Closed Loop Neuroscience Book

Closed Loop Neuroscience


  • Author : Ahmed El Hady
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-08
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128026410

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Closed Loop Neuroscience Excerpt :

Closed Loop Neuroscience addresses the technical aspects of closed loop neurophysiology, presenting the implementation of these approaches spanning several domains of neuroscience, from cellular and network neurophysiology, through sensory and motor systems, and then clinical therapeutic devices. Although closed-loop approaches have long been a part of the neuroscientific toolbox, these techniques are only now gaining popularity in research and clinical applications. As there is not yet a comprehensive methods book addressing the topic as a whole, this volume fills that gap, presenting state-of-the-art approaches and the technical advancements that enable their application to different scientific problems in neuroscience. Presents the first volume to offer researchers a comprehensive overview of the technical realities of employing closed loop techniques in their work Offers application to in-vitro, in-vivo, and hybrid systems Contains an emphasis on the actual techniques used rather than on specific results obtained Includes exhaustive protocols and descriptions of software and hardware, making it easy for readers to implement the proposed methodologies Encompasses the clinical/neuroprosthetic aspect and how these systems can also be used to contribute to our understanding of basic neurophysiology Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field from around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

Closed Loop Neuroscience Book

Closed Loop Neuroscience


  • Author : Ahmed El Hady
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-06-01
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 0128024526

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Closed Loop Neuroscience Excerpt :

Closed Loop Neuroscience addresses the technical aspects of closed loop neurophysiology, presenting the implementation of these approaches spanning several domains of neuroscience, from cellular and network neurophysiology, through sensory and motor systems, and then clinical therapeutic devices. Although closed-loop approaches have long been a part of the neuroscientific toolbox, these techniques are only now gaining popularity in research and clinical applications. As there is not yet a comprehensive methods book addressing the topic as a whole, this volume fills that gap, presenting state-of-the-art approaches and the technical advancements that enable their application to different scientific problems in neuroscience. Presents the first volume to offer researchers a comprehensive overview of the technical realities of employing closed loop techniques in their work Offers application to in-vitro, in-vivo, and hybrid systems Contains an emphasis on the actual techniques used rather than on specific results obtained Includes exhaustive protocols and descriptions of software and hardware, making it easy for readers to implement the proposed methodologies Encompasses the clinical/neuroprosthetic aspect and how these systems can also be used to contribute to our understanding of basic neurophysiology Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field from around the globe - the broadest, most expert coverage available

Closed Loop Neurophysiology  Clinical Research Book

Closed Loop Neurophysiology Clinical Research


  • Author : George Morris
  • Publisher : States Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-11-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 247
  • ISBN 10 : 1639891145

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Closed Loop Neurophysiology Clinical Research Excerpt :

Neurophysiology is the branch of physiology and neuroscience which is concerned with the study of nerve cells as they transmit and receive information. It focuses on the study of the brain and spinal cord, and their connection to the mental health. Some of the methods used for research in the field of neurophysiology are electrophysiological recordings such as voltage clamp, patch clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials. Closed-loop neuroscience is referred to as a field of study that considers the brain as a loop that interacts with itself, among themselves and with the environment in a relative manner. Closed loop neurophysiology is an upcoming field of science that has undergone rapid development over the past few decades. This book is a compilation of chapters that discuss the most vital concepts and emerging trends in this field. It is appropriate for students seeking detailed information in this area as well as for experts.

Closing the Loop Around Neural Systems Book

Closing the Loop Around Neural Systems


  • Author : Steve M Potter
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2014-12-03
  • Genre: Neurophysiology
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889193561

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Closing the Loop Around Neural Systems Excerpt :

Closed-loop neurophysiology has been accelerated by recent software and hardware developments and by the emergence of novel tools to control neuronal activity with spatial and temporal precision, in which stimuli are delivered in real time based on recordings or behavior. Real-time stimulation feedback enables a wide range of innovative studies of information processing and plasticity in neuronal networks. This Research Topic e-Book comprises 16 Original Research Articles, seven Methods Articles, and seven Reviews, Mini- Reviews, and Perspectives, all peer-reviewed and published in Frontiers in Neural Circuits. The contributions deal with closed loop neurophysiology experiments at a variety of levels of neural circuit complexity. Some include modeling and theoretical analyses. New enabling technologies and techniques are described. Novel work is presented from experiments in vitro, in vivo, and in humans, along with their clinical and technological implications for improving the human condition.

New Techniques in Systems Neuroscience Book

New Techniques in Systems Neuroscience


  • Author : Adam D. Douglass
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-04-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 301
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319129136

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New Techniques in Systems Neuroscience Excerpt :

This volume is essential reading for anyone wishing to understand the recent explosion of experimental tools in neuroscience that now make it possible to manipulate, record, and understand neuronal activity within the intact brain, and which are helping us learn how the many neurons that comprise a network act together to control behavior. Leaders in the field discuss the latest developments in optogenetics, functional imaging, circuit mapping, and the application of these tools to complex biological problems.

Clinical Systems Neuroscience Book

Clinical Systems Neuroscience


  • Author : Kenji Kansaku
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-01-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 387
  • ISBN 10 : 9784431550372

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Clinical Systems Neuroscience Excerpt :

The impaired brain has often been difficult to rehabilitate owing to limited knowledge of the brain system. Recently, advanced imaging techniques such as fMRI and MEG have allowed researchers to investigate spatiotemporal dynamics in the living human brain. Consequently, knowledge in systems neuroscience is now rapidly growing. Advanced techniques have found practical application by providing new prosthetics, such as brain–machine interfaces, expanding the range of activities of persons with disabilities, or the elderly. The book’s chapters are authored by researchers from various research fields such as systems neuroscience, rehabilitation, neurology, psychology and engineering. The book explores the latest advancements in neurorehabilitation, plasticity and brain–machine interfaces among others and constitutes a solid foundation for researchers who aim to contribute to the science of brain function disabilities and ultimately to the well-being of patients and the elderly worldwide.

Closed Loop Systems for Next Generation Neuroprostheses Book

Closed Loop Systems for Next Generation Neuroprostheses


  • Author : Timothée Levi
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2018-04-26
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889454662

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Closed Loop Systems for Next Generation Neuroprostheses Excerpt :

Millions of people worldwide are affected by neurological disorders which disrupt the connections within the brain and between brain and body causing impairments of primary functions and paralysis. Such a number is likely to increase in the next years and current assistive technology is yet limited. A possible response to such disabilities, offered by the neuroscience community, is given by Brain-Machine Interfaces (BMIs) and neuroprostheses. The latter field of research is highly multidisciplinary, since it involves very different and disperse scientific communities, making it fundamental to create connections and to join research efforts. Indeed, the design and development of neuroprosthetic devices span/involve different research topics such as: interfacing of neural systems at different levels of architectural complexity (from in vitro neuronal ensembles to human brain), bio-artificial interfaces for stimulation (e.g. micro-stimulation, DBS: Deep Brain Stimulation) and recording (e.g. EMG: Electromyography, EEG: Electroencephalography, LFP: Local Field Potential), innovative signal processing tools for coding and decoding of neural activity, biomimetic artificial Spiking Neural Networks (SNN) and neural network modeling. In order to develop functional communication with the nervous system and to create a new generation of neuroprostheses, the study of closed-loop systems is mandatory. It has been widely recognized that closed-loop neuroprosthetic systems achieve more favorable outcomes for users then equivalent open-loop devices. Improvements in task performance, usability, and embodiment have all been reported in systems utilizing some form of feedback. The bi-directional communication between living neurons and artificial devices is the main final goal of those studies. However, closed-loop systems are still uncommon in the literature, mostly due to requirement of multidisciplinary effort. Therefore, through eBook on closed-loop systems for next-generation neu

The Neurology of Eye Movements   Text and CD ROM Book

The Neurology of Eye Movements Text and CD ROM


  • Author : Departments of Neurology R. John Leigh Professor, Neuroscience Otolaryngology and Biomedical Engineering Case Western Reserve University University Hospitals and Veterans Affairs Medical Center Cleveland Ohio
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 1999-08-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 658
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198029700

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The Neurology of Eye Movements Text and CD ROM Excerpt :

The Neurology of Eye Movements provides clinicians with a synthesis of current scientific information that can be applied to the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of ocular motility. Basic scientists will also benefit from descriptions of how data from anatomical, electrophysiological, pharmacological, and imaging studies can be directly applied to the study of disease. By critically reviewing such basic studies, the authors build a conceptual framework that can be applied to the interpretation of abnormal ocular motor behavior at the bedside. These syntheses are summarized in displays, new figures, schematics and tables. Early chapters discuss the visual need and neural basis for each functional class of eye movements. Two large chapters deal with the evaluation of double vision and systematically evaluate how many disorders of the central nervous system affect eye movements. This edition has been extensively rewritten, and contains many new figures and an up-to-date section on the treatment of abnormal eye movements such as nystagmus. A major innovation has been the development of an option to read the book from a compact disc, make use of hypertext links (which bridge basic science to clinical issues), and view the major disorders of eye movements in over 60 video clips. This volume will provide pertinent, up-to-date information to neurologists, neuroscientists, ophthalmologists, visual scientists, otalaryngologists, optometrists, biomedical engineers, and psychologists.

Neuroforensics Book

Neuroforensics


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 81
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309477796

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Neuroforensics Excerpt :

Technological advances in noninvasive neuroimaging, neurophysiology, genome sequencing, and other methods together with rapid progress in computational and statistical methods and data storage have facilitated large-scale collection of human genomic, cognitive, behavioral, and brain-based data. The rapid development of neurotechnologies and associated databases has been mirrored by an increase in attempts to introduce neuroscience and behavioral genetic evidence into legal proceedings. In March 2018, the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine organized a workshop in order to explore the current uses of neuroscience and bring stakeholders from neuroscience and legal societies together in both the United Kingdom and the United States. Participants worked together to advance an understanding of neurotechnologies that could impact the legal system and the state of readiness to consider these technologies and where appropriate, to integrate them into the legal system. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Non invasive Brain Stimulation in Neurology and Psychiatry Book

Non invasive Brain Stimulation in Neurology and Psychiatry


  • Author : Ignacio Obeso
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2017-04-11
  • Genre: Electronic book
  • Pages : 209
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889451340

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Non invasive Brain Stimulation in Neurology and Psychiatry Excerpt :

The potential efficacy of non-invasive brain stimulation procedures for the management of specific symptoms in diverse neurological and psychiatric conditions has been tested in the past decade or so. For example, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over prefrontal areas has been extensively investigated as a treatment for patients with medication-resistant depression and has been shown to be associated with improvement of mood. Similarly, non-invasive stimulation techniques have been applied to various symptoms of Parkinson's disease such as bradykinesia and dyskinesias, with variables degrees of success reported. However, attempts to expand previously observed clinical improvements to other neurological disorders (e.g. Tourette's syndrome, autism, epilepsy) has been controversial. In trying to bypass potential confounding elements, researchers aim to target neural populations altered in disease to either increase or decrease their corrupted baseline activity. In addition, a complementary approach is to extend stimulation protocols that results enhanced behavior in healthy participants. This Frontiers Research Topic on non-invasive brain stimulation and enhancement of function tries to combine a series of articles from researchers who used non-invasive brain stimulation to aim improvement of either a motoric, cognitive or behavioral nature investigated behaviorally, physiologically or using brain imaging techniques in clinical populations. Investigation of the relation between enhancement of function in healthy populations and clinical improvement in patients with neurological or psychiatric disorders needs further consideration.

EEG   fMRI Book

EEG fMRI


  • Author : Christoph Mulert
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2023-01-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 785
  • ISBN 10 : 9783031071218

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EEG fMRI Excerpt :

This book provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive source of information on all aspects of EEG-fMRI, a neuroimaging technique for synchronous acquisition of electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. The reader will find in-depth information on the physiological principles of the EEG and fMRI signals, practical aspects of data measurement, artifact reduction, data analysis, and applications. All the main areas of the technique’s application are the subject of one or multiple chapters: sleep research, cognitive neuroscience, and clinical neurology and psychiatry. In addition to providing a thorough update, this second edition offers five entirely new chapters covering important areas of research that have emerged during the past 5 years, including noninvasive brain stimulation during fMRI, resting-state functional connectivity, real-time fMRI, and neurofeedback. Written by the most prestigious experts in the field, the text is enhanced by numerous high-quality illustrations. This book will be valuable for neuroradiologists, neuroscientists, physicists, engineers, electrophysiologists, (neuro) medical scientists, neurologists, and neurophysiologists. Chapter 30 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Deep Brain Stimulation Book

Deep Brain Stimulation


  • Author : William S. Anderson
  • Publisher : Thieme
  • Release Date : 2019-05-10
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN 10 : 9781626237988

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Deep Brain Stimulation Excerpt :

The one-stop resource on deep brain stimulation for functional neurosurgeons! Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is used to modulate dysfunctional circuits in the brain with stimulation pulses applied to specific target areas of the brain. Globally, DBS procedures have been most commonly performed for Parkinson's disease and essential tremor, but there are now new and growing research efforts studying DBS for psychiatric disorders and epilepsy. Deep Brain Stimulation: Techniques and Practices written by the Society for Innovative Neuroscience in Neurosurgery along with Dr. William S. Anderson and distinguished experts presents the latest DBS approaches. The book begins with a history of DBS, general frame-based techniques, patient selection primarily for movement disorders, multidisciplinary collaboration, and ethical considerations. Subsequent chapters detail diverse technologies and disease-specific treatment for Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, dystonia, OCD, epilepsy, major depression, Tourette syndrome, emerging psychiatric indications, and pediatric applications. Key highlights Lead placement techniques utilizing currently available customized platforms and robotics Microelectrode recording and image-based direct targeting with MRI and CT to enhance lead placement Lesioning methods including radiofrequency, and MR-guided focused ultrasound Discussion of recent innovations in tractography to delineate white matter tracts in the brain and closed loop stimulation DBS has helped thousands of patients with intractable conditions, allowing for a programmable therapy with durable treatment effect. This remarkable guide provides the essentials for functional neurosurgeons to pursue intraoperative research opportunities in this growing subspecialty and incorporate DBS into clinical practice.

Psychiatric Neuroethics Book

Psychiatric Neuroethics


  • Author : Walter Glannon
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2019-01-10
  • Genre: Neurosciences
  • Pages : 409
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198758853

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Psychiatric Neuroethics Excerpt :

Advances in psychiatric research and clinical psychiatry in the last 30 years have given rise to a host of new questions that lie at the intersection of psychiatry, neuroscience, philosophy and law. Such questions include: -Are psychiatric disorders diseases of the brain, caused by dysfunctional neural circuits and neurotransmitters? -What role do genes, neuro-endocrine, neuro-immune interactions and the environment play in the development of these disorders? -How do different explanations of the etiology and pathophysiology of mental illness influence diagnosis, prognosis and decisions about treatment? -Would it be rational for a person with a chronic treatment-resistant disorder to request euthanasia or assisted suicide to end their suffering? -Could psychiatric disorders be predicted and prevented? Psychiatric Neuroethics explores these questions in a comprehensive and systematic way, discussing the medical and philosophical implications of neuroscience and the Research Domain Criteria (RDoc) in the fields of psychiatry and mental health. It examines the extent to which circuit-based criteria can offer a satisfactory explanation of psychiatric disorders and how they compare with the symptom-based criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSMV). This book will be of interest to a multidisciplinary audience, including psychiatrists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, philosophers, psychologists and legal theorists.