratings

Body Soul


  • Author : J. P. Moreland
  • Publisher : InterVarsity Press
  • Release Date : 2009-09-20
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9780830874590

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Body Soul Excerpt :

While most people throughout history have believed that we are both physical and spiritual beings, the rise of science has called into question the existence of the soul. Many now argue that neurophysiology demonstrates the radical dependence, indeed, identity, between mind and brain. Advances in genetics and in mapping human DNA, some say, show there is no need for the hypothesis of body-soul dualism. Even many Christian intellectuals have come to view the soul as a false Greek concept that is outdated and unbiblical. Concurrent with the demise of dualism has been the rise of advanced medical technologies that have brought to the fore difficult issues at both edges of life. Central to questions about abortion, fetal research, reproductive techologies, cloning and euthanasia is our understanding of the nature of human personhood, the reality of life after death and the value of ethical or religious knowledge as compared to scientific knowledge. In this careful treatment, J. P. Moreland and Scott B. Rae argue that the rise of these problems alongside the demise of Christian dualism is no coincidence. They therefore employ a theological realism to meet these pressing issues, and to present a reasonable and biblical depiction of human nature as it impinges upon critical ethical concerns. This vigorous philosophical and ethical defense of human nature as body and soul, regardless of whether one agrees or disagrees, will be for all a touchstone for debate and discussion for years to come.

Communities in Action Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Communities in Action


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309452960

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Communities in Action Excerpt :

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Current Catalog Book

Current Catalog


  • Author : National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1993
  • Genre: Medicine
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015074107692

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Current Catalog Excerpt :

First multi-year cumulation covers six years: 1965-70.

Cumulated Index Medicus Book

Cumulated Index Medicus


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1994
  • Genre: Medicine
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UIUC:30112023523407

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Cumulated Index Medicus Excerpt :

Noninvasive Prenatal Testing  NIPT  Book

Noninvasive Prenatal Testing NIPT


  • Author : Lieve Page-Christiaens
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-08-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128141908

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Noninvasive Prenatal Testing NIPT Excerpt :

Since its introduction in 2012, cell-free (cf) DNA based Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) has been employed to test for fetal chromosome abnormalities, and gene mutations that lead to a variety of genetic conditions, by millions of pregnant women, in more than 90 countries worldwide. With Noninvasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT): Applied Genomics in Prenatal Screening and Diagnosis, Dr Lieve Page-Christiaens and Dr Hanns-Georg Klein have compiled the first authoritative volume on cfDNA NIPT methods and their clinical implementation. Provides a thorough, practical examination of the history of NIPT, NIPT laboratory techniques and bioinformatics, NIPT screening and diagnostics for a wide range of disorders and birth defects Presents leading, international experts who discuss the application of NIPT in early screening for common aneuploidies, fetal chromosome anomalies, autosomal trisomies, fetal blood group typing, and maternal constitutional and acquired copy number variants Includes full color imagery that enhances concept illustration, along with detailed descriptions of the benefits (and limitations) of NIPT Offers clinicians, researchers, genetic counselors and reproductive specialists of all kinds the required background information, methodologies and essential patient counseling techniques

Human Genome Editing Book

Human Genome Editing


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2017-08-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309452885

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Human Genome Editing Excerpt :

Genome editing is a powerful new tool for making precise alterations to an organism's genetic material. Recent scientific advances have made genome editing more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. These advances have spurred an explosion of interest from around the globe in the possible ways in which genome editing can improve human health. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led many policymakers and stakeholders to express concern about whether appropriate systems are in place to govern these technologies and how and when the public should be engaged in these decisions. Human Genome Editing considers important questions about the human application of genome editing including: balancing potential benefits with unintended risks, governing the use of genome editing, incorporating societal values into clinical applications and policy decisions, and respecting the inevitable differences across nations and cultures that will shape how and whether to use these new technologies. This report proposes criteria for heritable germline editing, provides conclusions on the crucial need for public education and engagement, and presents 7 general principles for the governance of human genome editing.

Bioethics  Justice  and Health Care Book

Bioethics Justice and Health Care


  • Author : Wanda Teays
  • Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 683
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015050763864

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Bioethics Justice and Health Care Excerpt :

This new text offers the perspectives necessary for a comprehensive and objective critique of the health care establishment. By including diverse perspectives, students obtain a more accurate sense of the issues and the ethical considerations in a pluralistic society that values justice in its health systems.

Human Germline Genome Modification and the Right to Science Book

Human Germline Genome Modification and the Right to Science


  • Author : Andrea Boggio
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-01-09
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781108604024

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Human Germline Genome Modification and the Right to Science Excerpt :

The advent of the CRISPR/Cas9 class of genome editing tools is transforming not just science and medicine, but also law. When the genome of germline cells is modified, the modifications could be inherited, with far-reaching effects in time and scale. Legal systems are struggling with keeping up with the CRISPR revolution and both lawyers and scientists are often confused about existing regulations. This book contains an analysis of the national regulatory framework in eighteen selected countries. Written by national legal experts, it includes all major players in bioengineering, plus an analysis of the emerging international standards and a discussion of how international human rights standards should inform national and international regulatory frameworks. The authors propose a set of principles for the regulation of germline engineering, based on international human rights law, that can be the foundation for regulating heritable gene editing both at the level of countries as well as globally.