Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruder Book

Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruder


  • Author : Klemens Kohlgrüber
  • Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
  • Release Date : 2012-11-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 9783446433410

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Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruder Excerpt :

Co-rotating screws and/or extruders are used in many branches of industry for producing, preparing and/or processing highly viscous materials. They find a wide variety of applications especially in the plastics, rubber and food industries. Co-rotating twin-screw machines usually have modular configurations and are thus quite flexible for adapting to changing tasks and material properties. Well-founded knowledge of machines, processes and material behavior are required in order to design twin-screw extruder for economically successful operations. This book provides basic engineering knowledge regarding twin-screw machines; it lists the most important machine-technical requirements and provides examples based on actual practice. Better understanding of the processes is emphasized as this is a prerequisite for optimizing twin-screw designs and operating them efficiently. Besides basic functions, such as compounding, the book focuses on: - the historical development of twin-screws - the geometry of the screw elements (fundamentals, basic patents, patents overview) - material properties and material behavior in the machine - fundamentals of feed behavior, pressure build-up and power input - examples of applications for various processing tasks - compounding: tasks, applications, processing zones - potential and limits of modeling - scaling-up various processes - machine design incl. drives and materials

Reactive Extrusion Book

Reactive Extrusion


  • Author : Günter Beyer
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-01-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527340989

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Reactive Extrusion Excerpt :

This first comprehensive overview of reactive extrusion technology for over a decade combines the views of contributors from both academia and industry who share their experiences and highlight possible applications and markets. They also provide updated information on the underlying chemical and physical concepts, summarizing recent developments in terms of the material and machinery used. As a result, readers will find here a compilation of potential applications for reactive extrusion to access new and cost-effective polymeric materials, while using existing compounding machines.

Extrusion Book

Extrusion


  • Author : Harold F. Giles Jr
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2013-09-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 636
  • ISBN 10 : 9781437734829

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Extrusion Excerpt :

The second edition of Extrusion is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in extrusion processing in quickly answering practical day-to-day questions. The first part of the book provides the fundamental principles, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. The next section covers advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. The final part provides applications case studies in key areas for engineers such as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. This practical guide to extrusion brings together both equipment and materials processing aspects. It covers basic and advanced topics, for reference and training, in thermoplastics processing in the extruder. Detailed reference data are provided on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. A practical guide to the selection, design and optimization of extrusion processes and equipment Designed to improve production efficiency and product quality Focuses on practical fault analysis and troubleshooting techniques

Screw Extrusion Book

Screw Extrusion


  • Author : James Lindsay White
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Plastics
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN 10 : 3446196242

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Screw Extrusion Excerpt :

Screw extruders are the most important of all polymer processing machines There is a need for a comprehensive book on this subject. This book emphazises the understanding of the underlaying principles of screw extrusion, the design and behavior of screw based machines. It helps the enineer t optimize his equipment and enhance production rates. Contents: · Introduction · Fundamentals · Screw Extrusion Technology · Technology of Single Screw Extrusion with Reciprocating Screws · Single Screw Extruder Analysis and Design · Twin and Multiscrew Extrusion

Compounding in Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruders Book

Compounding in Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruders


  • Author : Yeh Wang
  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Manufacturing processes
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN 10 : 1859571964

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Compounding in Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruders Excerpt :

This report describes the geometric structure of modular extruders, development of the various units of an extruder and their functions, the flow mechanisms and models of their behaviour and experimental studies of extruder performance and applications. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database gives useful references for further reading.

Extrusion Book

Extrusion


  • Author : Harold F. Giles Jr
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2004-12-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9780815517115

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Extrusion Excerpt :

Why is it important to get to equilibrium and how long does it take? Are there problems running polypropylene profiles on a single screw extruder? Does the job involve compounding color concentrates on a corotating twin screw extruder? This unique reference work is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in quickly answering such practical day-to-day questions in extrusion processing. This comprehensive volume is divided into 7 Parts. It contains detailed reference data on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. This reference is a practical guide to extrusion bringing together both the equipment and materials processing aspects. It provides basic and advanced topics about the thermoplastics processing in the extruder, for reference and training. Parts 1 û 3, emphasize the fundamentals, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. Parts 4 û 7 treat advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. Extensive applications in Part 7 cover such contemporary areas as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. Each chapter includes review topics.

Polymer Devolatilization Book

Polymer Devolatilization


  • Author : Ramon Albalak
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-09-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 736
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351423595

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Polymer Devolatilization Excerpt :

This work introduces the fundamental background necessary to understand polymer devolatilization. It elucidates the actual mechanisms by which the devolatilization of polymer melts progresses, and discusses virtually every type of devolatilization equipment available. The work also addresses devolatilization in various geometries and types of equipment, describing the use of falling strand, slit, single-screw, co-rotating and counter-rotating twin-screw devolatilization.

Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology  Second Edition Book

Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology Second Edition


  • Author : Isaac Ghebre-Sellassie
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-05
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 413
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351129008

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Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology Second Edition Excerpt :

The first edition of Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, published in 2003, was deemed the seminal book on pharmaceutical extrusion. Now it is expanded and improved, just like the usage of extrusion has expanded, improved and evolved into an accepted manufacturing technology to continuously mix active pharmaceutical ingredients with excipients for a myriad of traditional and novel dosage forms. Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, Second Edition reflects how this has spawned numerous research activities, in addition to hardware and process advancements. It offers new authors, expanded chapters and contains all the extrusion related technical information necessary for the development, manufacturing, and marketing of pharmaceutical dosage forms.

The Technology of Extrusion Cooking Book

The Technology of Extrusion Cooking


  • Author : N.D. Frame
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 253
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461521358

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The Technology of Extrusion Cooking Excerpt :

Extrusion cooking is a specialist area of food technology because of the complexity of the interactive effects which are inherent in the system. General predictive modelling is very difficult because ingredients are diverse and can vary considerably. Modelling tends to be product specifi- new product development tends to be by experimental designs and good fortune. The emphasis of this book is on the latest and potential applications of twin screw extrusion in food production, specifically co-rotating inter meshing screw extruders. Of course, in order to develop products and maximise the extruder potential in terms of energy, product quality and output, an overall understanding of the material flow mechanism, barrel fill length and rheology is essential. The book aims to give explanations and general guidance with examples of screw design, configuration and operat ing parameters for a variety of product categories. It is also intended to help production operators diagnose the symptoms of particular problems such as temperature control, quality variation, raw material inconsistency, etc. For the product development technologist there is more than one way to make a similar product. For example, equipment manufacturers recom mend difficult methods for producing flaked corn. In addition, their machines may differ from each other in terms of screw design, power/ volume ratio, screw tip/barrel clearance, etc. , making scale-up more prob lematic.

Elastomer Technology Handbook Book

Elastomer Technology Handbook


  • Author : Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-07-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1120
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429605031

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Elastomer Technology Handbook Excerpt :

Elastomer Technology Handbook is a major new reference on the science and technology of engineered elastomers. This contributed volume features some of the latest work by international experts in polymer science and rubber technology. Topics covered include theoretical and practical information on characterizing rubbers, designing engineering elastomers for consumer and engineering applications, properties testing, chemical and physical property characterization, polymerization chemistry, rubber processing and fabrication methods, and rheological characterization. The book also highlights both conventional and emerging market applications for synthetic rubber products and emphasizes the latest technology advancements. Elastomer Technology Handbook is a "must have" book for polymer researchers and engineers. It will also benefit anyone involved in the handling, manufacturing, processing, and designing of synthetic rubbers.

Hot Melt Extrusion Book

Hot Melt Extrusion


  • Author : Dennis Douroumis
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-04-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118307878

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Hot Melt Extrusion Excerpt :

Hot-melt extrusion (HME) - melting a substance and forcing it through an orifice under controlled conditions to form a new material - is an emerging processing technology in the pharmaceutical industry for the preparation of various dosage forms and drug delivery systems, for example granules and sustained release tablets. Hot-Melt Extrusion: Pharmaceutical Applications covers the main instrumentation, operation principles and theoretical background of HME. It then focuses on HME drug delivery systems, dosage forms and clinical studies (including pharmacokinetics and bioavailability) of HME products. Finally, the book includes some recent and novel HME applications, scale -up considerations and regulatory issues. Topics covered include: principles and die design of single screw extrusion twin screw extrusion techniques and practices in the laboratory and on production scale HME developments for the pharmaceutical industry solubility parameters for prediction of drug/polymer miscibility in HME formulations the influence of plasticizers in HME applications of polymethacrylate polymers in HME HME of ethylcellulose, hypromellose, and polyethylene oxide bioadhesion properties of polymeric films produced by HME taste masking using HME clinical studies, bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of HME products injection moulding and HME processing for pharmaceutical materials laminar dispersive & distributive mixing with dissolution and applications to HME technological considerations related to scale-up of HME processes devices and implant systems by HME an FDA perspective on HME product and process understanding improved process understanding and control of an HME process with near-infrared spectroscopy Hot-Melt Extrusion: Pharmaceutical Applications is an essential multidisciplinary guide to the emerging pharmaceutical uses of this processing technology for researchers in academia and industry working in drug formulation and delivery, pharmaceutical engineering and processin

Twin Screw Extrusion Book

Twin Screw Extrusion


  • Author : James Lindsay White
  • Publisher : Hanser Gardner Publications
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 1569904715

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Twin Screw Extrusion Excerpt :

Twin screw extrusion has become an important part of polymer processing technology. Twin screw extruders are widely used for reactive, procesing, including both polymerization and grafting reactions, for compounding, blending, devolatilization, as well as for thermoplastic final shaping operations, particularly profile extrusion. The purpose of this book is to carefully describe each of these three types of machines and the historical development of their technologies. The book also provides insight into the efforts to model/simulate the flow characteristics of these machines and into the experimental studies of their machine characteristics. This book is unique in clearly distinguishing between the different types of twin screw extruders on the market and in reviewing their capabilities. It is the authors' primary intention to provide a balanced but in-depth overview of twin screw extrusion technology to chemists, engineers and technologists alike

Twin Screw Extruders Book

Twin Screw Extruders


  • Author : F. Martelli
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2012-02-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN 10 : 1468414666

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Twin Screw Extruders Excerpt :

Most books on plastics machinery include a preamble on the origin of such equipment, and some even discuss the origin of plastic itself, dating back to the early 1900s and such men as Leo Baekeland - the real founder of synthetic plastics. There seems therefore, little pur pose in reiterating what has been said before and going over the same ground so adequately covered in a number of books as well as the trade press. We are indebted to the author of this excellent treatise on twin-screw extruders for getting right down to the business at hand. The author makes mention of two pioneers - Roberto Colombo and Carlo Pasquetti - who were the first to develop twin-screw ex truders. It was my good fortune to follow the work of these pioneers, and, interestingly enough, the principles were so good that their work continues to be relevant even to the advanced and more sophisticated models so well defmed in this book.

Understanding Extrusion Book

Understanding Extrusion


  • Author : Chris Rauwendaal
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018-12-10
  • Genre: Plastics
  • Pages : 251
  • ISBN 10 : 156990698X

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Understanding Extrusion Excerpt :

"The book provides a practical understanding of basic information on extrusion in a way useful to readers without an engineering degree as well as to those new to the field. It is primarily written for extruder operators, supervisors, technical service personnel, and process engineers. Designed for on-the-job use, it guides the reader step by step through material issues, machinery, processing, and troubleshooting. This revised and extended third edition now also covers interpretation of extrusion process data, analysis of shrink void formation, dimensional variation by melt temperature fluctuations, efficient extrusion, grooved barrel extruder technology, and more. Contents: Extrusion Machinery Instrumentation and Control Complete Extrusion Lines Plastics and Their Properties Important in Extrusion How an Extruder Works How to Run an Extruder How to Troubleshoot Extrusion Problems New Developments in Extrusion and Methods to Increase Efficiency"--

Polymer Extrusion Book

Polymer Extrusion


  • Author : Chris Rauwendaal
  • Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
  • Release Date : 2014-01-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 950
  • ISBN 10 : 9781569905395

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Polymer Extrusion Excerpt :

Initially published "to bridge the gap between theory and practice in extrusion," this 5th edition of Polymer Extrusion continues to serve the practicing polymer engineer and chemist, providing the theoretical and the practical tools for successful extrusion operations. In its revised and expanded form, it also incorporates the many new developments in extrusion theory and machinery over the last years. Contents · Different Types of Extruders · Extruder Hardware · Instrumentation and Control · Fundamental Principles · Important Polymer Properties · Functional Process Analysis · Extruder Screw Design · Die Design · Twin Screw Extruders · Troubleshooting Extruders · Modeling and Simulation of the Extrusion Process