A Computational Logic Book

A Computational Logic


  • Author : Robert S. Boyer
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-06-25
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483277882

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A Computational Logic Excerpt :

ACM Monograph Series: A Computational Logic focuses on the use of induction in proving theorems, including the use of lemmas and axioms, free variables, equalities, and generalization. The publication first elaborates on a sketch of the theory and two simple examples, a precise definition of the theory, and correctness of a tautology-checker. Topics include mechanical proofs, informal development, formal specification of the problem, well-founded relations, natural numbers, and literal atoms. The book then examines the use of type information to simplify formulas, use of axioms and lemmas as rewrite rules, and the use of definitions. Topics include nonrecursive functions, computing values, free variables in hypothesis, infinite backwards chaining, infinite looping, computing type sets, and type prescriptions. The manuscript takes a look at rewriting terms and simplifying clauses, eliminating destructors and irrelevance, using equalities, and generalization. Concerns include reasons for eliminating isolated hypotheses, precise statement of the generalization heuristic, restricting generalizations, precise use of equalities, and multiple destructors and infinite looping. The publication is a vital source of data for researchers interested in computational logic.

Computational Logic Book
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Computational Logic


  • Author : North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Scientific Affairs Division
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1999-04-14
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 3540645896

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Computational Logic Excerpt :

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Computational Logic, held in Marktoberdorf, Germany, July 29 - August 10, 1997

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems


  • Author : Nils Bulling
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-07-21
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 199
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319097640

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Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Excerpt :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA XV, held in Prague, Czech Republic, in August 2014. The 12 regular papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 20 submissions. The purpose of the CLIMA workshops is to provide a forum for discussing techniques, based on computational logic, for representing, programming and reasoning about agents and multi-agent systems in a formal way. This edition will feature two special sessions: logics for agreement technologies and logics for games, strategic reasoning, and social choice.

Computational Logic and Human Thinking Book

Computational Logic and Human Thinking


  • Author : Robert Kowalski
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2011-07-21
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139498159

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Computational Logic and Human Thinking Excerpt :

The practical benefits of computational logic need not be limited to mathematics and computing. As this book shows, ordinary people in their everyday lives can profit from the recent advances that have been developed for artificial intelligence. The book draws upon related developments in various fields from philosophy to psychology and law. It pays special attention to the integration of logic with decision theory, and the use of logic to improve the clarity and coherence of communication in natural languages such as English. This book is essential reading for teachers and researchers who may be out of touch with the latest developments in computational logic. It will also be useful in any undergraduate course that teaches practical thinking, problem solving or communication skills. Its informal presentation makes the book accessible to readers from any background, but optional, more formal, chapters are also included for those who are more technically oriented.

Program Development in Computational Logic Book

Program Development in Computational Logic


  • Author : Maurice Bruynooghe
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2004-06-23
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 539
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540259510

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Program Development in Computational Logic Excerpt :

1 The tenth anniversary of the LOPSTR symposium provided the incentive for this volume. LOPSTR started in 1991 as a workshop on logic program synthesis and transformation, but later it broadened its scope to logic-based program development in general, that is, program development in computational logic, and hence the title of this volume. The motivating force behind LOPSTR has been the belief that declarative paradigms such as logic programming are better suited to program development tasks than traditional non-declarative ones such as the imperative paradigm. Speci?cation, synthesis, transformation or specialization, analysis, debugging and veri?cation can all be given logical foundations, thus providing a unifying framework for the whole development process. In the past 10 years or so, such a theoretical framework has indeed begun to emerge. Even tools have been implemented for analysis, veri?cation and speci- ization. However,itisfairtosaythatsofarthefocushaslargelybeenonprogrammi- in-the-small. So the future challenge is to apply or extend these techniques to programming-in-the-large, in order to tackle software engineering in the real world. Returning to this volume, our aim is to present a collection of papers that re?ect signi?cant research e?orts over the past 10 years. These papers cover the wholedevelopmentprocess:speci?cation,synthesis,analysis,transformationand specialization, as well as semantics and systems.

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems


  • Author : João Leite
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2005-08-25
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540318576

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Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Excerpt :

The notion of agency has recently increased its in?uence in the research and - velopment of computational logic based systems, while at the same time sign- cantly gaining from decades of research in computational logic. Computational logic provides a well-de?ned, general, and rigorous framework for studying s- tax, semantics and procedures, for implementations, environments, tools, and standards, facilitating the ever important link between speci?cation and ver- cation of computational systems. The purpose of the Computational Logic in Multi-agent Systems (CLIMA) international workshop series is to discuss techniques, based on computational logic, for representing, programming, and reasoning about multi-agent systems in a formal way. Former CLIMA editions were conducted in conjunction with other major computational logic and AI events such as CL in July 2000, ICLP in December 2001, FLoC in August 2002, and LPNMR and AI-Math in January 2004. The ?fth edition of CLIMA was held Lisbon, Portugal, in September 29–30, 2004.We,asorganizers,andinagreementwiththeCLIMASteeringCommittee, opted for co-location with the 9th European Conference on Logics in Arti?cial Intelligence (JELIA 2004), wishing to promote the CLIMA research topics in the broader community of logics in AI, a community whose growing interest in multi-agent issues has been demonstrated by the large number of agent-related papers submitted to recent editions of JELIA. The workshop received 35 submissions – a sensible increase from the previous edition.Thesubmittedpapersshowedthatthelogicalfoundationsofmulti-agent systems are felt by a large community to be a very important research topic, upon which classical AI and agent-related issues are to be addressed.

Computational Logic  Logic Programming and Beyond Book

Computational Logic Logic Programming and Beyond


  • Author : A.C. Kakas
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2003-08-02
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 684
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540456285

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Computational Logic Logic Programming and Beyond Excerpt :

Alan Robinson This set of essays pays tribute to Bob Kowalski on his 60th birthday, an anniversary which gives his friends and colleagues an excuse to celebrate his career as an original thinker, a charismatic communicator, and a forceful intellectual leader. The logic programming community hereby and herein conveys its respect and thanks to him for his pivotal role in creating and fostering the conceptual paradigm which is its raison d’Œtre. The diversity of interests covered here reflects the variety of Bob’s concerns. Read on. It is an intellectual feast. Before you begin, permit me to send him a brief personal, but public, message: Bob, how right you were, and how wrong I was. I should explain. When Bob arrived in Edinburgh in 1967 resolution was as yet fairly new, having taken several years to become at all widely known. Research groups to investigate various aspects of resolution sprang up at several institutions, the one organized by Bernard Meltzer at Edinburgh University being among the first. For the half-dozen years that Bob was a leading member of Bernard’s group, I was a frequent visitor to it, and I saw a lot of him. We had many discussions about logic, computation, and language.

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems


  • Author : Jürgen Dix
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2004-12-03
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540240105

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Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Excerpt :

This book constitutes the strictly refereed post-proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Computational Logic for Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA IV, held in Fort Lauderdale, Fl, USA in January 2004. The 11 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers are devoted to techniques from computational logic for representing, programming, and reasoning about multi-agent systems. The papers are organized in topical sections on negotiation in MAS, planning in MAS, knowledge revision and update in MAS, and learning in BDI MAS.

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems


  • Author : Francesca Toni
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2006-04-12
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540339977

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Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Excerpt :

This book constitutes the strictly refereed post-proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Computational Logic for Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA VI. The book presents 14 revised full technical papers, 4 contest papers, and 7 invited papers together with 1 invited article are organized in topical sections on foundational aspects of agency, agent programming, agent interaction and normative systems, the first CLIMA contest, and on the project report of the SOCS project.

Computational Logic and Set Theory Book

Computational Logic and Set Theory


  • Author : Jacob T. Schwartz
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-07-16
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 0857298089

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Computational Logic and Set Theory Excerpt :

This must-read text presents the pioneering work of the late Professor Jacob (Jack) T. Schwartz on computational logic and set theory and its application to proof verification techniques, culminating in the ÆtnaNova system, a prototype computer program designed to verify the correctness of mathematical proofs presented in the language of set theory. Topics and features: describes in depth how a specific first-order theory can be exploited to model and carry out reasoning in branches of computer science and mathematics; presents an unique system for automated proof verification in large-scale software systems; integrates important proof-engineering issues, reflecting the goals of large-scale verifiers; includes an appendix showing formalized proofs of ordinals, of various properties of the transitive closure operation, of finite and transfinite induction principles, and of Zorn’s lemma.

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems


  • Author : Katsumi Inoue
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2007-05-16
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540696193

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Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Excerpt :

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Computational Logic for Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA VII, held in Hakodate, Japan, in May 2006. It was an associated event of AAMAS 2006, the main international conference on autonomous agents and multi-agent systems. The series of workshops presents current work on application of general and declarative theories.

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems


  • Author : Michael Fisher
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2009-08-02
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 173
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642027345

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Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Excerpt :

Multi-Agent Systems are communities of problem-solving entities that can exhibit varying degrees of intelligence. They can perceive and react to their environment, they can have individual or joint goals, for which they can plan and execute actions. Work on such systems integrates many technologies and concepts in artificial intelligence and other areas of computing as well as other disciplines. The agent paradigm has become very popular and widely used in recent years, due to its applicability to a large range of domains, from search engines to educational aids, to electronic commerce and trade, e-procurement, recommendation systems, and ambient intelligence, to cite only some. Computational logic provides a well-defined, general, and rigorous framework for studying syntax, semantics and procedures for various capabilities and functionalities of individual agents, as well as interaction amongst agents in multi-agent systems. It also provides a well-defined and rigorous framework for implementations, envir- ments, tools, and standards, and for linking together specification and verification of properties of individual agents and multi-agent systems.

Computational Logic Book

Computational Logic


  • Author : Jean-Louis Lassez
  • Publisher : MIT Press (MA)
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 727
  • ISBN 10 : 0262121565

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Computational Logic Excerpt :

Reflecting Alan Robinson's fundamental contribution to computational logic, this book brings together seminal papers in inference, equality theories, and logic programming. It is an exceptional collection that ranges from surveys of major areas to new results in more specialized topics. Alan Robinson is currently the University Professor at Syracuse University. Jean-Louis Lassez is a Research Scientist at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center. Gordon Plotkin is Professor of Computer Science at the University of Edinburgh. Contents: Inference. Subsumption, A Sometimes Undervalued Procedure, Larry Wos, Ross Overbeek, and Ewing Lusk. The Markgraf Karl Refutation Procedure, Hans Jurgen Ohlbach and Jorg H. Siekmann. Modal Logic Should Say More than it Does, Melvin Fitting. Interactive Proof Presentation, W. W. Bledsoe. Intelligent Backtracking Revisited, Maurice Bruynooghe. A Science of Reasoning, Alan Bundy. Inductive Inference of Theories from Facts, Ehud Y. Shapiro. Equality. Solving Equations in Abstract Algebras: A Rule-based Survey of Unification, Jean-Pierre Jouannaud and Claude Kirchner. Disunification: A Survey, Hubert Comon. A Case Study of the Completion Procedure: Proving Ring Commutativity Problems, Deepak Kapur and Hantao Zhang. Computations in Regular Rewriting Systems I and II, Girard Huet and JeanJacques Levy. Unification and ML Type Reconstruction, Paris Kanellakis, Harry Mairson, and John Mitchell. Automatic Dimensional Analysis, Mitchell Wand. Logic Programming. Logic Programming Schemes and Their Implementations, Keith Clark. A Near-Horn Prolog for Compilation, Donald Loveland and David Reed. Unfold/Fold Transformations of Logic Programs, P. A. Gardner and J. C. Shepherdson. An Algebraic Representation of Logic Program Computations, Andrea Corradini and Ugo Montanari. Theory of Disjunctive Logic Programs, Jack Minker, Arcot Rajasekar, and Jorge Lobo. Bottom-Up Evaluation of Logic Programs, Jeffrey Naughton and Raghu Ramakrishnan. Absys, the First

Martin Davis on Computability  Computational Logic  and Mathematical Foundations Book

Martin Davis on Computability Computational Logic and Mathematical Foundations


  • Author : Eugenio G. Omodeo
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-01-27
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319418421

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Martin Davis on Computability Computational Logic and Mathematical Foundations Excerpt :

This book presents a set of historical recollections on the work of Martin Davis and his role in advancing our understanding of the connections between logic, computing, and unsolvability. The individual contributions touch on most of the core aspects of Davis’ work and set it in a contemporary context. They analyse, discuss and develop many of the ideas and concepts that Davis put forward, including such issues as contemporary satisfiability solvers, essential unification, quantum computing and generalisations of Hilbert’s tenth problem. The book starts out with a scientific autobiography by Davis, and ends with his responses to comments included in the contributions. In addition, it includes two previously unpublished original historical papers in which Davis and Putnam investigate the decidable and the undecidable side of Logic, as well as a full bibliography of Davis’ work. As a whole, this book shows how Davis’ scientific work lies at the intersection of computability, theoretical computer science, foundations of mathematics, and philosophy, and draws its unifying vision from his deep involvement in Logic.

A Computational Logic Handbook Book

A Computational Logic Handbook


  • Author : Robert S. Boyer
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-05-10
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483277783

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A Computational Logic Handbook Excerpt :

Perspectives in Computing: A Computational Logic Handbook contains a precise description of the logic and a detailed reference guide to the associated mechanical theorem proving system, including a primer for the logic as a functional programming language, an introduction to proofs in the logic, and a primer for the mechanical theorem. The publication first offers information on a primer for the logic, formalization within the logic, and a precise description of the logic. Discussions focus on induction and recursion, quantification, explicit value terms, dealing with features and omissions, elementary mathematical relationships, Boolean operators, and conventional data structures. The text then takes a look at proving theorems in the logic, mechanized proofs in the logic, and an introduction to the system. The text examines the processes involved in using the theorem prover, four classes of rules generated from lemmas, and aborting or interrupting commands. Topics include executable counterparts, toggle, elimination of irrelevancy, heuristic use of equalities, representation of formulas, type sets, and the crucial check points in a proof attempt. The publication is a vital reference for researchers interested in computational logic.