Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes Book

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes


  • Author : Valter Bruno Reis e Silva
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2020-06-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128175415

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Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes Excerpt :

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste-to-Energy Processes: A Hands-On Approach provides the key knowledge needed to perform CFD simulations using powerful commercial software tools. The book focuses on fluid mechanics, heat transfer and chemical reactions. To do so, the fundamentals of CFD are presented, with the entire workflow broken into manageable pieces that detail geometry preparation, meshing, problem setting, model implementation and post-processing actions. Pathways for process optimization using CFD integrated with Design of Experiments are also explored. The book’s combined approach of theory, application and hands-on practice allows engineering graduate students, advanced undergraduates and industry practitioners to develop their own simulations. Provides the skills needed to perform real-life simulation calculations through a combination of mathematical background and real-world examples, including step-by-step tutorials Presents worked examples in complex processes as combustion or gasification involving fluid dynamics, heat and mass transfer, and complex chemistry sets

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes Book

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes


  • Author : Valter Bruno Reis e Silva
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2020-07-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128175408

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Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes Excerpt :

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste-to-Energy Processes: A Hands-On Approach provides the key knowledge needed to perform CFD simulations using powerful commercial software tools. The book focuses on fluid mechanics, heat transfer and chemical reactions. To do so, the fundamentals of CFD are presented, with the entire workflow broken into manageable pieces that detail geometry preparation, meshing, problem setting, model implementation and post-processing actions. Pathways for process optimization using CFD integrated with Design of Experiments are also explored. The book's combined approach of theory, application and hands-on practice allows engineering graduate students, advanced undergraduates and industry practitioners to develop their own simulations. Provides the skills needed to perform real-life simulation calculations through a combination of mathematical background and real-world examples, including step-by-step tutorials Presents worked examples in complex processes as combustion or gasification involving fluid dynamics, heat and mass transfer, and complex chemistry sets

Waste to Energy Book

Waste to Energy


  • Author : S. Syngellakis
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2014-12-01
  • Genre: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 1784660612

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Waste to Energy Excerpt :

Waste to Energy deals with the very topical subject of converting the calorific content of waste material into useful forms of energy. It complements and, to a certain degree, overlaps with its companion volume, ¿Biomass to Biofuels¿, since a significant proportion of biomass converted to energy nowadays originates from various types of waste. The material in the first, more substantial part of the volume has been arranged according to the type of process for energy conversion. Biochemical processes are described in six articles. These relate to the production of methane by anaerobic digestion; reactor conversion efficiencies; investigations on ethanol production from biodegradable municipal solid waste through hydrolysis and fermentation; hydrogen production from glucose through a hybrid anaerobic and photosynthetic process; biodiesel production from used cooking oil through base-catalyzed transesterification. Conversions by thermochemical processes are discussed in the subsequent eleven articles of the volume. These cover combustion, the direct use of heat energy; using the heat produced in thermal power stations for steam and, ultimately, electricity generation; municipal solid waste and refuse-derived fuel. In another article, computational fluid dynamics modelling is applied to assess the influence of process parameters and to perform optimization studies. A group of articles deal with more complex thermochemical processes involving combustion combined with pyrolysis and gasification. Two articles focus on biofuels as feed for fuel cells. In the last six articles, the emphasis is on management and policy rather than technical issues.

Waste to Energy Book

Waste to Energy


  • Author : S. Syngellakis
  • Publisher : WIT Press
  • Release Date : 2014-12-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 9781784660604

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Waste to Energy Excerpt :

Waste to Energy deals with the very topical subject of converting the calorific content of waste material into useful forms of energy. It complements and, to a certain degree, overlaps with its companion volume, “Biomass to Biofuels”, since a significant proportion of biomass converted to energy nowadays originates from various types of waste. The material in the first, more substantial part of the volume has been arranged according to the type of process for energy conversion. Biochemical processes are described in six articles. These relate to the production of methane by anaerobic digestion; reactor conversion efficiencies; investigations on ethanol production from biodegradable municipal solid waste through hydrolysis and fermentation; hydrogen production from glucose through a hybrid anaerobic and photosynthetic process; biodiesel production from used cooking oil through base-catalyzed transesterification. Conversions by thermochemical processes are discussed in the subsequent eleven articles of the volume. These cover combustion, the direct use of heat energy; using the heat produced in thermal power stations for steam and, ultimately, electricity generation; municipal solid waste and refuse-derived fuel. In another article, computational fluid dynamics modelling is applied to assess the influence of process parameters and to perform optimization studies. A group of articles deal with more complex thermochemical processes involving combustion combined with pyrolysis and gasification. Two articles focus on biofuels as feed for fuel cells. In the last six articles, the emphasis is on management and policy rather than technical issues."

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering   PSE2009 Book

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2009


  • Author : Rita Maria de Brito Alves
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-08-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 2165
  • ISBN 10 : 0444534733

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10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2009 Excerpt :

This book contains the proceedings of the 10e of a series of international symposia on process systems engineering (PSE) initiated in 1982. The special focus of PSE09 is how PSE methods can support sustainable resource systems and emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering. * Contains fully searchable CD of all printed contributions * Focus on sustainable green engineering * 9 Plenary papers, 21 Keynote lectures by leading experts in the field

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering Book

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering


  • Author : Rita Maria de Brito Alves
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1224
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444534354

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10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering Excerpt :

The 10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering, PSE'09, will be held in Salvador-Bahia, Brazil on August 16-20, 2009. The special focus of PSE 2009 is Sustainability, Energy and Engineering. PSE 2009 is the tenth in the triennial series of international symposia on process systems engineering initiated in 1982. The meeting is brings together the worldwide PSE community of researchers and practitioners who are involved in the creation and application of computing-based methodologies for planning, design, operation, control and maintenance of chemical and petrochemical process industries. PSE'09 will look at how the PSE methods and tools can support sustainable resource systems and emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering: environmentally conscious design of industrial processes. PSE methods and tools support: - sustainable resource systems - emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering - environmentally conscious design of industrial processes

Numerical Simulation for Next Generation Thermal Power Plants Book

Numerical Simulation for Next Generation Thermal Power Plants


  • Author : Falah Alobaid
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-03-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319762340

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Numerical Simulation for Next Generation Thermal Power Plants Excerpt :

The book provides highly specialized researchers and practitioners with a major contribution to mathematical models’ developments for energy systems. First, dynamic process simulation models based on mixture flow and two-fluid models are developed for combined-cycle power plants, pulverised coal-fired power plants, concentrated solar power plant and municipal waste incineration. Operation data, obtained from different power stations, are used to investigate the capability of dynamic models to predict the behaviour of real processes and to analyse the influence of modeling assumptions on simulation results. Then, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation programme, so-called DEMEST, is developed. Here, the fluid-solid, particle-particle and particle-wall interactions are modeled by tracking all individual particles. To this purpose, the deterministic Euler-Lagrange/Discrete Element Method (DEM) is applied and further improved. An emphasis is given to the determination of inter-phase values, such as volumetric void fraction, momentum and heat transfers, using a new procedure known as the offset-method and to the particle-grid method allowing the refinement of the grid resolution independently from particle size. Model validation is described in detail. Moreover, thermochemical reaction models for solid fuel combustion are developed based on quasi-single-phase, two-fluid and Euler-Lagrange/MP-PIC models. Measurements obtained from actual power plants are used for validation and comparison of the developed numerical models.

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing Book

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing


  • Author : Da-Wen Sun
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351263474

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Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing Excerpt :

Since many processes in the food industry involve fluid flow and heat and mass transfer, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) provides a powerful early-stage simulation tool for gaining a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the performance of food processing, allowing engineers to test concepts all the way through the development of a process or system. Published in 2007, the first edition was the first book to address the use of CFD in food processing applications, and its aims were to present a comprehensive review of CFD applications for the food industry and pinpoint the research and development trends in the development of the technology; to provide the engineer and technologist working in research, development, and operations in the food industry with critical, comprehensive, and readily accessible information on the art and science of CFD; and to serve as an essential reference source to undergraduate and postgraduate students and researchers in universities and research institutions. This will continue to be the purpose of this second edition. In the second edition, in order to reflect the most recent research and development trends in the technology, only a few original chapters are updated with the latest developments. Therefore, this new edition mostly contains new chapters covering the analysis and optimization of cold chain facilities, simulation of thermal processing and modeling of heat exchangers, and CFD applications in other food processes.

Computational Fluid Dynamics Book

Computational Fluid Dynamics


  • Author : Adela Ionescu
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-02-14
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535137900

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Computational Fluid Dynamics Excerpt :

This book is the result of a careful selection of contributors in the field of CFD. It is divided into three sections according to the purpose and approaches used in the development of the contributions. The first section describes the "high-performance computing" (HPC) tools and their impact on CFD modeling. The second section is dedicated to "CFD models for local and large-scale industrial phenomena." Two types of approaches are basically contained here: one concerns the adaptation from global to local scale, - e.g., the applications of CFD to study the climate changes and the adaptations to local scale. The second approach, very challenging, is the multiscale analysis. The third section is devoted to "CFD in numerical modeling approach for experimental cases." Its chapters emphasize on the numerical approach of the mathematical models associated to few experimental (industrial) cases. Here, the impact and the importance of the mathematical modeling in CFD are focused on. It is expected that the collection of these chapters will enrich the state of the art in the CFD domain and its applications in a lot of fields. This collection proves that CFD is a highly interdisciplinary research area, which lies at the interface of physics, engineering, applied mathematics, and computer science.

Biomass Wastes for Energy Production Book

Biomass Wastes for Energy Production


  • Author : Eliseu Monteiro
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2021-09-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9783036505602

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Biomass Wastes for Energy Production Excerpt :

Environmental problems are forcing a rethinking of the world’s energy supply system. In parallel, there is an increasing amount of global solid waste production. A fundamental shift toward greater reliance on biomass wastes in the world’s energy system is plausible because of ongoing major technological advances that hold the promise of making the conversion of biomass into high-quality energy carriers, like electricity and gaseous or liquid fuels, economically competitive with fossil fuels. Therefore, waste-to-energy systems have become a paramount topic for both industry and researchers due to interest in energy production from waste and improved chemical and thermal efficiencies with more cost-effective designs. This biomass shift is also important for industries to become more efficient by using their own wastes to produce their own energy in the light of the circular economy concept. This book on “Biomass Wastes for Energy Production” brings novel advances on waste-to-energy technologies, life cycle assessment, and computational models, and contributes to promoting rethinking of the world’s energy supply systems.

Advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics for Emerging Engineering Processes Book

Advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics for Emerging Engineering Processes


  • Author : Albert S. Kim
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2019-12-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789843729

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Advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics for Emerging Engineering Processes Excerpt :

As researchers deal with processes and phenomena that are geometrically complex and phenomenologically coupled the demand for high-performance computational fluid dynamics (CFD) increases continuously. The intrinsic nature of coupled irreversibility requires computational tools that can provide physically meaningful results within a reasonable time. This book collects the state-of-the-art CFD research activities and future R

Thermofluid Modeling for Energy Efficiency Applications Book

Thermofluid Modeling for Energy Efficiency Applications


  • Author : M. Masud K. Khan
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-09-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128025895

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Thermofluid Modeling for Energy Efficiency Applications Excerpt :

Thermofluid Modeling for Sustainable Energy Applications provides a collection of the most recent, cutting-edge developments in the application of fluid mechanics modeling to energy systems and energy efficient technology. Each chapter introduces relevant theories alongside detailed, real-life case studies that demonstrate the value of thermofluid modeling and simulation as an integral part of the engineering process. Research problems and modeling solutions across a range of energy efficiency scenarios are presented by experts, helping users build a sustainable engineering knowledge base. The text offers novel examples of the use of computation fluid dynamics in relation to hot topics, including passive air cooling and thermal storage. It is a valuable resource for academics, engineers, and students undertaking research in thermal engineering. Includes contributions from experts in energy efficiency modeling across a range of engineering fields Places thermofluid modeling and simulation at the center of engineering design and development, with theory supported by detailed, real-life case studies Features hot topics in energy and sustainability engineering, including thermal storage and passive air cooling Provides a valuable resource for academics, engineers, and students undertaking research in thermal engineering

Handbook of Water and Energy Management in Food Processing Book

Handbook of Water and Energy Management in Food Processing


  • Author : Jiri Klemes
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-06-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1056
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845694678

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Handbook of Water and Energy Management in Food Processing Excerpt :

Effective water and energy use in food processing is essential, not least for legislative compliance and cost reduction. This major volume reviews techniques for improvements in the efficiency of water and energy use as well as wastewater treatment in the food industry. Opening chapters provide an overview of key drivers for better management. Part two is concerned with assessing water and energy consumption and designing strategies for their reduction. These include auditing energy and water use, and modelling and optimisation tools for water minimisation. Part three reviews good housekeeping procedures, measurement and process control, and monitoring and intelligent support systems. Part four discusses methods to minimise energy consumption. Chapters focus on improvements in specific processes such as refrigeration, drying and heat recovery. Part five discusses water reuse and wastewater treatment in the food industry. Chapters cover water recycling, disinfection techniques, aerobic and anaerobic systems for treatment of wastewater. The final section concentrates on particular industry sectors including fresh meat and poultry, cereals, sugar, soft drinks, brewing and winemaking. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Handbook of water and energy management in food processing is a standard reference for the food industry. Provides an overview of key drivers for better management Reviews techniques for improvements in efficiency of water and energy use and waste water treatment Examines house keeping proceedures and measurement and process control

Applications of Process Engineering Principles in Materials Processing  Energy and Environmental Technologies Book

Applications of Process Engineering Principles in Materials Processing Energy and Environmental Technologies


  • Author : Shijie Wang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-02-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 571
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319510910

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Applications of Process Engineering Principles in Materials Processing Energy and Environmental Technologies Excerpt :

This collection offers new research findings, innovations, and industrial technological developments in extractive metallurgy, energy and environment, and materials processing. Technical topics included in the book are thermodynamics and kinetics of metallurgical reactions, electrochemical processing of materials, plasma processing of materials, composite materials, ionic liquids, thermal energy storage, energy efficient and environmental cleaner technologies and process modeling. These topics are of interest not only to traditional base ferrous and non-ferrous metal industrial processes but also to new and upcoming technologies, and they play important roles in industrial growth and economy worldwide.

Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics Book

Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics


  • Author : Ku Zilati Ku Shaari
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-11-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 167
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319028361

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Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics Excerpt :

This volume presents the results of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis that can be used for conceptual studies of product design, detail product development, process troubleshooting. It demonstrates the benefit of CFD modeling as a cost saving, timely, safe and easy to scale-up methodology.