Compostable Polymer Materials Book

Compostable Polymer Materials


  • Author : Ewa Rudnik
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-07-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 0080560849

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Compostable Polymer Materials Book Description :

Compostable Polymer Materials deals with an environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book provides up–to-date results and information about compostable polymer materials in a coherent and comprehensive manner. It covers the entire spectrum of preparation, properties, degradation, and environmental issues. The emphasis is on recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxicological assessment of polymer materials-–important issues from the ecological point of view. Moreover, the thermal behavior of compostable polymers is described. Their price evolution over the past decade, an estimation of the market and future perspectives are presented. Focus on the composting process, compostability standards, compost quality and composting studies Coherent and uniformly presented information about methods of preparation; properties, processing and applications Up-to-date information on ecotoxicity testing and studies of polymers Overview of thermal stability and thermal degradation process of compostable polymer materials Presents future perspectives of compostable polymers, including evolution of price during last decade Information about waste management evolution in Europe, USA and Asia (China) with emphasis on composting during the last decade

Compostable Polymer Materials Book

Compostable Polymer Materials


  • Author : Ewa Rudnik
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2019-06-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080994420

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Compostable Polymer Materials Book Description :

Compostable Polymer Materials, Second Edition, deals with the environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable, or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book covers the entire spectrum of preparation, degradation, and evironmental issues related to compostable polymers. It emphasizes recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxilogical assessment of polymer materials. It descibes the thermal behavior, including flammability properties, of compostable polymers. It also explores possible routes of compostable polymers waste disposal through an ecological lens. Finally, the book examines the economic factors at work, including price evolution over the past decade, the current market, and future perspectives. Compostable Polymer Materials is an essential resource for graduate students and scientists working in chemistry, materials science, ecology, and environmental science. Provides a comprehensive study of the composting process Details methods of compostable polymers preparation, including properties, processing and applications Presents the state-of-the-art knowledge on ecotoxicity testing and biodegradation under real composting conditions of compostable polymers, as well as biodegradation in various environments, such as marine environments and anaerobic conditions Discusses the evolution of waste management in Europe and the United States, as well as the status of MSW disposal and treatment methods in countries such as China and Brazil Overviews biodegradation studies under real composting conditions of products made of compostable polymers, e.g. bags, bottles, cutletry Analyzes evolution of market development, including pr

Compostable Polymer Materials Book

Compostable Polymer Materials


  • Author : Ewa Rudnik
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2016-03
  • Genre:
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 0080994385

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Compostable Polymer Materials Book Description :

The book deals with an environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book provides up-to-date results and information about compostable polymer materials in a coherent and comprehensive manner. It covers the entire spectrum of preparation, properties, degradation, and environmental issues. The emphasis is on recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxicological assessment of polymer materials--important issues from the ecological point of view. Moreover, the thermal behavior of compostable polymers is described. Their price evolution over the past decade, an estimation of the market and future perspectives are presented. Focus on the composting process, compostability standards, compost quality and composting studiesCoherent and uniformly presented information about methods of preparation; properties, processing and applicationsUp-to-date information on ecotoxicity testing and studies of polymersOverview of thermal stability and thermal degradation process of compostable polymer materialsPresents future perspectives of compostable polymers, including evolution of price during last decadeInformation about waste management evolution in Europe, USA and Asia (China) with emphasis on composting during the last decade

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics Book

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics


  • Author : Sina Ebnesajjad
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN 10 : 9781455728343

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Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics Book Description :

This new Handbook provides engineers and scientists with the information and practical guidance needed to successfully design and manufacture products using biopolymers and biodegradable plastics. Biopolymers and biodegradable plastics are a hot issue across the plastics industry, and for many of the industry sectors that use plastic: from packaging to medical devices and from the construction industry to the automotive sector. This book brings together in one place a number of key biopolymer and biodegradable plastics topics-in chapters previously published as well as updated and new chapters-for a broad audience of engineers of and scientists, especially those designing with biopolymers and biodegradable plastics or evaluating the options for switching from traditional plastics to biopolymers. Topics covered include preparation, fabrication, applications and recycling (including biodegradability and compostability). Applications in key areas such as films, coatings, controlled release, and tissue engineering are discussed.

Integrating Green Chemistry and Sustainable Engineering Book

Integrating Green Chemistry and Sustainable Engineering


  • Author : Shahid Ul-Islam
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-03-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 714
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119509844

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Integrating Green Chemistry and Sustainable Engineering Book Description :

Over the past decade, the population explosion, rise in global warming, depletion of fossil fuel resources and environmental pollution has been the major driving force for promoting and implementing the principles of green chemistry and sustainable engineering in all sectors ranging from chemical to environmental sciences. It is noteworthy to mention that production of biofuels, exploitation of renewable energy sources and use of ecologically safer products in applied sectors are becoming increasingly important for the development of alternative sustainable technologies. Integrating Green Chemistry and Sustainable Engineering focusses on latest sustainable technologies and developments and describes how sustainable chemistry and engineering practices are being applied and integrated in various industrial sectors. The book addresses emerging topics including biofuel production, CO2 conversation to green fuels, advanced green polymers in coating applications, biological macromolecules in medical sector, biofertilizers for agricultural sector, bioadsorption and much more.

Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics Book

Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics


  • Author : Emo Chiellini
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 395
  • ISBN 10 : 9781441992406

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Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics Book Description :

Synthetic and semi-synthetic polymeric materials were originally developed for their durability and resistance to all forms of degradation including biodegradation. Such materials are currently widely accepted because of their ease of processability and amenability to provide a large variety of cost effective items that help to enhance the comfort and quality of life in the modern industrial society. However, this widespread utilization of plastics has contributed to a serious plastic waste burden, and the expectation for the 21st century is for an increased demand for polymeric material. This volume focuses on a more rational utilization of resources in the fabrication, consumption and disposal of plastic items, specifically: -Environmentally Degradable Polymeric Materials (EDPs); -Water-soluble/Swellable Biodegradable Polymers; -EDPs from Renewable Resources; -Biopolymers; -Bioresorbable Materials for Biomedical Applications; -Biorelated Polymers; -Standards and Regulations on EDPs.

The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers  Recent Developments  Properties  Analysis  Materials   Processes  Book

The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers Recent Developments Properties Analysis Materials Processes


  • Author : NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
  • Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
  • Release Date : 2006-10-01
  • Genre: Plastics
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 9788178330358

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The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers Recent Developments Properties Analysis Materials Processes Book Description :

Biodegradable plastics made with plant based materials have been available for many years. The term biodegradable means that a substance is able to be broken down into simpler substances by the activities of living organisms, and therefore is unlikely to persist in the environment. There are many different standards used to measure biodegradability, with each country having its own. The requirements range from 90 per cent to 60 per cent decomposition of the product within 60 to 180 days of being placed in a standard composting environment. They may be composed of either bio plastics, which are plastics whose components are derived from renewable raw materials, or petroleum based plastics which contain additives. Biodegradability of plastics is dependent on the chemical structure of the material and on constitution of the final product, not just on the raw materials used for its production. Polyesters play a predominant role as biodegradable plastics due to their potentially hydrolysable ester bonds. Bio based polymers are divided into three categories based on their origin and production; polymer directly extracted from biomass, polymers produced by classical chemical synthesis using renewable biomass monomer and polymers produces by microorganisms or genetically modified bacteria. In response to public concern about the effects of plastics on the environment and in particular the damaging effects of sea litter on animals and birds, legislation is being enacted or is pending in many countries to ban non degradable packing, finishing nets etc. This book basically deals with biodegradable plastics developments and environmental impacts, hydro biodegradable and photo biodegradable, starch synthetic aliphatic polyester blends, difference between standards for biodegradation, polybutylene succinate (pbs) and polybutylene, recent developments in the biopolymer industry, recent advances in synthesis of biopolymers by traditional methodologies, polymers, environmentally deg

Biodegradation Book

Biodegradation


  • Author : Rolando Chamy
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2013-06-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535111542

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Biodegradation Book Description :

This book contains a collection of different biodegradation research activities where biological processes take place. The book has two main sections: A) Polymers and Surfactants Biodegradation and B) Biodegradation: Microbial Behaviour.

Plastic Films in Food Packaging Book

Plastic Films in Food Packaging


  • Author : Sina Ebnesajjad
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2012-12-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9781455731152

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Plastic Films in Food Packaging Book Description :

The value of the groceries purchases in the USA is over $500 billion annually, most of which is accounted for by packaged foods. Plastic packaging of foods is not only ubiquitous in developed economies, but increasingly commonplace in the developing world, where plastic packaging is instrumental in decreasing the proportion of the food supply lost to spoilage. This new handbook is a combination of new material and updated chapters, chosen by Dr. Sina Ebnesajjad, from recently published books on this subject. Plastic Films in Food Packaging offers a practical handbook for engineers, scientists and managers working in the food packaging industry, providing a tailor-made package of science and engineering fundamentals, best practice techniques and guidance on new and emerging technologies. By covering materials, design, packaging processes, machinery and waste management together in one book, the authors enable the reader to take a lifecycle approach to food packaging. The Handbook addresses questions related to film grades, types of packages for different types of foods, packaging technologies, machinery and waste management. Additionally the book provides a review of new and emerging technologies. Two chapters cover the development of barrier films for food packaging and the regulatory and safety aspects of food packaging. Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working at all stages of the food packaging lifecycle: from design through manufacture to recycling Includes key published material on plastic films in food packaging, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material on the regulatory framework and safety aspects Coverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design and manufacturing decisions

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers Book

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers


  • Author : Andreas Lendlein
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-08-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527324415

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Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers Book Description :

A comprehensive overview of biodegradable polymers, covering everything from synthesis, characterization, and degradation mechanisms while also introducing useful applications, such as drug delivery systems and biomaterial-based regenerative therapies. An introductory section deals with such fundamentals as basic chemical reactions during degradation, the complexity of biological environments and experimental methods for monitoring degradation processes. The result is a reliable reference source for those wanting to learn more about this important class of polymer materials, as well as scientists in the field seeking a deeper insight.

Green Plastics Book

Green Plastics


  • Author : E. S. Stevens
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-06-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : 9780691214177

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Green Plastics Book Description :

Plastics are everywhere. Bags, bank cards, bottles, and even boats can all be made of this celebrated but much-maligned material. Yet most of us know next to nothing about plastics. We do know that they are practical and cheap--but they also represent a huge environmental problem, for they literally take ages to decompose. In this engaging book, E.S. Stevens tells us everything we have always wondered about plastics and of the efforts, in America, Europe, and Asia, to develop a new breed of environmentally friendly plastics. He points to a possible future where plastics will no longer be made of petroleum, but of plants. The first two chapters assess the increased use of plastics as a relatively new alternative to other materials. The third chapter introduces us to their impact on the environment and strategies for their disposal or recycling. The next two chapters cover basic concepts and terms used in polymer sciences and provide some basic chemistry. With these fundamentals in tow, the author compares how petroleum-based and biological polymers are made, and the various ways in which they decompose. He acquaints readers with the emerging technologies, their commercial viability, and their future. Finally, instructions are given for preparing basic bioplastics using readily available materials. Nonspecialists will find Green Plastics a concise introduction to this exciting interdisciplinary topic--an introduction otherwise not available. For students it provides easy entry to an area of science with wide appeal and current importance; for teachers, excellent background reading for courses in various sciences. The prospect of depleted fossil fuel supplies, and the potential benefits of bioplastics to the environment and to rural areas that could supply the raw materials, make this book a compelling presentation of a subject whose time has come.

Biopolymers  Processing and Products Book

Biopolymers Processing and Products


  • Author : Michael Niaounakis
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2014-09-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 616
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323279383

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Biopolymers Processing and Products Book Description :

Biopolymers and biodegradable plastics are finding new applications in various sectors, from packaging, to medical, automotive and many more. As synthetic plastics are increasingly replaced by their bioplastic equivalents, engineers are facing new challenges including processing, costs, environmental sustainability and – ultimately – developing successful products. Biopolymers: Processing and Products, the second book of a trilogy dedicated to biopolymers, gives a detailed insight into all aspects of processing, seamlessly linking the science of biopolymers to the latest trends in the development of new products. Processes covered in the book include blending, compounding, treatment, and shaping, as well as the formation of biocomposites. Biopolymer coatings and adhesives are also investigated. This book unique in its coverage contains information retrieved mainly from patents, which form the bulk of the book. The coverage of processing will help engineers and designers to improve output and efficiency of every stage of the product development process, and will form an indispensable tool in selecting the right biopolymer and processing technique for any given application, covering medical, automotive, food packaging and more. It will assist also engineers, material scientists and researchers to improve existing biopolymer processes and deliver better products at lower cost. Multi-disciplinary approach and critical presentation of all available processing techniques and new products of biopolymers Contains information not to be found in any other book Self-contained chapters

Bio Based Plastics Book

Bio Based Plastics


  • Author : Stephan Kabasci
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-10-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118676738

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Bio Based Plastics Book Description :

The field of bio-based plastics has developed significantly in the last 10 years and there is increasing pressure on industries to shift existing materials production from petrochemicals to renewables. Bio-based Plastics presents an up-to-date overview of the basic and applied aspects of bioplastics, focusing primarily on thermoplastic polymers for material use. Emphasizing materials currently in use or with significant potential for future applications, this book looks at the most important biopolymer classes such as polysaccharides, lignin, proteins and polyhydroxyalkanoates as raw materials for bio-based plastics, as well as materials derived from bio-based monomers like lipids, poly(lactic acid), polyesters, polyamides and polyolefines. Detailed consideration is also given to the market and availability of renewable raw materials, the importance of bio-based content and the aspect of biodegradability. Topics covered include: Starch Cellulose and cellulose acetate Materials based on chitin and chitosan Lignin matrix composites from natural resources Polyhydroxyalkanoates Poly(lactic acid) Polyesters, Polyamides and Polyolefins from biomass derived monomers Protein-based plastics Bio-based Plastics is a valuable resource for academic and industrial researchers who are interested in new materials, renewable resources, sustainability and polymerization technology. It will also prove useful for advanced students interested in the development of bio-based products and materials, green and sustainable chemistry, polymer chemistry and materials science. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs

Environmental Impact of Polymers Book

Environmental Impact of Polymers


  • Author : Thierry Hamaide
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-08-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118827093

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Environmental Impact of Polymers Book Description :

This text addresses the common negative perception of polymer materials on the environment with a thorough analysis of what really occurs when industry and academia collaborate to find environmental solutions. The book examines the environmental and social effects of polymer materials and explains methods of quantifying environmental performance. With an emphasis on the importance of education, the authors stress the importance of awareness and activity in negating polymers' environmental impact.

Food Packaging Book

Food Packaging


  • Author : Alexandru Grumezescu
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 796
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128043738

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Food Packaging Book Description :

Food Packaging: Nanotechnology in the Agri-Food Industry, Volume 7, focuses on the development of novel nanobiomaterials, the enhancement of barrier performance of non-degradable and biodegradable plastics, and their fabrication and application in food packaging. The book brings together fundamental information and the most recent advances in the synthesis, design, and impact of alternative food packaging. Special attention is offered on smart materials and nanodevices that are able to detect quality parameters in packaged food, such as freshness, degradation, and contamination, etc. In addition, ecological approaches aiming to obtain bioplastics packages from waste materials are highlighted and discussed as a novel approach in modern food packaging. Nonetheless, this volume presents the advances made in biodegradable and bioactive packaging utilized for preserving flavor, nutritious ingredients, and therapeutic food compounds. Includes fabrication techniques, such as nanofiber films, nanocoating, nanocompositing, multi-layered structures, and layer-by-layer nanoassemblies based on synthetic and bio-based polymers Presents the latest information on new biodegradeable materials using fabrication of new high barrier plastics to enhance research Provides examples of risk assessment for nanomaterials for food safety and the benefits of antimicrobial food packaging

Natural Fiber Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites Book

Natural Fiber Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites


  • Author : Alan Kin-tak Lau
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-02-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081006696

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Natural Fiber Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites Book Description :

Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites focuses on key areas of fundamental research and applications of biocomposites. Several key elements that affect the usage of these composites in real-life applications are discussed. There will be a comprehensive review on the different kinds of biocomposites at the beginning of the book, then the different types of natural fibers, bio-polymers, and green nanoparticle biocomposites are discussed as well as their potential for future development and use in engineering biomedical and domestic products. Recently mankind has realized that unless the environment is protected, he himself will be threatened by the over consumption of natural resources as well as a substantial reduction in the amount of fresh air produced in the world. Conservation of forests and the optimal utilization of agricultural and other renewable resources like solar, wind, and tidal energy, have become important topics worldwide. With such concern, the use of renewable resources—such as plant and animal-based, fiber-reinforced polymeric composites—are now becoming an important design criterion for designing and manufacturing components for a broad range of different industrial products. Research on biodegradable polymeric composites can contribute, to some extent, to a much greener and safer environment. For example, in the biomedical and bioengineering fields, the use of natural fiber mixed with biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers can produce joint and bone fixtures to alleviate pain in patients. Includes comprehensive information about the sources, properties, and biodegradability of natural fibers Discusses failure mechanisms and modeling of natural fibers composites Analyzes the effectiveness of using natural materials for enhancing mechanical, thermal, and biodegradable properties

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers Book

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers


  • Author : Catia Bastioli
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2020-03-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 572
  • ISBN 10 : 9781501511981

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Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers Book Description :

This handbook covers characteristics, processability and application areas of biodegradable polymers, with key polymer family groups discussed. It explores the role of biodegradable polymers in different waste management practices including anaerobic digestion, and considers topics such as the different types of biorefineries for renewable monomers used in producing the building blocks for biodegradable polymers.

Brydson s Plastics Materials Book

Brydson s Plastics Materials


  • Author : Marianne Gilbert
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2016-09-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 892
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323370226

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Brydson s Plastics Materials Book Description :

Brydson's Plastics Materials, Eighth Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the commercially available plastics materials that bridge the gap between theory and practice. The book enables scientists to understand the commercial implications of their work and provides engineers with essential theory. Since the previous edition, many developments have taken place in plastics materials, such as the growth in the commercial use of sustainable bioplastics, so this book brings the user fully up-to-date with the latest materials, references, units, and figures that have all been thoroughly updated. The book remains the authoritiative resource for engineers, suppliers, researchers, materials scientists, and academics in the field of polymers, including current best practice, processing, and material selection information and health and safety guidance, along with discussions of sustainability and the commercial importance of various plastics and additives, including nanofillers and graphene as property modifiers. With a 50 year history as the principal reference in the field of plastics material, and fully updated by an expert team of polymer scientists and engineers, this book is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in this field. Presents a one-stop-shop for easily accessible information on plastics materials, now updated to include the latest biopolymers, high temperature engineering plastics, thermoplastic elastomers, and more Includes thoroughly revised and reorganised material as contributed by an expert team who make the book relevant to all plastics engineers, materials scientists, and students of polymers Includes the latest guidance on health, safety, and sustainability, including materials safety data sheets, local regulations, and a discussion of recycling issues

Biocomposites  Design and Mechanical Performance Book

Biocomposites Design and Mechanical Performance


  • Author : Manjusri Misra
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-08-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782423942

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Biocomposites Design and Mechanical Performance Book Description :

Biocomposites: Design and Mechanical Performance describes recent research on cost-effective ways to improve the mechanical toughness and durability of biocomposites, while also reducing their weight. Beginning with an introduction to commercially competitive natural fiber-based composites, chapters then move on to explore the mechanical properties of a wide range of biocomposite materials, including polylactic, polyethylene, polycarbonate, oil palm, natural fiber epoxy, polyhydroxyalkanoate, polyvinyl acetate, polyurethane, starch, flax, poly (propylene carbonate)-based biocomposites, and biocomposites from biodegradable polymer blends, natural fibers, and green plastics, giving the reader a deep understanding of the potential of these materials. Describes recent research to improve the mechanical properties and performance of a wide range of biocomposite materials Explores the mechanical properties of a wide range of biocomposite materials, including polylactic, polyethylene, polycarbonate, oil palm, natural fiber epoxy, polyhydroxyalkanoate, polyvinyl acetate, and polyurethane Evaluates the potential of biocomposites as substitutes for petroleum-based plastics in industries such as packaging, electronic, automotive, aerospace and construction Includes contributions from leading experts in this field