Coal Gasification and Its Applications Book

Coal Gasification and Its Applications


  • Author : David A. Bell
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2010-12-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 1437778518

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Coal Gasification and Its Applications Book Description :

Skyrocketing energy costs have spurred renewed interest in coal gasification. Currently available information on this subject needs to be updated, however, and focused on specific coals and end products. For example, carbon capture and sequestration, previously given little attention, now has a prominent role in coal conversion processes. This book approaches coal gasification and related technologies from a process engineering point of view, with topics chosen to aid the process engineer who is interested in a complete, coal-to-products system. It provides a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of coal conversion processes. The first topic describes the nature and availability of coal. Next, the fundamentals of gasification are described, followed by a description of gasification technologies and gas cleaning processes. The conversion of syngas to electricity, fuels and chemicals is then discussed. Finally, process economics are covered. Emphasis is given to the selection of gasification technology based on the type of coal fed to the gasifier and desired end product: E.g., lower temperature gasifiers produce substantial quantities of methane, which is undesirable in an ammonia synthesis feed. This book also reviews gasification kinetics which is informed by recent papers and process design studies by the US Department of Energy and other groups, and also largely ignored by other gasification books. • Approaches coal gasification and related technologies from a process engineering point of view, providing a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of coal conversion processes • Describes the fundamentals of gasification, gasification technologies, and gas cleaning processes • Emphasizes the importance of the coal types fed to the gasifier and desired end products • Covers gasification kinetics, which was largely ignored by other gasification books Provides a perspective for engineers

Computational Modeling of Underground Coal Gasification Book

Computational Modeling of Underground Coal Gasification


  • Author : Vivek V. Ranade
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-07-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351608657

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Computational Modeling of Underground Coal Gasification Book Description :

The book deals with development of comprehensive computational models for simulating underground coal gasification (UCG). It starts with an introduction to the UCG process and process modelling inputs in the form of reaction kinetics, flow patterns, spalling rate, and transport coefficient that are elaborated with methods to generate the same are described with illustrations. All the known process models are reviewed, and relative merits and limitations of the modeling approaches are highlighted and compared. The book describes all the necessary steps required to determine the techno-economic feasibility of UCG process for a given coal reserve, through modeling and simulation.

Industrial Coal Gasification Technologies Covering Baseline and High Ash Coal Book

Industrial Coal Gasification Technologies Covering Baseline and High Ash Coal


  • Author : Martin Gräbner
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-08-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527336937

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Industrial Coal Gasification Technologies Covering Baseline and High Ash Coal Book Description :

The ongoing discussion about reaching the "peak-oil point" (maximal delivery rate with conventional methods) emphasizes a fundamental change of the frame conditions of oil-based basic products. The alternative with the largest potential is the use of coal. Coal gasification is the production of coal gas (a mixture of mainly hydrogen and carbon monoxide) from coal adding agents like steam/water and oxygen, which can be used in a number of industrial processes (e.g. hydroformulation and Fischer-Tropsch process). Many different kinds of coal do naturally occur, and due to shrinking natural resources, there has been a substantial gain of interest in poor, ash-rich coal. Beside the quality of coal, there is a number of other parameters influencing the efficiency of coal gasification, such as temperature, pressure, and reactor type. Although several books dealing with the subject of gasification have recently been published, few are strictly focussed on coal as feedstock. This monograph provides the reader with the necessary chemical background on coal gasification. Several types of coal (baseline coal and ash-rich coal) are compared systematically, pointing out the technological efforts achieved so far to overcome this challenge. Using a new, innovative order scheme to evaluate the gasification process at a glance (the ternary diagram), the complex network of chemistry, engineering, and economic needs can be overviewed in a highly efficient way. This book is a must-have for Chemical and Process Engineers, Engineering Students, as well as Scientists in the Chemical Industry.

Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion Book

Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion


  • Author : Michael S. Blinderman
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-11-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 662
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081003244

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Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion Book Description :

Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) is carried out in unmined coal seams, using wells drilled from the surface and converting coal into synthesis gas. The gas can be used for power generation and synthesis of automotive fuels, fertilizers and other products. UCG offers financial, social, and environmental benefits over conventional coal extraction and utilization methods and may play a critical role in ensuring energy security in the future. Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion provides an overview of underground coal gasification technology, its current status and future directions. Comprehensive in approach, the book covers history, science, technology, hydrogeology, rock mechanics, environmental performance, economics, regulatory and commercial aspects of UCG projects. The first book on the subject in forty years, it is unique in analysing more than a century of global UCG developments by experts from Australia, Canada, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, the USA and Uzbekistan. Provides researchers, engineers, industry, educators and regulators with an authoritative overview of science and practical applications of underground coal gasification technologies Offers insight into efficiency, environmental performance, costs, permitting issues and commercial aspects of UCG projects Written by scientists and practitioners of UCG technology sharing hands-on experience of step-by-step UCG implementation

Coal and Biomass Gasification Book

Coal and Biomass Gasification


  • Author : Santanu De
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-12-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 521
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811073359

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Coal and Biomass Gasification Book Description :

This book addresses the science and technology of the gasification process and the production of electricity, synthetic fuels and other useful chemicals. Pursuing a holistic approach, it covers the fundamentals of gasification and its various applications. In addition to discussing recent advances and outlining future directions, it covers advanced topics such as underground coal gasification and chemical looping combustion, and describes the state-of-the-art experimental techniques, modeling and numerical simulations, environmentally friendly approaches, and technological challenges involved. Written in an easy-to-understand format with a comprehensive glossary and bibliography, the book offers an ideal reference guide to coal and biomass gasification for beginners, engineers and researchers involved in designing or operating gasification plants.

Gasification Book
Score: 5
From 2 Ratings

Gasification


  • Author : Christopher Higman
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2003-10-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 391
  • ISBN 10 : 0080477992

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Gasification Book Description :

This book provides an excellent overview of current technologies for the gasification of coal, oil, gas, biomass and waste feedstocks. Starting from the basic theory, it reviews the potential feedstocks and their suitability for different types of gasification process. Commercial and near-commercial processes are described individually and various features discussed in detail. There is a comprehensive review of contaminants in synthesis gas as well as of gas treating processes. One chapter is devoted to discussions of various chemical, fuel and power applications for gasification. Economic, environmental and safety issues of gasification are also covered. Both authors have been involved with gasification for over 30 years, gaining in the process a fund of practical insight and experience, which is evident throughout the book. * Addresses practical issues such as selection of the best equipment. * Ideal reference for anyone involved in operating or designing a gasification plant. * Written in an easy-to-understand format with worked examples and a comprehensive glossary and bibliography.

Desulfurization of Hot Coal Gas Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Desulfurization of Hot Coal Gas


  • Author : Aysel T. Atimtay
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1998-08-24
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 3540647260

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Desulfurization of Hot Coal Gas Book Description :

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Desulfurization of Hot Coal with Regenerable Metal Oxide Sorbents: New Developments, held in Kusadasi, Turkey, July 1996

Chromatography Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and its Applications Book

Chromatography Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and its Applications


  • Author : Robert White
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1989-12-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN 10 : 0824781910

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Chromatography Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and its Applications Book Description :

This book is intended to serve as an up-to-date reference source for those familiar with chromatography/Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) methods and as an introduction to techniques and applications for those interested in future uses for chromatography/FT-IR.

Gasification for Low grade Feedstock Book

Gasification for Low grade Feedstock


  • Author : Yongseung Yun
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-07-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789232882

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Gasification for Low grade Feedstock Book Description :

Most coveted energy forms nowadays are gas in nature and electricity due to their environmental cleanness and convenience. Recently, gasification market trend is starting to switch to low-grade feedstock such as biomass, wastes, and low-rank coal that are still not properly utilized. In this sense, the most promising area of development in gasification field lies in low-grade feedstock that should be converted to more user-friendly gas or electricity form in utilization. This book tried to shed light on the works on gasification from many parts of the world and thus can feel the technology status and the areas of interest regarding gasification for low-grade feedstock.

Dry Syngas Purification Processes for Coal Gasification Systems Book

Dry Syngas Purification Processes for Coal Gasification Systems


  • Author : Makoto Kobayashi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-10-18
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128188675

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Dry Syngas Purification Processes for Coal Gasification Systems Book Description :

Dry Syngas Purification Processes for Coal Gasification Systems illustrates the promising development status of dry syngas purification for various power generation systems based on coal gasification. The core advantages of dry syngas purification, methodologies for impurity measurement, sorbents development, and evaluation of process performance are described in-depth, and from a practical perspective that is based on current research and development. Reviewing key findings from process integration, the book encompasses scale-up strategies from pilot processes to achieve dry syngas processing for new build plants. The book provides researchers and engineers with practical information to realize dry syngas purification processes for each context. Delivers pathways to realize dry syngas purification processes customized to specific power plant contexts Provides analytical tools to facilitate plant operators in examining and interpreting the relevant impurities of coal gasification and gas treatment processes Illustrates rational strategies for developing capable and durable dry removal sorbent for syngas impurities Describes process design and integration through key engineering evaluation Describes scale-up strategies of dry syngas processing for their deployment in new plants Provides prospects on the development of future coal energy conversion system adopting dry syngas purification processes

Synthesis Gas Combustion Book

Synthesis Gas Combustion


  • Author : Tim Lieuwen
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-09-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 1420085352

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Synthesis Gas Combustion Book Description :

Coal, still used to generate more than half of the electric power in the U.S., will likely be part of any future global energy plan. But this finite resource is also responsible for 80 percent of the CO2 emissions from power production, and its continued use will require improved processing techniques that are less damaging to the environment and less costly. One viable option is the use of "clean coal" energy conversion devices that rely on the combustion of gasified coal, referred to as synthesis gas, or syngas. Synthesis Gas Combustion: Fundamentals and Applications presents work from leading combustion authorities who offer their perspectives on various energy and environmental issues linked to the development of syngas and hydrogen combustion. This volume summarizes the current understanding of syngas, focusing first on combustion fundamentals and then on issues specific to application and utilization in fuel cells, internal combustion engines, and steady-flowing combustion devices such as gas turbines or boilers. In discussing syngas production, this book details the technical issues and trade-offs that influence fuel composition. It also explores combustion fundamentals of "clean coal" technologies, including chemical kinetics, flame properties, and emissions. Governments and companies around the world are devoting significant resources to improve understanding of the combustion of coal and bio-derived synthesis gases, to maximize the benefits of gasification technology and limit CO2 emissions. This valuable reference provides state-of-the-art context and technical information needed to develop clean energy systems. These include clean coal technologies, hydrogen and liquid fuel production, use of biomass feedstocks, and usage in fuel cells and other advanced power generation technologies.

Multiphase Reactor Engineering for Clean and Low Carbon Energy Applications Book

Multiphase Reactor Engineering for Clean and Low Carbon Energy Applications


  • Author : Yi Cheng
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-02-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119251088

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Multiphase Reactor Engineering for Clean and Low Carbon Energy Applications Book Description :

Provides a comprehensive review on the brand-new development of several multiphase reactor techniques applied in energy-related processes Explains the fundamentals of multiphase reactors as well as the sophisticated applications Helps the reader to understand the key problems and solutions of clean coal conversion techniques Details the emerging processes for novel refining technology, clean coal conversion techniques, low-cost hydrogen productions and CO2 capture and storage Introduces current energy-related processes and links the basic principles of emerging processes to the features of multiphase reactors providing an overview of energy conversion in combination with multiphase reactor engineering Includes case studies of novel reactors to illustrate the special features of these reactors

Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage Book

Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage


  • Author : Yongseung Yun
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2017-03-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535130055

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Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage Book Description :

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been considered as a practical way in sequestering the huge anthropogenic CO2 amount with a reasonable cost until a more pragmatic solution appears. The CCS can work as a bridge before fulfilling the no-CO2 era of the future by applying to large-scale CO2 emitting facilities. But CCS appears to lose some passion by the lack of progress in technical developments and in commercial success stories other than EOR. This is the time to go back to basics, starting from finding a solution in small steps. The CCS technology desperately needs far newer ideas and breakthroughs that can overcome earlier attempts through improving, modifying, and switching the known principles. This book tries to give some insight into developing an urgently needed technical breakthrough through the recent advances in CCS research, in addition to the available small steps like soil carbon sequestration. This book provides the fundamental and practical information for researchers and graduate students who want to review the current technical status and to bring in new ideas to the conventional CCS technologies.