Colorectal Neoplasia and the Colorectal Microbiome Book

Colorectal Neoplasia and the Colorectal Microbiome

  • Author : Martin H. Floch
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-08-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128225615

Colorectal Neoplasia and the Colorectal Microbiome Excerpt :

Colorectal Neoplasia and the Microbiome: Dysplasia, Probiotics, and Fusobacteria provides foundational knowledge on the gut microbiome and evidence for an association with colorectal neoplasia. It covers the role of microbiota in causing adenomatous polyps and colorectal cancer as well as the modulatory effect of diet and probiotics. Chapters explain a foundational history of microbiology in the colon, the epidemiology of colon polyps and cancer, dysbiosis, the role of immunology and bacteria, and the diet. The book combines medical and scientific aspects to show mechanistic aspects between microbiota and hosts, clearly presenting the association between microbiota, colonic lesions and possible causal links. The book is essential reading for everyone working with human microbiota including basic scientists, physiologists of the intestine, experts in intestinal microbiota, gastroenterologists, oncologists and surgeon. Provides foundational background on the complete history of microbiology in the colon Offers thorough coverage of the connection between fusobacterium nucleatum, diet and bacteria on colon health Presents the connection between immunology and bacteria in the colon

Multidisciplinary Approach for Colorectal Cancer Book

Multidisciplinary Approach for Colorectal Cancer

  • Author : Keun-Yeong Jeong
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2019-12-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 106
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789843996

Multidisciplinary Approach for Colorectal Cancer Excerpt :

A multidisciplinary understanding of the various processes leading to colorectal cancer progression is important for creating promising methods of therapy. Therefore it is necessary to scrutinize the progression of cancer and the therapeutic process through various academic theories. This book examines colorectal cancer - its prevention, pathogenesis, and treatment - through a multidisciplinary lens in an effort to advance understanding of the disease and improve therapeutic efficacy.

Inflammation and Cancer Book

Inflammation and Cancer

  • Author : Bharat B. Aggarwal
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-05-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN 10 : 9783034808378

Inflammation and Cancer Excerpt :

This volume examines in detail the role of chronic inflammatory processes in the development of several types of cancer. Leading experts describe the latest results of molecular and cellular research on infection, cancer-related inflammation and tumorigenesis. Further, the clinical significance of these findings in preventing cancer progression and approaches to treating the diseases are discussed. Individual chapters cover cancer of the lung, colon, breast, brain, head and neck, pancreas, prostate, bladder, kidney, liver, cervix and skin as well as gastric cancer, sarcoma, lymphoma, leukemia and multiple myeloma.

Inflammation  Infection  and Microbiome in Cancers Book

Inflammation Infection and Microbiome in Cancers

  • Author : Jun Sun
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-04-20
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 509
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030679514

Inflammation Infection and Microbiome in Cancers Excerpt :

This book offers a summary and discussion of the advances of inflammation and infection in various cancers. The authors cover the classically known virus infections in cancer, novel roles of other pathogens (e.g. bacteria and fungi), as well as biomarkers for diagnosis and therapy. Further, the chapters highlight the progress of immune therapy, stem cells and the role of the microbiome in the pathophysiology of cancers. Readers will gain insights into complex microbial communities, that inhabit most external human surfaces and play a key role in health and disease. Perturbations of host-microbe interactions often lead to altered host responses that can promote cancer development. Thus, this book highlights emerging roles of the microbiome in pathogenesis of cancers and outcome of therapy. The focus is on mechanistic concepts that underlie the complex relationships between host and microbes. Approaches that can inhibit infection, suppress chronic inflammation and reverse the dysbiosis are discussed, as a means for restoring the balance between host and microbes. This comprehensive work will be beneficial to researchers and students interested in infectious diseases, microbiome, and cancer as well as clinicians and general physiologists.

Colonic Microbiota  Nutrition and Health Book

Colonic Microbiota Nutrition and Health

  • Author : G.R. Gibson
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401710794

Colonic Microbiota Nutrition and Health Excerpt :

1 2 MARCEL B. ROBERFROID AND GLENN R. GIBSON 1 Universite Catholique de Louvain, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Avenue Mounier 73, B-1200 Brussels, BELGIUM 2 Food Microbial Sciences Unit, Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Reading, Reading, UK It is clear that diet fulfils a number of important human requirements. These include the provision of sufficient nutrients to meet the requirements of essential metabolic pathways, as well as the sensory (and social) values associated with eating. It is also evident that diet may control and modulate various body functions in a manner that can reduce the risk of certain diseases. This very broad view of nutrition has led to the development of foodstuffs with added "functionality". Many different definitions of functional foods have arisen. Most of these complicate the simple issue that a functional food is merely a dietary ingredient(s) that can have positive properties above its normal nutritional value. Other terms used to describe such foods include vitafoods, nutraceuticals, pharmafoods, foods for specified health use, health foods, designer foods, etc. Despite some trepidation, the concept has recently attracted much interest through a vast number of articles in both the popular and scientific media.

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease Book

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease

  • Author : Dirk Haller
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-07-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319905457

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease Excerpt :

The book provides an overview on how the gut microbiome contributes to human health. The readers will get profound knowledge on the connection between intestinal microbiota and immune defense systems. The tools of choice to study the ecology of these highly-specialized microorganism communities such as high-throughput sequencing and metagenomic mining will be presented. In addition the most common diseases associated to the composition of the gut flora are discussed in detail. The book will address researchers, clinicians and advanced students working in biomedicine, microbiology and immunology.

Microbiome and Cancer Book

Microbiome and Cancer

  • Author : Erle S. Robertson
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-02-20
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 401
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030041557

Microbiome and Cancer Excerpt :

This book ventures into a new and exciting area of discovery that directly ties our current knowledge of cancer to the discovery of microorganisms associated with different types of cancers. Recent studies demonstrate that microorganisms are directly linked to the establishment of cancers and that they can also contribute to the initiation, as well as persistence of, the cancers. Microbiome and Cancer covers the current knowledge of microbiome and its association with human cancers. It provides important reading for novices, senior undergraduates in cancer and microbiology, graduate students, junior investigators, residents, fellows and established investigators in the fields of cancer and microbiology. We cover areas related to known, broad concepts in microbiology and how they can relate to the ongoing discoveries of the micro-environment and the changes in the metabolic and physiologic states in that micro-environment, which are important for the ongoing nurturing and survival of the poly-microbial content that dictates activities in that micro-environment. We cover the interactions of microorganisms associated with gastric carcinomas, which are important for driving this particular cancer. Additional areas include oral cancers, skin cancers, ovarian cancers, breast cancers, nasopharyngeal cancers, lung cancers, mesotheliomas, Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas, glioblastoma multiforme, hepatocellular carcinomas, as well as the inflammatory response related to the infectious agents in cancers. This book covers the metabolic changes that occur because of infection and their support for development of cancers, chronic infection and development of therapeutic strategies for detection and control of the infection. The field of microbiome research has exploded over the last five years, and we are now understanding more and more about the context in which microorganisms can contribute to the onset of cancers in humans. The field of microbiome research has demons

Gut Microbiome Related Diseases and Therapies Book

Gut Microbiome Related Diseases and Therapies

  • Author : Maria Gazouli
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-04-24
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030596422

Gut Microbiome Related Diseases and Therapies Excerpt :

This book reviews recent knowledge of the role of gut microbiome in health and disease. It covers extensive topics for several diseases, including metabolic-related diseases, allergies, gastrointestinal diseases, psychiatric diseases, and cancer, while also discussing therapeutic approaches by microbiota modification. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, Gut Microbiome-Related Diseases and Therapies deepens a reader’s theoretical expertise in gut microbiome. Graduate and postdoctoral students, medical doctors, and biomedical researchers will benefit from this book.

Mechanisms Underlying Host Microbiome Interactions in Pathophysiology of Human Diseases Book

Mechanisms Underlying Host Microbiome Interactions in Pathophysiology of Human Diseases

  • Author : Jun Sun
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-01-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 381
  • ISBN 10 : 9781493975341

Mechanisms Underlying Host Microbiome Interactions in Pathophysiology of Human Diseases Excerpt :

Only recently have we begun to appreciate the role of microbiome in health and disease. Environmental factors and change of life style including diet significantly shape human microbiome that in turn appears to modify gut barrier function affecting nutrient & electrolyte absorption and inflammation. Approaches that can reverse the gut dysbiosis represent as reasonable and novel strategies for restoring the balance between host and microbes. In the book, we offer summary and discussion on the advances in understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms of microbial host interactions in human diseases. We will not only discuss intestinal bacterial community, but also viruses, fungi and oral microbiome. Microbiome studies will facilitate diagnosis, functional studies, drug development and personalized medicine. Thus, this book will further highlight the microbiome in the context of health and disease, focusing on mechanistic concepts that underlie the complex relationships between host and microbes.

Novel Approaches to Colorectal Cancer Book

Novel Approaches to Colorectal Cancer

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128240793

Novel Approaches to Colorectal Cancer Excerpt :

Novel Approaches to Colorectal Cancer, Volume 151 in the Advances in Cancer Research series, is composed of 11 reviews covering state-of-the-art research relating to the etiology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer. The book's chapters were written by recognized experts in the field, and include sections on molecular biomarkers in diagnosis and therapy, the interplay of diet, lifestyle, and the microbiome, early-age onset disease, mutational signature analysis, challenges in early detection, immunotherapy, organoid technology, the role of epigenetic alterations, disparities in minority populations, field carcinogenesis, and cancer as an evolutionary process. Each of these topics provides novel insights and concepts on various aspects of the nature of colorectal cancer, offering new opportunities for the management of a major source of cancer incidence and mortality. Provides information on the timely nature of the included topics, which represent the most current concepts and approaches in cancer research Offers outstanding and original reviews on colorectal cancer research Provides the authority and expertise of the authors, all of whom are highly recognized and conducting state-of-the-art investigations in cancer, with this release focusing on colorectal cancer

Probiotics and Bioactive Carbohydrates in Colon Cancer Management Book

Probiotics and Bioactive Carbohydrates in Colon Cancer Management

  • Author : Maya Raman
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-10-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN 10 : 9788132225867

Probiotics and Bioactive Carbohydrates in Colon Cancer Management Excerpt :

This book describes the dietary habits (such as use of probiotics, synbiotics, prebiotics and dietary fiber) that could modify and reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). The book will be of practical and scientific use to academicians, research scholars, students, health professionals, nutritionists, etc. and could support the cause of preventing CRC by adopting smarter food habits. CRC is the third leading cause of death, in terms of both incidence and mortality, among men and women. Excess consumption of red and processed meat, roasted coffee, etc. have shown an increase in CRC, indicating that compounds formed in food containing free amino acids and sugars interact at elevated temperatures to form mutagens or carcinogens. Standard treatment options for CRC include invasive surgery and chemotherapy or radiation. Several lifestyle and dietary factors could prevent this ailment. Probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics that are found in functional foods, health supplements and nutraceuticals and short chain fatty acids that are formed in the colon as a result of microbial fermentation of undigested bioactive carbohydrates by Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus inhibit colonic epithelial cells and minimize inflammation, thereby exhibiting immunomodulatory effects. This book tries to address the novel unexplored benefits and mechanism of action of these functional foods.

The Human Microbiota and Chronic Disease Book
Score: 1
From 1 Ratings

The Human Microbiota and Chronic Disease

  • Author : Luigi Nibali
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-09-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118982877

The Human Microbiota and Chronic Disease Excerpt :

Microbiota-associated pathology can be a direct result of changes in general bacterial composition, such as might be found in periodontitis and bacterial vaginosis, and/or as the result of colonization and/or overgrowth of so called keystone species. The disruption in the composition of the normal human microbiota, or dysbiosis, plays an integral role in human health and human disease. The Human Microbiota and Human Chronic Disease: Dysbioses as a Cause of Human Pathology discusses the role of the microbiota in maintaining human health. The text introduces the reader to the biology of microbial dysbiosis and its potential role in both bacterial disease and in idiopathic chronic disease states. Divided into five sections, the text delineates the concept of the human bacterial microbiota with particular attention being paid to the microbiotae of the gut, oral cavity and skin. A key methodology for exploring the microbiota, metagenomics, is also described. The book then shows the reader the cellular, molecular and genetic complexities of the bacterial microbiota, its myriad connections with the host and how these can maintain tissue homeostasis. Chapters then consider the role of dysbioses in human disease states, dealing with two of the commonest bacterial diseases of humanity – periodontitis and bacterial vaginosis. The composition of some, if not all microbiotas can be controlled by the diet and this is also dealt with in this section. The discussion moves on to the major ‘idiopathic’ diseases afflicting humans, and the potential role that dysbiosis could play in their induction and chronicity. The book then concludes with the therapeutic potential of manipulating the microbiota, introducing the concepts of probiotics, prebiotics and the administration of healthy human faeces (faecal microbiota transplantation), and then hypothesizes as to the future of medical treatment viewed from a microbiota-centric position. Provides an introduction to dysbiosis, or a dis

The Gut Microbiome and Its Relationship to Colorectal Cancer Book

The Gut Microbiome and Its Relationship to Colorectal Cancer

  • Author : Elizabeth Shultes
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Colon (Anatomy)
  • Pages : 34
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1126284592

The Gut Microbiome and Its Relationship to Colorectal Cancer Excerpt :

Humans are "supraorganisms" composed of human and microbial components. The microbial community, living in and on humans, along with their genome, is called the microbiome. The microbiome is essential to human health because it can play a role in the development of many diseases, including cancer. The gut microbiome contains the highest density of bacteria in the body. Changes in the composition of the gut microbiome are related to colorectal cancer, specifically through the production of metabolites that affect transcription of cancer suppressor genes. `Manipulation of the microbiome through diet and probiotics may lead to new cancer therapies.

Colorectal Cancer Screening Book

Colorectal Cancer Screening

  • Author : Joseph Anderson, MD
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-04-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN 10 : 9781607613985

Colorectal Cancer Screening Excerpt :

Colorectal Cancer Screening provides a complete overview of colorectal cancer screening, from epidemiology and molecular abnormalities, to the latest screening techniques such as stool DNA and FIT, Computerized Tomography (CT) Colonography, High Definition Colonoscopes and Narrow Band Imaging. As the text is devoted entirely to CRC screening, it features many facts, principles, guidelines and figures related to screening in an easy access format. This volume provides a complete guide to colorectal cancer screening which will be informative to the subspecialist as well as the primary care practitioner. It represents the only text that provides this up to date information about a subject that is continually changing. For the primary practitioner, information on the guidelines for screening as well as increasing patient participation is presentedd. For the subspecialist, information regarding the latest imaging techniques as well as flat adenomas and chromoendoscopy are covered. The section on the molecular changes in CRC will appeal to both groups. The text includes up to date information about colorectal screening that encompasses the entire spectrum of the topic and features photographs of polyps as well as diagrams of the morphology of polyps as well as photographs of CT colonography images. Algorithms are presented for all the suggested guidelines. Chapters are devoted to patient participation in screening and risk factors as well as new imaging technology. This useful volume explains the rationale behind screening for CRC. In addition, it covers the different screening options as well as the performance characteristics, when available in the literature, for each test. This volume will be used by the sub specialists who perform screening tests as well as primary care practitioners who refer patients to be screened for colorectal cancer.

Netter s Gastroenterology Book
Score: 4.5
From 15 Ratings

Netter s Gastroenterology

  • Author : Martin H. Floch
  • Publisher : ICON
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 900
  • ISBN 10 : 1929007132

Netter s Gastroenterology Excerpt :

This comprehensive volume covers major gastrointestinal diseases and conditions, presenting key information on etiology, clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, management and therapy using a consistent, quick-reference format and 300 classic Netter illustrations. Other top medical illustrators have contributed new illustrations--working in the Netter style--and have updated others where appropriate.