Advances in Virtual Agents and Affective Computing for the Understanding and Remediation of Social Cognitive Disorders Book

Advances in Virtual Agents and Affective Computing for the Understanding and Remediation of Social Cognitive Disorders


  • Author : Eric Brunet-Gouet
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2016-03-02
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889197873

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Advances in Virtual Agents and Affective Computing for the Understanding and Remediation of Social Cognitive Disorders Excerpt :

Advances in modern sciences occur thanks to within-fields discoveries as well as confrontation of concepts and methods from separated, sometimes distant, domains of knowledge. For instance, the fields of psychology and psychopathology benefited from accumulated contributions from cognitive neurosciences, which, in turn, received insights from molecular chemistry, cellular biology, physics (neuroimaging), statistics and computer sciences (data processing), etc. From the results of these researches, one can argue that among the numerous cognitive phenomena supposedly involved in the emergence the human intelligence and organized behavior, some of them are specific to the social nature of our phylogenetic order. Scientific reductionism allowed to divide the social cognitive system into several components, i.e. emotion processing and regulation, mental state inference (theory of mind), agency, etc. New paradigms were progressively designed to investigate these processes within highly-controlled laboratory settings. Moreover, the related constructs were successful at better understanding psychopathological conditions such as autism and schizophrenia, with partial relationships with illness outcomes. Here, we would like to outline the parallel development of concepts in social neurosciences and in other domains such as computer science, affective computing, virtual reality development, and even hardware technologies. While several researchers in neurosciences pointed out the necessity to consider naturalistic social cognition (Zaki and Ochsner, Ann N Y Acad Sci 1167, 16-30, 2009), the second person perspective (Schilbach et al., Behav Brain Sci 36(4), 393-414, 2013) and reciprocity (de Bruin et al., Front Hum Neurosci 6, 151, 2012), both computer and software developments allowed more and more realistic real-time models of our environment and of virtual humans capable of some interaction with users. As noted at the very beginning of this editorial, a new convergence betwe

Les antipsychotiques    Les m  dicaments psychotropes Book

Les antipsychotiques Les m dicaments psychotropes


  • Author : THOMAS Pierre
  • Publisher : Lavoisier
  • Release Date : 2013-12-16
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9782257705419

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Les antipsychotiques Les m dicaments psychotropes Excerpt :

Le développement des antipsychotiques a marqué une nouvelle ère thérapeutique après la découverte du premier neuroleptique dans les années 1950. Leur principale indication demeure les symptômes psychotiques, même s’ils offrent également de nouvelles perspectives de traitement pour certains troubles de la personnalité ou du comportement. Cependant, l’image négative qu’ont longtemps eue les neuroleptiques n’est pas totalement effacée, et cet ouvrage a pour but d’apporter toutes les informations nécessaires aux prescripteurs pour rationaliser leur choix thérapeutique et favoriser le meilleur usage possible des antipsychotiques : - les bases fondamentales : pharmacologie, pharmacogénétique, effets métaboliques et cognitifs ; - les aspects cliniques : épisodes aigus de schizophrénie, troubles bipolaires, troubles affectifs non bipolaires, TOC et affections neurologiques, tolérance des antipsychotiques et molécules à action prolongée ; - les spécificités liées aux populations : enfants et adolescents, période périnatale, personnes âgées, situations d’urgence ; - le bon usage et l’éducation thérapeutique du patient. Réunissant une quarantaine de spécialistes reconnus, riche d’une cinquantaine de tableaux et schémas explicatifs et d’un index détaillé, cet ouvrage est la référence indispensable pour tous les praticiens devant prescrire des antipsychotiques.

Social Cognition in Schizophrenia Book

Social Cognition in Schizophrenia


  • Author : David L. Roberts
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-01-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199777587

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Social Cognition in Schizophrenia Excerpt :

Social Cognition in Schizophrenia: From Evidence to Treatment provides a firm grounding in the theory and research of normal social cognition, builds on this base to describe how social cognition appears to be dysfunctional in schizophrenia, and explains how this dysfunction might be ameliorated.

Schizophr  nies d  butantes Book

Schizophr nies d butantes


  • Author : Fédération française de psychiatrie
  • Publisher : John Libbey Eurotext
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 2742004483

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Schizophr nies d butantes Excerpt :

Fait le point sur la schizophrénie, enjeu majeur de santé publique compte tenu du caractère chronique de ces affections, des souffrances qu'elles engendrent pour les individus atteints et leur famille et de la nécessité de développer des thérapeutiques spécifiques et des programmes de soins adaptés.

PASCAL  Book

PASCAL


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Genre: Psychiatry
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : IND:30000096758085

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PASCAL Excerpt :

Social Representations in the  Social Arena  Book

Social Representations in the Social Arena


  • Author : Annamaria Silvana de Rosa
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2012-10-02
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136238666

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Social Representations in the Social Arena Excerpt :

Social Representations in the 'Social Arena' presents key theoretical issues and extensive empirical research using different theoretical and methodological approaches to consider the value of social representation theory when social representations are examined in real world contexts. This comprehensive text brings together international experts to explore the relevance of a variety of applications of social representation theory in both institutional and organizational settings, and discusses how social representation theory compares with other constructs of social psychology. Areas covered include: justice leadership health and mental illness intergroup relations identity politics environment and tourism economics. This book will appeal to a range of academic researchers and practitioners from a variety of fields who are concerned with the application of social representation theory to various contexts as a heuristic tool for addressing and understanding relevant societal issues faced with 'social demand'.

Social Cognition in Psychosis Book

Social Cognition in Psychosis


  • Author : Eve Lewandowski
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128153154

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Social Cognition in Psychosis Excerpt :

Social Cognition in Psychosis combines current research on phenotypes, neurobiology, and existing evidence on the assessment and treatment of various forms of psychoses. The book presents various treatment options, including assessment approaches, tools and training methods that aid in the rehabilitation of patients with psychotic disorders. Social cognition is a set of psychological processes related to understanding, recognizing, processing and appropriately using social stimuli in one's environment. Individuals with psychotic disorders consistently exhibit impairments in social cognition. As a result, social cognition has been an important target for intervention, with recent efforts trying to enhance early recovery among individuals with psychotic disorders. Provides an overview of social cognition in relation to various forms of psychotic disorders Includes assessment and treatment for social cognition dysfunction in psychoses Discusses the genetics and heritability theory of social cognitive dysfunction in psychosis Defines the neurobiology of social cognitive dysfunctions

PASCAL explore Book

PASCAL explore


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1989
  • Genre: Psychiatry
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UCAL:C3049917

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PASCAL explore Excerpt :

Social Cognition and Interaction Training  SCIT  Book

Social Cognition and Interaction Training SCIT


  • Author : David L. Roberts
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-12-02
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199346639

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Social Cognition and Interaction Training SCIT Excerpt :

Impairments in social functioning are among the hallmark characteristics of schizophrenia. These deficits predict relapse rate and may be independent of better-studied symptoms such as hallucinations. Additionally, studies indicate that social functioning is one of the most important domains for individuals with schizophrenia, many of whom consider social functioning to be a key area of unmet need. Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) is a group psychotherapy for individuals with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. Social cognition refers to the thinking processes that people use to navigate the social world. Deficits in social cognition hinder people with schizophrenia and other mental illnesses from living meaningful, socially connected lives. The SCIT Clinician Guide provides comprehensive instruction for mental health professionals to enhance social cognition and promote rewarding social lives for their clients. SCIT is appropriate for adults suffering from psychotic illness and who have interpersonal difficulties as a result. SCIT is particularly appropriate for individuals with symptoms of suspiciousness and paranoia. The authors summarize the rationale and theoretical underpinnings of SCIT, distinguish it from other treatments for psychosis, provide an overview of the intervention, explain the links between the intervention activities and the underlying theoretical model, and describe SCIT implementation session-by-session. SCIT is a 20- to 24-week group-based treatment that can be delivered by mental health clinicians of all levels in a wide range of community and hospital settings. SCIT uses exercises, games, discussion formats, and interactive social stimuli to target and improve specific areas of social cognitive dysfunction, and includes user-friendly tips and handouts for clients. It also provides web access to a library of videos, images and slide shows that are used to bring the SCIT training sessions to life.

Manuel de Psychologie Et de Psychopathologie Clinique G  n  rale Book

Manuel de Psychologie Et de Psychopathologie Clinique G n rale


  • Author : René Roussillon
  • Publisher : Elsevier Masson
  • Release Date : 2014-07
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN 10 : 9782294738722

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Manuel de Psychologie Et de Psychopathologie Clinique G n rale Excerpt :

Ce manuel présente la logique des processus de la vie psychique à tous les âges de la vie, de la naissance à la vieillesse. Les auteurs, issus de la pensée psychanalytique, retracent tout d'abord l'histoire de la réalité psychique de la subjectivité. Ils présentent ensuite les logiques, en large partie inconscientes, qui sous-tendent les formes d'expression de la psychopathologie. L'apport des neurosciences dans le champ de la psychopathologie est également abordé. Une approche projective complète enfin cette démarche d'ensemble et fournit une méthode pour médiatiser la subjectivité propre du clinicien. Ainsi composé, ce manuel s'adresse à tous ceux qui, étudiants, jeunes professionnels et psychologues confirmés, sont soucieux d'une vue d'ensemble et actualisée de l'approche clinique de la vie psychique et des formes de sa pathologie. Cette deuxième édition a été enrichie des nouvelles thématiques suivantes: le travail de psychothérapie et les médiations thérapeutiques, ainsi que la psychopathologie du sujet vieillissant.

Penser l esprit Book

Penser l esprit


  • Author : Vincent Rialle
  • Publisher : Presses Universitaires de Grenoble
  • Release Date : 1996
  • Genre: Artificial intelligence
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : UCAL:B5436990

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Penser l esprit Excerpt :

Cognitive Impairment in Schizophrenia Book

Cognitive Impairment in Schizophrenia


  • Author : Philip D. Harvey
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-01-24
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107013209

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Cognitive Impairment in Schizophrenia Excerpt :

Provides state-of-the-art information about cognition in schizophrenia with a wide ranging focus on measuring and treating cognitive deficits.

Applied Social Psychology Book

Applied Social Psychology


  • Author : Patricia-Luciana Runcan
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release Date : 2014-03-17
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 265
  • ISBN 10 : 9781443857574

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Applied Social Psychology Excerpt :

The concept of applied social psychology aims at using social psychology theories and principles to improve the functioning of institutions and individuals. The five chapters of this book contain carefully selected essays that approach both academic issues and empiric research results covering a wide range of interests. The ways in which vulnerable groups rely on psychological mechanisms in their adjustment to concrete situations, and new research in the sphere of mental health are two such subjects covered here. This book will serve as a useful tool for professionals in psychology, medicine, education, social work, and counsellors in permanent interaction with the human factor. However, Applied Social Psychology is in no way restrictive: it will also be useful and accessible for a wider audience interested in reading about psychology, education, and communication from interdisciplinary perspectives.

Dimensional Psychopathology Book

Dimensional Psychopathology


  • Author : Massimo Biondi
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-05-30
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319782027

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Dimensional Psychopathology Excerpt :

This book presents an innovative approach to clinical assessment in psychiatry based on a number of psychopathological dimensions with a presumed underlying pathophysiology, that are related to fundamental phenomenological aspects and lie on a continuum from normality to pathology. It is described how the evaluation of these dimensions with a specific, validated rapid assessment instrument could easily integrate and enrich the classical diagnostic DSM-5 or ICD-10 assessment. The supplemental use of this dimensional approach can better capture the complexity underlying current categories of mental illness. The findings from a large patient sample suggest how this assessment could give a first glance at how variable and multifaceted the psychopathological components within a single diagnostic category can be, and thereby optimise diagnosis and treatment choices. Being short and easy to complete, this dimensional assessment can be done in a busy clinical setting, during an ordinary psychiatric visit, and in an acute clinical context, with limited effort by a minimally trained clinician. Therefore, it provides interesting and useful information without additional costs, and allows research work to be performed even in difficult settings.