Comparative and Evolutionary Genomics of Angiosperm Trees Book

Comparative and Evolutionary Genomics of Angiosperm Trees

  • Author : Andrew Groover
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-11-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319493299

Comparative and Evolutionary Genomics of Angiosperm Trees Excerpt :

Marking the change in focus of tree genomics from single species to comparative approaches, this book covers biological, genomic, and evolutionary aspects of angiosperm trees that provide information and perspectives to support researchers broadening the focus of their research. The diversity of angiosperm trees in morphology, anatomy, physiology and biochemistry has been described and cataloged by various scientific disciplines, but the molecular, genetic, and evolutionary mechanisms underlying this diversity have only recently been explored. Excitingly, advances in genomic and sequencing technologies are ushering a new era of research broadly termed comparative genomics, which simultaneously exploits and describes the evolutionary origins and genetic regulation of traits of interest. Within tree genomics, this research is already underway, as the number of complete genome sequences available for angiosperm trees is increasing at an impressive pace and the number of species for which RNAseq data are available is rapidly expanding. Because they are extensively covered by other literature and are rapidly changing, technical and computational approaches—such as the latest sequencing technologies—are not a main focus of this book. Instead, this comprehensive volume provides a valuable, broader view of tree genomics whose relevance will outlive the particulars of current-day technical approaches. The first section of the book discusses background on the evolution and diversification of angiosperm trees, as well as offers description of the salient features and diversity of the unique physiology and wood anatomy of angiosperm trees. The second section explores the two most advanced model angiosperm tree species (poplars and eucalypts) as well as species that are soon to emerge as new models. The third section describes the structural features and evolutionary histories of angiosperm tree genomes, followed by a fourth section focusing on the genomics of traits of biol

Applied Tree Biology Book

Applied Tree Biology

  • Author : Andrew Hirons
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-01-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118296400

Applied Tree Biology Excerpt :

Many arborists learn tree work practices without fully understanding the biological and physiological principles behind them. However, outcomes for the health and longevity of trees are greatly improved when an arborist understands the science behind the care of tree root systems and crowns. In Applied Tree Biology, Drs. Hirons and Thomas draw upon their decades of experience in the laboratory, classroom, and the field – as well as the expertise of distinguished contributors to this volume – to provide those responsible for tree care with the scientific information that informs best practices for planting, pruning, soil decompaction, irrigation, and much more. Takes a multidisciplinary approach, integrating knowledge from plant biology, physiology, arboriculture, ecology, and more Provides a systematic presentation of fundamental tree biology and the scientific principles informing high quality tree care Presents accessible scientific information and best practices that help promote the health and longevity of trees Reflects the authors’ decades of experience as tree biology researchers and educators, as well as their years of professional experience across the globe Applied Tree Biology is an indispensable source of practical, succinct information on tree biology, physiology, and ecology for professionals and interested amateurs involved with the care of trees. Arborists, foresters, and horticulturists at all stages of their careers will find this text particularly useful.

Plant Development and Organogenesis Book

Plant Development and Organogenesis

  • Author : Giovanna Frugis
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2020-01-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039281268

Plant Development and Organogenesis Excerpt :

The way plants grow and develop organs significantly impacts the overall performance and yield of crop plants. The basic knowledge now available in plant development has the potential to help breeders in generating plants with defined architectural features to improve productivity. Plant translational research effort has steadily increased over the last decade due to the huge increase in the availability of crop genomic resources and Arabidopsis-based sequence annotation systems. However, a consistent gap between fundamental and applied science has yet to be filled. One critical point often brought up is the unreadiness of developmental biologists on one side to foresee agricultural applications for their discoveries, and of the breeders to exploit gene function studies to apply to candidate gene approaches when advantageous on the other. In this book, both developmental biologists and breeders make a special effort to reconcile research on the basic principles of plant development and organogenesis with its applications to crop production and genetic improvement. Fundamental and applied science contributions intertwine and chase each other, giving the reader different but complementary perspectives from only apparently distant corners of the same world.

Plant Genome Diversity Volume 2 Book

Plant Genome Diversity Volume 2

  • Author : Johann Greilhuber
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-11-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9783709111604

Plant Genome Diversity Volume 2 Excerpt :

This second of two volumes on Plant Genome Diversity provides, in 20 chapters, insights into the structural evolution of plant genomes with all its variations. Starting with an outline of plant phylogeny and its reconstruction, the second part of the volume describes the architecture and dynamics of the plant cell nucleus, the third examines the evolution and diversity of the karyotype in various lineages, including angiosperms, gymnosperms and monilophytes. The fourth part presents the mechanisms of polyploidization and its biological consequences and significance for land plant evolution. The fifth part deals with genome size evolution and its biological significance. Together with Volume I, this comprehensive book on the plant genome is intended for students and professionals in all fields of plant science, offering as it does a convenient entry into a burgeoning literature in a fast-moving field.

Phylogeny and Evolution of the Angiosperms Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Phylogeny and Evolution of the Angiosperms

  • Author : Douglas Soltis
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226441757

Phylogeny and Evolution of the Angiosperms Excerpt :

Although they are relative latecomers on the evolutionary scene, having emerged only 135‒170 million years ago, angiosperms—or flowering plants—are the most diverse and species-rich group of seed-producing land plants, comprising more than 15,000 genera and over 350,000 species. Not only are they a model group for studying the patterns and processes of evolutionary diversification, they also play major roles in our economy, diet, and courtship rituals, producing our fruits, legumes, and grains, not to mention the flowers in our Valentine’s bouquets. They are also crucial ecologically, dominating most terrestrial and some aquatic landscapes. This fully revised edition of Phylogeny and Evolution of the Angiosperms provides an up-to-date, comprehensive overview of the evolution of and relationships among these vital plants. Incorporating molecular phylogenetics with morphological, chemical, developmental, and paleobotanical data, as well as presenting a more detailed account of early angiosperm fossils and important fossil information for each evolutionary branch of the angiosperms, the new edition integrates fossil evidence into a robust phylogenetic framework. Featuring a wealth of new color images, this highly synthetic work further reevaluates long-held evolutionary hypotheses related to flowering plants and will be an essential reference for botanists, plant systematists, and evolutionary biologists alike.

Forest Trees Book
Score: 4
From 2 Ratings

Forest Trees

  • Author : Chittaranjan Kole
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-06-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540345411

Forest Trees Excerpt :

Forest trees cover one third of the global land surface, constitute many ecosystems, and play a pivotal role in the world economy. This volume details Populus trees, pines, Fagaceae trees, eucalypts, spruces, Douglas fir and black walnut, and offers a first-ever detailed review of Cryptomeria japonica. It thoroughly discusses innovative strategies to address the inherent problems of genome analysis of tree species.

Forest Genetics Book

Forest Genetics

  • Author : Timothy L. White
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 682
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845932855

Forest Genetics Excerpt :

This book, which contains 20 chapters, integrates the varied subdisciplines of genetics and their applications in gene conservation, tree improvement and biotechnology. Topics covered include: genetic variation in natural forests, the application of genetics in tree improvement and breeding programmes, and genomic sequences and molecular technologies. This book will be a valuable resource for students, scientists and professionals in the plant sciences, especially forest geneticists, tree breeders, forest managers and other natural resource specialists.

Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology of Trees Book

Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology of Trees

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-01-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 341
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128154663

Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology of Trees Excerpt :

Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology of Trees, Volume 89 in the Advances in Botanical Research series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on such topics as the Activity of the shoot apical and cambial meristems: Coordination and responses to environmental signals, Conifer functional genomics, Nitrogen storage and cycling, Tree defense against pests and pathogens, The ectomycorrhizal contribution to tree nutrition, Phytoremediation with trees, Transcriptional regulation of wood formation, Transgenic poplars, the Genomics of forest trees, and much more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Botanical Research series Includes the latest information on the Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology of Trees

Challenges and Opportunities for the World s Forests in the 21st Century Book

Challenges and Opportunities for the World s Forests in the 21st Century

  • Author : Trevor Fenning
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-12-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 838
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400770768

Challenges and Opportunities for the World s Forests in the 21st Century Excerpt :

This book addresses the challenges and opportunities faced by the world’s forests posed by climate change, conservation objectives, and sustainable development needs including bioenergy, outlining the research and other efforts that are needed to understand these issues, along with the options and difficulties for dealing with them. It contains sections on sustainable forestry & conservation; forest resources worldwide; forests, forestry and climate change; the economics of forestry; tree breeding & commercial forestry; biotechnological approaches; genomic studies with forest trees; bio-energy, lignin & wood; and forest science, including ecological studies. The chapters are contributed by prominent organisations or individuals with an established record of achievement in these areas, and present their ideas on these topics with the aim of providing a ready source of information and guidance on these topics for politicians, policy makers and scientists for many years to come.

A Broader View for Plant EvoDevo  Novel Approaches for Diverse Model Systems Book

A Broader View for Plant EvoDevo Novel Approaches for Diverse Model Systems

  • Author : Verónica S. Di Stilio
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2017-05-11
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889451531

A Broader View for Plant EvoDevo Novel Approaches for Diverse Model Systems Excerpt :

This collection attempts to integrate work pertaining to a fundamental question in plant evolution: What are the molecular underpinnings for the origin of different plant forms? Among the many facets this question touches are the transition to land, the emergence of vascular plants, the origin of the seed and the origin and diversification of floral form. We aim to bring to the forefront the most salient and original plant systems and approaches within an inclusive phylogenetic context that encompasses representatives of the major lineages of land plants.

Comparative Genomics Book

Comparative Genomics

  • Author : Joao Meidanis
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-09-20
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319679792

Comparative Genomics Excerpt :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 15th International Workshop Comparative Genomics, RECOMB-CG 2017, held in Barcelona, Spain, in October 2017. The 16 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 32 submissions. The papers report original research in all areas of Comparative Genomics.

Principles and Practices of Plant Genomics  Volume 3 Book

Principles and Practices of Plant Genomics Volume 3

  • Author : Chittaranjan Kole
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439845523

Principles and Practices of Plant Genomics Volume 3 Excerpt :

This book presents the basic and applied aspects of sequencing of genes and genomes and their implication in the fine-scale elucidation of the plant genomes. The third volume presents an overview on the advances of plant genomics made in the past century; deliberations on the genomics resources; concepts, tools, strategies, and achievements of comparative, evolutionary, and functional genomics and whole-genome sequencing. It also presents critical reviews on the already completed genome initiatives and glimpses on the currently progressing genome initiatives. This volume is an ideal reference book for students, scholars and scientists in academia, industry, and government.

Plant Genomes Book

Plant Genomes

  • Author : Jean-Nicolas Volff
  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release Date : 2008-01-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 145
  • ISBN 10 : 9783805584913

Plant Genomes Excerpt :

Recent major advances in the field of comparative genomics and cytogenomics of plants, particularly associated with the completion of ambitious genome projects, have uncovered astonishing facets of the architecture and evolutionary history of plant genomes. The aim of this book was to review these recent developments as well as their implications in our understanding of the mechanisms which drive plant diversity. New insights into the evolution of gene functions, gene families and genome size are presented, with particular emphasis on the evolutionary impact of polyploidization and transposable elements. Knowledge on the structure and evolution of plant sex chromosomes, centromeres and microRNAs is reviewed and updated. Taken together, the contributions by internationally recognized experts present a panoramic overview of the structural features and evolutionary dynamics of plant genomes.This volume of Genome Dynamics will provide researchers, teachers and students in the fields of biology and agronomy with a valuable source of current knowledge on plant genomes.